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Cognitive Psychology

Cognitive Psychology
Theory, Process, and Methodology

Other Titles in:
Cognitive Psychology

February 2015 | 384 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Cognitive Psychology covers core content such as perception, attention, memory, language, reasoning and problem solving, and cognitive neuroscience with an emphasis on current methods of study. The text features a student-friendly writing style that introduces students of cognitive psychology to the main topics of study in this field through a description of how cognitive processes have been and continue to be studied by researchers in this key area of psychology.

Key features:

  • Introduces cognitive psychology topics in a student-friendly manner
  • Helps students understand the methods that cognitive researchers use to better understand cognitive processes
  • Encourages students to think critically about current theories and research in cognitive psychology
About the Authors
Chapter 1: Introduction to Cognitive Psychology
Introduction: Cognition and Shopping

What Is Cognitive Psychology?

Development of cognitive psychology

Current approaches to the study of cognition

Research in Cognitive Psychology

The scientific method

Research methodologies

Commonly used measures within cognitive psychology

Chapter 2: Cognitive Neuroscience
Introduction: Knowledge from Cognitive Deficits

Clinical Case Studies in Cognitive Neuroscience

Structure of the Nervous System

The neuron

The brain

Measures in Cognitive Neuroscience

Single-cell recording

Electroencephalography (EEG)

Magnetoencephalography (MEG)

Electrical stimulation/inhibition of neurons

Brain imaging techniques

Recording activity in the living brain

Can All Mental Processes Be Explained in Terms of Brain Activity?

Chapter 3: Perception
Introduction: Perception in Everyday Tasks

Sensory Systems: How Sensations Become Perceptions

Approaches to the Study of Perception

Computational approaches

Gestalt approaches

Perception/action approaches

Comparison of Approaches to Perception: Motion Perception

Chapter 4: Attention
Introduction: How We Pay Attention

Views of Attention

Attention as an information filter

Attention as a limited resource

Attention as a feature binder

How Attention Affects Our Perceptions

The gorilla in the room: Inattentional blindness

Incompatibilities tax attention: The Simon effect

Effects of automatic processes on attention: The Stroop task

Automatic and Controlled Processes: A Cognitive Dichotomy

Chapter 5: Memory Structures and Processes
Introduction: The Pervasiveness of Memory

Memory as Structure or Process

Encoding, storage, and retrieval

Modal model of memory

Sensory Memory

Short-Term Memory (STM)

Capacity of STM

Duration of STM

Long-Term Memory (LTM)

Types of LTM memories

The Working-Memory (WM) System

Baddeley’s model

Beyond Baddeley’s model

Retrieval From Long-Term Memory

Recall tasks

Recognition tasks

Comparing recall and recognition tasks

Implicit-memory tasks

Prospective-memory tasks

Memory Overview

Chapter 6: Long-Term Memory: Influences on Retrieval
Introduction: Superior Memory

Why We Forget

Encoding Effects

Levels of processing

Spacing effects

Serial position curve

Retrieval Effects

The testing effect

Using the testing effect

Encoding-Retrieval Interactions

Environmental context effects

Mood-dependent effects

Transfer-appropriate processing

Summary of encoding-retrieval interactions


Superior Autobiographical Memory

Chapter 7: Memory Errors
Introduction: The Inaccuracy of Memory

The Seven “Sins” of Memory

Error #1 Transience

Error #2 Absentmindedness

Error #3 Blocking

Error #4 Source misattribution

Error #5 Suggestibility

Error #6 Bias

Error #7 Persistence


The Reconstructive Nature of Memory

Bartlett’s studies

Schemata and scripts

Memory Errors in the Laboratory

The DRM procedure

Eyewitness memory studies

Applications of eyewitness memory research

Summary and conclusions

Clinical Memory Failures - Amnesia

Types of amnesia

Amnesia and implicit memory

Amnesia in Alzheimer’s Disease

Amnesia in childhood

Chapter 8: Imagery
Introduction: Visual Imagery in Everyday Life

Mental Images and Cognition

The Debate on Propositional and Spatial Representations

Imagery and Memory

The picture superiority effect

The concreteness effect

The bizarreness effect

Imagery and mnemonics

The dark side of imagery

Imagery in Problem Solving and Wayfinding

Imagery in problem solving

Imagery in wayfinding

Nonvisual Imagery

Imagery and simulation

Chapter 9: Language
Introduction: A Simple Conversation

What Is Language?

The structure of language

How Do We Process Language?

Language comprehension

Language production

Dialogue: Production and comprehension together

Acquiring Language

Typical language development

Nature or nurture: Mechanisms for learning words and syntax

Human Language and Animal Communication

Comparing human language to animal communication

Attempts to teach animals human language

Chapter 10: Concepts and Knowledge
Introduction: Game Night

What Are Concepts?

The classical approach: Concepts as definitions

Alternative approaches to concepts

Other alternative approaches to concepts

Organizing Our Concepts

Conceptual hierarchies

Basic-level concepts

Organizational approaches

Summary of conceptual organization

Using Concepts: Beyond Categorization

Category induction



Conceptual combination

The Future of Research and Theory of Concepts

Chapter 11: Problem Solving
Introduction: Problem Solving in Daily Life

Recognizing and Identifying a Problem

Defining and Representing Problems

Functional fixedness

Developing Solutions to Problems: Approaches and Strategies

Associationist approach: Trial-and-error strategy

Gestalt approaches

Problem solving as problem space searches

Summary of approaches and strategies

Allocating Mental Resources for Solving the Problem


Experts versus novices

Becoming a better problem solver

Chapter 12: Reasoning and Decision Making
Introduction: A Night at the Movies

Deductive Reasoning

Syllogistic reasoning

Conditional reasoning

Deductive-reasoning approaches

Combining these approaches: Dual-process framework approach

Inductive Reasoning

Types of induction reasoning

Everyday reasoning

Making Decisions

A general model of decision making

Ideal decision making: A normative model

Heuristics and biases

Descriptive decision-making approaches

Dual-process framework

Future Advances in Theories of Reasoning and Decision Making

Author Index
Subject Index


Instructor Teaching Site

The Instructor Resource Site includes:

  • Test banks provide a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity to edit any question and/or insert your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • Sample course syllabi for semester and quarter courses provide suggested models for structuring your courses.
  • Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides offer complete flexibility for creating a multimedia presentation for your course.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter is included.
  • Multimedia content includes original SAGE videos that appeal to students with different learning styles.
  • Lecture notes summarize key concepts by chapter to help you prepare for lectures and class discussions.
  • Course cartridge for easy LMS integration is included.
Student Study Site

The open-access Student Study Site includes:

  • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts.
  • Mobile-friendly practice quizzes allow for independent assessment by students of their mastery of course material.
  • A customized online action plan includes tips and feedback on progress through the course and materials, which allows students to individualize their learning experience.
  • Chapter summaries with learning objectives reinforce the most important material.
  • Interactive exercises and meaningful Web links facilitate student use of Internet resources, further exploration of topics, and responses to critical thinking questions.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter is included. 

A very practical and well explained review of cognitive psychology that draws upon a number of relevant case studies

Mr Steve Robinson
Faculty Of Business Sport And Enterprise, Southampton Solent University
March 1, 2018

Excellent introductory book covering cognitive psychology main topics well.

Mrs Emma Richards
Department of Psychology, Swansea University
July 8, 2015

This is a good book as it addresses essential areas of cognitive psychology. It can also be used at numerous levels of study as an addition to prescribed texts.

Ms Cindy Melanie Swartbooi
Psychology , Cornerstone Institute
September 8, 2016

Fantastic text that is readable and appealing for instructor and student. Highly recommend.

Mr Alan Whitehead
Family Social Science Div, Southern Virginia University
January 24, 2018

A very good textbook, covering all the topics we cover on our module.

Mrs Musurrat Perveen
Psychology , Manchester College of Arts & Techn.
November 29, 2016

This text is outstanding, covering all the major areas of cognitive psychology, including cognitive nuroscience, memory structures, long term memory and problem solving.
The text has a logical layout, and easy to understand. provides an overview, as well as more detailed exploration of the key concepts. It is ideal for psychology students of all levels, ranging from level three through to level 6, including A-Level, undergraduate and postgraduate. It is an essential introductory text for any course exploring cognitive psychology.

Mr Gavin Hatton
Education, St. Davids RC Sixth Form College
April 29, 2016

I really did enjoy this book. Anyone who is seriously interested in Cognitive Psychology should read this book.

Dr Florian Röser
Psychology , University of Applied Science Darmstadt
December 18, 2015

I want to emphasize that this book is excellent, and serves as a great text for introductory cognitive psychology courses. The only reason I have not adopted it, is because the social-psychology module that I wanted to run has not yet been validated. As such, I will consider adopting this book for said module once it is up and running.

Dr Rodolfo Leyva
Sociology, Middlesex University
March 8, 2016

Nice easy to read book with relevant academic information for degree students

Ms Lorna Harris
Peaks Centre, Sheffield College
February 26, 2016

I found that this is a highly useful book for students struggling with the course. Uses apt examples with useful revision questions.

Mr Lloyd Carroll
Psychology, Dublin Business School
November 16, 2015

Dawn M. McBride

Dawn M. McBride is professor of psychology at Illinois State University, where she has taught research methods since 1998. Her research interests include automatic forms of memory, false memory, prospective memory, task order choices, and forgetting. In addition to research methods, she teaches courses in introductory psychology, cognition and learning, and human memory; she also teaches a graduate course in experimental design. She is a recipient of the Illinois State University Teaching Initiative Award and the Illinois State University SPA/Psi Chi Jim Johnson Award for commitment to undergraduate mentorship, involvement, and achievement... More About Author

John C. Cutting

J. Cooper Cutting (PhD, cognitive psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) is associate professor of psychology at Illinois State University. Dr. Cutting’s research interests are in psycholinguistics, primarily, with a focus on the production of language. A central theme of his research is how different types of information interact during language use. He has examined this issue in the context of lexical access, within-sentence agreement processes, figurative language production, and pragmatics. He has taught courses in research methods, statistics, cognitive psychology, computer applications in psychology, human memory,... More About Author

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ISBN: 9781452288796