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Cognitive Psychology

Cognitive Psychology
Theory, Process, and Methodology

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Cognitive Psychology

February 2015 | 384 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Cognitive Psychology covers core content such as perception, attention, memory, language, reasoning and problem solving, and cognitive neuroscience with an emphasis on current methods of study. The text features a student-friendly writing style that introduces students of cognitive psychology to the main topics of study in this field through a description of how cognitive processes have been and continue to be studied by researchers in this key area of psychology.

Key features:

  • Introduces cognitive psychology topics in a student-friendly manner
  • Helps students understand the methods that cognitive researchers use to better understand cognitive processes
  • Encourages students to think critically about current theories and research in cognitive psychology
About the Authors
Chapter 1: Introduction to Cognitive Psychology
Introduction: Cognition and Shopping  
What Is Cognitive Psychology?  
Development of cognitive psychology  
Current approaches to the study of cognition  
Research in Cognitive Psychology  
The scientific method  
Research methodologies  
Commonly used measures within cognitive psychology  
Chapter 2: Cognitive Neuroscience
Introduction: Knowledge from Cognitive Deficits  
Clinical Case Studies in Cognitive Neuroscience  
Structure of the Nervous System  
The neuron  
The brain  
Measures in Cognitive Neuroscience  
Single-cell recording  
Electroencephalography (EEG)  
Magnetoencephalography (MEG)  
Electrical stimulation/inhibition of neurons  
Brain imaging techniques  
Recording activity in the living brain  
Can All Mental Processes Be Explained in Terms of Brain Activity?  
Chapter 3: Perception
Introduction: Perception in Everyday Tasks  
Sensory Systems: How Sensations Become Perceptions  
Approaches to the Study of Perception  
Computational approaches  
Gestalt approaches  
Perception/action approaches  
Comparison of Approaches to Perception: Motion Perception  
Chapter 4: Attention
Introduction: How We Pay Attention  
Views of Attention  
Attention as an information filter  
Attention as a limited resource  
Attention as a feature binder  
How Attention Affects Our Perceptions  
The gorilla in the room: Inattentional blindness  
Incompatibilities tax attention: The Simon effect  
Effects of automatic processes on attention: The Stroop task  
Automatic and Controlled Processes: A Cognitive Dichotomy  
Chapter 5: Memory Structures and Processes
Introduction: The Pervasiveness of Memory  
Memory as Structure or Process  
Encoding, storage, and retrieval  
Modal model of memory  
Sensory Memory  
Short-Term Memory (STM)  
Capacity of STM  
Duration of STM  
Long-Term Memory (LTM)  
Types of LTM memories  
The Working-Memory (WM) System  
Baddeley’s model  
Beyond Baddeley’s model  
Retrieval From Long-Term Memory  
Recall tasks  
Recognition tasks  
Comparing recall and recognition tasks  
Implicit-memory tasks  
Prospective-memory tasks  
Memory Overview  
Chapter 6: Long-Term Memory: Influences on Retrieval
Introduction: Superior Memory  
Why We Forget  
Encoding Effects  
Levels of processing  
Spacing effects  
Serial position curve  
Retrieval Effects  
The testing effect  
Using the testing effect  
Encoding-Retrieval Interactions  
Environmental context effects  
Mood-dependent effects  
Transfer-appropriate processing  
Summary of encoding-retrieval interactions  
Superior Autobiographical Memory  
Chapter 7: Memory Errors
Introduction: The Inaccuracy of Memory  
The Seven “Sins” of Memory  
Error #1 Transience  
Error #2 Absentmindedness  
Error #3 Blocking  
Error #4 Source misattribution  
Error #5 Suggestibility  
Error #6 Bias  
Error #7 Persistence  
The Reconstructive Nature of Memory  
Bartlett’s studies  
Schemata and scripts  
Memory Errors in the Laboratory  
The DRM procedure  
Eyewitness memory studies  
Applications of eyewitness memory research  
Summary and conclusions  
Clinical Memory Failures - Amnesia  
Types of amnesia  
Amnesia and implicit memory  
Amnesia in Alzheimer’s Disease  
Amnesia in childhood  
Chapter 8: Imagery
Introduction: Visual Imagery in Everyday Life  
Mental Images and Cognition  
The Debate on Propositional and Spatial Representations  
Imagery and Memory  
The picture superiority effect  
The concreteness effect  
The bizarreness effect  
Imagery and mnemonics  
The dark side of imagery  
Imagery in Problem Solving and Wayfinding  
Imagery in problem solving  
Imagery in wayfinding  
Nonvisual Imagery  
Imagery and simulation  
Chapter 9: Language
Introduction: A Simple Conversation  
What Is Language?  
The structure of language  
How Do We Process Language?  
Language comprehension  
Language production  
Dialogue: Production and comprehension together  
Acquiring Language  
Typical language development  
Nature or nurture: Mechanisms for learning words and syntax  
Human Language and Animal Communication  
Comparing human language to animal communication  
Attempts to teach animals human language  
Chapter 10: Concepts and Knowledge
Introduction: Game Night  
What Are Concepts?  
The classical approach: Concepts as definitions  
Alternative approaches to concepts  
Other alternative approaches to concepts  
Organizing Our Concepts  
Conceptual hierarchies  
Basic-level concepts  
Organizational approaches  
Summary of conceptual organization  
Using Concepts: Beyond Categorization  
Category induction  
Conceptual combination  
The Future of Research and Theory of Concepts  
Chapter 11: Problem Solving
Introduction: Problem Solving in Daily Life  
Recognizing and Identifying a Problem  
Defining and Representing Problems  
Functional fixedness  
Developing Solutions to Problems: Approaches and Strategies  
Associationist approach: Trial-and-error strategy  
Gestalt approaches  
Problem solving as problem space searches  
Summary of approaches and strategies  
Allocating Mental Resources for Solving the Problem  
Experts versus novices  
Becoming a better problem solver  
Chapter 12: Reasoning and Decision Making
Introduction: A Night at the Movies  
Deductive Reasoning  
Syllogistic reasoning  
Conditional reasoning  
Deductive-reasoning approaches  
Combining these approaches: Dual-process framework approach  
Inductive Reasoning  
Types of induction reasoning  
Everyday reasoning  
Making Decisions  
A general model of decision making  
Ideal decision making: A normative model  
Heuristics and biases  
Descriptive decision-making approaches  
Dual-process framework  
Future Advances in Theories of Reasoning and Decision Making  
Author Index
Subject Index


Instructor Teaching Site

The Instructor Resource Site includes:

  • Test banks provide a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity to edit any question and/or insert your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • Sample course syllabi for semester and quarter courses provide suggested models for structuring your courses.
  • Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides offer complete flexibility for creating a multimedia presentation for your course.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter is included.
  • Multimedia content includes original SAGE videos that appeal to students with different learning styles.
  • Lecture notes summarize key concepts by chapter to help you prepare for lectures and class discussions.
  • Course cartridge for easy LMS integration is included.
Student Study Site

The open-access Student Study Site includes:

  • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts.
  • Mobile-friendly practice quizzes allow for independent assessment by students of their mastery of course material.
  • A customized online action plan includes tips and feedback on progress through the course and materials, which allows students to individualize their learning experience.
  • Chapter summaries with learning objectives reinforce the most important material.
  • Interactive exercises and meaningful Web links facilitate student use of Internet resources, further exploration of topics, and responses to critical thinking questions.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter is included. 

A very practical and well explained review of cognitive psychology that draws upon a number of relevant case studies

Mr Steve Robinson
Faculty Of Business Sport And Enterprise, Southampton Solent University
March 22, 2017

Excellent introductory book covering cognitive psychology main topics well.

Mrs Emma Richards
Department of Psychology, Swansea University
December 13, 2016

This is a good book as it addresses essential areas of cognitive psychology. It can also be used at numerous levels of study as an addition to prescribed texts.

Ms Cindy Melanie Swartbooi
Psychology , Cornerstone Institute
December 1, 2016

Fantastic text that is readable and appealing for instructor and student. Highly recommend.

Mr Alan Whitehead
Family Social Science Div, Southern Virginia University
October 6, 2016

A very good textbook, covering all the topics we cover on our module.

Mrs Musurrat Perveen
Psychology , Manchester College of Arts & Techn.
May 17, 2016

This text is outstanding, covering all the major areas of cognitive psychology, including cognitive nuroscience, memory structures, long term memory and problem solving.
The text has a logical layout, and easy to understand. provides an overview, as well as more detailed exploration of the key concepts. It is ideal for psychology students of all levels, ranging from level three through to level 6, including A-Level, undergraduate and postgraduate. It is an essential introductory text for any course exploring cognitive psychology.

Mr Gavin Hatton
Education, St. Davids RC Sixth Form College
April 6, 2016

I really did enjoy this book. Anyone who is seriously interested in Cognitive Psychology should read this book.

Dr Florian Röser
Psychology , University of Applied Science Darmstadt
April 5, 2016

I want to emphasize that this book is excellent, and serves as a great text for introductory cognitive psychology courses. The only reason I have not adopted it, is because the social-psychology module that I wanted to run has not yet been validated. As such, I will consider adopting this book for said module once it is up and running.

Dr Rodolfo Leyva
Sociology, Middlesex University
March 8, 2016

Nice easy to read book with relevant academic information for degree students

Ms Lorna Harris
Peaks Centre, Sheffield College
February 26, 2016

I found that this is a highly useful book for students struggling with the course. Uses apt examples with useful revision questions.

Mr Lloyd Carroll
Psychology, Dublin Business School
November 16, 2015

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Dawn M. McBride

Dawn M. McBride is a professor of psychology at Illinois State University. Her research interests include automatic forms of memory, false memory, prospective memory, and forgetting. She has taught courses in introductory psychology, statistics, research methods, cognition and learning, human memory, and a graduate course in experimental design. She is a recipient of the Illinois State University Teaching Initiative Award. Her out-of-work interests include spending time with her family, traveling, watching Philadelphia (her place of birth) sports teams, learning new languages (currently, Japanese) and reading British murder mysteries. She... More About Author

John C. Cutting

J. Cooper Cutting (PhD, cognitive psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign) is associate professor of psychology at Illinois State University. Dr. Cutting’s research interests are in psycholinguistics, primarily with a focus on the production of language. A central theme of his research is how different types of information interact during language use. He has examined this issue in the context of lexical access, within-sentence agreement processes, figurative language production, and pragmatics. He teaches courses in research methods, statistics, cognitive psychology, computer applications in psychology, human memory,... More About Author

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ISBN: 9781452288796