Preface

Acknowledgments

About the Authors

Chapter 1. First Encounters

1.1 Introduction and Objectives

1.2 Entering, Analyzing, and Graphing Data

Chapter 2. Navigating in SPSS

2.1 Introduction and Objectives

2.2 SPSS Variable View Screen

2.3 SPSS Data View Screen

2.6 Variable View Screen: A Closer Look

Chapter 3. Getting Data In and Out of SPSS

3.1 Introduction and Objectives

3.2 Typing Data Using the Computer Keyboard

3.3 Saving Your SPSS Data Files

3.4 Saving Your SPSS Output Files

3.5 Opening Your Saved SPSS Files

3.6 Opening SPSS Sample Files

3.7 Copying and Pasting Data to Other Applications

3.8 Importing Files From Other Applications

3.9 Exporting SPSS Files to Other Applications

Chapter 4. Levels of Measurement

4.1 Introduction and Objectives

4.2 Variable View Screen: Measure Column

4.3 Variables Measured at the Nominal Level

4.4 Variables Measured at the Ordinal Level

4.5 Variables Measured at the Scale Level

4.6 Using SPSS to Suggest Variable Measurement Levels

Chapter 5. Entering Variables and Data and Validating Data

5.1 Introduction and Objectives

5.2 Entering Variables and Assigning Attributes (Properties)

5.3 Entering Data for Each Variable

5.4 Validating Data for Databases

Chapter 6. Working With Data and Variables

6.1 Introduction and Objectives

6.2 Computing a New Variable

6.3 Recoding Scale Data Into a String Variable

6.5 Split Cases for Independent Analysis

6.6 Inserting New Variables and Cases Into Existing Databases

6.7 Data View Page: Copy, Cut, and Paste Procedures

Chapter 7. Using the SPSS Help Menu

7.1 Introduction and Objectives

7.4 Using the Help Tutorial

7.5 Using Help Case Studies

7.6 Getting Help When Using Analyze on the Main Menu

Chapter 8. Creating Graphs for Nominal and/or Ordinal Data

8.1 Introduction and Objectives

8.2 A Brief Introduction to the Chart Builder

8.3 Using the Chart Builder to Build a Simple 3-D Graph

8.4 Building a Population Pyramid

Chapter 9. Graphs for Continuous Data

9.1 Introduction and Objectives

9.4 Creating a Panel Graph

Chapter 10. Printing Data View, Variable View, and Output Viewer Screens

10.1 Introduction and Objectives

10.2 Printing Data From the Variable View Screen

10.3 Printing Variable Information From the Output Viewer

10.4 Printing Tables From the Output Viewer

Chapter 11. Basic Descriptive Statistics

11.1 Introduction and Objectives

11.2 Measures of Central Tendency

11.3 Measures of Dispersion

11.4 The Big Question: Are the Data Normally Distributed?

11.5 Descriptive Statistics for the Class Survey

Chapter 12. One-Sample t Test and a Binomial Test of Equality

12.1 Introduction and Objectives

12.2 Research Scenario and Test Selection

12.3 Research Question and Null Hypothesis

12.4 Data Input, Analysis, and Interpretation of Output

12.5 Nonparametric Test: The Binomial Test of Equality

Chapter 13. Independent-Samples t Test and Mann-Whitney U Test

13.1 Introduction and Objectives

13.2 Research Scenario and Test Selection

13.3 Research Question and Null Hypothesis

13.4 Data Input, Analysis, and Interpretation of Output

13.5 Nonparametric Test: Mann-Whitney U Test

Chapter 14. Paired-Samples t Test and Wilcoxon Test

14.1 Introduction and Objectives

14.2 Research Scenario and Test Selection

14.3 Research Question and Null Hypothesis

14.4 Data Input, Analysis, and Interpretation of Output

14.5 Nonparametric Test: Wilcoxon Signed-Ranks Test

Chapter 15. One-Way ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis Test

15.1 Introduction and Objectives

15.2 Research Scenario and Test Selection

15.3 Research Question and Null Hypothesis

15.4 Data Input, Analysis, and Interpretation of Output

15.5 Nonparametric Test: Kruskal-Wallis Test

Chapter 16. Two-Way (Factorial) ANOVA

16.1 Introduction and Objectives

16.2 Research Scenario and Test Selection

16.3 Research Question and Null Hypothesis

16.4 Data Input, Analysis, and Interpretation of Output

Chapter 17. One-Way ANOVA Repeated Measures Test and Friedman Test

17.1 Introduction and Objectives

17.2 Research Scenario and Test Selection

17.3 Research Question and Null Hypothesis

17.4 Data Input, Analysis, and Interpretation of Output

17.5 Nonparametric Test: Friedman Test

Chapter 18. Analysis of Covariance

18.1 Introduction and Objectives

18.2 Research Scenario and Test Selection

18.3 Research Question and Null Hypothesis

18.4 Data Input, Analysis, and Interpretation of Output

Chapter 19. Pearson’s Correlation and Spearman’s Correlation

19.1 Introduction and Objectives

19.2 Research Scenario and Test Selection

19.3 Research Question and Null Hypothesis

19.4 Data Input, Analysis, and Interpretation of Output

19.5 Nonparametric Test: Spearman’s Correlation Coefficient

Chapter 20. Single Linear Regression

20.1 Introduction and Objectives

20.2 Research Scenario and Test Selection

20.3 Research Question and Null Hypothesis

20.5 Data Assumptions (Normality)

20.6 Regression and Prediction

20.7 Interpretation of Output (Data Assumptions)

20.8 Interpretation of Output (Regression and Prediction)

20.9 Research Question Answered

Chapter 21. Multiple Linear Regression

21.1 Introduction and Objectives

21.2 Research Scenario and Test Selection

21.3 Research Question and Null Hypothesis

21.5 Data Assumptions (Normality)

21.6 Regression and Prediction

21.7 Interpretation of Output (Data Assumptions)

21.8 Interpretation of Output (Regression and Prediction)

21.9 Research Question Answered

Chapter 22. Logistic Regression

22.1 Introduction and Objectives

22.2 Research Scenario and Test Selection

22.3 Research Question and Null Hypothesis

22.4 Data Input, Analysis, and Interpretation of Output

Chapter 23. Factor Analysis

23.1 Introduction and Objectives

23.2 Research Scenario and Test Selection

23.3 Research Question and Null Hypothesis

23.4 Data Input, Analysis, and Interpretation of Output

Chapter 24. Chi-Square Goodness of Fit

24.1 Introduction and Objectives

24.2 Research Scenario and Test Selection: Legacy Dialogs

24.3 Research Question and Null Hypothesis: Legacy Dialogs

24.4 Data Input, Analysis, and Interpretation of Output: Legacy Dialogs

24.5 Research Scenario and Test Selection: One Sample

24.6 Research Question and Null Hypothesis: One Sample

24.7 Data Input, Analysis, and Interpretation of Output: One Sample

Chapter 25. Chi-Square Test of Independence

25.1 Introduction and Objectives

25.2 Research Scenario and Test Selection: Summarized Data

25.3 Research Question and Null Hypothesis: Summarized Data

25.4 Data Input, Analysis, and Interpretation of Output: Summarized Data

25.5 Research Scenario and Test Selection: Raw Data

25.6 Research Question and Null Hypothesis: Raw Data

25.7 Data Input, Analysis, and Interpretation of Output: Raw Data

Appendix A. Class Survey Database (Entered in Chapter 5)

Table A.1 Variables and Attributes for class_survey1.sav

Table A.2 Data for class_survey1.sav

Appendix B. Basic Inferential Statistics

B.2 Populations and Samples

B.5 Parametric Statistical Tests

B.6 Nonparametric Statistical Tests

B.8 Type I and Type II Errors

B.9 Tests of Significance

B.10 Practical Significance Versus Statistical Significance

B.11 One- and Two-Tailed Tests

Appendix C. Answers to Review Exercises

Index