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Urban Issues
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Urban Issues
Selections from CQ Researcher

Eighth Edition


August 2016 | 328 pages | CQ Press
What are the driving forces behind Smart Cities? What are the ramifications of increasing the minimum wage? What are the causes of aging infrastructure and how should they be addressed?

These are just some of the provocative questions that are considered in the new edition of Urban Issues. For current coverage of urban politics, readers will appreciate the balanced and unbiased reporting of CQ Researcher. Urban Issues provides a window into how policy is created and implemented in America’s cities and is sure to spark classroom discussions. Each chapter examines the key players, stakes, background, and lessons for the future, while covering the range of facts, analyses, and opinions surrounding each issue.
 
ANNOTATED CONTENTS
 
PREFACE
 
CONTRIBUTORS
 
EDUCATION
 
1. Dropout Rate
Is societal change needed for graduation rates to rise?  
Are successful local dropout programs viable nationwide?  
Are the federal government’s efforts to raise graduation rates working?  
Background  
Early Origins  
“Waste We Cannot Afford”  
Seeking Solutions  
Research and Action  
Current Situation  
Washington Gridlock  
Fewer “Dropout Factories”  
Concern Over Standards  
Outlook: Striving for 90 Percent  
Notes  
Bibliography  
 
2. Race and Education
Was court-ordered school desegregation effective?  
Have charter schools and school choice laws increased racial separation?  
Has teacher tenure contributed to racial disparities in education?  
Background  
Legal Segregation  
Brown v. Board of Education  
Desegregation  
Integration Declines  
Current Situation  
Education Challenges  
Enforcing Civil Rights  
State Action  
Outlook: Changes Coming?  
Notes  
Bibliography  
 
LAND USE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT
 
3. Coastal Development
Should state and local governments block coastal development?  
Can the federal flood insurance program be fixed?  
Does New York City need floodgates?  
Background  
Wealth and Trade Centers  
Rush to the Shore  
Coasts Under Pressure  
In Harm’s Way  
Current Situation  
Clashing Signals  
Flood Insurance Fraud?  
Rising Seas  
Outlook: Resilient Coastlines  
Notes  
Bibliography  
 
4. Air Pollution and Climate Change
Is President Obama’s Clean Power Plan good policy?  
Is the EPA’s new ozone standard good policy?  
Can renewable energy become a major contributor to the power industry?  
Background  
Early Air Pollution  
Carbon Dioxide Measured  
Clean Air Act  
Acid Rain  
Regulating Emissions  
Current Situation  
Global Negotiations  
Court Fight  
Outlook: Obama Agenda  
Notes  
Bibliography  
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT
 
5. Police Tactics
Do SWAT teams and military tactics and weaponry have a place in policing?  
Has police use of military-style tactics increased tensions with minority communities?  
Do body cameras prevent police misconduct?  
Background  
Troops in the Streets  
War on Drugs  
Drawing Fire  
New Tensions  
Current Situation  
Stemming the Flow  
Troubled Cities  
Outlook: Re-engineering Police Culture  
Notes  
Bibliography  
 
6. Racial Profiling
Are racial- and ethnic-profiling prevalent in U.S. law enforcement today?  
Do aggressive stop-and-frisk tactics help reduce crime?  
Should courts take a leading role in combating police racial and ethnic profiling?  
Background  
“A Difficult History”  
An ‘Indefensible’ Practice  
‘Deliberate Indifference’?  
Current Situation  
Pressure for Change  
Mixed Results for Prosecutors  
Outlook: Regaining Trust?  
Notes  
Bibliography  
 
7. Fighting Gangs
Is the gang threat growing?  
Is banning street gangs from congregating an effective anti-gang strategy?  
Can former gang members help quell street violence?  
Background  
Immigrant Gangs  
Postwar Gangs  
Birth of Modern Gangs  
Current Situation  
Gangs on the Internet  
Policy Progress  
Outlook: Growing Sophistication  
Notes  
Bibliography  
 
RACE, CLASS, AND ETHNICITY
 
8. Racial Conflict
Would improving police interactions with African-Americans significantly advance race relations in America?  
Would new laws and government programs reduce institutional racism?  
Does government need to recommit to school desegregation?  
Background  
Slavery and Jim Crow  
‘White Affirmative Action’  
Civil Rights  
Economic Shifts  
Current Situation  
Police on Trial  
Campus Revolts  
Outlook: Hope and Fear  
Notes  
Bibliography  
 
9. Housing the Homeless
Does unemployment cause most homelessness?  
Is Housing First the best way to keep people from reverting to homelessness?  
Should homeless families receive bigger or longer-lasting housing subsidies?  
Background  
“I Ain’t Got No Home”  
Emptying Asylums  
The “New Homeless”  
New Strategies  
Current Situation  
Arresting the Problem  
Alternate Approach  
Outlook: “A Human Right”  
Notes  
Bibliography  
 
10. Wealth and Inequality
Does income inequality hamper economic growth?  
Are parental background and inheritance becoming more important for success?  
Should the wealthy be taxed more?  
Background  
‘Fatal Ailment’  
Postwar Prosperity  
The Great Switch  
Current Situation  
Proposed Fixes  
Executive Pay  
Outlook: ‘Oligarchic Evolution’  
Notes  
Bibliography  
 
11. Housing Discrimination
Are current government policies contributing to residential segregation?  
Are current real estate and lending practices contributing to residential segregation?  
Can local officials do more to reduce racial segregation in housing?  
Background  
Separate Worlds  
Slow Changes  
Unsettled Times  
Current Situation  
Stepping Up Efforts  
Squaring Off in Court  
Outlook: Political Challenges  
Notes  
Bibliography  
 
12. Fighting Urban Poverty
Would more federal aid reduce poverty in urban areas?  
Do federal housing programs alleviate urban poverty?  
Should the business community play a larger role in solving urban poverty?  
Background  
Expanding Slums  
Depression Era  
“War on Poverty”  
Recession Takes Root  
Current Situation  
Promise Zones  
Workplace Issues  
Presidential Candidates  
Outlook: Economy Is Key  
Notes  
Bibliography  

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 1

Chapter 2


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CQ Researcher

CQ Researcher is the choice of librarians, researchers, and students seeking original, comprehensive reporting and analysis on the most vital issues shaping our world. Each weekly report offers in-depth, unbiased coverage of a single topic. Written by CQ Press's staff of experienced reporters, these reports provide up-to-date information on a wide range of social, economic, political, environmental, and international issues. More About Author

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ISBN: 9781506343617
$50.00