You are here

Uneven Roads
Share

Uneven Roads
An Introduction to U.S. Racial and Ethnic Politics


Other Titles in:
Minority Politics

November 2014 | 536 pages | CQ Press

This ground-breaking new volume explores when, why, and how race and ethnicity matter in U.S. politics. Using the metaphor of a road, with twists, turns, and dead ends, Uneven Roads begins with an introduction to broad political racialization and the roots of modern interpretations of race and ethnicity. Historical chapters on each of the five groups identified in the U.S. Census—Native American, African American, Latino, Asian American, and White—offer an engaging narrative on race, prejudice, equal rights and opportunity up to the 1960s. Policy and social issue chapters carry the story up to the present day, providing a wide lens on topics including voting rights, political representation, education and criminal justice policies, and the immigrant experience. A final chapter on intersectionality examines how groups go beyond the boundaries of race and ethnicity to come together on matters of class, gender, and sexuality. No other book on the market maps U.S. race and ethnic politics with the same breadth and scope as Uneven Roads

The book’s structure and narrative are designed to encourage comparison and reflection. Students are provided with the history and context of U.S. race and ethnic politics and build the skills to apply their own conclusions. Centred in political science, but with interdisciplinary appeal, this text provides both a sobering and hopeful assessment of American racial progress.

 
PART I: INTRODUCTION
 
Chapter 1: Introduction: Race as an Uneven Road
Does Race Still Matter?

 
Defining Race, Ethnicity, and Racism

 
Racial Classification, Citizenship, and Group Status

 
The Uneven Road of Race: Our Framework

 
Conclusion: The Journey Ahead

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
PART II: HISTORICAL FOUNDATIONS
 
Chapter 2: Native Americans: The Road from Majority to Minority, 1500s-1970s
Native Communities in North America

 
Rising Tensions: Native Americans and the New United States, 1776-1830s

 
U.S. Federal Policy Erodes Indian Rights, 1830s

 
The Civil War and Its Aftermath: Slaveholding and the Fourteenth Amendment

 
U.S. Federal Policy: Assimilation versus Culture and Sovereignty, 1870s-1950s

 
Termination of Federal Support of Tribes, 1945–1950s

 
Civil Rights and Self-Determination, 1960s-1970s

 
Conclusion: A Continuing Struggle for Equal Rights

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 3: The African American Political Journey, 1500s-1965
Race, Slavery and the Origins of African Americans, 1500s – 1790s

 
The Early American Republic and Black Political Resistance, 1770s-1865

 
The Antebellum Black Community and Political Resistance

 
The Civil War and Its Aftermath, 1860-1877

 
Black Politics in the Jim Crow Era, 1880-1940

 
The Second Reconstruction: Postwar and Civil Rights Movement Era, 1950s-1960s

 
Conclusion: The Road to Black Politics Up to 1965

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 4: The Road toward Contemporary Latino Politics, 1500s-1970s
The Road’s Colonial Beginnings, 1493-1850

 
Destruction of Mexican American Politics, Late 1800s

 
The Rebirth of Mexican-American Politics, 1900-1960

 
From Civic Activism to Political Engagement

 
Differing Paths: Puerto Ricans and Cubans, 1890s-1950s

 
Civil Rights and Ethnic Nationalism in Latino Communities, 1960s-1970s

 
Conclusion: Latinos as a Pan-Ethnic Group

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 5: Different and Common Asian American Roads, 1800s-1960s
The Racialization of Asian Americans

 
European Imperialism and Asian Emigration

 
Immigration and Economics before the Anti-Asian Zenith, Up to the 1870s

 
Early Community Formation among Asian Americans

 
Race, Region, and the Anti-Asian Era, 1870s to 1940s

 
Shifts and Declines in the Anti-Asian Era, 1940s-1960s

 
Asian American Political Empowerment in the Civil Rights Era

 
Conclusion: The Uneven Roads of Asian American Opportunity

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 6: Whiteness and the Shifting Roads of Immigrant America, 1780s-1960s
Who is White? Racial Considerations at the Time of the Founding

 
Large-Scale Immigration and Overcoming Ethnic Exclusion

 
White Identity at the Dawn of the Civil Rights Era

 
The State and White Advantage

 
Conclusion: Legacies of Racial Hierarchy and the Roots of Contemporary Politics

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
PART III: POLICY AND SOCIAL ISSUES
 
Chapter 7: Voting Rights in American Life
Minority Groups and Voting Rights

 
The Civil Rights Movement as a Foundation for Voting Expansion

 
Civil Rights and Voting Rights Legislation after 1965

 
Redistricting and Minority Representation

 
The Politics behind the 2006 Early Renewal of the Voting Rights Act

 
The Long-Term Stability of the Voting Rights Act

 
Conclusion: The Role of Race in Contemporary Voting Rights

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 8: Group Identity, Ideology, and Activism
Why Group Identity, Ideology, and Activism Matter

 
Race, Ethnicity, and Public Opinion

 
Race, Ethnicity, and Political Ideology: The Political Impact of Racialization

 
Activist Pathways to Empowerment

 
The Legacy of Grassroots and Civil Rights Activism

 
Conclusion: Mobilizing for a Changed Future

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 9: Political Behavior and Representation: Minorities’ Growing Voice
Why Is the Minority Vote Important?

 
Minority Civic Engagement: Patterns in Participation

 
Minority Ideology and Partisanship: Finding a Place in the U.S. Political System

 
Minority Electoral Participation: Unrealized Potential to Influence Politics

 
Representation: Electing a Voice for Minority Interests

 
Conclusion: Have Minorities Overcome Political Exclusion?

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 10: Education and Criminal Justice Policies: Opportunity and Alienation
Race, Ethnicity, and Public Policy

 
Public Education: Opportunities and Detours

 
Race, Ethnicity, and Education Policy Outcomes

 
The Criminal Justice System: Barriers and Roadblocks

 
Race, Ethnicity, and Criminal Justice Policy Outcomes

 
Conclusion: Public Policy Destinations

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 11: Immigration Policy: The Road to Settlement and Citizenship
Immigrant Status and Numbers

 
Immigration Policies before 1965

 
The 1965 Immigration and Nationality Amendments

 
U.S. Immigrant Incorporation Policies

 
Immigration Reform in the United States Today

 
Conclusion: A Turning Point for U.S. Immigration Policy

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 12: Diasporic Politics and Foreign Affairs
The Growing Ease of Transnational Activity

 
The Roots of Contemporary Transnational Engagement: Family and Community Ties

 
Transnational Activity: Beyond the Immigrant Generation

 
U.S. Foreign Policy and Minority Communities

 
Conclusion: The Political Value of Transnational Politics

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 13: Beyond Race: Intersections of Race, Class, Gender, and Sexual Orientation
The Still Uneven Roads of Race, Racism, and Ethnicity

 
The Uneven Roads of Identity Politics

 
Intersecting Roads: Race, Gender, Class, and Sexual Orientation

 
Illuminated Individualism as a Response to Uneven Roads

 
Conclusion: Prospects for the Future

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 

Uneven Roads is truly excellent. There is no doubt in my mind that this book will impact the field for many years to come. Authors Shaw, DeSipio, Pinderhughes, and Travis are all eminent scholars in political science, and the way that this book is written shows why! It is well-written, engaging, and provides the reader with thoughtful analyses of some of the most important questions in racial and ethnic politics in America.”

Alvin B. Tillery, Jr.
Northwestern University

Uneven Roads is extremely well-written and easy to understand – it introduces students to important concepts and ideas without a lot of jargon. It is also very thorough and weaves contemporary issues and current events throughout the text.”

Atiya Stokes-Brown
Bucknell University

 “The biggest strength of Uneven Roads is its ambitious and long-overdue attempt at filling a gap in the textbook market where no other book takes such a long and broad look at race and ethnicity in our history.”

Anirudh V.S. Ruhil
Ohio State University

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 1

Chapter 2


Preview this book

Todd Shaw

Todd Shaw, College of Arts & Sciences Distinguished Associate Professor of Political Science and African American Studies at the University of South Carolina, Columbia, researches and teaches in the areas of African American politics, urban politics and public policy, citizen activism and social movements. More About Author

Louis DeSipio

Louis DeSipio, Professor of Political Science and of Chicano/Latino Studies at the University of California, Irvine, examines how democratic nations incorporate new members, including policymaking in the areas of immigration, naturalization, and immigrant settlement. More About Author

Dianne Pinderhughes

Dianne Pinderhughes, Professor of Political Science and of Africana Studies at the University of Notre Dame, studies inequality in racial, ethnic, and gender politics and public policy, the creation of American civil society institutions in the twentieth century, and their influence on voting rights policy. More About Author

Toni-Michelle C. Travis

Toni-Michelle C. Travis, Associate Professor of Government and Politics at George Mason University, researches urban politics and race and class issues in politics. She also teaches on Virginia politics and American government. More About Author

Purchasing options

Please select a format:

ISBN: 9781604265446
$67.00 

SAGE Knowledge is the ultimate social sciences digital library for students, researchers, and faculty. Hosting more than 4,400 titles, it includes an expansive range of SAGE eBook and eReference content, including scholarly monographs, reference works, handbooks, series, professional development titles, and more.

The platform allows researchers to cross-search and seamlessly access a wide breadth of must-have SAGE book and reference content from one source.