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Understanding Racism
Theories of Oppression and Discrimination

- Hephzibah Strmic-Pawl - Manhattanville College

July 2020 | 232 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

The author is a proud sponsor of the 2020 SAGE Keith Roberts Teaching Innovations Award—enabling graduate students and early career faculty to attend the annual ASA pre-conference teaching and learning workshop.

**Understanding Racism**systematically examines the theories and theorists that have contributed the most to our contemporary understanding of racism in its various forms—making it easier for students to understand the multiple dynamics of how racism operates. In every chapter, activist and award-winning sociologist Hephzibah Strmic-Pawl describes the emergence of a theory and the problem it addresses; discusses the scholars who are most closely associated with the theory; and explores the strengths and limitations of the theory. From foundational theories such as Prejudice and White Privilege to contemporary theories such as Color-Blind Racism,**Understanding Racism**is the first text to present thirteen approaches for explaining racism in one book. The book's systematic organization and pedagogical features will help students think theoretically about race and racism at different levels of analysis, as well as reflect and discuss how to challenge racism.Preface

Acknowledgments

About the Author

Part 1: Foundational Theories

Chapter 1: Prejudice and Discrimination (Gordon Allport and Robert Merton)

Why This Theory

Description of the Theory

How to Challenge Racism

By the Numbers

Evaluation

Additional Contribution: Merton’s Typology

Conclusion

Reflect and Discuss

Diagram of Prejudice

Diagram of Merton’s Typology

Chapter 2: White Privilege (Robert Amico, Peggy McIntosh, Paula Rothenberg, and Tim Wise)

Why This Theory

Description of the Theory

How to Challenge Racism

By the Numbers

Evaluation

Conclusion

Reflect and Discuss

Diagram of White Privilege

Chapter 3: White Supremacy (Charles Mills, Andrea Smith, and hephzibah strmic-pawl)

Why This Theory

Description of the Theory

How to Challenge Racism

By the Numbers

Evaluation

Additional Contributions to White Supremacy Theory: Smith and strmic-pawl

Conclusion

Reflect and Discuss

Diagram of Mill’s Theory of the Racial Contract

Diagram of Smith’s Theory of the 3 Pillars of White Supremacy

Diagram of strmic-pawl’s The White Supremacy Flower

Part 2: Micro Level Theories

Chapter 4: Implicit Bias (Anthony Greenwald, Mahzarin Banaji, and Brian Nosek)

Why This Theory

Description of the Theory

How to Challenge Racism

By the Numbers

Evaluation

Conclusion

Reflect and Discuss

Diagram of Implicit Bias

Chapter 5: Microaggressions (Derald Wing Sue)

Why This Theory

Description of the Theory

How to Challenge Racism

By the Numbers

Evaluation

Conclusion

Reflect and Discuss

Diagram of Microaggressions

Part 3: Macro Level Theories

Chapter 6: Racial Formation (Michael Omi and Howard Winant)

Why This Theory

Description of the Theory

How to Challenge Racism

By the Numbers

Evaluation

Conclusion

Reflect and Discuss

Diagram of Racial Formation

Chapter 7: Systemic Racism (Joe Feagin)

Why This Theory

Description of the Theory

How to Challenge Racism

By the Numbers

Evaluation

Conclusion

Reflect and Discuss

Diagram of Systemic Racism

Chapter 8: Critical Race Theory (Derrick Bell)

Why This Theory

Description of the Theory

How to Challenge Racism

By the Numbers

Evaluation

Conclusion

Reflect and Discuss

Diagram of Critical Race Theory

Part 4: From “Old Racism” to “New Racism”

Chapter 9: Laissez-Faire Racism (Lawrence Bobo, James Kluegel, and Ryan Smith)

Why This Theory

Description of the Theory

How to Challenge Racism

By the Numbers

Evaluation

Conclusion

Reflect and Discuss

Diagram of Laissez-Faire Racism

Chapter 10: Structure and Culture (William Julius Wilson)

Why This Theory

Description of the Theory

How to Challenge Racism

By the Numbers

Evaluation

Conclusion

Reflect and Discuss

Diagram of Structure and Culture

Chapter 11: Color-Blind Racism (Eduardo Bonilla-Silva)

Why This Theory

Description of the Theory

How to Challenge Racism

By the Numbers

Evaluation

Conclusion

Reflect and Discuss

Diagram of Color-Blind Racism

Part 5: More Than Race

Chapter 12: Colorism (Evelyn Nakano Glenn, Ronald Hall, Margaret Hunter, and Kimberly Norwood)

Why This Theory

Description of the Theory

How to Challenge Racism

By the Numbers

Evaluation

Conclusion

Reflect and Discuss

Diagram of Colorism

Chapter 13: Intersectionality (Kimberlé Crenshaw)

Why This Theory

Description of the Theory

How to Challenge Racism

By the Numbers

Evaluation

Conclusion

Reflect and Discuss

Diagram of Intersectionality

References

Index