You are here

Science Formative Assessment
Share

Science Formative Assessment
75 Practical Strategies for Linking Assessment, Instruction, and Learning

Edited by:


248 pages | Corwin
This essential resource provides primary and secondary teachers with 75 user-friendly strategies for using formative assessment to enhance science teaching and learning. The author addresses how to balance opportunity to learn with assessment of learning and describes a rich repertoire of purposeful methods that weave assessment throughout teaching and learning. The book provides guidelines to help teachers become more aware of the different ideas students bring to their learning, see the connections between learners' thinking and the specific ideas included in standards, and provide learning experiences that build a bridge between students' thinking and accepted scientific ideas
 
Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
About the Author
 
1. An Introduction to Formative Assessment Classroom Techniques (FACTs)
What Does a Formative Assessment Classroom Look Like?

 
Why Use Formative Assessment Classroom Techniques (FACTs)?

 
How Can Research Support the Use of FACTs?

 
Classroom Environments That Support Formative Assessment

 
Connecting Teaching and Learning

 
Making the Shift to a Formative Assessment-Centered Classroom

 
 
2. Integrating FACTs With Instruction and Learning
Integrating Assessment and Instruction

 
Assessment That Promotes Thinking and Learning

 
Linking Assessment, Instruction, and Learning: The Science Assessment, Instruction, and Learning Cycle (SAIL Cycle)

 
Stages in the SAIL Cycle

 
Engagements and Readiness

 
Eliciting Prior Knowledge

 
Exploration and Discovery

 
Concept and Skill Development

 
Concept and Skill Transfer

 
Self-Assessment and Reflection

 
Selecting and Using FACTs to Strengthen the Link Between Assessment, Instruction, and Learning

 
 
3. Considerations for Selecting, Planning for, and Implementing FACTs
Selecting FACTs

 
Selecting FACTs to Match Learning Goals

 
Selecting FACTS to Match Teaching Goals

 
The Critical Importance of Context in Selecting FACTs

 
Implementing FACTs

 
Starting Off With Small Steps

 
Maintaining and Extending Implementation

 
Using Data From the FACTs

 
 
4. Get the FACTs! 75 Science Formative Assessment Classroom Techniques (FACTs)
#1 A&D Statements

 
#2 Agreement Circles

 
#3 Annotated Student Drawings

 
#4 Card Sorts

 
#5 CCC: Collaborative Clued Correction

 
#6 Chain Notes

 
#7 Commit and Toss

 
#8 Concept Card Mapping

 
#9 Concept Cartoons

 
#10 Data Match

 
#11 Directed Paraphrasing

 
#12 Explanation Analysis

 
#13 Fact First Questioning

 
#14 Familiar Phenomenon Probes

 
#15 First Word-Last Word

 
#16 Fish Bowl Think Aloud

 
#17 Fist to Five

 
#18 Focused Listing

 
#19 Four Corners

 
#20 Frayer Model

 
#21 Friendly Talk Probes

 
#22 Give Me Five

 
#23 Guided Reciprocal Peer Questioning

 
#24 Human Scatterplots

 
#25 Informal Student Interviews

 
#26 Interest Scale

 
#27 I Think, We Think

 
#28 I Used to Think...But Now I Know

 
#29 Juicy Questions

 
#30 Justified List

 
#31 Justified True or False Statements

 
#32 K-W-L Variations

 
#33 Learning Goals Inventory (LGI)

 
#34 Look Back

 
#35 Missed-Conceptions

 
#36 Muddiest Point

 
#37 No Hands Questioning

 
#38 Odd One Out

 
#39 Paint the Picture

 
#40 Partner Speaks

 
#41 Pass the Question

 
#42 A Picture Tells a Thousand Words

 
#43 P-E-O Probes (Predict, Explain, Observe)

 
#44 POMS- Point Of Most Significance

 
#45 Popsicle Stick Questioning

 
#46 Prefacing Explanations

 
#47 PVF: Paired Verbal Fluency

 
#48 Question Generating

 
#49 Recognizing Exceptions

 
#50 Refutations

 
#51 Representation Analysis

 
#52 Rerun

 
#53 Scientists' Ideas Comparison

 
#54 Sequencing

 
#55 Sticky Bars

 
#56 STIP: Scientific Terminology Inventory Probe

 
#57 Student Evaluation of Learning Gains

 
#58 Synectics

 
#59 Ten-Two

 
#60 Thinking Log

 
#61 Think-Pair-Share

 
#62 Thought Experiments

 
#63 Three Minute Pause

 
#64 Three-Two-One

 
#65 Traffic Light Cards

 
#66 Traffic Light Cups

 
#67 Traffic Light Dots

 
#68 Two Minute Paper

 
#69 Two of Three Before Me

 
#70 Two Stars and a Wish

 
#71 Two-Thirds Testing

 
#72 Volleyball, Not Ping Pong!

 
#73 Wait Time Variations

 
#74 What Are You Doing and Why?

 
#75 Whiteboarding

 
 
Appendix
 
References
 
Index

"Page Keeley does it again! This book should be on the desk of all classroom teachers. Teachers will reach for it time and again as they use best practices that include appropriate formative assessment strategies."

Beverly Cox, Elementary Science Coordinator
Orange County Public Schools, Orlando, FL

"After years of struggling with 'Do they get it?' I can now teach and check for student comprehension in an engaging manner. This book allows me to monitor their understanding without waiting for quiz or test results."

Susan German, Science Teacher
Hallsville Middle School, MO

Sample Materials & Chapters

Preface

Chapter 1


Preview this book

Page D. Keeley

PAGE KEELEY has been a leader in science education for over 20 years. She "retired" from the Maine Mathematics and Science Alliance (MMSA) in 2012 where she had been the Senior Science Program Director since 1996. Today she works as an independent consultant, speaker, and author providing professional development to school districts and organizations in the areas of formative assessment and teaching for conceptual understanding. Page has been the principal investigator and project director on 3 National Science Foundation-funded projects including the Northern New England Co-Mentoring Network (NNECN), PRISMS- Phenomena... More About Author

Purchasing options

Please select a format:

SAGE Knowledge is the ultimate social sciences digital library for students, researchers, and faculty. Hosting more than 4,400 titles, it includes an expansive range of SAGE eBook and eReference content, including scholarly monographs, reference works, handbooks, series, professional development titles, and more.

The platform allows researchers to cross-search and seamlessly access a wide breadth of must-have SAGE book and reference content from one source.