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Science Formative Assessment

Science Formative Assessment
75 Practical Strategies for Linking Assessment, Instruction, and Learning

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248 pages | Corwin
This essential resource provides primary and secondary teachers with 75 user-friendly strategies for using formative assessment to enhance science teaching and learning. The author addresses how to balance opportunity to learn with assessment of learning and describes a rich repertoire of purposeful methods that weave assessment throughout teaching and learning. The book provides guidelines to help teachers become more aware of the different ideas students bring to their learning, see the connections between learners' thinking and the specific ideas included in standards, and provide learning experiences that build a bridge between students' thinking and accepted scientific ideas
About the Author
1. An Introduction to Formative Assessment Classroom Techniques (FACTs)
What Does a Formative Assessment Classroom Look Like?

Why Use Formative Assessment Classroom Techniques (FACTs)?

How Can Research Support the Use of FACTs?

Classroom Environments That Support Formative Assessment

Connecting Teaching and Learning

Making the Shift to a Formative Assessment-Centered Classroom

2. Integrating FACTs With Instruction and Learning
Integrating Assessment and Instruction

Assessment That Promotes Thinking and Learning

Linking Assessment, Instruction, and Learning: The Science Assessment, Instruction, and Learning Cycle (SAIL Cycle)

Stages in the SAIL Cycle

Engagements and Readiness

Eliciting Prior Knowledge

Exploration and Discovery

Concept and Skill Development

Concept and Skill Transfer

Self-Assessment and Reflection

Selecting and Using FACTs to Strengthen the Link Between Assessment, Instruction, and Learning

3. Considerations for Selecting, Planning for, and Implementing FACTs
Selecting FACTs

Selecting FACTs to Match Learning Goals

Selecting FACTS to Match Teaching Goals

The Critical Importance of Context in Selecting FACTs

Implementing FACTs

Starting Off With Small Steps

Maintaining and Extending Implementation

Using Data From the FACTs

4. Get the FACTs! 75 Science Formative Assessment Classroom Techniques (FACTs)
#1 A&D Statements

#2 Agreement Circles

#3 Annotated Student Drawings

#4 Card Sorts

#5 CCC: Collaborative Clued Correction

#6 Chain Notes

#7 Commit and Toss

#8 Concept Card Mapping

#9 Concept Cartoons

#10 Data Match

#11 Directed Paraphrasing

#12 Explanation Analysis

#13 Fact First Questioning

#14 Familiar Phenomenon Probes

#15 First Word-Last Word

#16 Fish Bowl Think Aloud

#17 Fist to Five

#18 Focused Listing

#19 Four Corners

#20 Frayer Model

#21 Friendly Talk Probes

#22 Give Me Five

#23 Guided Reciprocal Peer Questioning

#24 Human Scatterplots

#25 Informal Student Interviews

#26 Interest Scale

#27 I Think, We Think

#28 I Used to Think...But Now I Know

#29 Juicy Questions

#30 Justified List

#31 Justified True or False Statements

#32 K-W-L Variations

#33 Learning Goals Inventory (LGI)

#34 Look Back

#35 Missed-Conceptions

#36 Muddiest Point

#37 No Hands Questioning

#38 Odd One Out

#39 Paint the Picture

#40 Partner Speaks

#41 Pass the Question

#42 A Picture Tells a Thousand Words

#43 P-E-O Probes (Predict, Explain, Observe)

#44 POMS- Point Of Most Significance

#45 Popsicle Stick Questioning

#46 Prefacing Explanations

#47 PVF: Paired Verbal Fluency

#48 Question Generating

#49 Recognizing Exceptions

#50 Refutations

#51 Representation Analysis

#52 Rerun

#53 Scientists' Ideas Comparison

#54 Sequencing

#55 Sticky Bars

#56 STIP: Scientific Terminology Inventory Probe

#57 Student Evaluation of Learning Gains

#58 Synectics

#59 Ten-Two

#60 Thinking Log

#61 Think-Pair-Share

#62 Thought Experiments

#63 Three Minute Pause

#64 Three-Two-One

#65 Traffic Light Cards

#66 Traffic Light Cups

#67 Traffic Light Dots

#68 Two Minute Paper

#69 Two of Three Before Me

#70 Two Stars and a Wish

#71 Two-Thirds Testing

#72 Volleyball, Not Ping Pong!

#73 Wait Time Variations

#74 What Are You Doing and Why?

#75 Whiteboarding


"Page Keeley does it again! This book should be on the desk of all classroom teachers. Teachers will reach for it time and again as they use best practices that include appropriate formative assessment strategies."

Beverly Cox, Elementary Science Coordinator
Orange County Public Schools, Orlando, FL

"After years of struggling with 'Do they get it?' I can now teach and check for student comprehension in an engaging manner. This book allows me to monitor their understanding without waiting for quiz or test results."

Susan German, Science Teacher
Hallsville Middle School, MO

Sample Materials & Chapters


Chapter 1

Page D. Keeley

Page is a prolific author of over twenty national best-selling and award-winning books, including twelve books in the Uncovering Student Ideas in Science series, four books in the first edition Curriculum Topic Study series, and four books in the Science and Mathematics Formative Assessment- Practical Strategies for Linking Assessment, Instruction, and Learning series. Several of her books have received prestigious awards in educational publishing.  She has authored numerous journal articles and contributed to several book chapters. She is a frequent invited speaker at regional, national, and... More About Author