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Research Methods for Psychological Science
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Research Methods for Psychological Science



August 2021 | 480 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Written by experimental research expert, Dr. William J. Ray, Research Methods for Psychological Science introduces students to the principles and practice of conducting research in psychology in an engaging, story-telling format. Ray helps students understand how research increases our understanding of ourselves and our environment and how logic and best practices can increase our understanding of human behavior. Whether their future roles will be researchers, consumers of research, or informed citizens, students will learn the importance of developing testable hypotheses, how to evaluate new information critically, and the impact of research on ourselves and our society. Based on Ray’s influential textbook, Methods Toward a Science of Behavior and Experience, the book offers up-to-date pedagogy, structure, and exercises to reinforce the student’s learning experience.
 
1 What Is Science?
 
2 Introduction to the Methods of Science
 
3 Developing the Hypothesis
 
4 Ethics
 
5 Description of Behavior Through Numerical Representation.
 
6 Inferential Statistics: Making Statistical Decisions
 
7 Testing the Hypothesis: A Conceptual Introduction
 
8 Control: The Keystone of the Experimental Method
 
9 Applying the Logic of Experimentation: Between-Subjects Designs
 
10 Extending the Logic of Experimentation: Within-Subjects and Matched-Subjects Approaches
 
11 The Ecology of the Experiment: The Scientist And Research Participant In Relation To Their Environments
 
12 Quasi-Experimental, Correlational, and Naturalistic Observational Designs
 
13 Single-Subject Designs
 
14 Questionnaires, Survey Research, and Sampling
 
15 Sharing the Results
 
16 Beyond Method

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William J. Ray

William J. Ray is an Emeritus Professor of Psychology at Penn State University. He received his PhD from Vanderbilt University and was a Fellow in Medical Psychology at the University of California Medical Center in San Francisco. He received his undergraduate degree from Eckerd College, where he learned about the value of primary sources and the need to integrate information from a number of perspectives. As part of his clinical training, he has worked in a number of mental hospitals and clinics across the country, where he developed an appreciation of the experiences of those with mental disorders. In his career, he has served as a... More About Author