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Research Methods and Methodologies in Education

Research Methods and Methodologies in Education

Third Edition
Edited by:

April 2021 | 464 pages | SAGE Publications Ltd

The #1 resource for carrying out educational research as part of postgraduate study.

High-quality educational research requires careful consideration of every aspect of the process. This all-encompassing textbook written by leading international experts gives students and early career researchers a considered overview of principles that underpin research, and key qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods for research design, data collection and analysis.


This third edition includes four new chapters:

  • Disseminating your research
  • Data science and computational research methods
  • Observational methods
  • Analysis of variance (ANOVA)

Plus a new Research essentials feature that highlights key ‘must-haves’ or misconceptions relating to each methodological approach, research design or analytical tool discussed.

This is essential reading for postgraduate students on education courses and early career researchers looking to sharpen their research practice.

Robert J. Coe
Chapter 1: Introduction
Robert J. Coe
Chapter 2: The nature of educational research
Michael Waring
Chapter 3: Finding your theoretical position
Larry V. Hedges
Chapter 4: Design of empirical research
Laura Day Ashley
Chapter 5: Planning your research
Robert J. Coe
Chapter 6: Inference and interpretation in research
Martyn Hammersley
Chapter 7: Research ethics
Mike McLinden
Chapter 8: Disseminating your research
Carol Munn-Giddings
Chapter 9: Action research
Rob Walker
Chapter 10: Naturalistic research
Ghazala Bhatti
Chapter 11: Ethnographic research
Claudia Mitchell
Chapter 12: Visual methodologies
Michael Waring
Chapter 13: Grounded theory
Laura Day Ashley
Chapter 14: Case study research
Emma Smith
Chapter 15: Secondary data
Anna Vignoles
Chapter 16: Longitudinal research
Stephen Gorard
Chapter 17: Statistical and correlational techniques
Steve Higgins
Chapter 18: Impact evaluation
Peter Tymms
Chapter 19: Interventions: experiments
Gert Biesta
Chapter 20: Mixing methods in education research
Carole Torgerson, Jill Hall, Kate Lewis-Light
Chapter 21: Systematic reviews
Christian Bokhove
Chapter 22: Data science and computational research methods
Drew H. Gitomer
Chapter 23: Observational methods
Carolyn L. Mears
Chapter 24: In-depth interviews
Anita Gibbs
Chapter 25: Focus groups and group interviews
Rhona Sharpe and Greg Benfield
Chapter 26: Internet-based methods
Eve Stirling
Chapter 27: Doing social media research
Gary McCulloch
Chapter 28: Documentary methods
Peter Tymms
Chapter 29: Questionnaires
Graham R. Gibbs
Chapter 30: Using software in qualitative data analysis
Paul Connolly
Chapter 31: Statistical analysis tools
Elaine Vaughan
Chapter 32: Discourse analysis
Michael Atkinson
Chapter 33: Media analysis
Michael Tedder
Chapter 34: Biographical research
Michael Borenstein
Chapter 35: Statistical hypothesis tests
Wendy Chan
Chapter 36: Analysis of variance (ANOVA)
Stephen Gorard
Chapter 37: Multiple linear regression
Michael Seltzer and Jordan Rickles
Chapter 38: Multilevel analysis
Robert J. Coe
Chapter 39: Effect sizes
Larry V. Hedges
Chapter 40: Meta-analysis

Logically structured, clear and informative. This book has significant chapter on Academic ethics which will be essential not only for BA students but for PhD and early research career as well

Dr Svitlana Chukanova
Department of Sociology, University of Kiev-Mohyla Academy
July 5, 2023

This book covers a wide range of issues in relation to educational research - there is something in there for all my students. Each chapter is short and to the point.

Una Beagon
School of Civil and Structural Engineering, Technological University Dublin
January 12, 2023

Research Methods and Methodologies in Education is a book I have used repeatedly since teaching Research on Foundation degree and BA top up

Professor Becky Ovenden
Health and Life Sciences, Wiltshire College
June 30, 2022

This book is beneficial for doctoral students because it provides clear and concise details on the steps to performing scholarly research designs. I am highly recommending this book for my courses.

Dr Lakisha Mearidy-Bell
Social Work, Walden University
September 22, 2021

Sample Materials & Chapters

Sample Chapter

Robert Coe

Robert Coe, Director of Research and Development at Evidence Based Education, Senior Associate at the Education Endowment Foundation and Honorary Professor of Education at Durham University.  His research interests focus on the application of research to supporting improvements in educational practice, drawing on experience as a university professor and high school teacher, with particular expertise in evaluation methodology and educational assessment. More About Author

Michael Waring

Dr Michael Waring, Griffith Institute for Educational Research, School of Education and Professional Studies, Griffith University, Australia. He sits on the executive of the Society for Educational Studies, and is on the editorial board of the British Journal of Educational Studies and Higher Education Pedagogies. His research interests focus on the development of inclusive participatory pedagogy, assessment feedback, research literacy and the use of learning technologies as part of distance and blended learning in higher education and initial teacher education contexts. Generally, and as part of the exploration of this personalised... More About Author

Larry V. Hedges

Professor Larry V. Hedges, Northwestern University, Board of Trustees Professor of Statistics and Social Policy. A national leader in the fields of educational statistics and evaluation, his research is in the fields of sociology, psychology and educational policy. He is best known for his work to develop statistical methods for meta-analysis in the social, medical and biological sciences. More About Author

Laura Day Ashley

Dr Laura Day Ashley, University of Birmingham, Lecturer and Co-Head of Research and Knowledge Transfer for the Department of Education and Social Justice. She has a background in social anthropology and comparative and international education, with a particular interest in alternative, informal and non-state forms of education provision beyond, or at the margins of, mainstream state schooling. Her research on private and non-state schools in low and middle-income countries has achieved significant and sustained policy impact. She has particular expertise in case study research in multiple contexts, and the development of rigorous... More About Author