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Research Design

Research Design

Four Volume Set
Edited by:

January 2006 | 1 672 pages | SAGE Publications Ltd

This collection brings together key articles and book chapters that provide an overview of research design for the social sciences, focusing on the purpose, nature, and types of research design - the architecture of research rather than the mechanics of running a research project. Emphasis is put on non-laboratory-based research designs that are typically encountered in the social sciences, those involving people rather than objects. The range of issues covered is impressive: the epististemology of social research design; the complex matters of causation and the logic of design; the importance of units of analsyis; the subjective elements of human behaviour and the role of qualitative and quantitative data.

This range of topics is the strength of this four-volume collection. It offers insight into the central concepts, strengths, and weaknesses of various designs and threats to validity of research, and also provides the key readings outlining a wide range of research designs used across the social sciences.

What Is Research Design?
R K Yin
Case Study Research
Design and Methods

A L Stinchcombe
The Logic of Scientific Inference
C Bereiter
Some Persisting Dilemmas in the Measurement of Change
Basic Concepts and Principles of Research Design
L Kish
Some Statistical Problems in Research Design
Comparison and Control
F Bechhofer and L Paterson
Comparison and Control

C C Ragin
Heterogeneity and Causal Complexity
R A Fisher
C M Judd and D A Kenny
Research Design and Research Validity
S G West
Beyond the Laboratory Experiment
Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs for Interventions in Naturalistic Settings

Variable Analysis and Case Analysis
H Blumer
Sociological Analysis and the `Variable'
P F Lazarsfeld
Problems in Methodology
Nature of Cause
T D Cook and D T Campbell
Causal Inference and the Language of Experimentation
J S Mill
Of the Composition of Causes
Establishing Cause
J Brewer and A Hunter
Explaining Social Phenomena Causally
T Hirschi and H Selvin
False Criteria of Causality in Delinquency Research
M R Cohen and E Nagel
The Methods of Experimental Inquiry
J Lofland
Causes and Consequences
Probabilistic and Deterministic Causation
N Denzin
Sociological Methods
W S Robinson
The Logical Structure of Analytic Induction
A R Lindesmith
Comment on W S Robinson's `The Logical Structure of Analytic Induction'
S K Weinberg
Comment on W S Robinson's `The Logical Structure of Analytic Induction'
W S Robinson
Rejoinder to Comments on `The Analytical Structure of Analytic Induction'
P Kendall and K Wolf
The Analysis of Deviant Cases in Communications Research
R Turner
The Quest for Universals in Sociological Research
K Popper
Falsifiability as a Criterion of Demarcation
G King et al
Rule 1
Construct Falsifiable Theories

P A Lamal
The Importance of Replication
Y Amir and I Sharon
Replication Research
A 'Must' for the Scientific Advancement of Psychology

Units and Levels of Analysis
Units of Analysis
M Rosenberg
The Units of Analysis
Ecological Fallacy
W Robinson
Ecological Correlations and the Behaviour of Individuals
S Schwartz
The Fallacy of the Ecological Fallacy
The Potential Misuse of a Concept and the Consequences

W R Gove and M Hughes
Re-Examining the Ecological Fallacy
A Study in Which Aggregate Data Are Critical in Investigating the Pathological Effects of Living Alone

The Individualistic Fallacy
Net and Gross Change
D Rose
Household Panel Studies
An Overview

Experimental Designs
D T Campbell
Factors Relevant to the Validity of Experiments in Social Settings
S A Stouffer
Some Observations on Study Design
Laboratory Experiments
L Festinger
Laboratory Experiments
R L Henshel
The Purposes of Laboratory Experimentation and the Virtues of Deliberate Artificiality
Field Experiments
R F Boruch
Introduction to Randomized Experiments for Planning and Evaluation
D T Campbell
Reforms as Experiments
J Petersilia
Implementing Randomized Experiments
L W Sherman and R A Berk
The Randomization of Arrest
Quasi Experiments
D T Campbell et al
Quasi-Experimental Designs
D T Campbell and H L Ross
The Connecticut Crackdown on Speeding
Time-Series Data in Quasi-Experimental Analysis

T D Cook and D T Campbell
The Causal Assumptions of Quasi-Experimental Practice
Natural Experiments
S Lieberman
The Effects of Changes in Roles of the Attitudes of Role Occupants
Simulation and Modelling
J S Coleman
Social Processes and Social Simulation Games
G N Gilbert
Using Computer Simulation to Study Social Phenomena
Panel Designs
P F Lazarsfeld
The Use of Panels in Social Research
N Buck et al
Choosing a Longitudinal Survey Design
The Issues

G Kalton
Handling Wave Nonresponse in Longitudinal Surveys
G Kalton et al
Nonsampling Errors in Panel Surveys
E Maccoby and R Hyman
Measurement Problems in Panel Studies
J D Singer and J B Willett
Modeling the Days of Our Lives
Using Survival Analysis When Designing and Analyzing Longitudinal Studies of Duration and the Timing of Events

Retrospective Designs
J Scott and D Alwin
Retrospective versus Prospective Measurement of Life Histories in Longitudinal Research
P Elias
Methodological, Statistical and Practical Issues Arising from the Collection and Analysis of Work History Information by Survey Techniques
S Dex and A McCulloch
The Reliability of Retrospective Unemployment History Data
Single Cross-Sectional Studies
H Selvin et al
Survey Analysis
R B Davies
From Cross-Sectional to Longitudinal Analysis
C Marsh
Contribution of Surveys to Sociological Explanation
M Rosenberg
The Strategy of Survey Analysis
Repeated Studies/Time Series
S F Mazur-Hart and J J Berman
Changing from Fault to No-Fault Divorce
An Interupted Time Series Analysis

D T Campbell
Regression Artifacts in Time Series
R A Kulka
Monitoring Social Change via Survey Replication
Prospects and Pitfalls from a Replication Survey of Social Roles and Mental Health

N D Glenn
Problems of Comparability in Trend Studies with Opinion Poll Data
Cohort Designs
N D Glenn
Cohort Analysis
N B Ryder
The Cohort as a Concept in the Study of Social Change
M W Riley
Aging and Cohort Succession
Interpretations and Misinterpretations

Comparative and Cross-National Designs
M L Kohn
Cross-National Research as an Analytical Strategy
A Przeworski and H Teune
Equivalence in Cross-National Research
A Przeworski and H Teune
Research Designs
A Lijphart
The Comparable Cases Strategy in Comparative Research
S Lieberson
Small N's and Big Conclusions
An Examination of the Reasoning in Comparative Studies Based on a Small Number of Cases

S Verba
The Uses of Survey Research in the Study of Comparative Politics
Issues and Strategies

C C Ragin
New Directions in Comparative Research
Case Study Designs
D De Vaus
Case Study Design
C C Ragin
The Case-Oriented Approach
E W Burgess
Statistics and Case Studies as Methods of Social Research
C Arensberg
The Community Study Method
R K Yin
Case Study Design
M M Kennedy
Generalizing from Single Case Studies
M Komarovsky
Description of Discerning
D T Campbell
'Degrees of Freedom' and the Case Study
R Stoecker
Evaluating and Rethinking the Case Study
P Thompson
Life Histories and the Analysis of Social Change
Single Case Designs
N Blampied
A Legacy Neglected
Restating the Case for Single-Case Research in Cognitive-Behaviour Therapy

R L Taylor and G L Adams
A Review of Single-Subject Methodologies in Applied Settings
A E Kazdin
Single-Case Research Designs
Methods for Clinical and Applied Settings

Mixed-Method Designs
A Tashakkori and C Teddlie
Research Design Issues for Mixed-Method and Mixed-Model Studies
J Cresswell et al
Advanced Mixed-Methods Research Designs
N Denzin
Strategies of Multiple Triangulation
N W H Blaikie
A Critique of the Use of Triangulation in Social Research
J Morse
Approaches to Qualitative-Quantitative Methodological Triangulation
Paradigm Wars
E G Guba and Y S Lincoln
Competing Paradigms in Qualitative Research
A Bryman
Quantitative and Qualitative Research
Further Reflections on Their Integration

P F Lazarsfeld
Some Remarks on Typological Procedures in Social Research
K D Bailey
Typologies and Taxonomies in Social Science
K D Bailey
K D Bailey
Classical Typology Construction (Precomputer)

David de Vaus