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Reason & Rigor
How Conceptual Frameworks Guide Research

Second Edition


January 2016 | 264 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Designed for novice as well as more experienced researchers, Reason & Rigor presents conceptual frameworks as a mechanism for aligning literature review, research design, and methodology. The book explores the conceptual framework—defined as both a process and a product—that helps to direct and ground researchers as they work through common research challenges. Focusing on published studies on a range of topics and employing both quantitative and qualitative methods, the updated Second Edition features two new chapters and clearly communicates the processes of developing and defining conceptual frameworks.
 
Chapter 1: Introduction to Conceptual Frameworks
Conceptual Frameworks Explored and Defined

 
Elements of a Conceptual Framework

 
Organization of this Book

 
Concluding Thoughts: Using Conceptual Frameworks

 
 
Chapter 2: Why Conceptual Frameworks?
What (and Where) is Theory?

 
Whose Theory is It, and Where Does It Come From?

 
What is a Literature Review, and What is It For?

 
The Case for Conceptual Frameworks: Concluding Thoughts

 
 
Chapter 3: Origins of a Conceptual Framework: The Birth of Grit
Background and context: An overview of the work in focus

 
The argument

 
Origins: Conversations with the dead and the living

 
Formulating the concept: From conversing to inquiring

 
Forming and advancing the argument

 
 
Chapter 4: Excavating Questions
“Excavating” Research Questions

 
About the Author

 
Background and Context: An Overview of the Work in Focus

 
The Argument

 
Conceptual Frameworks and Research Design

 
The Co-evolution of Conceptual Frameworks and Research Design

 
Conceptual Frameworks and Research Design: Concluding Thoughts

 
Reflection Questions

 
 
Chapter 5: The Role of the Conceptual Framework in Data Collection and Fieldwork
Who You Are, How You Think, and What You Study

 
About the Author

 
Background and Context: An Overview of the Work in Focus

 
The Argument

 
Hyphenated Selves as a Theoretical Framework

 
The Hyphen as Method: Positionality and Practice

 
Conceptual Frameworks and Fieldwork: Concluding Thoughts

 
 
Chapter 6: Conceptual Frameworks and the Analysis of Data
Examining the Influence of an Ever-Emerging Conceptual Framework

 
About the Author

 
Background and Context: An Overview of the Work in Focus

 
The Argument

 
From Argument to Analysis

 
Transcription as Data Analysis

 
Evolving and Shifting Frameworks of Analysis

 
Conceptual Frameworks and Data Analysis: Concluding Thoughts

 
 
Chapter 7: Expanding the Conversation, Extending the Argument: The Role of Conceptual Frameworks in Presenting, Explaining, and Contextualizing Findings
About the Author

 
Background and Context: AN OVERVIEW OF THE WORK IN FOCUS

 
Being in Conversation With Theory: Influences on Thought and Action

 
The Argument

 
Conclusion

 
 
Chapter 8: Reflections on the Making and Re-making of a Conceptual Framework - William K. Dunworth
Developing a Conceptual Framework

 
Challenges in the field

 
Revisiting Conceptual Frameworks: Turning Artifacts into Processes

 
“Everything is data”: Returning to the field

 
Revising the conceptual framework and integrating findings

 
 
Chapter 9: The Conceptual Framework as Guide and Ballast
Developing a Conceptual Framework

 
Starting Points: Self and Audience

 
Making—and Breaking—Your Plans

 
The Conversation: From Listening to Speaking

 
Strategies and Exercises for Developing Conceptual Frameworks

 
Identifying Your Interests, Beliefs, and Motivations for Doing Research

 
Examination of the “Conversations Already Happening”

 
Ongoing Questions and Concerns about the Research

 
Concept Maps

 
Research Memos

 
Research Journal

 
Reason and Rigor

 

[The Second Edition] does a better job than any other text I’ve read of demystifying research by emphasizing the process rather than the strategies.”

Jane Lohmann
Northeastern University

“[This book] is a very good examination of the ways conceptual frameworks play themselves out in different contexts examining the different aspects of the conceptual frameworks as they appear in literature that has been published (including the dissertation).”

Julie Slayton
University of Southern California

“[This text] provides an excellent overview of the use of conceptual frameworks to guide research.”

Christine E. Blake
University of South Carolina

I recommended the first edition to my PhD students and will also recommend this edition which has two new chapters, both of which add depth to subjects. In particular the addition of reflection questions at the end of each chapter encourage the student to think beyond the text and apply the theory to their own research.

Dr Jillian Pooler
Postgraduate Department, Peninsula Schools of Medicine & Dentis
May 19, 2016

Sharon M. Ravitch

Sharon M. Ravitch is a professor of practice at the University of Pennsylvania’s Graduate School of Education. She engages in numerous applied research projects in India, serving as a visiting scholar at the Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) in Mumbai and working as a co-researcher and key resource expert in policy advocacy, professional development, and community-based participatory research related to corporate social responsibility through TISS’s corporate social responsibility hub. She is involved in the design and implementation of assessment and evaluation of statewide performance through mixed-methods research in the Ministry... More About Author

John Matthew Riggan

Matthew Riggan, Ph.D., is a Senior Researcher at the Consortium for Policy Research in Education at the University of Pennsylvania, and an Adjunct Assistant Professor in Penn’s Graduate School of Education. His current research focuses on formative assessment in elementary mathematics; assessing analytic and problem-solving skills for postsecondary readiness; systemic reform to support science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education; and factors supporting or undermining the scale-up of promising reforms in urban school districts. He teaches courses in qualitative research design, data collection, and analysis, and has... More About Author

Also available as a South Asia Edition.

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ISBN: 9781483340401
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