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Personality Theories

Personality Theories
A Global View

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536 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Personality Theories: A Global View by leading scholar Eric Shiraev takes a dynamic, integrated, and cross-cultural approach to the study of personality. The text is organized around three general questions: Where did personality theories come from? How did the theorists study facts? How do we apply personality theories now? These questions provide a consistent focus on social context, interdisciplinary science, and applications. Going beyond traditional research from the Western tradition, the book also covers theories and studies rooted in the experiences of other countries and cultures. 

Chapter 1: Introducing Personality
Identifying personality

Approaching Personality

Applying Knowledge About Personality

Chapter 2: Scientific Foundations
Science and the Scientific Method

Influences on the Study of Personality

How do we Apply Knowledge?

Chapter 3: Research Methods
Personality Research Methods

How Do We Prepare and Conduct Research?

Applying Critical Thinking to Research Methods

Chapter 4: The Psychoanalytic Tradition
The Essence of The Psychoanalytic Tradition

Discussing The Psychoanalytic Tradition

Applying The Psychoanalytic Tradition

Chapter 5: The New Wave in the Psychoanalytic Tradition
Psychoanalysis and Society

Theoretical Expansions: Ego Psychology

Theoretical Expansions: Away From the Libido Concept

Psychoanalysis and Social Behavior

Contributions of the “New Wave” Psychoanalysts

Applying the Psychoanalysis of the “New Wave”

Chapter 6: The Behavioral-Learning Tradition
The Behavioral-Learning Tradition

Understanding Personality by Studying Animal Behavior

Studying Reflexes

Watson: Studying and Applying Behaviorism

Studying Behavior From Different Angles

Optimistic Behaviorism of B. F. Skinner

Social Learning Theory

What Behaviorism Accomplished and What it Missed

Applying the Behavioral-Learning Tradition

Chapter 7: The Trait Tradition
The Trait Approach

Trait Theorists and Perspectives

The Big Five

Humanities and Personality Traits

A Cross-Cultural Approach to Personality

Applying the Trait Tradition

Chapter 8: The Cognitive Tradition
The Roots of the Cognitive Tradition: Early Psychology

Cognitive Science

Psychology and Cognitive Science

Studies of Attitudes

The Personal Constructs Approach

Culture and the Self

Literature and the Inner World

Applying the Cognitive Tradition

Chapter 9: The Humanistic Tradition
The Humanistic Tradition: Social Contexts

The Essence of Humanistic Tradition

Principles of Humanistic Psychology

Key Figures and Influences in the Humanistic Tradition


Abraham Maslow and Humanistic Psychology

The Autotelic Personality

Humanistic Tradition and Activism

Carl Rogers and the Person-Centered Approach

Positive Psychology

Accomplishments and Limitations of the Humanistic Tradition

Applying the Humanistic Tradition

Chapter 10: The Developmental Domain
The Essence of the Developmental Domain

Studying The Developmental Domain

Applying the Developmental Domain

Chapter 11: The Gender Domain
The Essence of the Gender Domain

Traditional Views of the Sexes

Evolving Views of the Sexes

Traditional Views of Gender

Evolving Views of Gender

Traditional Views of Sexual Orientation

Evolving Views of Sexual Orientation

Applying the Gender Domain

Chapter 12: The Clinical Domain
The Essence of the Clinical Domain

Diagnosing Personality Disorders

Classification and Description of Personality Disorders

Cluster: Odd and Eccentric Behavior

Cluster: Dramatic, Emotional, or Erratic Behavior

Cluster: Anxious and Fearful Behavior

Etiology of Personality Disorders

Differential Diagnosis and Comorbidity

Applying Knowledge to the Clinical Domain

Chapter 13. Personality: The Adjustment Domain
The Essence of Adjustment and Coping

Areas of Change Requiring Coping and Adjustment

Types of Coping and Adjustment

Identifying “Helpful” Personality Traits

Outcomes of Coping and Adjustment

Traits That Negatively Affect the Coping Process

Identifying Adaptive Coping Strategies

Identifying Maladaptive Strategies

Applying the Adjustment Domain

Chapter 14. Personality Theories in the 21st Century
Case 1: “Hacking” Living Cells for a Good Cause

Case 2: Understanding Multimorbidity

Case 3: Height, Masculinity, and Self-Esteem

Case 4: A Personality Profile of the Internet Troll

Understanding an Individual’s Personality



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Easy to read, lots of examples, and I appreciated all the instructor resources.

Dr Ann Marie Kerlin
Psychology, Luther Rice Seminary
May 29, 2023

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 5

Chapter 11

Eric B. Shiraev

Eric B. Shiraev is a professor and researcher at George Mason University. He received his PhD in political psychology from St Petersburg University, Russia, and completed a post-doctoral program at University of California, Los Angeles. He has extensive teaching and research experience at a number of distinguished universities both in the United States and abroad. Shiraev is the author, co-author, and/or co-editor of fourteen books and numerous publications in the fields of cross-cultural psychology, political psychology, and comparative studies. In addition to his teaching and scholarly pursuits, he also writes opinion essays for think... More About Author

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