Published in Association with Institute of Management Technology, Ghaziabad

Sita Mishra Institute of Management Technology, Ghaziabad, India

eISSN: 23946083 | ISSN: 09718907 | Current volume: 20 | Current issue: 2 Frequency: Bi-annually

The scope of publication encompasses all areas of management science including general management, marketing, finance, human resource management, logistic management, strategies, technology management, business communication and environmental management. It also includes related areas such as economics, statistics, accounting, operations research, etc.

The following types of papers will be considered for publication:
1. Original research works, both theoretical and empirical, in management science and related fields.
2. Exhaustive surveys of literature of an upcoming new research area.
3. Book review of a recently published, path-breaking book in management.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Paradigm - the Research Journal of the Institute of Management Technology (IMT), Ghaziabad, has a strong publishing history and interdisciplinary interests. Considered to be one of the reputed management journals in India and abroad, the journal publishes bi-annually the best available scholarship on a wide array of topics in management apart from in-depth studies of relevant issues that have practical implications. The journal aims:

- To publish high quality scholarly articles, both theoretical and empirical, in the broad spectrum of management science.
-To promote research in management science and provide an avenue to researchers for dissemination of new research findings and exchange of ideas in management issues and practice.
-To broaden the understanding of management of society, business and economy.

Associate Editor
Debabrata Datta Institute of Management Technology, Ghaziabad, India
Advisory Board
Abhijit Biswas Wayne State University, USA
Amarlal H Kalro Ahmedabad University, India
Arkadev Chatterjea Cornell University, USA
Bal Chansarkar Middlesex University, UK
G Shainesh Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore, India
Gert-Jan de Vreede University of South Florida, USA
K R S Murthy Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore (Ex-Director), India
Lawrence L Garber Elon University, North Carolina, USA
Neharika Vohra Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, India
Vanina Andrea Farber Universidad del Pacifico, Peru
Editorial Board
Damodar Suar Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India
Dhiraj Sharma Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, India
Hardik Shah Institute of Management Technology, Ghaziabad, India
Jitendra Mahakud Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India
Mrinalini Shah Institute of Management Technology, Ghaziabad, India
Editorial Assistant
Manu Chaturvedi Institute of Management Technology, Ghaziabad, India
  • Indian Citation Index (ICI)
  • J-Gate
  • Paradigm offers an opportunity to publish well-researched and academically rigorous papers. The contributions should be unpublished and original. It should display an understanding of the context, purpose, methodology, and logical cohesion in the derivation of the conclusions.

    After receiving manuscripts, the author(s) is acknowledged and a reference number is assigned. Paradigm does not accept manuscripts that are currently under consideration by other journals. The author(s) is asked to submit a copyright declaration form to IMT before papers undergo review. Each manuscript is checked using plagiarism software before sending it to reviewers. All manuscripts are reviewed anonymously by the editorial board and reviewers. First, they undergo a pre-review screening by the editorial body for assessment of relevance and overall quality. The submissions which are found appropriate are then forwarded for blind review by subject experts. Since we follow a systematic and thorough process, the review may take three to four months. The author(s) may be asked to revise and re-submit the manuscript based on referral comment(s). The final acceptance of the paper is subject to satisfactorily addressing the comments of the referees in prescribed form, and resubmitting it by deadline. Request to revise and resubmit is not a guarantee for publication.

    After the acceptance of the paper, following necessary corrections as per the referral comments and meeting the requirements of the journal’s style, the final manuscript will be sent for copyediting and proof reading. The author(s) is expected to cooperate in this copy editing and proof reading process.

    Guidelines for Preparation of the Manuscript for Submission

    1. A softcopy of the manuscript should be submitted in English, with MS Word format and double-spaced with adequate margins on all sides. It should be accompanied by a brief biography of all the authors and sent to Every manuscript must include an abstract and four to six key words.
    2. The full length paper should not exceed 8000 words. The abstract of the paper should not be more than 150 words with four to six key words.
    3. Chapter 2 in the APA Publication Manual offers detailed instructions on formatting the manuscript. We request all contributors to be familiar with it. A guide to preparation for manuscripts according to APA style can be found here
    4. The manuscript should be accompanied by a cover page comprising title of the article, authors’ name and affiliation, mailing address, phone, fax and email address. In case of multiple authors, the cover page should also indicate the author to whom correspondence should be addressed. This information should be centred in the middle of the title page. The name of the author(s) should not appear anywhere else in the manuscript.
    5. The manuscript should have a margin of 1 inch on all four sides (with the margin on the left side flush at 1 inch, and the right margin "ragged"), and the entire paper should be set to double-space. The first line of each paragraph should be indented one-half inch.
    6. Paradigm requires that all submissions use Times New Roman font, 12 pt.
    7. The APA Style Manual provides guidelines about headings in the text. While some papers have three level headings, others may have two.
    8. Tables and charts presented in the text should be in black and white only. They must meet APA guidelines. Wherever necessary, the title should be indicated at the top and sources should be at the bottom. They should be serially numbered and this number match with the references to them cited in the text. The tables, figures and charts need not appear in separate document files. The tables and figures mentioned in the text should appear near/after they are referred.
    9. References should be given separately at the end of the paper and the entries should be arranged alphabetically. The word ‘References’ should appear as a first-level heading. The list should include only the works the author(s) has cited.

    The following style should be strictly followed:

    Single author journal article:
    Fox, S. (1984). Empowerment as a catalyst for change: an example for the food industry. Supply Chain Management, 2(3), 29–33.

    Multiple author journal article:
    Khan, M. R., Islam, A. F. M. M., & Das, D. (1886). A Factor Analytic Study on the Validity of a Union Commitment Scale. Journal of Applied Psychology, 12(1), 129–136.

    Text book:
    Simchi-Levi, D., Kaminsky, P., & Simchi-Levi, E. (2007). Designing and Managing the Supply Chain: Concepts, Strategies and Case Studies (3rded.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

    Edited book having one editor:
    Raine, A. (Ed.). (2006). Crime and schizophrenia: Causes and cures. New York: Nova Science.

    Edited book having more than one editor:
    Greenspan, E. L., & Rosenberg, M. (Eds.). (2009). Martin’s annual criminal code: Student edition 2010. Aurora, ON: Canada Law Book.

    Chapter in edited book having one editor:
    Bessley, M., & Wilson, P. (1984). Public policy and small firms in Britain. In Levicki, C. (Ed.), Small Business Theory and Policy (pp. 111–126). London: Croom Helm.

    Chapter in edited book having more than one editor:
    Young, M. E., & Wasserman, E. A. (2005). Theories of learning. In K. Lamberts, & R. L. Goldstone (Eds), Handbook of cognition (pp. 161–182). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

    Conference presentation:
    Seibel, R., & Saffran, J. (2006, June). Tune or text: The effect of text on melody recognition. Paper presented at the annual meeting of XVth Biennial International Conference on Infant Studies, Kyoto, Japan.

    Electronic sources should include the URL of the website at which they may be found, as shown:
    Sillick, T. J., & Schutte, N. S. (2006). Emotional intelligence and self-esteem mediate between perceived early parental love and adult happiness. E-Journal of Applied Psychology, 2(2), 38–48. Retrieved from

    Unpublished dissertation/ paper:
    Uddin, K. (2000). A Study of Corporate Governance in a Developing Country: A Case of Bangladesh (Unpublished Dissertation). Lingnan University, Hong Kong.

    Article in newspaper:
    Yunus, M. (2005, March 23). Micro Credit and Poverty Alleviation in Bangladesh. The Bangladesh Observer, p. 9.

    Article in magazine:
    Holloway, M. (2005, August 6). When extinct isn’t. Scientific American, 293, 22–23.

    Website of any institution:
    Central Bank of India (2005). Income Recognition Norms Definition of NPA. Retrieved August 10, 2005, from, viewed on ……………

    Citation styles:
    One Work by One Author: (Walker, 2000)
    One Work by Multiple Authors: (Walker and Wasserstein, 2000)
    One Work by Three or More Authors: (Wasserstein et al., 1994)
    Works with No Author: Cite the first few words of the reference list entry (usually the title) and the year, for example, (‘Study Finds’, 1982).
    Two or More Works by Different authors in One Citation: (Balda, 1980; Kamil, 1988; Pepperberg and Funk, 1990)
    Two or More Works by the Same Author(s) in One Citation: (Edeline and Weinberger, 1991, 1993)
    Two or More Works Published in the Same Year by the Same Author(s): (Johnson, 1991a, 1991b, 1991c)

    Other details
    1. The author(s) must obtain permission from copyright holders, wherever copyrighted material has been used. Copyright of submitted papers rests with ‘Paradigm’ for its use and dissemination in any form or medium. ‘Paradigm’, however, permits the author(s) to use the submitted material in any other book or publication authored or co-authored by them.
    2. The editor reserves the right to accept or reject an article for publication in Paradigm and is under no obligation to assign reasons for this decision.
    3. The author(s) will receive a complimentary copy of ‘Paradigm’ in which their article(s) is published.
    4. For more details authors are encouraged to visit:

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