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Middle School Mathematics Lessons to Explore, Understand, and Respond to Social Injustice
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Middle School Mathematics Lessons to Explore, Understand, and Respond to Social Injustice

Foreword by Julia M. Aguirre, Brian R. Lawler, Series Editor

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August 2022 | 392 pages | Corwin

"If you teach middle school math and have wanted to promote social justice, but haven’t been sure how to get started, you need to check out this book. It incorporates lessons you can use immediately as well as how to foster the kind of classroom community where students will thrive. It’s the kind of book you’ll want to have alongside you to support you throughout your journey."

Robert Kaplinsky
Author and Consultant
Long Beach, CA

Empower young adolescents to be the change—join the teaching mathematics for social justice movement!

Students of all ages and intersecting identities—through media and their lived experiences— bear witness to and experience social injustices and movements around the world for greater justice. However, when people think of social justice, mathematics rarely comes to mind. With a user-friendly design, this book brings middle school mathematics content to life by connecting it to issues students see or experience.

Developed for use by Grades 6-8 educators, the contributed model lessons in this book walk teachers through the process of applying critical frameworks to instruction, using standards-based mathematics to explore, understand, and respond to social injustices. Learn to plan daily instruction that engages young adolescents in mathematics explorations through age-appropriate, culturally relevant topics such as health and economic inequality, human and civil rights, environmental justice, and accessibility. Features include:

  • Content cross-referenced by mathematical concept and social issues
  • Connection to Learning for Justice’s social justice standards
  • Downloadable teacher materials and lesson resources
  • Guidance for lessons driven by young adolescents’ unique passions and challenges
  • Connections between research and practice

Written for teachers committed to developing equitable and empowering practices through the lens of mathematics content and practice standards as well as social justice standards, this book will help connect content to young adolescents’ daily lives, strengthen their mathematical understanding, and expose them to issues that will support them in becoming active agents of change and responsible leaders.

 
Preface
 
Introduction
 
Chapter 1: What Is Social Justice and Why Does It Matter in Teaching Mathematics?
 
Chapter 2: Building and Sustaining a Beloved Community in the Middle School Mathematics Classroom
 
Chapter 3: Fostering a Classroom to Teach Mathematics for Social Justice
 
Chapter 4: Instructional Tools for the Social Justice Mathematics Lesson
 
Chapter 5: Teaching the Social Justice Mathematics Lesson
 
Chapter 6: The Number System
 
Lesson 6.1 Food Apartheid: Graphing and Understanding Access to Healthy Food
 
Lesson 6.2 Cor(o)ner Stores and Food Apartheid
 
Lesson 6.3 Billionaire Power
 
Lesson 6.4 Middle School Math to Explore People Represented in Our World and Community
 
Chapter 7: Ratios and Proportional Relationships
 
Lesson 7.1 Hey Google, Who's a Mathematician
 
Lesson 7.2 The True Cost of that $29 T-shirt in the Store Window
 
Lesson 7.3 Majority and Power
 
Lesson 7.4 Smoking and Vaping: Targeting of Marginalized Communities by the Tobacco Industry
 
Lesson 7.5 Health Race and Ratios
 
Lesson 7.6 Health Inequalities: COVID and Other Health Conditions
 
Chapter 8: Algebra: Expressions, Equations, and Functions
 
Lesson 8.1 Gerrymandering of Voting Districts
 
Lesson 8.2 National Team Pay Investigation
 
Lesson 8.3 The Black Vote in America: Impact of the 1965 Voting Rights Act
 
Chapter 9: Statistics and Probability
 
Lesson 9.1 Playing with Data
 
Lesson 9.2 The Mathematics of Toxic Air
 
Lesson 9.3 Gender Pay Gap
 
Lesson 9.4 How Many Meals Can Minimum Wage Buy
 
Chapter 10: Geometry
 
Lesson 10.1 Map Projections
 
Lesson 10.2 3D Modeling for Water
 
Lesson 10.3 Water is Life
 
Lesson 10.4 Accessible Playground
 
Lesson 10.5 Investigating Areas to Determine Fairness
 
Chapter 11: Advice From the Field
 
Chapter 12: Creating Social Justice Mathematics Lessons for Your Own Classroom
 
Appendix A: Additional Resources
 
Appendix B: Lesson Resources
 
Appendix C: Essential Middle Grades Concepts
 
Appendix D: Social Justice Topics, Standards, and Grade Level Outcomes
 
Appendix E: Lessons by Essential Middle Grades Concepts, Social Justice Grades 6–8 Outcomes, and Social Justice Topics
 
Appendix F: Social Justice Mathematics Lesson Planner
 
References

A wonderful collection of lessons, submitted by teachers, to help students of all ages see topics they care about, and use mathematics as a tool for progress in the world.

Jo Boaler
Stanford University
Stanford, CA

Conway et al. have done it again! In this volume, not only do the authors share rich, standards- based, grade-level appropriate mathematical tasks with social justice contexts, they also share specific strategies and tools to engage the middle school mathematics student.

Kyndall Brown
California Mathematics Project
Los Angeles, CA

Middle School Mathematics Lessons to Explore, Understand, and Respond to Social Injustice is a must-have resource for any middle school educator seeking to incorporate teaching mathematics for social justice in their educational environment. This book provides practical lessons that will truly enhance a child’s educational experience through engaging them in relevant applications of mathematics.

Kristopher J. Childs
Winter Garden, FL

If you teach middle school mathematics and have wanted to promote social justice but haven’t been sure how to get started, you need to check out this book. It incorporates lessons you can use immediately as well as how to foster the kind of classroom community where students will thrive. It’s the kind of book you’ll want to have alongside you to support you throughout your journey.

Robert Kaplinsky
Long Beach, CA

Middle School Mathematics Lessons to Explore, Understand, and Respond to Social Injustice is an outstanding addition to the growing number of texts and projects that weave the teaching of mathematics and social justice together. The authors go deep and broad to show how, why, and when this combination of curricular topics improves our students’ mathematical understandings while honing their abilities and dispositions to promote social and environmental justice in their own lives and communities.

Bob Peterson
Milwaukee, WI

A very compelling set of fresh ideas are offered that prepare educators to turn the corner on advocating for social justice in the mathematics classroom. Each book is full of engaging activities, frameworks, and standards that center instruction on community, worldview, and the developmental needs of all students—a much-needed resource to reboot our commitment to the next generation.

Linda M. Fulmore
TODOS: Mathematics For ALL
Cave Creek, AZ

I imagine many people will purchase this book for the sample lesson plans. And you should; they’re fabulous. But just as fabulous, and equally important, is the framework the authors lay out for a comprehensive, holistic, transformative approach to mathematics teaching, with social justice at its core.

Paul C. Gorski
Equity Literacy Institute
Columbia, SC

As a teacher educator for social justice, I am familiar with the near-constant refrain of “this isn’t something you can do in math!” This book illustrates just the opposite. Indeed, not only is it possible to engage in social justice mathematics, but it is an educational imperative to do so. This much-needed and valuable collection provides practitioners with clear and compelling lessons that are grounded in theories of justice and equity. Especially timely in this text is the clear evidence that not only can middle school young adolescents engage in critical conversations, problem solving, and sociocultural analysis in their mathematics classes, but they must. The editors and contributors to this volume have curated a powerful resource that is a must-read for all mathematics educators and those who care about social justice teaching and learning.

Alyssa Hadley Dunn
Michigan State University
East Lansing, MI

Middle School Mathematics Lessons to Explore, Understand, and Respond to Social Injustice is a book written for the teacher of mathematics. This diverse group of authors and educators provides everything a teacher needs to transform their practice from critical theory to teachable lesson plans! A must-read for educators who seek to transform mathematics back to its humanistic roots.

Shraddha Shirude
Seattle Public Schools, WA Ethnic Studies Now,
Seattle, WA

The diversity of authors. The focus on social justice. The attention towards class ecology. The framework around math equity and not math deficit.

Mr Andre ChenFeng
Teacher Education, Claremont Graduate University
December 15, 2022

Basil Manley Conway IV

Basil Conway IV is an associate professor of mathematics education in the College of Education and Health Professions at Columbus State University and serves as the mathematics education graduate programs director. He serves on numerous doctoral committees as both a chair and methodologist. He earned his BS, MS, and PhD. in mathematics education from Auburn University in 2005, 2012, and 2015, respectively. He also completed his MS in statistical science at Colorado State University in 2010. Basil previously spent 10 years teaching in public middle and high schools before he became a teacher educator. During this time, he also worked... More About Author

Lateefah Id-Deen

Lateefah Id-Deen is an assistant professor for mathematics education in the Bagwell College of Education at Kennesaw State University. She earned her bachelor’s degree from the University of Arkansas Pine Bluff, a master’s degree from Iowa State University, and a doctorate in curriculum, instruction, and teacher education from Michigan State University, with foci in mathematics education and urban education. She has written several articles and book chapters that examine historically marginalized students’ perspectives on their experiences in mathematics classrooms and ways to support educators in hearing and developing practice in... More About Author

Mary C. Raygoza

Mary Candace Raygoza (she/her/hers) is a STEMinist (STEM and feminist!) teacher educator. She is an associate professor of teacher education at Saint Mary’s College of California and teaches courses including Humanizing Education Methods, Teaching for Social Justice, and Praxis Seminar. She is the lead investigator on a National Science Foundation grant to design the STEM Teachers for Justice, Community, and Leadership teaching pathway at Saint Mary’s. Mary earned a bachelor’s degree in sociology with an education minor at University of California, Berkeley and a full mathematics teaching credential and MEd, followed by a PhD in urban... More About Author

Amanda Ruiz

Amanda Ruiz was born in Long Beach and raised in Huntington Beach, California. She left Southern California for the Bay Area to attend University of California, Berkeley, where she created her own major focused on social movements. After some experience working in secondary education and a realization that mathematics is a social justice issue, Amanda went back to school to pursue a degree in mathematics. She received a master’s degree in mathematics from San Francisco State University and then her PhD in mathematics from Binghamton University in 2013. After a year as a teaching and research postdoctoral fellow in the Mathematics... More About Author

John W. Staley

John W. Staley, Ph.D., has been involved in mathematics education for over 35 years as a secondary mathematics teacher, adjunct professor, district and national leader, and consultant. During his career he has presented at state, national, and international conferences; served on many committees and task forces; facilitated workshops and professional development sessions on a variety of topics; and received the Presidential Award for Excellence in Teaching Mathematics and Science. A past president for NCSM, the mathematics education leadership organization, and past chair of the U.S. National Commission on Mathematics Instruction, he... More About Author

Eva Thanheiser

Eva Thanheiser is a mathematics teacher educator. She is a professor of mathematics education at Portland State University in Portland, Oregon. Eva teaches mathematics content courses for elementary and middle school teachers. She contextualizes much of the mathematics content in social and political contexts. She is the lead investigator on two National Science Foundation grants, one to connect elementary mathematics to the world and another focused on anti-bias mathematics education at the K–12 level. Eva started her studies in Germany and finished a master’s in mathematics in 1998 at Kansas University and a PhD in mathematics education... More About Author

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