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Key Ideas in Criminology and Criminal Justice
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Key Ideas in Criminology and Criminal Justice



October 2010 | 208 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
By focusing on key ideas in both criminology and criminal justice, this book brings a new and unique perspective to understanding critical research in criminology and criminal justice -- heretofore, the practice has been to separate criminology and criminal justice. However, given their interconnected nature, this book brings both together cohesively. In going beyond simply identifying and discussing key contributions and their effects by giving students a broader socio-political context for each key idea, this book concretely conceptualizes the key ideas in ways that students will remember and understand.
 
1. Introduction
 
2. Key Idea: Rational Offending and Rational Punishment
The Social Context of Criminal Punishment

 
Beccaria’s Proposal

 
Why it Caught On

 
Influence: The Rise of the Classical School of Criminology

 
Empirical Analyses and Critiques of Free Will, Rationality, and Deterrence

 
 
3. Key Idea: The Science of Criminal Behavior
The Social Context: A Time Without Criminology

 
The Road to Lombroso

 
Lombroso and the Body of the Criminal

 
The Dissemination of Lombroso’s Theories

 
Criticisms of Lombroso’s Theories

 
Lombroso’s Influence

 
 
4. Key Idea: Understanding Crime and Society
The Social Context of the Early Twentieth Century

 
Social Disorganization and Anomie/Strain Theories

 
Rejecting Individualism

 
The Legacy of Anomie/Strain and Social Disorganization Theories

 
 
5. Key Idea: Hirschi’s Social Bond/Social Control Theory
The Social Context of the 1960s

 
Social Bond/Social Control Theory

 
The Marketing of Social Bond/Social Control Theory

 
The Legacy of Social Bond/Social Control Theory

 
 
6. Key Idea: Rehabilitation is Dead
The Martinson Report

 
Social Context

 
Getting the Word Out

 
The Influence of the Martinson Report

 
 
7. Key Idea: Crime Control Through Selective Incapacitation
The Context: Criminology, Criminal Justice Policy, and Society in the 1970s

 
James Q. Wilson’s Thinking About Crime

 
Why it Caught on

 
Selective Incapacitation’s Effect on Criminal Justice and Criminology: Empirical Tests, Empirical Critiques, and Ethical Dilemmas

 
 
8. Key Idea: The Police Can Control Crime
The Context of Criminology and Policing

 
Broken Windows Theory: Revamping the Police Role

 
How Broken Windows Theory Reached its Audience

 
The Influence of Broken Windows Theory

 
Empirical Tests and Critiques of Broken Windows Theory and Policing

 
 
9. Key Idea: The War on Drugs
Winning the War is Easy — Just Say No!

 
The 1980s in Context

 
The Magic in “Just Say No”

 
The Impact of “Just Say No”

 
 
10. Key Idea: Rehabilitation—Not Dead Yet
The Principles of Risk, Need, and Responsivity

 
Social Context

 
Disseminating the Principles of Effective Rehabilitation

 
The Impact of Meta-Analysis and the Principles of Effective Rehabilitation

 
 
11. Key Idea: Crime and the Life Course
The Criminological Context of the Early 1990s

 
Life Course Theories in Criminology

 
Constructing Testable Theories

 
Life Course Theory Catches On

 
 
12. Looking Back, Looking Forward: Conclusions
Looking Back: The Glaring Omissions?

 
The Legitimate Contenders

 
Looking Forward: The Future of Criminology and Criminal Justice

 

This book is excellent! I will not be adopting it for the class I originally listed, but will instead save it for Intro to Criminology. The theories are explained in a way that will be more interesting for students by giving the social context as well. It is also an easy read so I can supplement it with additional pieces rather than using this book as a supplement to a larger textbook (which I think would be too much reading for undergrads).

Dr Taryn VanderPyl
Sociology Anthropology Dept, Pacific University
March 28, 2016

Travis C. Pratt

Travis C. Pratt received his degrees from Clark College, Washington State University (BA, Political Science; MA, Criminal Justice), and the University of Cincinnati (PhD, Criminal Justice). He has served on the faculty of the School of Criminal Justice at Rutgers University-Newark, was the Director of the Program in Criminal Justice at Washington State University, and a Professor the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Arizona State University. He is currently a Fellow with the University of Cincinnati Corrections Institute. His research and publications focus primarily on structural and integrated theories of crime and... More About Author

Jacinta Michele Gau

Jacinta M. Gau, Ph.D., is an associate professor in the Department of Criminal Justice at the University of Central Florida. She received her doctorate from Washington State University in 2008. Her primary areas of research are policing and criminal justice policy, and she has a strong quantitative background. Dr. Gau’s work has appeared in journals such as Justice Quarterly, British Journal of Criminology, Criminal Justice and Behavior, Crime & Delinquency, Criminology & Public Policy, Police Quarterly, Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, and the Journal of Criminal Justice Education. In... More About Author

Travis W. Franklin

Travis W. Franklin earned his Ph.D. in criminal justice from Washington State University in 2008 and is currently an assistant professor in the College of Criminal Justice at Sam Houston State University. His research interests focus on the effects of race and ethnicity on the processing of offenders through criminal courts, violence in correctional institutions, the causes and correlates of fear of crime, and biological predictors of crime and delinquency. His recent work has appeared in Criminal Justice and Behavior, Journal of Criminal Justice, Feminist Criminology, and Social Justice Research. More About Author

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