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Journal of Management

Journal of Management

Published by SAGE in association with the Southern Management Association
Official Journal of the Southern Management Association

eISSN: 15571211 | ISSN: 01492063 | Current volume: 50 | Current issue: 6 Frequency: 8 Times/Year
The Journal of Management (JOM) is committed to publishing scholarly empirical and theoretical research articles, that have a high impact on the management field as a whole. The journal encourages new ideas or new perspectives on existing research. The journal covers such areas as:

  • Business strategy & policy
  • Organizational behavior
  • Human resource management
  • Organizational theory
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Research Methods

Review Issues are published biannually in January and July. These issues include widely read and widely cited collections of articles in the field of management and have become a major resource for management scholars. The Review Issues cover a broad range of topics from a wide range of academic disciplines, methodologies, and theoretical paradigms. The review issue call for proposals is posted in December. Proposals can be submitted during the month of June.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

The Journal of Management welcomes empirical and theoretical articles dealing with micro, meso, and macro workplace phenomena. Manuscripts that are suitable for publication in the Journal of Management cover domains such as business strategy and policy, entrepreneurship, human resource management, organizational behavior, organizational theory, and research methods.

Cynthia Devers Virginia Tech, USA
Senior Editors
Gerry McNamara Michigan State University, USA
Deidra Schleicher Iowa State University, USA
Associate Editor Team
Devasheesh Bhave Singapore Management University, Singapore
Dave Collings Trinity College Dublin, Ireland
Nicky Dries KU Leuven and BI Norwegian Business School
Nadine Kammerlander WHU Otto-Beisheim School of Management, Germany
Dejun Tony Kong University of Colorado Boulder, USA
Peggy Lee Arizona State University, USA
Fabrice Lumineau University of Hong Kong
Patrick F. McKay East Carolina University, USA
Hermann Ndofor Indiana University, USA
Elisa Operti ESSEC Business School, France
Amy Ou Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Samantha Paustian-Underdahl Florida State University, USA
Mike Pfarrer University of Georgia, USA
Cuili Qian University of Texas at Dallas, USA
Orlando Richard University of Massachusetts Amherst, USA
Enrica Ruggs University of Houston, USA
Wei Shi University of Miami, USA
Ute Stephan King’s College London, UK
Michael Withers Texas A&M University, USA
Consulting Editors
Pratima Bansal Western University, Canada
Jose M. Cortina Virginia Commonwealth University, USA
Sherry Thatcher University of Tennessee-Knoxville, USA
Managing Editor
Stro Prothro Auburn University, USA
Editorial Board
Mirzokhidjon Abdurakhmonov University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA
Herman Aguinis The George Washington University
Federico Aime Oklahoma State University, USA
Todd M. Alessandri Northeastern University, USA
Bradley J. Alge Purdue University, USA
Matthew Allen Babson College, USA
Neil Anderson Brunel University, UK
Goce Andrevski Queen's School of Business, Canada
Felix Arndt University of Pennsylvania, USA
Jonathan D. Arthurs Oregon State University, USA
Samuel Aryee University of Surrey, UK
Neal Ashkanasy The University of Queensland, Australia
Ariel Avgar Cornell University, USA
Mayowa Babalola Australian Catholic University, Australia
Michael Bashshur Singapore Management University, Singapore
Talya N. Bauer Portland State University, USA
Heidi M. Baumann Illinois State University, USA
Daniel Beal Virginia Tech, USA
Bianca Beersma Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands
Andrew Bennet Old Dominion University, USA
Jeremy Bernerth San Diego State University, USA
Jeremy Beus Washington State University, USA
Uta Bindl King's College London, UK
Ronald Bledow Singapore Management University, Singapore
Ramona Bobocel University of Waterloo, Canada
Mark Bolino University of Oklahoma, USA
Julena Bonner Utah State University, USA
Corine Boon University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
Brian Boyd City University of Hong Kong, China
Matthias Brauer University of Mannheim, Germany
Julia Brennecke University of Liverpool, UK
Keith D. Brouthers King's College London, UK
Patrick Bruning University of New Brunswick, Canada
Olga Bruyaka West Virginia University, USA
Rhett Brymer University of Cincinnati, USA
Jonathan Bundy Arizona State University, USA
Kris Byron Georgia State University, USA
Matt Call Texas A&M University System, USA
Robert Campbell University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA
Albert Cannella Texas A&M University, USA
Melissa Cardon University of Tennessee Knoxville, USA
Kevin Carlson Virginia Tech University, USA
Christina Carnes Indiana University, USA
Joel Carnevale Syracuse University, USA
Gary J. Castrogiovanni Florida Atlantic University, USA
Melissa Chamberlin Iowa State University, USA
C.S. Richard Chan State University of New York at Stony Brook, USA
Gaylen Chandler Wichita State University, USA
Jianhong Chen University of New Hampshire, USA
Tianxu Chen West Virginia University, USA
M. K. Chin Indiana University Bloomington Kelley School of Business, USA
Sana Chiu University of Houston CT Bauer College of Business, USA
Michael S. Cole Texas Christian University, USA
Adrienne J. Colella Tulane University, USA
Kevin Corley Arizona State University, USA
Jose M. Cortina Virginia Commonwealth University, USA
Jacqueline Coyle-Shapiro London School of Economics and Political Science, UK
Wayne Crawford New Mexico State University, USA
Jonathan Crawshaw Aston University, UK
Laura D’Oria Iowa State University, USA
Parthiban David American University, USA
Per Davidsson Queensland University of Technology, Australia
Bart de Jong Durham University, UK
John Delery University of Arkansas, USA
Deanne N. den Hartog University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
Justin DeSimone University of Alabama, USA
Cynthia Devers Virginia Tech, USA
Brian Dineen Purdue University, USA
Katharina Dittrich University of Zurich, Switzerland
Karyn Dossinger Loyola University Chicago, USA
Fritz Drasgow University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Michelle Duffy University of Minnesota USA
James Dulebohn Michigan State University, USA
David Dwertmann Rutgers University, USA
Marion Eberly University of Washington, Tacoma, USA
Jill Ellingson University of Kansas, USA
Berrin Erdogan Portland State University, USA
Doris Fay University of Potsdam, Germany
Jie Feng Rutgers University, USA
Lisa M. Finkelstein Northern Illinois University, USA
Gregory Fisher Indiana University, USA
Franco Fraccaroli University of Trento, Italy
Adam Fremeth Western University, Canada
Ashley Fulmer University of Maryland, USA
Ingrid Fulmer University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Ravi S. Gajendran Florida International University, USA
Tim Gardner Utah State University, USA
Lucy L. Gilson University of New Hampshire, USA
Jamie Gloor University of St Gallen, Switzerland
David Gomulya Singapore Management University, Singapore
Yaping Gong Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, China
Erik Gonzalez-Mule Indiana University, USA
Vicente González-Romá University of Valencia, Spain
Janaki Gooty UNC, Charlotte
Maria Goranova University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, USA
Lorenz Graf-Vlachy TU Dortmund University, Germany
James Grand University of Maryland, USA
Thomas Greckhamer Louisiana State University, USA
Rebecca Greenbaum Rutgers University, USA
Orhun Guldiken Florida International University, USA
Wei Guo China Europe International Business School, China
Patrick Haack University of Lausanne, Switzerland
Michael Hadani Saint Mary's College of California, USA
Joo Hun Han Rutgers University, USA
Brad Harris HEC Paris, France
Joseph Harrison Texas Christian University, USA
Jaron Harvey Utah Valley University, USA
John Hausknecht Cornell University, USA
Koen Heimeriks Warwick Business School, UK
Paul Hempel City University of Hong Kong, China
Matt Hersel Clemson University, USA
Pursey P. M. A. R. Heugens Rotterdam School of Management, Netherlands
Mariano Heyden Monash University, Australia
Aaron Hill University of Florida, USA
Keith Hmieleski Texas Christian University, USA
Gerard Hodgkinson University of Manchester, UK
R. Michael Holmes Jr. Florida State University, USA
Peter W. Hom Arizona State University, USA
Michael Howard Iowa State University, USA
Michael Howe Iowa State University, USA
Hsin-Hua Hsiung National Taiwan University, Taiwan
Jia (Jasmine) Hu The Ohio State University, USA
Jason Huang Michigan State University, USA
Lei Huang Auburn University, USA
Zhi Huang University of Kentucky, USA
Chun Hui University of Hong Kong, China
Steven T. Hunt SuccessFactors, an SAP Company, USA
Gazi Islam Grenoble École de Management, France
Karen Jansen University of Reading, UK
Peter Jaskiewicz University of Ottawa, Canada
Kaifeng Jiang Peking University, China
Paul Johnson University of Mississippi, USA
Scott Johnson Iowa State University, USA
David A. Jones University of Vermont, USA
Kristen Jones University of Memphis, USA
Arturs Kalnins Cornell University, USA
Amit Karna Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, India
Rebecca Kehoe Cornell University, USA
Franz W. Kellermanns University of North Carolina, Charlotte, USA
Jason Kiley Clemson University, USA
Tae-Yeol Kim China Europe International Business School, China
Eden King George Mason University, USA
Jennifer Kish-Gephart University of Arkansas, USA
Brian S. Klaas University of Missouri, Kansas City, USA
Patricia Klarner Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany
Felice Klein Boise State University College of Business and Economics, USA
Anthony Klotz Oregon State University, USA
Donald H. Kluemper University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
Joel Koopman Texas A&M University, USA
Jaclyn Koopmann Auburn University, USA
Steven W. J. Kozlowski Michigan State University, USA
Maria Kraimer Rutgers University, USA
Ryan Krause Neeley School of Business, Texas Christian Univeristy, USA
Markus Kreutzer EBS University, Germany
David Kryscynski Brigham Young University, USA
Sven Kunisch Aarhus University, Denmark
Jamie Ladge Northeastern University, USA
Lisa Lambert Oklahoma State University, USA
Gary P. Latham University of Toronto, Canada
Yih-teen Lee IESE Business School, Spain
James Lemoine University of Buffalo, USA
Michael Lerman Iowa State University, USA
Edward Levitas University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, USA
Roy J. Lewicki Ohio State University, USA
Christina Li University of Oklahoma, USA
Dan Li Indiana University, USA
Ning Li University of Iowa, USA
Sali Li University of South Carolina, USA
Chenwei Liao Michigan State University, USA
Robert Liden Illinois State University, USA
Elizabeth Lim Georgia State University, USA
Hao-Chieh Lin National Sun Yat-sen University, Taiwan
Katrina Jia Lin "The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, China
Songqi Liu Georgia State University, USA
Yihao Liu University of Georgia, USA
Edwin A. Locke University of Maryland, USA
Jeffrey Lovelace University of Virginia, USA
Kevin B. Lowe The University of Sydney Business School, Australia
Aleksandra Luksyte University of Western Australia, Australia
Sean Lux University of South Florida, USA
Brent Lyons York University, UK
Jeremy Mackey Auburn University, USA
Peter M. Madsen Brigham Young University, USA
Carl Maertz Saint Louis University, USA
Debra A. Major Old Dominion University, USA
Massimo Maoret IESE Business School, Spain
Luis Martins University of Texas at Austin, USA
Blake Mathias Louisiana State University, USA
Todd Maurer Georgia State University, USA
Mary Mawritz Drexel University, USA
Roger C. Mayer North Carolina State University, USA
Shawn McClean University of Oklahoma, USA
Dean B. McFarlin Duquesne University, USA
Aaron McKenny Indiana University, USA
Markus Menz University of Geneva, Switzerland
Evelyn Micelotta University of New Mexico, USA
Steven Michael University of Illinois, USA
Dana Minbaeva Copenhagen Business School, Denmark
Timothy P. Munyon University of Tennessee, USA
Kevin Murphy University of Limerick, Ireland
Robert Nason McGill University, Canada
Donald O. Neubaum Florida Atlantic University, USA
François Neville McMaster University , Canada
Thomas Ng University of Hong Kong, China
Bo B. Nielsen University of Sydney, Australia
Karen Niven University of Manchester, UK
Raymond Noe Ohio State University, USA
Anthony Nyberg University of South Carolina, USA
Christopher Nye Michigan State University, USA
Anne M. O'Leary-Kelly University of Arkansas, USA
Jane O'Reilly University of Ottawa, Canada
Ernest O'Boyle Indiana University, USA
Abbie Oliver University of Virginia, USA
Fred Oswald Rice University, USA
Desiree Pacheco Portland State University, USA
Lingling Pan University of Pittsburgh , USA
Owen Parker Oklahoma State University, USA
Sotirios Paroutis University of Warwick, UK
Seemantini Pathak University of Missouri–St. Louis, USA
Malcolm Patterson University of Sheffield, UK
G. Tyge Payne Texas Tech University, USA
Riccardo Peccei King's College London, UK
Olga Petricevic University of Calgary, Canada
Jean Phillips Pennsylvania State University, USA
Shaun Pichler California State University at Fullerton, USA
Jenna Pieper University of Nebraska, USA
Philip Podsakoff University of Florida, USA
Jeanine Porck Oklahoma State University, USA
Caitlin Porter University of Memphis, USA
Christopher Porter Indiana University, USA
Richard Posthuma University of Texas at El Paso, USA
Gary N. Powell University of Connecticut, USA
John E. Prescott University of Pittsburgh, USA
Manuela Priesemuth Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada
Harshad Puranik University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
Matthew Quade Baylor University, USA
Miguel A. Quiñones Southern Methodist University, USA
Alannah E. Rafferty Griffith University, Australia
Jochen Reb Singapore Management University, Singapore
Tara Reich King's College London, UK
B. Sebastian Reiche IESE Business School, Spain
Maija Renko University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
Simon Lloyd Restubog University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Taco Reus Erasmus University, Netherlands
Hettie Richardson Texas Christian University, USA
Ansgar Richter Frankfurt School of Finance & Management, Germany
Jason Ridge University of Arkansas, USA
Joost Rietveld University College London, UK
Christopher Rosen University of Arkansas Fayetteville, USA
Thomas Roulet University of Cambridge, UK
Alex Rubenstein University of Central Florida, USA
Deborah E. Rupp Purdue University, USA
Rommel Salvador California State University, Fullerton, USA
Donald Schepker University of South Carolina, USA
Oliver Schilke University of Arizona, USA
Pauline Schilpzand Oregon State University, USA
Minet Schindehutte Syracuse University, USA
Karen Schnatterly University of Missouri, USA
Jeremy Schoen University of Auckland, New Zealand
Andreas Schwab Iowa State University, USA
Gavin M. Schwarz University of New South Wales, Australia
Jennifer Sexton West Virginia University, USA
Noman Shaheer University of Sydney, Australia
Debra Shapiro University of Maryland, USA
Dmitry Sharapov Imperial College London, UK
Barton Sharp Northern Illinois University, USA
Jason Shaw The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, China
Taekjin Shin San Diego State University, USA
Lynn M. Shore Colorado State University, USA
Jeremy Short University of North Texas, USA
Lauren Simon University of Arkansas, USA
Zeki Simsek Clemson University, USA
David Sluss Georgia Institute of Technology, USA
Troy Smith University of Nebraska, USA
Deepak Somaya University of Illinois, USA
David Souder University of Connecticut, USA
Manish Srivastava Michigan Technological University, USA
Maximilian Stallkamp Virginia Tech University, USA
Adam Steinbach University of South Carolina, USA
Regan Stevenson Indiana University, USA
Karoline Strauss ESSEC Business School, France
Michael Sturman Rutgers University, USA
Sherry Sullivan Bowling Green State University, USA
Shuhua Sun Tulane University Freeman School of Business, USA
Brian Swider University of Florida, USA
Riki Takeuchi Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, China
Hwee Hoon Tan Singapore Management University, Singapore
Stefan Thau INSEAD, France
Chase Thiel The University of Wyoming, USA
Phillip Thompson Virginia Tech University, USA
Varkey Titus University of Nebraska - Lincoln, USA
Charlie Trevor University of Wisconsin, USA
María Triana Vanderbilt, USA
Thomas M. Tripp Washington State University, USA
Donald M. Truxillo University of Limerick, Ireland
Abhijeet Vadera Singapore Management University, Singapore
Karina van de Voorde Tilburg University, Netherlands
Chad Van Iddekinge Florida State University, USA
Daan van Knippenberg Rice University, USA
Robert Vandenberg University of Georgia, USA
James Vardaman University of Memphis, USA
Ryan Vogel Temple University, USA
John Wagner Michigan State University, USA
H. Jack Walker Auburn University, USA
Kate Walsh Cornell University, USA
Jorge Walter George Washington University, USA
William Wan Chinese University of Hong Kong, China
Mo Wang University of Florida, USA
Justin W. Webb University of North Carolina, Charlotte, USA
Curtis Wesley II University of Houston, USA
Jennifer L. Wessel University of Maryland, USA
Melissa Williams Emory University, USA
Kelly Schwind Wilson Purdue University, USA
Marcus Wolfe University of Oklahoma, USA
Elaine Wong University of California-Riverside, USA
Sang Eun Woo Purdue University, USA
Stephen Wood University of Leicester, UK
Patrick M. Wright University of South Carolina, USA
Chiahuei Wu King's College London, UK
Kai Chi Yam National University of Singapore, Singapore
Yoshio Yanadori University of South Australia, Australia
Michele E. Yoder University of Michigan - Dearborn, USA
Tieying Yu Boston College, USA
Miles Zachary Auburn University, USA
Thomas Zagenczyk Clemson University, USA
Yuchen Zhang Tulane University, USA
Eric Yanfei Zhao Indiana University, USA
Helen Zhao University of Hong Kong, China
Weiting Zheng University of New South Wales, Australia
Jing Zhou Rice University, USA
Le Zhou University of Minnesota, USA
Fabio Zona University of Trento, Italy
Michael Zyphur The University of Melbourne, Australia
Founding Editor
Dennis F. Ray, 1975-1977 Mississippi State University, USA
Past Editors
Arthur G. Bedeian, 1978-1979 Auburn University, USA
H. K. Downey, 1980-1982 Oklahoma State University, USA
J. G. Hunt, 1983-1986 Texas Tech University, USA
David D. Van Fleet, 1987-1989 Texas A&M University, USA
Ricky W. Griffin, 1990-1992 Texas A&M University, USA
Dan R. Dalton, 1992-1995 Indiana University, USA
Robert P. Vecchio, 1995-1999 University of Notre Dame, USA
K. M. Kacmar, 1999-2002 Florida State University, USA
Daniel C. Feldman, 2002-2005 University of Georgia, USA
Russell Cropanzano, 2005-2008 University of Arizona, USA
Talya N. Bauer, 2008-2011 Portland State University, USA
Deborah E. Rupp, 2011-2014 Purdue University, USA
Patrick M. Wright, 2014-2017 University of South Carolina, USA
David G. Allen, 2018-2020 Texas Christian University, US & University of Warwick, UK
Brian L. Connelly, 2021-2023 Auburn University, USA
  • Business ASAP - Gale
  • Business and Company Resource Center - Gale
  • EBSCO: Business Source - Main Edition
  • Emerald Management Reviews
  • Expanded Academic Index - Gale
  • LexisNexis
  • PAIS International
  • ProQuest: CSA Sociological Abstracts
  • ProQuest: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)
  • PsycINFO
  • Scopus
  • Social SciSearch
  • Social Sciences Citation Index (Web of Science)
  • VINITI Abstracts Journal
  • Wilson Business Periodicals Index/Wilson Business Abstracts
  • Any queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Editor-in-Chief, Cynthia Devers:

    Overview of Review Process

    Instructions for Authors

    The Journal of Management (JOM) publishes scholarly empirical, theoretical, and review articles dealing with management. Manuscripts that are suitable for publication in the journal cover areas such as business strategy and policy, entrepreneurship, human resource management, organizational behavior, organizational theory, and research methods.
    The following brief checklist provides a quick reference for you to follow during your submission and manuscript review process.

    • Papers submitted should not be under concurrent consideration at another journal.
    • Any actual or potential data overlap with previous studies should be noted and described in the letter to the Editor. In order to maintain masked review, provide an anonymized data transparency table describing actual or potential data overlap. 
    • All new manuscripts should be submitted electronically. Electronic submissions should be uploaded to the Journal of Management by accessing
    • Files should be submitted in Microsoft Word format.
    • All manuscripts must adhere to the JOM Style Guide.
    • All authors of quantitative manuscripts will attest that their submission meets the respective data reporting requirements as specified on the Journal’s homepage.
    • Papers that violate the spirit of the guidelines (e.g., papers that are single-spaced, papers that use footnotes rather than conventional referencing formats, papers that greatly exceed 50 pages), or which do not clearly fit the mission of the journal will be immediately returned to authors without being reviewed.
    • Authors should keep in mind that papers are evaluated on a page-to-contribution ratio.
    • We encourage you to have a colleague peer review any paper prior to submission to the Journal of Management. To maintain masked review, please acknowledge your peer reviewer(s) and include other author notes in the letter to the Editor.
    • During the review process, including at the Conditional Accept stage, manuscripts may be subject to additional methodological screening that may require the submission of additional information (e.g. analysis code; analysis output; original data). 
    • Accepted papers must fully adhere to the guidelines.
    • Changes in authorship (e.g. addition; subtraction; change in order) during a revision process must be clearly explained in a letter to the Editor.

    JOM AI Policy

    If AI was used in in the writing of a manuscript, production of images or graphical elements of the paper, or in the collection and analysis of data, JOM requires authors to disclose which tool was used and how it was used in the Methods Section of all versions of the paper. If the editorial team assesses that the use of AI has compromised the integrity of any aspect of a paper published by (or accepted/under review at) JOM, the paper may be retracted (rejected). In addition, any breach of publication ethics may result in the retraction of a published paper, the rejection of a paper accepted or under review, or other actions necessary to ensure JOM maintains the highest standards of research integrity while publishing rigorous, novel, and relevant research.

    Points of Interest

    • Submissions will be acknowledged via email upon receipt. We strive to make an editorial decision in under 90 days, but circumstances beyond our control occasionally dictate a longer cycle.
    • Each paper is typically reviewed by at least two reviewers and is also read by the action editor (either the Editor or an Associate Editor). Results of our decision, along with copies of the reviews, will be forwarded to the contact author as quickly as possible.
    • If authors are invited to prepare a revision for further consideration, our letters of invitation will outline the key issues to be resolved and an assessment of the likelihood of success.
    • Authors are normally given three to six months from the date of the invitation to prepare a revision. Our policy is to strive to make a final publication decision after one or two revisions (of course, further work may also be requested to resolve any remaining issues).
    • Papers accepted to the Journal of Management become part of the OnlineFirst system, which provides immediate access to finalized manuscripts prior to their physical printing. Relatively few articles can be printed in any given issue of the Journal of Management, so there is some time lag between online and in-print publication; nevertheless articles published OnlineFirst are published. OnlineFirst allows researchers and others in the field to read and cite the most current information available. Please go to to view in press articles.
    • As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process Sage is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

      The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

      If you do not already have an ORCID iD please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

    Thank you for considering the Journal of Management as a publication outlet. We look forward to reviewing your research!

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