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Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology

Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology

eISSN: 1943572X | ISSN: 00034894 | Current volume: 133 | Current issue: 4 Frequency: Monthly
The Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology publishes original manuscripts of clinical and research importance in otolaryngology-head and neck medicine and surgery, bronchoesophagology, head and neck oncology and surgery, plastic and reconstructive surgery, pediatric otolaryngology, audiology, speech pathology, and related specialties.

In this journal you will find papers of historical interest, computer software reviews and applications in otolaryngology, imaging case studies, clinicopathological studies, book reviews, and letters to the editor. Also published are in-depth studies (supplements).

All journal articles and supplements are peer-reviewed.

Original manuscripts dealing with clinical or scientific aspects of otolaryngology, bronchoesophagology, head and neck medicine and surgery, maxillofacial and plastic surgery, audiology, speech pathology, or related specialties are considered for publication. All materials submitted for publication undergo peer review.

Nitin A. Pagedar, MD, MPH Iowa City, Iowa, USA
Facial Plastic Surgery
Scott R. Owen, MD Iowa City, Iowa, USA
Head and Neck Surgery
Marisa Buchakjian, MD, PhD Iowa City, Iowa, USA
Jacqueline Allen, MD Auckland, NZ
Semirra Bayan, MD Rochester, Minnesota, USA
Otology and Neurotology
Samuel P. Gubbels, MD Aurora, Colorado, USA
Sarah Mowry, MD Cleveland, Ohio, USA
Robert A. Robinson, MD, PhD Iowa City, Iowa, USA
Pediatric Otolaryngology
Steven L. Goudy, MD Atlanta, Georgia, USA
David R. White, MD Charleston, South Carolina, USA
Rhinology and Sinus
Philip G. Chen, MD San Antonio, Texas, USA
William C. Yao, MD Houston, Texas, USA
Sleep Medicine and Surgery
Jonathan Z. Baskin, MD Cleveland, Ohio, USA
Social Media Technology
Wayne D. Hsueh, MD Newark, New Jersey, USA
Editorial Board
N. Scott Howard MD, MBA Cleveland, Ohio, USA
Nicole Aaronson, MD, MBA Wilmington, Delaware, USA
Max April, MD New York, New York, USA
Nancy M. Bauman, MD Washington, DC, USA
Andrew Birkeland, MD Sacramento, California, USA
Justin A. Bishop, MD Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Jonathan M. Bock, MD Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
Brian B. Burkey, MD Nashville, Tennessee, USA
Nathan D. Cass, MD Lexington, Kentucky, USA
Achih H. Chen, MD Augusta, Georgia, USA
Andrew Coughlin, MD Omaha, Nebraska, USA
Michael Cunningham, MD Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Daniel G. Deschler, MD Boston College, Massachusetts, USA
Eric Gantwerker, MD New York, USA
Alexander Gelbard, MD Nashville, Tennessee, USA
Nira A. Goldstein, MD, MPH Brooklyn, New York, USA
Jessica W. Grayson, MD, MS Birmingham, Alabama, USA
Michael S. Harris, MD Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
Alexander Huber, MD Zurich, Switzerland
Elissa Iling, MD Indianopolis, Indiana, USA
Ofer Jacobowitz, MD, PhD New York, New York, USA
David W. Jang, MD Durham, North Carolina, USA
David M. Kaylie, MD Durham, North Carolina, USA
Yoshihiko Kumai MD, PhD Kumamoto, Japan
Ollivier Laccourreye, MD Paris, France
Andrew Lane, MD Johns Hopkins, Baltimore, MA, USA
Stella Lee, MD Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
Luis Fernando Macias Valle, MD México City, México
Eric A. Mair, MD Charlotte, North Carolina, USA
Piero Nicolai, MD Brescia, Italy
Sanjay R. Parikh, MD Seattle, Washington, USA
Boris Paskhover, MD Newark, New Jersey, USA
Amit Patel, MD Lexington, Kentucky, USA
Cory Portnuff, AuD, PhD Aurora, Colorado, USA
Miriam I. Redleaf, MD Chicago, Illinois, USA
Marc Remacle, MD, PhD Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Christopher R. Roxbury, MD Chicago, Illinois, USA
Kishore Sandu, MD Lausanne, Switzerland
James W. Schroeder, Jr., MD Chicago, Illinois, USA
Seth R. Schwartz, MD, MPH Seattle, Washington, USA
Andrew R. Scott, MD Boston, Massachusetts, USA
David Charles Shonka, Jr., MD Charlottesville, Virginia, USA
Ahmed M.S. Soliman, MD Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Daniel Spielman, MD Washington D.C., USA
Howard D. Stupak, MD Westport, Connecticut, USA
Neil Tan, MBBS, PhD Exeter, UK
Susan L. Thibeault, PhD Madison, Wisconsin, USA
Mark S. Weidenbecher, MD Cleveland, Ohio, USA
Arthur Wu, MD Los Angeles, California, USA
Steven M. Zeitels, MD Boston, Massachusetts, USA
  • Clarivate Analytics: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE)
  • Science Citation Index Expanded (Web of Science)
  • Manuscript Submission Guidelines: ANNALS OF OTOLOGY, RHINOLOGY & LARYNGOLOGY

    This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics

    This Journal recommends that authors follow the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of AOR will be reviewed.

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this Journal. Open Access options are available - see section 3.3 below.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

    1. What do we publish?
    1.1 Aims & Scope

    1.2 Article types
    1.3 Writing your paper

    2. Editorial policies
    2.1 Peer review policy

    2.2 Authorship
    2.3 Acknowledgements
    2.4 Funding
    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
    2.6 Research ethics and patient consent
    2.7 Clinical trials
    2.8 Reporting guidelines
    2.9 Data

    3. Publishing polices
    3.1 Publication ethics

    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement
    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    4. Preparing your manuscript
    4.1 Formatting

    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
    4.3 Supplementary material
    4.4 Reference style
    4.5 English language editing services

    5. Submitting your manuscript
    5.1 ORCID

    5.2 Information required for completing your submission
    5.3 Permissions

    6. On acceptance and publication
    6.1 Sage Production

    6.2 Online First publication
    6.3 Access to your published article
    6.4 Promoting your article

    7. Further information

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope
    Before submitting your manuscript, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope: Original manuscripts dealing with clinical or scientific aspects of otolaryngology, bronchoesophagology, head and neck medicine and surgery, maxillofacial and plastic surgery, audiology, speech pathology, or related specialties are considered for publication. All materials submitted for publication undergo peer review.

    1.2 Article types

     Word count       Figures/tables   Abstract

    Original research article               3000                   5/5                       Yes

    Case report                                    1800                   3 total                 Yes

    Letter to the editor                       800                      1 total                 No

    Book review                                   1000                    0                           No

    Editorial                                          800                      0                           No

    Commentary                                  2500                    5 total                 No

    Invited article                                 3000                    5/5                       Yes

    Brief communication                    1200                    3 total                 No


    Descriptions of paper types

    Original research articles describe hypothesis-driven scientific work. Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology focuses on clinical otolaryngology and allied health specialties (including the practice of otolaryngology-head and neck surgery, and clinical education in otolaryngology-head and neck surgery) and on basic and translational scientific advances of direct interest to clinician readers. Systematic and scoping reviews are included. The word count limit is 3000 words and an abstract and up to 5 tables and 5 figure can be included.

    Case reports provide instruction based on clinical observation of one or more cases up to around 1800 words. The rarity of a clinical situation or event and the small number of other reported similar cases are not the most important considerations. The value of the report relates to its ability to illustrate important but uncommon facts about disease processes or clinical situations. High quality clinical photographs, radiographs, or photomicrographs are critical. An abstract should be included and up to 3 tables and 3 figures.

    Brief communications describe scientific work that is preliminary in scope and for which there is insufficient evidence to make an original research article. These manuscripts should articulate a hypothesis that is generated by the preliminary work. The word count should be 1200 words or fewer.

    Letters to the editor should address a recent publication in Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology. Please address the publication title in the letter title.

    Commentary articles provide contemporary reviews of current clinical or educational problems affecting otolaryngology, or its practice or education. These articles may describe emerging problems or areas lacking scientific consensus and may advocate a framework for future research. Word count is up to 2500 words.

    Book reviews (up to 1000 words), editorials (up to 800 words), and invited articles (up to 3000 words) are published by invitation only.

    IMPORTANT: Abstracts for all papers (original research, reviews, meta-analyses, and case reports) should be structured to include objectives, methods, results, and conclusions. Keywords, chosen as much as possible from the National Library of Medicine medical subject headings, should be listed after the abstract. A maximum of 6 are permitted.

    All text should be double-spaced. Font size should be 12 pt. Margins should be set at 1 inch. Begin each component on a new page in the following sequence: title page, abstract, text, acknowledgments, references, tables, and figure legends. Number pages consecutively in the upper right corner.

    Use standard abbreviations given in the Uniform Requirements. Express all
    measurements in metric terms; if original measurements were made in another system, include
    these parenthetically. Plot audiograms according to ISO standards. Use generic names whenever possible.
    The author is responsible for all statements in the paper, as approved on the copyedited and typeset proofs. Alterations made by the author after the paper has been typeset may be charged to the author.

    ALL submissions require a Title Page. The Title Page must include: (1) a concise but informative title, worded to facilitate indexing; (2) authors’ full names, academic degrees, affiliations, and addresses; (3) statement of grant or other support; (4) name, address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address of corresponding author; and (5) name and address of author to whom reprint requests should be sent, if different from the corresponding author.

    Manuscripts that report animal research performed in the United States must additionally carry the following statement on the title page: “This study was performed in accordance with the PHS Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, the NIH Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, and the Animal Welfare Act (7 U.S.C. et seq.); the animal use protocol was approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) of __________ University [or institution].”

    References should be double-spaced and numbered consecutively in the order in which they are cited in the text. Primary references should be used whenever possible. Follow AMA Manual of Style (10th edition) style for references. Citation examples follow:

    Journal article
    O’Donnell J, Economopoulos K, Singh P, Bates D, Pritchard M. The ligamentum teres test: a novel and effective test in diagnosing tears of the ligamentum teres. Am J Sports Med. 2014;42(1):138-143.

    Journal article published online ahead of print
    Van der hoek L, Pyrc K, Jebbink MF, et al. Identification of a new human coronavirus [published online March 21, 2004]. Nat Med. doi:10:1038.nm1024.

    Goldberg L, Elliot DL. Exercise for Prevention and Treatment of Illness. Philadelphia, PA: FA Davis Co; 1994.

    Chapter in book
    Gamble VN. On becoming a physician: a dream not deferred. In: White EC, ed. The Black Women's Health Book: Speaking for Ourselves. Seattle, WA: Seal Press; 1990:52-64.

    Items presented at a meeting but not published
    Durbin D, Kallan M, Elliott M, Arbogast K, Cornejo R, Winston F. Risk of injury to restrained children from passenger air bags. Paper presented at: 46th Annual Meeting of the Association for the Advancement for Automotive Medicine; September 2002; Tempe, AZ.

    Thesis or dissertation
    Heinig MJ. Relationship of Energy and Protein Intake and Complementary Feeding to Growth Patterns of Breastfed and Formula-fed Infants [dissertation]. Davis, CA: University of California; 1992.

    If a manuscript accepted but not yet published is included in the reference list, give the accepting journal’s name, followed by “in press.” Papers published only in abstract form are listed as a journal reference with “[Abstract]” after the title.

    Manuscripts still in review or not yet accepted formally should not be included in the references, but be cited within the text as “unpublished data.” A reference to a personal communication is also placed in the text,
    accompanied by month and year. Tables should be numbered consecutively and headed by a concise title. Put
    explanatory matter in footnotes. Tables are adjuncts to the text and should not repeat material presented therein.

    Illustrations with multiple parts should be labeled (A, B, etc). Place legends to the illustrations on a separate page in the manuscript. Cite each figure in the text in consecutive order. Written permission from identifiable subjects is required. Images supplied in color will be published in color online and black and white in print at no charge, and may be printed in color for $800 for the first color figure and $200 for each color figure thereafter. Illustrations should enhance, not repeat, material presented in the manuscript and should be kept to a minimum.

    1.3 Writing your paper
    The Sage Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources. Sage Author Services also offers authors a variety of ways to improve and enhance their article including English language editing, plagiarism detection, and video abstract and infographic preparation.

    1.3.1 Make your article discoverable
    When writing up your paper, think about how you can make it discoverable. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article through search engines such as Google. For information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords, have a look at this page on the Gateway: How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online

    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy
    AOR operates a conventional single-anonymize reviewing policy in which the reviewer’s name is always concealed from the submitting author.

    Peer Review Process: Each manuscript is reviewed by at least two referees. All manuscripts are reviewed as rapidly as possible, and an editorial decision is generally reached within 5-8 weeks of submission.

    Submission of a manuscript implies commitment to publish in the journal. Authors submitting manuscripts to the journal should not simultaneously submit them to another journal, nor should manuscripts have been published elsewhere in substantially similar form or with substantially similar content.
    All submitted manuscripts must be accompanied by a cover letter. This letter should disclose any financial interests the authors have in relation to the work, or any financial support provided by companies toward the completion of the work. Also, indicate whether the manuscript has been presented before any professional otolaryngological association and the place and date of presentation. Manuscripts submitted without this letter will not be reviewed and will be returned to the author.
    The Editor or members of the Editorial Board may occasionally submit their own manuscripts for possible publication in the journal. In these cases, the peer review process will be managed by alternative members of the Board and the submitting Editor/Board member will have no involvement in the decision-making process.

    The Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology is committed to delivering high quality, fast peer-review for your paper, and as such has partnered with Publons. Publons is a third party service that seeks to track, verify and give credit for peer review. Reviewers for AOR can opt in to Publons in order to claim their reviews or have them automatically verified and added to their reviewer profile. Reviewers claiming credit for their review will be associated with the relevant journal, but the article name, reviewer’s decision and the content of their review is not published on the site. For more information, visit the Publons website.

    2.2 Authorship
    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors. The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

        (i) Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data,
        (ii) Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
        (iii) Approved the version to be published, 
        (iv) Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. When a large, multicenter group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.

    Please note that AI chatbots, for example ChatGPT, should not be listed as authors. For more information see the policy on Use of ChatGPT and generative AI tools.

    2.3 Acknowledgements
    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    2.3.1 Third party submissions
    Where an individual who is not listed as an author submits a manuscript on behalf of the author(s), a statement must be included in the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript and in the accompanying cover letter. The statements must:

    •    Disclose this type of editorial assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input 
    •    Identify any entities that paid for this assistance 
    •    Confirm that the listed authors have authorized the submission of their manuscript via third party and approved any statements or declarations, e.g. conflicting interests, funding, etc.

    Where appropriate, Sage reserves the right to deny consideration to manuscripts submitted by a third party rather than by the authors themselves.

    2.3.2 Writing assistance

    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance”).

    It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    2.4 Funding
    The Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the Sage Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
    The Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology encourages authors to include a declaration of any conflicting interests and recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the Sage Journal Author Gateway.

    It is our policy to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles. Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.

    For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here.

    2.6 Research ethics and patient consent
    Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki

    Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.

    For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.

    Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally authorized representative.

    Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants

    All research involving animals submitted for publication must be approved by an ethics committee with oversight of the facility in which the studies were conducted. The Journal has adopted the ARRIVE guidelines.

    2.7 Clinical trials
    The Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology conforms to the ICMJE requirement that clinical trials are registered in a WHO-approved public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrolment as a condition of consideration for publication. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract.

    2.8 Reporting guidelines
    The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed CONSORT flow chart as a cited figure and the completed CONSORT checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses should include the completed PRISMA flow chart as a cited figure and the completed PRISMA checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. The EQUATOR wizard can help you identify the appropriate guideline.

    Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives

    2.9 Data
    Sage acknowledges the importance of research data availability as an integral part of the research and verification process for academic journal articles.

    The Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology requests all authors submitting any primary data used in their research articles [“alongside their article submissions” or “if the articles are accepted”] to be published in the online version of the journal, or provide detailed information in their articles on how the data can be obtained. This information should include links to third-party data repositories or detailed contact information for third-party data sources. Data available only on an author-maintained website will need to be loaded onto either the journal’s platform or a third-party platform to ensure continuing accessibility. Examples of data types include but are not limited to statistical data files, replication code, text files, audio files, images, videos, appendices, and additional charts and graphs necessary to understand the original research. [The editor(s) may consider limited embargoes on proprietary data.] The editor(s) [can/will] also grant exceptions for data that cannot legally or ethically be released. All data submitted should comply with Institutional or Ethical Review Board requirements and applicable government regulations. For further information, please contact the editorial office at

    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics
    Sage is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the Sage Author Gateway

    3.1.1 Plagiarism
    The Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology and Sage take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.1.2 Prior publication
    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a Sage journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the Sage Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement
    Before publication, Sage requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. Sage’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants Sage the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than Sage. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the Sage Author Gateway

    3.3 Open access and author archiving 
    The Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology offers optional open access publishing via the Sage Choice programme and Open Access agreements, where authors can publish open access either discounted or free of charge depending on the agreement with Sage. Find out if your institution is participating by visiting Open Access Agreements at Sage. For more information on Open Access publishing options at Sage please visit Sage Open Access. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit Sage’s Author Archiving and Re-Use Guidelines and Publishing Policies.

    4. Preparing your manuscript for submission

    4.1 Formatting
    The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit Sage’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from Sage after receipt of your accepted article.

    4.3 Supplementary material
    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files

    4.4 Reference style
    Please visit the official website of the U.S. National Library of Medicine to see how references should be listed.

    4.5 English language editing services
    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using Sage Language Services. Visit Sage Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

    5. Submitting your manuscript
    The Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology is hosted on Sage Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created. For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Help.

    5.1 ORCID
    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process Sage has become a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

    The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID iD please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

    5.2 Information required for completing your submission
    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    5.3 Permissions
    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the Sage Author Gateway

    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 Sage Production
    Your Sage Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate.

    6.2 Online First publication
    Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the Sage Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

    6.3 Access to your published article
    Sage provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.4 Promoting your article
    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The Sage Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice.

    Please also follow us on Twitter (@AnnalsofORL) for posts on upcoming publications in AOR.

    Sage Choice
    If you or your funder wishes your article to be freely available online to nonsubscribers immediately upon publication (gold open access), you can opt for it to be included in Sage Choice, subject to the payment of a publication fee. The manuscript submission and peer review procedure is unchanged. On acceptance of your article, you will be asked to let Sage know directly if you are choosing Sage Choice. To check journal eligibility and the publication fee, please visit
    Sage Choice. For more information on open access options and compliance at Sage, including self/author archiving deposits (green open access) visit Sage Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

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