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Acta Radiologica Open

Published in Association with Nordic Society of Medical Radiology

Chief Editor

Other Titles in:
Imaging & Radiology

eISSN: 20584601 | ISSN: 20584601 | Current volume: 6 | Current issue: 10

Under the editorial leadership of Professor Arnulf Skjennald MD and a distinguished editorial board, Acta Radiologica Open, formerly Acta Radiologica Short Reports, aims for the prompt publication of original case reports, short reports, review articles, pictorial reviews, research articles on diagnostic and interventional radiology, clinical radiology, experimental investigations in animals, and all other research related to imaging procedures. Acta Radiologica Open provides a complete update on all radiological specialties and technical utilities, as well as physiology and physics related to imaging, including ultrasonography, computed tomography, radionuclide and magnetic resonance imaging.

Acta Radiologica Open publishes articles on diagnostic and interventional procedures in radiology based on all medical imaging techniques, as well as works in physiology and physics when related to radiology.

Readership
A multidisciplinary journal which will appeal to academics and anyone with an interest in all radiological specialities (on diagnostic and interventional radiology, clinical radiology, experimental investigations in animals, and all other research related to imaging procedures) and technical utilities, as well as physiology and physics related to imaging, including ultrasonography, computed tomography, radionuclide and magnetic resonance imaging.

Acta Radiologica Open is published in Association with the Nordic Society of Medical Radiology, an association of the following radiological societies:

* Society of Radiology of Iceland
* Danish Society of Medical Radiology
* Norwegian Society of Medical Radiology
* Radiological Society of Finland
* Swedish Society of Radiology


Acta Radiologica Open
is an online-only, peer reviewed, open access journal. It requires authors to pay a fee of £600* for production and open access publication of accepted articles.

Please direct any enquiries to Professor Arnulf Skjennald at skjennal@online.no.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)


* If the paying author/institution is based in the European Union, value added tax (VAT) must be added to the APC. Providing a VAT registration number will allow an institution to avoid paying this tax, except for UK institutions. Payments can be made in GBP or USD.


Under the editorial leadership of Professor Arnulf Skjennald MD and a distinguished editorial board, Acta Radiologica Open, formerly Acta Radiologica Short Reports, aims for the prompt publication of original case reports, short reports, review articles, pictorial reviews, research articles on diagnostic and interventional radiology, clinical radiology, experimental investigations in animals, and all other research related to imaging procedures. Acta Radiologica Open provides a complete update on all radiological specialties and technical utilities, as well as physiology and physics related to imaging, including ultrasonography, computed tomography, radionuclide and magnetic resonance imaging.

Acta Radiologica Open publishes articles on diagnostic and interventional procedures in radiology based on all medical imaging techniques, as well as works in physiology and physics when related to radiology. The journal is an online-only, peer reviewed, open access journal.

Readership
A multidisciplinary journal which will appeal to academics and anyone with an interest in all radiological specialities (on diagnostic and interventional radiology, clinical radiology, experimental investigations in animals, and all other research related to imaging procedures) and technical utilities, as well as physiology and physics related to imaging, including ultrasonography, computed tomography, radionuclide and magnetic resonance imaging.

Editorial Board
Andreas Abildgaard Dept. of Radiology, Oslo University Hospital. Oslo, Norway
Timm Denecke Dept. of Radiology, Charite, Berlin, Germany
Eva Fallenberg Dept. of Radiology, Charite, Berlin, Germany
Edward Lee Dept. of Radiology. Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
Whal Lee Dept. of Radiology. Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Ravi Kumar Lingham London Northwest Healthcare NHS Trust, UK
Lars Lönn Copenhagen, Denmark
Per Nakstad Skriverveien 16, 1346 Gjettum, Norway
Anders Persson Dept. of Radiology. CMIV Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden
Finn Rasmussen Dept. of Radiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark
Paul Sijens Dept of Radiology, UMCG, Netherlands
Binbin Sui Radiology Department, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, China
Henrik Thomsen Dept. of Radiology, Herlev University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
David Wilson St Luke's Hospital, UK
Ohno Yoshiharu Dept. of Radilogy. Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan
Sophia Zackrisson Department of Translational Medicine Lund University, Sweden
Advisory Editorial Board
  • Clarivate Analytics: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)
  • Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
  • Google Scholar
  • PubMed
  • Manuscript Submission Guidelines: Acta Radiologica Open

    1. Open Access
    2. Article processing charge (APC)
    3. Article Types
    4. Editorial policies
      4.1 Peer Review Policy
      4.2 Authorship
      4.3 Acknowledgements
      4.4 Funding
      4.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
      4.6 Research ethics and patient consent
      4.7 Clinical Trials
      4.8 Reporting guidelines
      4.9 Statistical analyses
    5. Publishing policies
      5.1 Publication ethics
      5.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
    6. Preparing your manuscript
      6.1 Word processing formats
      6.2 Manuscript Preparation
      6.3 Artwork, figures and other graphics
      6.4 Supplementary material
      6.5 Reference style
      6.6 English language editing services
    7. Submitting your manuscript
      7.1 ORCID
      7.2 Information required for completing your submission
      7.3 Corresponding author contact details
      7.4 Permissions
    8. On acceptance and publication
      8.1 SAGE Production
      8.2 Continuous publication
      8.3 Promoting your article
    9. Further information

    This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics.

    This Journal recommends that authors follow the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the journal’s submission site https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/srad-sr to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Acta Radiologica Open will be reviewed.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

    Under the editorial leadership of Professor Arnulf Skjennald MD and a distinguished editorial board, the journal aims for the prompt publication of original case reports, short reports, review articles, pictorial reviews, research articles on diagnostic and interventional radiology, clinical radiology, experimental investigations in animals, and all other research related to imaging procedures. Acta Radiologica Open provides a complete update on all radiological specialties and technical utilities, as well as physiology and physics related to imaging, including ultrasonography, computed tomography, radionuclide and magnetic resonance imaging.

    Acta Radiologica Open publishes articles on diagnostic and interventional procedures in radiology based on all medical imaging techniques, as well as works in physiology and physics when related to radiology.

    Acta Radiologica Open is owned by the Nordic Society of Radiology, an association of the radiological societies of Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. The journal operates with full editorial independence.

    All enquiries should be sent to the Editor, Professor Arnulf Skjennald (a.skjennald@online.no).

    Please read the guidelines before submission. Incorrectly formatted articles may be rejected or delayed.

    1. Open Access

    Acta Radiologica Open is an open access, peer-reviewed journal. Each article accepted by peer review is made freely available online immediately upon publication, is published under a Creative Commons license and will be hosted online in perpetuity. Publication costs of the journal are covered by the collection of article processing charges which are paid by the funder, institution or author of each manuscript upon acceptance. There is no charge for submitting a paper to the journal.

    For general information on open access at SAGE please visit the Open Access page or view our Open Access FAQs.

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    2. Article processing charge (APC)

    If, after peer review, your manuscript is accepted for publication, a one-time article processing charge (APC) is payable. This APC covers the cost of publication and ensures that your article will be freely available online in perpetuity under a Creative Commons license.

    The article processing charge (APC) is £600 (+VAT where applicable*).

    *If the paying party is based in the European Union, to comply with European law, value added tax (VAT) must be added to the APC. Providing a VAT registration number will allow an institution to be exempt from paying this tax, except for UK institutions. Payments can be made in GBP or USD.

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    3. Article types

    Acta Radiologica Open publishes original articles, review articles, case reports, short reports, short communications, pictorial essays, technical and instrumental notes, and correspondences/letters to the editor.

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    4. Editorial policies

    4.1 Peer review policy

    Acta Radiologica Open adheres to a rigorous double-blind reviewing policy in which the identity of both the reviewer and author are always concealed from both parties. Following a preliminary triage to eliminate submissions unsuitable for Acta Radiologica Open all papers are sent out for review. The covering letter is important. To help the Editor in his preliminary evaluation, please indicate why you think the paper suitable for publication. If your paper should be considered for fast-track publication, please explain why. The journal’s policy is to have manuscripts reviewed by two expert reviewers. All manuscripts are reviewed as rapidly as possible, while maintaining rigor. Reviewers make comments to the author and recommendations to the Editor who then makes the final decision.

    **In order to ensure complete anonymity of the peer review process, authors are required to remove all identifying information from the main manuscript file – this includes any references to the names and institutions of the authors, funding information, conflicting interests information, trial registration numbers and any references to prior research in which a reference to a previously published article is listed. All identifiable information – including declarations should only be included as part of the title page. **

    Acta Radiologica Open is committed to delivering high quality, fast peer-review for your paper, and as such has partnered with Publons. Publons is a third party service that seeks to track, verify and give credit for peer review. Reviewers for Acta Radiologica Open can opt in to Publons in order to claim their reviews or have them automatically verified and added to their reviewer profile. Reviewers claiming credit for their review will be associated with the relevant journal, but the article name, reviewer’s decision and the content of their review is not published on the site. For more information visit the Publons website.

    4.2 Authorship

    It is the policy of Acta Radiologica Open that only one author may be listed as the corresponding author.

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.

    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

      1. Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data,
      2. Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
      3. Approved the version to be published,
      4. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. When a large, multicenter group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.

    *Please note that Acta Radiologica Open does not usually allow more than seven co-authors on any given manuscript. If you would like to request that an exception to this rule be made for your manuscript please include an explanation as to how each co-author contributed to the work within your title page – bearing in mind the instructions above regarding legitimate authorship.*

    4.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support. Please supply your acknowledgements section within your title page and not within the manuscript itself to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    4.3.1 Writing assistance

    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input.It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    4.4 Funding

    Acta Radiologica Open requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

    Please supply your funding declaration within the title page to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    4.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    It is the policy of Acta Radiologica Open to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.

    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included within your title page and not within the manuscript itself to facilitate anonymous peer review. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’

    When making a declaration the disclosure information must be specific and include any financial relationship that all authors of the article has with any sponsoring organization and the for-profit interests the organization represents, and with any for-profit product discussed or implied in the text of the article.

    Any commercial or financial involvements that might represent an appearance of a conflict of interest need to be additionally disclosed in the covering letter accompanying your article to assist the Editor in evaluating whether sufficient disclosure has been made.

    For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations.

    4.6 Research ethics and patient consent

    Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki.

    Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the title page that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number. Again, this information should be included within the title page, as opposed to the main document in order to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.

    Patients have a right to privacy that should not be infringed without informed consent. Identifying information, including patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian) gives written informed consent for publication. Informed consent for this purpose requires that a patient who is identifiable be shown the manuscript to be published.

    Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally authorized representative.

    Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants.

    4.7 Clinical trials

    Acta Radiologica Open conforms to the ICMJE requirement that clinical trials are registered in a WHO-approved public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrolment as a condition of consideration for publication. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract.

    4.8 Reporting guidelines

    The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed CONSORT flow chart as a cited figure and the completed CONSORT checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses should include the completed PRISMA flow chart as a cited figure and the completed PRISMA checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. The EQUATOR wizard can help you identify the appropriate guideline.

    Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives.

    4.9 Statistical analyses

    Where statistical analyses have been carried out please ensure that the methodology has been accurately described. In comparative studies power calculations are usually required. In research papers requiring complex statistics the advice of an expert statistician should be sought at the design/implementation stage of the study.

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    5. Publishing policies

    5.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

    5.1.1 Plagiarism

    Acta Radiologica Open and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    5.1.2 Prior publication

    If material has been previously published, it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below. 

    Please note that Acta Radiologica Open does not accept submission of papers that have been posted on pre-print servers.

    5.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

    Before publication SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement.  Acta Radiologica Open publishes manuscripts under Creative Commons licenses. The standard  license for the journal is Creative Commons by Attribution Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC), which allows others to re-use the work without permission as long as the work is properly referenced and the use is non-commercial. Alternative license arrangements are available, for example, to meet particular funder mandates, made at the author’s request.

    For more information, you are advised to visit SAGE's OA licenses page.

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    6. Preparing your manuscript

    6.1 Word processing formats

    The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and LaTeX templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    6.2 Manuscript Preparation

    **In order to ensure complete anonymity of the peer review process, authors are required to remove all identifying information from the main manuscript file – this includes any references to the names and institutions of the authors, funding information, conflicting interests information, trial registration numbers and any references to prior research in which a reference to a previously published article is listed. All identifiable information – including declarations should only be included as part of the title page. **

    Notes:

    * Units of measurement should be expressed in SI and metric units; older conventional units may be added in parentheses.

    ** Use the generic or chemical name of any drug, in lower case; the specific trade name (capitalized) may be given in parentheses after the first text reference.

    *** Standard abbreviations and symbols should be used then defined in full in the first instance unless they are standard units of measurement. Avoid any use of abbreviations in the article title and abstract.

    Title page
    Title page, including manuscript title, author(s)'s names and surnames, affiliation(s), corresponding author's name, address, fax and e-mail; must be uploaded as a separate file on Manuscript Central to allow double-blind peer-review. To secure a blinded review, the acknowledgement, conflict of interest and funding should be given on the title page, and not in the manuscript itself. Such information will be included in the manuscript when the article has been accepted. Provide a blind title page with title only as the first page of the manuscript. The manuscript itself has to be cleared of any information that unveils the identity of the authors and their institution to allow double-blind peer-review.

    Short reports, case reports, and review articles/pictorial essays

    Short reports not exceeding two or three journal pages, can be fast-tracked to publication in Acta Radiologica Open. These are original studies on limited subjects, or, occasionally, interesting cases. Arrange the manuscript according to the instructions for full-length reports with a structured abstract (see below), but keep the length of the Introduction and Discussion to a minimum. Key words must be added after the abstract.

    Case reports should start with an unstructured abstract, followed by a short Introduction, the case history, and the Discussion. The number of tables, figures, and references should be kept to a minimum. Key words must be added after the abstract.

    Review articles/pictorial essays should have a non-structured abstract which should be limited to 100 words. The main body should, as a rule, be limited to 3500 words.

    Original articles/original research

    Abstract heading and subheadings should be in letter size bold 14; main text should be in normal 12.
    The Abstract must under no circumstances exceed 250 words and must be organized in the following subsections:

    Background of the article (max 2 medium-length sentences). Heading should be in letter size bold 12, main text normal 12.
    Purpose (should always start as: “To…” and consist of one sentence only). Heading should be in letter size bold 12, main text normal 12.
    Material and Methods heading should be in letter size bold 12, main text normal 12.
    Results heading should be in letter size bold 12, main text normal 12.
    Conclusion heading should be in letter size bold 12, main text normal 12.
    Key words (Up to six key words should be provided. Use the drop-down menu in Manuscript Central)
    Review articles should have a non-structured Abstract which should be limited to 100 words. Short reports should have an Abstract structured like an original article. The number of words must not exceed 150 words.

    Main body
    The Abstract and main body together should as a rule not exceed 3,000 words. The main body of an original article and a short report should be organized in the following sections:

    Introduction
    Material and Methods
    Results
    Discussion, with the conclusion as a last paragraph starting with "In conclusion, ..."

    All headings should have letter size bold 14. Subheadings in the main body should have letter size italics 14.

    References (please see section 6.5)

    Tables
    The tables should be located immediately after the references in the manuscript.

    All tables together should under no circumstances exceed two printed pages in volume. If the presentation of the data necessitates more space, some of the tables should be prepared to be published online only.

    All tables should be self-explanatory.

    Each table must have a short descriptive title placed at the top of the table. Abbreviations/necessary explanations should be located below.

    The tables should not repeat results presented in the text. There must not be any kind of double documentation between text and tables.

    Tables must be presented in MS Word by using rows and column format. Format tables with horizontal lines only, at the top and bottom of the table as well as below the headers.

    Figure legends
    Graphic elements and illustrations are accepted if providing unique data that cannot be described in the text, and should be clearly marked with Arabic numbers as they appear in the text. Figure legends should be provided after the tables, numbered as Fig. 1 etc. in consecutive order.

    To ensure correct placement in the journal layout, note the figure reference (abbreviated) within parentheses when referring to the figure in text, e.g. (Fig. 1). Figure files should be uploaded as separate files, in TIF, EPS, PDF or JPG format and should not be included in the submitted manuscript file.

    The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point.

    6.3 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.  

    Figures supplied in color will appear in color online.

    NOTE: Photographic illustrations should be rendered with at least 300 dpi; please use CMYK color conversion if possible. Graphs made with Office software such as Microsoft Excel, can be provided in their original format to facilitate conversion into printable format with preserved quality. Any other line graphs/illustrations should preferably be provided in EPS format with a resolution of at least 600 dpi to prevent ragged lines when printed. A figure image should be at least 160 mm in width at the appropriate resolution. For further guidance on how to prepare your digital image see http://art.cadmus.com/da/index.jsp.

    6.4 Supplementary material

    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc.) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files

    6.5 Reference style

    Please refer to the reference style guide. References in the text they should appear as numbers starting at (1) within parentheses. At the end of the paper they should be listed (double-spaced) in numerical order corresponding to the order of citation in the text. All authors should be quoted for papers with up to three authors; for papers with more than three authors, list the first three followed by 'et al.'. Abbreviations for titles of medical periodicals should conform to those used in the latest edition of Index Medicus. The first and last page numbers for each reference must be provided. This applies to all published material including textbooks. The year followed by ";", volume followed by ":" and the pages; the issue should not be mentioned. Abstracts and letters must be identified as such. The DOI number should be listed for articles that have been accepted for publication but have not yet been.

    Examples:

    Journal Article

    Kuchenbecker S, Faby S, Sawall S, et al. Dual energy CT: how well can pseudo-monochromatic imaging reduce metal artifacts? Med Phys 2015;42:1023–1036.
    Hofmann S, Kramer J, Vakil-Adli A, et al. Painful bone marrow edema of the knee: differential diagnosis and therapeutic concepts. Orthop Clin North Am 2004;35:321–333, ix.

    Authors: Last name followed by initials; no comma in between. Authors are separated by commas. If there are more than 3 authors, list 3 authors and “, et al.” 
    Article Title: First word after colon should be lowercase. 
    Journal Title: Journal titles should follow Index Medicus abbreviations. Journal titles should appear in roman type. No period following journal title.
    Publication Details: No spaces between year, volume, and page numbers. Do not include issue numbers. Semicolon should separate year and volume; colon should separate volume and page numbers. Include the entire page range, even if some numbers are repeated (correct: 1023–1036; not correct: 1023–36). Use an en-dash for page ranges. Use a comma for discontinuous page ranges. DOI number should be listed for articles that have been accepted for publication but have not yet been published.

    Book

    Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, et al. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby, 2002.

    Authors: Last name followed by initials; no comma in between. Authors are separated by commas. If there are more than 3 authors, list 3 authors and “, et al.” 
    Book Title: Roman, first word after colon should be lowercase. 
    Publication Details: City (then if US, state abbreviation), colon, publisher, comma, year of publication.

    Book Chapter

    Thomsen HS. Delayed reactions: nephrogenic systemic fibrosis. In: Thomsen HS, Webb JAW, eds. Contrast media. Safety issues and ESUR guidelines. 2nd ed. Heidelberg: Springer Verlag, 2009:187–196.
    Chapter authors: Last name followed by initials; no comma in between. Authors are separated by commas. If there are more than 3 authors, list 3 authors and “, et al.”
    Chapter Title: Roman, first word after colon should be lowercase. 
    Book editors: Last name followed by initials; no comma in between. Editors are separated by commas. If there are more than 3 authors, list 3 authors and “, et al.” 
    Publication Details: City (then if US, state abbreviation), colon, publisher, comma, year of publication, colon, entire page range, even if some numbers are repeated (correct: 1023–1036; not correct: 1023–36). Use an en-dash for page ranges. Use a comma for discontinuous page ranges.

    Poster Presentation

    Chasman J, Kaplan RF. The effects of occupation on preserved cognitive functioning in dementia. Poster presented at: 4th annual conference of the American Academy of Clinical Neuropsychology; 2006 Jun 15-17; Philadelphia, PA.

    Authors: Last name followed by initials; no comma in between. Authors are separated by commas. If there are more than 3 authors, list 3 authors and “, et al.” 
    Title: Roman, first word after colon should be lowercase. 
    Publication Details: Poster presented at: conference title, semicolon, date of conference, semicolon, city (then if US, state abbreviation).

    Proceedings of Meetings and Symposia

    Grassby AJ. Health care in the multi-cultural society. In: Walpole R, ed. Rural health. Proceedings of the Rural Health Conference of the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners; 1978 Sept 12-15; Melbourne. Melbourne: The Royal Australian College of Practioners, 1979:49–50.

    Authors: Last name followed by initials; no comma in between. Authors are separated by commas. If there are more than 3 authors, list 3 authors and “, et al.” 
    Title: Roman, first word after colon should be lowercase. 
    Proceedings editor: Last name followed by initials; no comma in between. Editors are separated by commas. If there are more than 3 authors, list 3 authors and “, et al.”
    Publication Details: Proceedings title, semicolon, date of conference, semicolon, city (then if US, state abbreviation). Publisher city (then if US, state abbreviation), colon, publisher, comma, year, colon, entire page range, even if some numbers are repeated (correct: 1023–1036; not correct: 1023–36). Use an en-dash for page ranges. Use a comma for discontinuous page ranges.

    Technical and Research Report

    World Health Organization. First WHO global forum on medical devices: context, outcomes, and future actions. Geneva: WHO, 2011. Available at: www.who.int/medical_devices/gfmd_report_final.pdf (accessed 17 November 2015).
    UNSCEAR 2008 Report. Volume I. Annex A. Available at: www.unscear.org/docs/reports/2008/09-86753_Report_2008_Annex_A.pdf (accessed 22 November 2015).
    UNSCEAR 1958 Report. Annex C. Available at: www.unscear.org/docs/reports/1958,%2013th%20session%20(Suppl.%20No.17)/1958final-2_unscear.pdf (accessed 22November 2015).

    Authors: Organization name or last name followed by initials; no comma in between. Authors are separated by commas. If there are more than 3 authors, list 3 authors and “, et al.” 
    Title: Roman, first word after colon should be lowercase. 
    Publication Details: City (then if US, state abbreviation), colon, publisher, comma, year or Available at:, link, date accessed in parentheses, full stop.

    Dissertation

    O’Brien KA. The philosophical and empirical intersections of Chinese medicine and western medicine [dissertation]. Melbourne: Monash University, 2006.

    Author: Last name followed by initials; no comma in between. 
    Title: Roman, first word after colon should be lowercase, [dissertation] following.
    Publication Details: City (then if US, state abbreviation), colon, university, comma, year.

    Electronic Material
    Maton F, van der Elst L, Muller RN. Influence of human proteins on the relaxivity of Gd(III) complexes. Available at: http://www.b.dk/upload/webred/bmsandbox/uploads/2012/03/bb81a28663015b7a1d828ee723de7a26.pdf (accessed 1st August 2012).

    Authors: Last name followed by initials; no comma in between. Authors are separated by commas. If there are more than 3 authors, list 3 authors and “, et al.” 
    Title: Roman, first word after colon should be lowercase. 
    Publication Details: Available at:, link, date accessed in parentheses, full stop.

    Legal Documents

    COMMISSION DECISION of 1.7.2010 concerning, in the framework of Article 31 of Directive 2001/83/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, the marketing authorizations for Gadolinium-containing contrast agents for human use which contain one or more of the active substances “gadodiamide, gadopentetic acid, gadobenic acid, gadoxetic acid, gadoteridol, gadobutrol and gadoteric acid”. Available at: http://www.esur.org/fileadmin/NSF/NSF_Referral-EC_Decision-Annexes-en_Ju... (accessed August 2012).

    6.6 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

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    7. Submitting your manuscript

    Acta Radiologica Open is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/srad-sr to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.  For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

    All papers must be submitted via the online system. If you would like to discuss your paper prior to submission, please refer to the contact details below.

    If you seek advice on the submission process please contact the Editor: Professor Arnulf Skjennald (a.skjennald@online.no)

    7.1 ORCID

    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities ensuring that their work is recognized.

    We encourage all authors to add their ORCIDs to their SAGE Track accounts and include their ORCIDs as part of the submission process. If you don’t already have one you can create one here.

    7.2 Informtion required for completing your submission

    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    7.3 Corresponding author contact details

    Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. These details should be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    7.4 Permissions

    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. Papers will not be accepted for publication without the correct permissions. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway

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    8. On acceptance and publication

    If your paper is accepted for publication after peer review, you will first be asked to complete the contributor’s publishing agreement. Once your manuscript files have been check for SAGE Production, the corresponding author will be asked to pay the article processing charge (APC) via a payment link. Once the APC has been processed, your article will be prepared for publication and can appear online within an average of 25 days. Please note that no production work will occur on your paper until the APC has been received.

    8.1 SAGE Production

    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorizing the change.

    8.2 Online publication

    One of the many benefits of publishing your research in an open access journal is the speed to publication. With no page count constraints, your article will be published online in a fully citable form with a DOI number as soon as it has completed the production process. At this time it will be completely free to view and download for all.

    8.3 Promoting your article

    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice. In addition, SAGE is partnered with Kudos, a free service that allows authors to explain, enrich, share, and measure the impact of their article. Find out how to maximise your article’s impact with Kudos

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    9. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Editor as follows:

    Professor Arnulf Skjennald (a.skjennald@online.no)

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