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Journal of Micromanufacturing

Journal of Micromanufacturing

eISSN: 25165992 | ISSN: 25165984 | Current volume: 7 | Current issue: 1 Frequency: Bi-annually
Journal of Micromanufacturing welcomes original high-quality research papers in the areas of traditional and advanced Micromanufacturing Science and Technology. To name some but not limited to areas are as follows: micromachining, nanofinishing, microjoining, microforming, microforging, microcasting, additive microfabrication, high aspect ratio fabrication, lithography, LIGA, micro/nanometrology, micro- and nanosystem applications (microelectromechanical, nanoelectromechanical systems, etc.), machine tools design, and development for micromanufacturing processes and the related areas. This journal does not include news and current affairs. This is a peer-reviewed journal that follows a double blind peer review policy.

Primary readers of this journal are research scholars (PhD and MTech students, and those working in the areas of development and scientific analysis of the new processes for micromanufacturing) working in the micromanufacturing field. Readers of this journal also include R&D houses working in the areas of new product development in general and micro/nanoproducts development in particular.

This journal deals with original research papers, review articles, case studies in the areas of micro/nanomanufacturing, short articles and books reviews. It may consider special issue proposed by the renowned professors/scientists/researchers from various parts of the world. In exceptional cases, it may also consider special issues of reputed conference papers (expanded up to 40%-50%). These papers will be subjected to the peer review process as per the journal policy.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

This Journal of Micromanufacturing welcomes original high quality research papers in the areas of traditional and advanced Micromanufacturing Science and Technology. To name some of the areas but not limited to, are as follows: Micromachining, Nanofinishing, Microjoining, Microforming, Microforging, Microcasting, Additive microfabrication, High aspect ratio fabrication, Lithography, LIGA, Micro- / nano- metrology, Micro and Nano system applications (MEMS, NEMS etc.), Machine tools design and development for micromanufacturing processes and the related areas. The aim of this journal does not include news and current affairs.

Vijay Kumar Jain Prof. Retired, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, India
Associate Editors
Shantanu Bhattacharya Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, India
Uday Shanker Dixit Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, India
Mark James Jackson Kansas State University, USA
Tae Jo Ko Yeungnam University, South Korea
Haitao Liu Harbin Institute of Technology, China
A Senthil Kumar National University of Singapore, Singapore
Xichun Luo University of Strathclyde, UK
Editorial Board Members
B B Ahuja College of Engineering, Pune (COEP), India
S Aravindan Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, India
R Balasubramaniam Precision Engineering Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Cente, Mumbai, India
Bijoy Bhattacharyya Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India
David Lee Butler The University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK
Abhijit Chandra Iowa State University, Ames, USA
Anjali Kumari MacPherson De Silva Glasgow Caledonian University, UK
Ming Wang Fu Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
Naveen Gautam Hella India Automotive Private Limited, India
Saurav Goel Precision Engineering Institute, School of Aerospace, Transport and Manufacturing, Cranfield University, UK
Kapil Gupta University of Johannesburg, South Africa
Neelesh Kumar Jain Indian Institute of Technology Indore, India
Pramod Kumar Jain Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, India
Anshu Dhar Jayal Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Punjab, India
Sunil Jha Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, India
Philip Koshy McMaster University, Canada
Anjali Vishwas Kulkarni Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, India
Fathima Patham Kader Mohideen Associate Professor, Department of Design and Automation, School of Mechanical Engineering, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
Rakesh G Mote Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, India
Sunil Pathak HiLASE Center, Institute of Physics, Czech Academy of Sciences, Czech Republic
Asma Perveen Nazarbayev University, Kazakhstan
Dilip Kumar Pratihar Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, India
Mustafizur Rahman National University of Singapore, Singapore
K P Rajurkar University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA
J Ramkumar Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur, India
N Venkata Reddy Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad, India
G L Samuel Indian Institute of Technology Madras, India
Mamilla Ravi Sankar Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, India
Preetam Hemant Selmokar College of Engineering, Pune, India
Zhenyu Shi Shandong University, China
Ajay M Sidpara Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, India
Anandita Singh Safran Aircraft Engines Hyderabad Pvt Ltd, India
Murali Sundaram Associate Editor, SME Journal of Manufacturing Processes; Director, Micro and Nano Manufacturing Laboratories, University of Cincinnati, OH, USA
Nilesh Jayantilal Vasa Indian Institute of Technology Madras, India
Agin Vyas Silex Microsystems AB
Jinyang Xu Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China
Zongwei Xu Tianjin University, China
Vinod Yadava National Institute of Technology Allahabad, India
Jiwang Yan Keio University, Japan
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  • Journal of Micromanufacturing

    This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics

    This Journal recommends that authors follow the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site to create account/log in to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned. Remember you can log in to the submission site at any time to check on the progress of your paper through the peer review process.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Journal of Micromanufacturing will be reviewed.

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this Journal. Open Access options are available - see section 3.3 below.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere. Please see our guidelines on prior publication and note that [EITHER] Journal of Micromanufacturing will consider submissions of papers that have been posted on preprint servers; please alert the Editorial Office when submitting (contact details are at the end of these guidelines) and include the DOI for the preprint in the designated field in the manuscript submission system. Authors should not post an updated version of their paper on the preprint server while it is being peer reviewed for possible publication in the Journal. If the article is accepted for publication, the author may re-use their work according to the Journal's author archiving policy.

    If your paper is accepted, you must include a link on your preprint to the final version of your paper.

    If you have any questions about publishing with Sage, please visit the Sage Journal Solutions Portal

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope
    1.2 Article types
    1.3 Writing your paper

    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy
    2.2 Authorship
    2.3 Acknowledgements
    2.4 Funding
    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
    2.6 Research data

    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics
    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement
    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    4. Preparing your manuscript

    4.1 Formatting
    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
    4.3 Supplemental material
    4.4 Reference style

    5. Submitting your manuscript

    5.1 ORCID
    5.2 Information required for completing your submission
    5.3 Permissions

    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 Sage Production
    6.2 Online First publication
    6.3 Access to your published article
    6.4 Promoting your article

    7. Further information

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & scope

    Before submitting your manuscript to Journal of Micromanufacturing, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.

    1.2 Article types

    The Journal considers the following kinds of articles for publication:

    • Original articles
    • Review articles
    • Case studies
    • Technical notes
    • Book reviews

    Authors are requested to not to follow up on the submitted manuscripts. The authors would receive the acceptance on the submitted manuscript only after the review process is over.

    1.3 Writing your paper

    The Sage Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources. Sage Author Services also offers authors a variety of ways to improve and enhance their article including English language editing, plagiarism detection, and video abstract and infographic preparation.

    1.3.1 Make your article discoverable
    For information and guidance on how to make your article more discoverable, visit our Gateway page on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online

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    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy

    Journal of Micromanufacturing operates a conventional single-anonymize reviewing policy in which the reviewer’s name is always concealed from the submitting author.

    2.2 Authorship

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.

    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

    1. Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data,
    2. Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
    3. Approved the version to be published,
    4. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.

    If the named authors for a manuscript change at any point between submission and acceptance, an Authorship Change Form must be completed and digitally signed by all authors (including any added or removed) . An addition of an author is only permitted following feedback raised during peer review. Completed forms can be uploaded at Revision Submission stage or emailed to the Journal Editorial Office contact (listed on the journal’s manuscript submission guidelines). All requests will be moderated by the Editor and/or Sage staff.

    Important: Changes to the author by-line by adding or deleting authors are NOT permitted following acceptance of a paper.

    Please note that AI chatbots, for example ChatGPT, should not be listed as authors. For more information see the policy on Use of ChatGPT and generative AI tools.

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    2.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.

    2.3.1 Writing assistance
    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    2.4 Funding

    Journal of Micromanufacturing requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the Sage Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    It is the policy of Journal of Micromanufacturing to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.

    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’. For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here

    2.6 Research data

    At Sage we are committed to facilitating openness, transparency and reproducibility of research. Where relevant, Journal of Micromanufacturing encourages authors to share their research data in a suitable public repository subject to ethical considerations and where data is included, to add a data accessibility statement in their manuscript file. Authors should also follow data citation principles. For more information please visit the Sage Author Gateway, which includes information about Sage’s partnership with the data repository Figshare. 

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    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics

    Sage is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the Sage Author Gateway

    3.1.1 Plagiarism
    Journal of Micromanufacturing and Sage take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the Journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.1.2 Prior publication
    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a Sage journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the Sage Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement

    Before publication, Sage requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. Sage’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants Sage the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than Sage. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the Sage Author Gateway

    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    Journal of Micromanufacturing offers optional open access publishing via the Sage Choice programme and Open Access agreements, where authors can publish open access either discounted or free of charge depending on the agreement with Sage. Find out if your institution is participating by visiting Open Access Agreements at Sage. For more information on Open Access publishing options at Sage please visit Sage Open Access. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit Sage’s Author Archiving and Re-Use Guidelines and Publishing Policies.

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    4. Preparing your manuscript for submission

    4.1 Formatting

    The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. A LaTex template is available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit Sage’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from Sage after receipt of your accepted article.

    4.3 Supplemental material

    This Journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplemental files

    4.4 Reference style

    Journal of Micromanufacturing adheres to the Sage Vancouver reference style. View the Sage Vancouver guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    If you use EndNote to manage references, you can download the Sage Vancouver EndNote output file

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    5. Submitting your manuscript

    Journal of Micromanufacturing is hosted on Sage Track Sage, a web-based online submission and peer review system. Visit to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.

    5.1 ORCID

    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process Sage is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

    The collection of ORCID IDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this Journal. If you already have an ORCID ID you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID ID will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID ID is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID ID please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

    5.2 Information required for completing your submission

    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. The affiliation listed in the manuscript should be the institution where the research was conducted. If an author has moved to a new institution since completing the research, the new affiliation can be included in a manuscript note at the end of the paper. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    5.3 Permissions

    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the Sage Author Gateway

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    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 Sage Production

    Your Sage Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be made available to the corresponding author via email, and corrections should be made directly or notified to us promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate.

    6.2 Online First publication

    Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the Sage Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

    6.3 Access to your published article

    Sage provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.4 Promoting your article

    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The Sage Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice.

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    7. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Journal Administrator at

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