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Journal of Current Chinese Affairs

Journal of Current Chinese Affairs

eISSN: 18684874 | ISSN: 18681026 | Current volume: 48 | Current issue: 2

New to SAGE in 2019.

- Rigorous peer review of your research

- Prompt publishing

- Multidisciplinary audience

- High visibility for global exposure

- Platinum Open Access journal, with no APCs

The Journal of Current Chinese Affairs is a peer-reviewed open access journal which welcomes contributions on current affairs within Greater China, including Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan. Please see the Aims and Scope tab for further information.

This journal is published on behalf of the German Institute for Global and Area Studies (GIGA).

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Submission information

Visit the Journal’s submission site to upload your manuscript

Open access article processing charge (APC) information

This journal is financially supported by the German Institute for Global and Area Studies (GIGA) and therefore does not charge an article processing charge for open access publication.


Please direct any queries to

Standard license

The standard license for the journal is Creative Commons (CC BY), and it is recommended this is the license which is selected. This allows others to re-use the work without permission as long as the work is properly referenced.

The Journal of Current Chinese Affairs is a peer reviewed academic journal published by the GIGA Institute for Asian Studies, Hamburg. The journal focuses on current developments in Greater China. Three times a year it is simultaneously published online as an Open Access journal, and as a printed version. The editors are Professor Kerry Brown, Lau China Institute, King’s College London, and Dr Georg Strüver, GIGA Institute for Asian Studies, Hamburg.

The Journal of Current Chinese Affairs reaches a broad international readership in academia, administration and business circles. It is devoted to the transfer of scholarly insights to a wide audience and publishes high-quality, original research on current issues in China in a format and style that is accessible across disciplines and to professionals with an interest in the region.

The editors welcome contributions on current affairs within Greater China, including Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan. Submissions can focus on emerging topics and current developments as well as on future-oriented debates in the fields of China's global and regional roles; political, economic and social developments including foreign affairs, business, finance, cultural industries, religion, education, science and technology; and so on.

Contributions are published in one of three sections: Research articles cover original research, are theoretically grounded, empirically sound and reflect the state of the art in modern China studies. Analyses reflect new thinking, are based in practical and/or professional experience and are non-partisan contributions to an understanding of policies, business, economic and cultural practice, and other evolving themes. Review articles provide an overview over recently published studies and the state of the art of current affairs within Greater China.

Kerry Brown Lau China Institute at King’s College London
Georg Strüver German Institute for Global and Area Studies (GIGA), Germany
Editorial Management
Petra Brandt German Institute for Global and Area Studies (GIGA), Germany
Editorial Advisory Board
Jean-Philippe Béja SciencesPo, Paris, France
Kjeld Erik Brødsgaard Copenhagen Business School, Denmark
Flemming Christiansen Universität Duisburg-Essen, Germany
Lee Chun-Yi University of Nottingham, UK
Rogier Creemers Leiden University, Netherlands
Jørgen Delman University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Shen Dingli Fudan University, China
Wang Dong Shanghai University, China
Jane Duckett University of Glasgow, UK
Mobo Gao University of Adelaide, Australia
Jeremy Garlick University of Economics, Prague, Czech Republic
Karsten Giese GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg, Germany
Bonnie Glaser Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington DC, USA
David S. G. Goodman Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Suzhou, China
Bettina Gransow Freie Universität Berlin, Germany
Thomas Heberer Universität Duisburg-Essen, Germany
Carsten Herrmann-Pillath University of Erfurt, Germany
Jennifer Hsu University of New South Wales, Australia
John Keane University of Sydney, Australia
Jan Knoerich Lau China Institute at King’s College London, UK
Rana Mitter University of Oxford, UK
Frank N. Pieke Leiden University
Knut Benjamin Pißler Max Planck Institute for Comparative and International Private Law, Germany
Gunter Schubert Universität Tübingen, Germany
David Shambaugh George Washington University, Washington D.C., USA
Marina Svensson Lund University, Sweden
Ralph Thaxton Brandeis University, USA
Isabelle Thireau Center for Studies on Modern and Contemporary China, Paris, France
Luigi Tomba University of Sydney, Australia
Steve Tsang SOAS University of London, UK
Jiang Yang Danish Institute for International Studies, Copenhagen, Denmark
  • Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
  • Google Scholar
  • International Political Science Abstracts (IPSA)
  • Internationale Bibliographie der Geistes (IBZ)
  • ProQuest
  • RePEc: Research Papers in Economics
  • Scopus
  • World Affairs Online
  • Manuscript Submission Guidelines: Journal of Current Chinese Affairs

    This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics.

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned. Remember you can log in to the submission site at any time to check on the progress of your paper through the peer-review process.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Journal of Current Chinese Affairs will be reviewed.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

    Journal of Current Chinese Affairs may accept submissions of papers that have been posted on pre-print servers; please alert the editorial office when submitting (contact details are at the end of these guidelines) and include the DOI for the pre-print in the designated field in the manuscript submission system. Authors should not post an updated version of their paper on the pre-print server while it is being peer-reviewed for possible publication in the journal. If the article is accepted for publication, the author may re-use their work according to the journal's author archiving policy. If your paper is accepted, you must include a link on your pre-print to the final version of your paper.


    1. Open Access
    2. Article processing charge (APC)
    3. What do we publish?
      3.1 Aims & Scope
      3.2 Article types
      3.3 Writing your paper
    4. Editorial policies
      4.1 Peer Review Policy
      4.2 Authorship
      4.3 Acknowledgements
      4.4 Funding
      4.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
      4.6 Research data
    5. Publishing policies
      5.1 Publication ethics
      5.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
    6. Preparing your manuscript
      6.1 Formatting
      6.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
      6.3 Supplementary material
      6.4 Reference style
      6.5 English language editing services
      6.6 Biographical note
      6.7 Abstract
    7. Submitting your manuscript
      7.1 How to submit your manuscript
      7.2 Title, keywords and abstracts
      7.3 Information required for completing your submission
      7.4 ORCID
      7.5 Permissions
    8. On acceptance and publication
      8.1 SAGE Production
      8.2 Online publication
      8.3 Promoting your article
    9. Further information
    10. Appealing the publication decision

    1. Open Access

    The Journal of Current Chinese Affairs is an Open Access, peer-reviewed journal. Each article accepted by peer review is made freely available online immediately upon publication, is published under a Creative Commons license and will be hosted online in perpetuity. There is no charge for submitting a paper to the journal.

    The standard license for the journal is Creative Commons (CC BY), and it is reccomended this is the licence which is selected. This allows others to re-use the work without permission as long as the work is properly referenced. 

    For general information on open access at SAGE please visit the Open Access page or view our Open Access FAQs.

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    2. No Article processing charge (APC)

    The journal is financially supported by the GIGA Institute for Asian Studies, Hamburg, and therefore does not charge an article processing charge for Open Access publication.

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    3. What do we publish?

    3.1 Aims & Scope

    Before submitting your manuscript to the Journal of Current Chinese Affairs, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.

    3.2 Article Types

    The Journal of Current Chinese Affairs accepts Research Articles, Analyses and Review Articles. Research articles should not exceed 10,000 words (including abstracts and references)

    Analyses and review articles should not exceed 5,000 words (including abstract and references).

    3.3 Writing your paper

    The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources.

    1.3.1 Make your article discoverable

    For information and guidance on how to make your article more discoverable, visit our Gateway page on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

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    4. Editorial policies

    4.1 Peer review policy

    The journal’s policy is to have manuscripts reviewed by two expert reviewers. The Journal of Current Chinese Affairs utilizes a double-blind peer review process in which the reviewer and author’s names and information are withheld from the other. Please make sure that the manuscript and possible supplemental files are fully anonymized upon submission. All manuscripts are reviewed as rapidly as possible, while maintaining rigor. Reviewers make comments to the author and recommendations to the editorial team, who then make the final decision.

    The Journal of Current Chinese Affairs uses the following criteria for evaluation purposes:

    • Is the article concerned with a subject of high relevance to modern Chinese studies and current developments in China?
    • Does the article add substantial new insights and contribute original research outcomes to existing scholarship in terms of theoretical development, the exploration of new empirical material or the reappraisal of existing materials?
    • Is the article clearly related to relevant existing scholarly literature?
    • Are the arguments based on empirical evidence and are they presented in a clear and logical structure?
    • Is the article well written and clearly presented?
    • Are the conclusions made strong enough, and does the article achieve its stated aims?

    As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of three to five peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the following:

    • The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission.
    • The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors.
    • Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted.

    You will also be asked to indicate peers who you do not wish to review your manuscript (opposed reviewers).

    Please note that the editors are not obliged to invite/reject any recommended/opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript.

    The editor or members of the editorial team may occasionally submit their own manuscripts for possible publication in the journal. In these cases, the peer review process will be managed by alternative members of the Board and the submitting editor/team member will have no involvement in the decision-making process. .

    The Journal of Current Chinese Affairs is committed to delivering high-quality, fast peer-review for your paper, and as such has partnered with Publons. Publons is a third-party service that seeks to track, verify, and give credit for peer review. Reviewers for the Journal of Current Chinese Affairs can opt in to Publons in order to claim their reviews or have them automatically verified and added to their reviewer profile. Reviewers claiming credit for their review will be associated with the relevant journal, but the article name, reviewer’s decision, and the content of their review is not published on the site. For more information visit the Publons website.

    4.2 Authorship

    All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is usually listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis.

    4.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    4.3.1 Writing assistance

    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company, and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose the use of language-polishing services.

    4.4 Funding

    The Journal of Current Chinese Affairs requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

    4.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    The Journal of Current Chinese Affairs encourages authors to include a declaration of any conflicting interests and recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    4.6 Research data

    At SAGE we are committed to facilitating openness, transparency, and reproducibility of research. Where relevant, the Journal of Current Chinese Affairs encourages authors to share their research data in a suitable public repository or on request subject to ethical considerations and to include a data accessibility statement in their manuscript file. Authors should also follow data citation principles. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway, which includes information about SAGE’s partnership with the data repository Figshare.

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    5. Publishing policies

    5.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

    5.1.1 Plagiarism

    The Journal of Current Chinese Affairs and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    5.1.2 Prior publication

    If material has been previously published, it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    5.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

    Before publication SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. The Journal of Current Chinese Affairs publishes manuscripts under Creative Commons licenses. The standard license for the journal is Creative Commons (CC BY), and it is reccomended this is the licence which is selected. This allows others to re-use the work without permission as long as the work is properly referenced.  For more information, you are advised to visit SAGE's OA licenses page.

    Alternative license arrangements are available, for example, to meet particular funder mandates, made at the author’s request

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    6. Preparing your manuscript

    6.1 Formatting

    Send the text as a plain Word file and include page numbers. Please use standard font (e.g., Times New Roman, 12 pt). , left alignment (not “justification”) and avoid word division in your text.

    Organise titles and subtitles using a clear hierarchy; please do not use more than three levels of headlines. Refer only to sections, not to specific pages.

    Please do not use footnotes! Use British English spelling and style conventions consistently throughout the text, and please be sure to write clearly and use correct punctuation; non-native authors are strongly encouraged to have their contributions proofread. Use double quotation marks outside the end punctuation and single quotation marks for quoted text within a quotation. Commas and full stops always precede closing quotation marks.

    Shorter quotations should be within the text. In case you quote longer text passages (>40 words), please separate the quotations from the text by indenting them.

    English translations of relevant Chinese phrases or terms in the text should be followed by the Chinese characters and pinyin in brackets. For example: “[…] and by presenting itself as the party of stability (稳定 , wending) […]”. If pinyin is used within the text, please use italics and add the Chinese characters in brackets. Please always provide a translation or short definition of Chinese terms and concepts when first mentioned.

    Further suggestions for consistency include the following:

    • use abbreviations such as e.g., i.e. without space; no space before ff. and f.
    • spell out numbers up to and including thirty
    • spell out numbers at the beginning of sentences; use four digits for years, e.g., 1973; when referring to a decade, please write 1970s
    • percentages should always be given as numerals
    • spell out the word "per cent" in text (use % only in tables, without a space between number and symbol)
    • million and billion should be spelled out
    • use bank abbreviations (USD, EUR) before the figures when referring to currencies
    • refrain from using URLs within the text
    • mention long names of institutions or organisations only at the first use providing their acronym in brackets; refer to them later in the text by use of acronyms
    • do not italicize organization, party, agreement, or treaty names, but only foreign technical terms and translated names from non-European languages.

    The preferred format for your manuscript are Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    6.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    Tables and images should be be numbered separately and continuously.

    Each table or figure should be provided with an individual caption and an exact reference.

    Text in tables and figures should be in a readable font size, normally 12 and not smaller than 10 points.

    Explanatory notes should be indicated with superscripted small letters, e.g. 4,5a.

    Units of measure should be indicated in column heads where appropriate, and numbers should be indicated in base units, millions or billions with a comma separating thousands; numbers with decimals should be separated with a point and normally be presented to the precision of two decimals.

    For graphs produced from spreadsheets or other tabulations, please provide any available source files that can be used for formatting the end document.

    Please make sure you are in possession of the appropriate copyright permissions when including images and keep written records of permissions to be produced on request. Authors are solely responsible for obtaining reprint authorisation.

    Figures supplied in color will appear in color online but will appear in black and white in print (unless otherwise arranged). Therefore, it is important that you supply images that are comprehensible in black and white as well (i.e. by using colour with a distinctive pattern or dotted lines). The captions should reflect this by not using words indicating colour.

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.

    6.3 Supplementary material

    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files.

    6.4 Reference style

    The Journal of Current Chinese Affairs adheres to the SAGE Harvard reference style. View the SAGE Harvard guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    All references in the text and notes must be specified by the authors’ last names and date of publication together with page numbers if given. All quoted authors and sources must be listed in an alphabetical bibliography at the end of the text. Please check for completeness and ensure that you are citing authors first and last full names in the reference list. Second first names should be abbreviated using initials.

    Interviews should be cited in the following way:

    • Anonymous 1 (year), interview, position of interviewee, town (where interview was conducted), exact date (day + month).
    • Anonymous 2 (year),…

    For titles in non-European languages, please provide translation in brackets for example:

    • Articles in Chinese:
    • Last Name (full) First Name Full Name in Chinese characters (publication year) Title in Chinese characters [English translation]. Journal title in Chinese characters [English translation] Volume(Number): xxx–xxx.
    • Books in Chinese:
    • Last name (full)  First Name Full Name in Chinese characters (publication year) Title in Chinese characters [English translation], Place of publication: Publisher in Chinese characters [English name].
    • Book chapters in Chinese:
    • Last name (full)  First Name Full Name in Chinese characters (publication year) Title in Chinese characters [English translation]. In: Last name abbreviated First Name Full Name in Chinese characters (ed) Title in Chinese characters [English translation]. Place of publication: Publisher in Chinese characters [English name],–xxx.

    6.5 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

    6.6 Biographical note

    All authors are asked to provide a biographical note, which should state the following: current occupation and/or academic title and institutional affiliation, scientific discipline, research interests, and/or major current research projects, and the title and year of publication of one major recent publication (maximum 100 words) as well as postal and e-mail address, and website URL if available.

    6.7 Abstract

    All contributions are to be headed by an abstract of at most 150 words. Please add three to four keywords.

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    7. Submitting your manuscript

    7.1 How to submit your manuscript

    The Journal of Current Chinese Affairs is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit http// to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.  For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help

    7.2 Title, keywords and abstracts

    Please supply a title, short title, an abstract, and keywords to accompany your article. The abstract should consist of a maximum of 150 words. Please add three to five keywords. If possible, please also translate the abstract and keywords into German. The title, keywords, and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract, and select your keywords by visiting the SAGE Journal Author Gateway for guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

    7.3 Information required for completing your submission

    Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. These details should be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    You will be asked to provide full contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. The affiliation listed on the manuscript should be the institution where the research was conducted. If an author has moved to a new institution since completing the research, the new affiliation can be included in a manuscript note at the end of the paper. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    7.4 ORCID

    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities ensuring that their work is recognised.

    The collection of ORCID IDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID ID you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID ID will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID ID is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID ID please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

    7.5 Permissions

    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

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    8. On acceptance and publication

    If your paper is accepted for publication after peer review, you will first be asked to complete the contributor’s publishing agreement

    8.1 SAGE Production

    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be made available to the corresponding author via our editing portal SAGE Edit, or by email to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly. Please do let the editorial office know of any instances where there may be a delay.  Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorising the change.

    8.2 Online publication

    One of the many benefits of publishing your research in an Open Access journal is the speed to publication. With no page count constraints, your article will be published online in a fully citable form with a DOI number as soon as it has completed the production process. At this time it will be completely free to view and download for all.

    8.3 Promoting your article

    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice. 

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    9. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Journal of Current Chinese Affairs editorial office as follows:


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    10. Appealing the publication decision

    Editors have very broad discretion in determining whether an article is an appropriate fit for their journal. Many manuscripts are declined with a very general statement of the rejection decision. These decisions are not eligible for formal appeal unless the author believes the decision to reject the manuscript was based on an error in the review of the article, in which case the author may appeal the decision by providing the editor with a detailed written description of the error they believe occurred.

    If an author believes the decision regarding their manuscript was affected by a publication ethics breach, the author may contact the publisher with a detailed written description of their concern, and information supporting the concern, at

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