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Introduction to Phenomenology

Introduction to Phenomenology
Focus on Methodology

January 2020 | 224 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Phenomenology is a challenging method for many students to understand and apply. Introduction to Phenomenology: Focus on Methodology breaks down the history, methodology, and application so students can more easily write proposals and conduct phenomenological research. Author Cheryl Tatano Beck draws on her depth of experience in applying and teaching phenomenological methods to distill the method into a single guidebook for students and new researchers alike. This introductory book provides a clearer picture of phenomenology as method and its applications to social, behavioral, and health sciences, covering both interpretive and descriptive phenomenology from research design through analysis.

This book is divided into four parts. Part I briefly provides the philosophical underpinnings of descriptive and interpretive (hermeneutic) phenomenology, summarizing the main goals of the original texts. Part II focuses on descriptive phenomenology, while Part III concentrates on interpretive phenomenology. Each type of methodology is covered in its own chapter, with tables comparing the methodologies to one another so readers can better understand the differences and similarities. Part IV addresses evaluating, writing, and teaching phenomenology. Unique chapters on writing a proposal, getting your study published, developing a research program, and preparing to teach phenomenology help complete the cycle of research and help graduate students transition from student to researcher to teacher. Appendices provide study activities for students and examples of two types of phenomenological proposals.

Chapter 1. Introduction
Part 1. Philosophical Underpinnings of the Methodology
Chapter 2. Philosophy of Phenomenology as the Basis for Methodology
Edmund Husserl  
Martin Heidegger  
Maurice Merleau-Ponty  
Hans-Georg Gadamer  
Part 2. Descriptive Phenomenology
Chapter 3. Paul Colaizzi’s Descriptive Phenomenological Methodology
Research Question  
Data Collection  
Data Analysis  
The Lived Experience of Postpartum Depression  
Examples of Research from Various Disciplines  
Chapter 4. Amedeo Giorgi’s Descriptive Phenomenological Methodology
Research Question  
Data Collection  
Data Analysis  
Examples of Studies Using Giorgi’s Methodology  
Chapter 5. Adrian van Kaam’s Descriptive Phenomenological Methodology & Clark Moustakas’s Modification
Research Question  
Data Collection  
Data Analysis  
Example of a Study from My Program of Research  
Additional Examples of Studies using van Kaam’s Approach  
Clark Moustakas’s Modification of van Kaam’s Approach  
Examples of Clark Moustakas’s Modification  
Comparison of van Kaam’s Methodology and Moustakas’s Modification  
Chapter 6. Karin Dahlberg’s Descriptive Reflective Lifeworld Methodology
Introduction to the Reflective Lifeworld Methodology  
Descriptive Phenomenological Reflective Lifeworld Approach  
Comparison of Five Descriptive Phenomenological Methodologies  
Choosing One of the Descriptive Phenomenological Methodologies  
Part 3. Interpretive Phenomenology
Chapter 7. Max van Manen’s Hermeneutic Phenomenological Approach
Research Question  
Data Collection  
Data Analysis  
Examples of International Research from Various Disciplines  
Chapter 8. Patricia Benner’s Interpretive Phenomenological Methodology
Data Analysis  
International Examples of Studies using Benner’s Methodology  
Chapter 9. Jonathan Smith’s Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis (IPA)
Research Question  
Data Collection  
Data Analysis  
International Examples of IPA Research from Various Disciplines  
Chapter 10. Karin Dahlberg’s Hermeneutic Reflective Lifeworld Methodology
Hermeneutic Reflective Lifeworld Methodology  
Comparison of Four Interpretive Phenomenological Methodologies  
Choosing One of the Interpretive Phenomenological Methodologies  
Part 4. Evaluating, Writing, and Teaching Phenomenology
Chapter 11. Trustworthiness of Phenomenological Studies
Trustworthiness vs. Reliability and Validity  
Strategies to Enhance Quality  
Criteria for Evaluating Phenomenological Research  
Criteria for Evaluating Qualitative Research in General  
Student Exercise for Evaluating a Phenomenological Study  
Chapter 12. Phenomenological Writing
Qualitative Reporting Checklists  
Chapter 13. Developing a Program of Research Using Phenomenology
Chapter 14. Teaching Phenomenology: Preparing Our Next Generation of Researchers
Other Faculty’s Teaching Strategies  
My Teaching Strategies  
Phenomenological Tips  
Appendix A
Appendix B
Appendix C
Appendix D

The structural flow of the text makes perfect sense. Beginning with the basic underpinnings, it offers explanations of "why" different methods based on underpinnings exist. Examples help solidify these concepts, which are often overwhelming and unorganized. This text has them all in one place, explained concisely, and provides proper cause/format to compare/contrast to assist in understanding which methodology makes logical sense to use for answering your research question.

Alexander Jun, Ph.D.
Azusa Pacific Univeristy

This book was clearly written by a seasoned researcher and expert teacher who understands the complexity of doing phenomenology with quality and rigor with the goal of understanding life experiences of people in a way to provide insight and promote understanding.

Dr. Suzanne S. Dickerson
University at Buffalo, School of Nursing

This textbook offers a rarely found introduction to a complex philosophy that is also used as a research methodology. It guides students, faculty, and readers into the complex form of research known as phenomenological inquiry in its various styles, and without disappointing the reader throughout. It uses simple language to explain a complex style of human science research. This is a must read for all those who are new to phenomenology, and is especially useful to novice researchers who need to develop a phenomenological research study.

Luis Gomez
Fielding Graduate University

It addresses a genuine need in qualitative research literature, especially if the author can write clearly about these complex ideas for students and researchers to truly understand what empirical phenomenology is about. Having useful, purposeful examples is a key asset as well.

Davin J. Carr-Chellman
University of Idaho

...this book contributes uniquely to emphasizing the methods and procedures of phenomenological research, and this is an obvious passion and goal of the author.

Dr. Tyrone Bynoe
University of Michigan - Flint

There are many strengths of this book, including organizing key authors by descriptive or interpretive phenomenology. Focusing more on analysis, and use of examples for analysis. Explaining how philosophy impacts methods sounds promising. I love the last two chapters: phenomenology proposals, and getting published! I feel this would help me as a faculty member!

Jason Lawson
University of Mary

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Cheryl Lisa Tatano Beck

Cheryl Tatano Beck, DNSc, CNM, FAAN is a distinguished professor in the School of Nursing at the University of Connecticut. Her program of research is focused on perinatal mood and anxiety disorders. She has developed the Postpartum Depression Screening Scale (PDSS) from her series of qualitative studies on postpartum depression. She also has developed a theory of traumatic childbirth, called the Ever Widening Ripple Effect. This midrange theory is based on her series of qualitative studies on traumatic childbirth and its resulting PTSD. She serves on the editorial board of Global Qualitative Nursing Research, Journal of Perinatal... More About Author

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ISBN: 9781544319551