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Introduction to Educational Research

Introduction to Educational Research

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Educational Research

July 2015 | 400 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Introduction to Educational Research guides readers through the various steps of the research methods process to help plan and compose their first educational research project. Through comprehensive chapter content and in-text exercises, readers learn how to prepare a research plan, gather and analyze data, address research questions and hypotheses, and organize reports of their projects. The book is practical and student-friendly; Dr. Craig A. Mertler uses a conversational writing style with non-technical language to help students clearly understand and apply research concepts with no prior familiarity with the principles, procedures, or terminology.  

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Part I: Initial Research Considerations
Chapter 1: What is Educational Research?
Finding Answers to Questions  
The Scientific Method  
Educational Research—What It Is and What It Is Not  
Educational Research as a Process  
Knowing Your Specific Discipline  
Educators as Researchers  
Chapter 2: Overview of the Educational Research Process
Identifying and Limiting a Research Topic or Problem  
Formally Stating and Refining Research Question(s)  
Reviewing Existing Literature Related to the Problem  
Writing a Literature Review  
Developing a Research Plan  
Implementing the Research Plan and Collecting Data  
Analyzing the Data  
Stating Findings, Conclusions, and Recommendations in a Written Research Report  
The Educational Research Process—A Brief Example  
Chapter 3: Identifying a Research Problem
Identifying a Research Topic or Problem  
Necessary Terminology Related to Research  
Research Questions and Hypotheses  
Chapter 4: Ethics in Educational Research
Ethical Considerations in the Conduct of Research  
Ethics in Qualitative versus Quantitative Studies  
Institutional Review Boards  
Formal Preparation for Research with Human Participants  
Chapter 5: Reviewing Related Research Literature
What is a Literature Review?  
Sources for Literature Related to Your Research Topic  
Searching the ERIC Online Database  
Searching the Google Scholar Online Database  
Writing Your Literature Review  
Not Just for Conducting Research—Valuable Sources for Professional Development  
Part II: Designing a Research Study
Chapter 6: Qualitative Research Methods
Characteristics of Qualitative Research  
The Qualitative Research Process  
Approaches to Conducting Qualitative Research  
More About Ethnographic Research  
More About Narrative Research  
Chapter 7: Quantitative Research Methods
Characteristics of Quantitative Research  
The Quantitative Research Process  
Approaches to Conducting Quantitative Research  
Threats to Validity in Quantitative Designs  
Chapter 8: Mixed-Methods Research
Characteristics of Mixed-Methods Research  
The Mixed-Methods Research Process  
Approaches to Conducting Mixed-Methods Research  
Validity in Mixed-Methods Research  
Strengths and Limitations of Mixed-Methods Research  
Chapter 9: Action Research
Characteristics of Action Research  
The Action Research Process  
Action Planning and Reflection  
Validity in Action Research  
Strengths and Limitations of Action Research  
Chapter 10: Writing a Research Proposal
Purpose of a Research Proposal  
General Aspects of a Research Proposal  
Components of a Quantitative Research Proposal  
Components of a Qualitative Research Proposal  
Part III: Collecting and Analyzing Data
Chapter 11: Qualitative Data Collection and Analysis
Sampling Techniques in Qualitative Research  
Research Ethics in Qualitative Research  
Qualitative Data Collection Techniques  
Characteristics of Qualitative Data: Accuracy, Credibility, and Dependability  
Qualitative Data Analysis Techniques  
Chapter 12: Quantitative Data Collection
Sampling Techniques in Quantitative Research  
Research Ethics in Quantitative Research  
Scales of Measurement  
Quantitative Data Collection Techniques  
Characteristics of Quantitative Data: Validity and Reliability  
Quantitative Data Analysis Techniques  
Chapter 13: Quantitative Data Analysis
Quantitative Data Analysis Techniques  
Preparing Data for Analysis  
Selecting a Statistical Analysis Software Program  
Descriptive Statistical Analysis  
Inferential Statistical Analysis  
Cautions In Using Statistics  
Part IV: The Research Report
Chapter 14: Writing a Final Research Report
Importance of the Audience  
General Guidelines for Writing a Research Report  
Practical Guidelines for Writing  
An Example of a Research Report  


Instructor Resource Site

SAGE edge for Instructors supports your teaching by making it easy to integrate quality content and create a rich learning environment for students.

  • Test banks provide a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity to edit any question and/or insert your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • A Respondus electronic test bank is available and can be used on PCs. The test bank contains multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter and provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding. Respondus is also compatible with many popular learning management systems so you can easily get your test questions into your online course.
  • Sample course syllabi for semester and quarter courses provide suggested models for structuring your courses.
  • Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides offer complete flexibility for creating a multimedia presentation for your course.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter.
  • Multimedia content includes videos that appeal to students with different learning styles.
  • Lecture notes summarize key concepts by chapter to help you prepare for lectures and class discussions.
Student Study Site

SAGE edge for Students provides a personalized approach to help students accomplish their coursework goals in an easy-to-use learning environment.

  • Mobile-friendly practice quizzes allow for independent assessment by students of their mastery of course material.
  • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts.
  • An online action plan includes tips and feedback on progress through the course and materials, which allows students to individualize their learning experience.
  • Chapter summaries with learning objectives reinforce the most important material.
  • SAGE Journal Articles combine cutting-edge academic journal scholarship with the topics in your course for a robust classroom experience.
  • Carefully selected chapter-by-chapter video and multimedia links enhance classroom-based explorations of key topics.

Well structured and organized for easy reading.

Health , California Baptist University
February 3, 2016

Used text previously with favorable results.

Dr Bernie Frances Hellums
Educational Leadership, Henderson State University
August 11, 2015

Great for educators looking into participating action-based research projects within their schools.

Dr Kim Silbaugh
Teacher Education Dept, Western State Colorado Univ
March 21, 2015

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 1

Chapter 7

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Craig A. Mertler

Dr. Craig A. Mertler is currently an Associate Professor at Arizona State University. He began his career as a high school biology teacher. He has been an educator for 32 years—22 of those in higher education at Bowling Green State University, the University of West Georgia, Lynn University, and Arizona State University, and 9 as an administrator (department chair, doctoral program director, and education dean). Over his career, he has taught courses focused on the application of action research to promote educator empowerment, school improvement, and job-embedded professional development, as well as classroom assessment, research methods,... More About Author

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ISBN: 9781483375489