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Introduction to Criminal Justice
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Introduction to Criminal Justice
A Balanced Approach

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Other Titles in:
Criminal Justice | Criminology

616 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Get access to an interactive eBook* when you buy the paperback! (Print paperback version only, ISBN 978-1-5063-1577-5)

Introduction to Criminal Justice: A Balanced Approach provides students with engaging, comprehensive, and up-to-date coverage of all aspects of the criminal justice system. Esteemed authors Brian K. Payne, Willard M. Oliver, and Nancy E. Marion explore criminal justice from a student-cantered perspective by presenting research-driven material in an accessible, clear, and succinct writing style.

Two unique chapters on Perspectives on Crime and Criminal Justice Research and Crime Typologies provide students with the foundational knowledge that they need to be critical thinkers and active participants within their chosen field. Students are encouraged to imagine themselves in specific criminal justice situations and decide how they would respond to the situation with a balanced and effective solution. By exploring criminal justice from a balanced perspective with an issues-oriented approach, students will understand how decision-making is critical to the criminal justice process. In particular, students will come to appreciate how their own future careers will be shaped by the decisions they make.

Give your students the SAGE edge!

SAGE edge offers a robust online environment featuring an impressive array of free tools and resources for review, study, and further exploration, keeping both instructors and students on the cutting edge of teaching and learning. Learn more at edge.sagepub.com/payne.

 

*interactivity only available through Vitalsource eBook
 
PART I: FOUNDATIONS OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE
 
Chapter 1: Introduction to Criminal Justice
The Criminal Justice System

 
Juvenile Justice System

 
The Justice Process

 
The Roles of Criminal Justice

 
 
Chapter 2: Perspectives on Crime and Criminal Justice Research
Legal Perspectives of Crime

 
Social Perspectives of Crime

 
Behavioral Perspectives of Crime

 
Survey Research and Criminal Justice

 
Archival Research and Criminal Justice

 
Experiments, Field Studies, and Case Studies as Criminal Justice Research Strategies

 
 
Chapter 3: An Introduction to Measuring Crime and Crime Patterns
Measuring the Extent of Crime

 
Strategies Used to Measure Amount of Crime

 
Crime Patterns

 
 
Chapter 4: An Introduction to Crime Typologies
Why Study Crime Typologies

 
Violent Crime

 
Property Crimes

 
Public Order Crimes

 
Crime within Complex Organizations

 
 
Chapter 5: An Introduction to Criminological Theory
Why Study the Causes of Crime

 
Explaining Crime using Criminological Theories

 
Crime as a Product of Choice

 
Crime as a Product of Biological Factors

 
Crime as a Product of Social Factors

 
Crime as a Product of Social Psychological Factors

 
Crime as a Product of Cognitive Processes

 
 
PART II: POLICING
 
Chapter 6: An Introduction to Policing: History and Structure
Types of Societies and Policing

 
The English System of Policing

 
The American System of Policing

 
Policing in America Today

 
The Structure of Modern Police Departments

 
 
Chapter 7: Police Strategies
Police Strategy Studies

 
Police Patrol Deployment

 
Broken Windows Theory, Model, & Policing

 
Community Policing

 
Problem-Oriented Policing

 
Targeted Policing

 
Four Related Strategies

 
Compstat

 
Homeland Security & Policing

 
 
Chapter 8: Issues in Policing
External Issues

 
Internal Issues

 
 
PART III: The Courts
 
Chapter 9: An Introduction to the Courts: History, Structure, and Actors
History of the Courts

 
Structure of the Courts

 
Federal Courts

 
State Courts

 
Actors: Courtroom workgroup

 
Technology

 
 
Chapter 10: The Judicial Process
Arrest/ Booking

 
The Charging Decision

 
Pretrial

 
Trial

 
Sentencing

 
Appeals

 
Juvenile Court Process

 
Defendants’ Rights

 
 
Chapter 11: Issues in the Courts
Issues Stemming from Overcrowding

 
Issues Related to Court Processes

 
Legal Issues Related to the Courts

 
Issues Related to Innovations in the Courts

 
 
PART IV: CORRECTIONS
 
Chapter 12: An Introduction to Corrections: History, Structure, and Actors
Goals of Punishment

 
History of Punishment

 
The Organization of Corrections

 
Structure of Corrections

 
Actors Working in Prisons

 
 
Chapter 13: Punishing Offenders in Prisons, Jails, and the Community
The Incarceration Experience

 
The Structure of Probation and Parole

 
Types of Alternative Sanctions

 
 
Chapter 14: Issues in Corrections
General Issues for Prisoners

 
General Issues for Corrections Employees

 
Issues Related to Working with Different Types of Offenders

 
Issues Related to Punishment Strategies

 
 
Chapter 15: Current and Future Criminal Justice Issues
International Issues

 
Terrorism

 
Technology and Criminal Justice

 
The Aging of the Criminal Justice System

 
The Evolution of Criminal Justice Policies

 

Supplements

Student Study Site

SAGE edge for Students provides a personalized approach to help students accomplish their coursework goals in an easy-to-use learning environment.

  • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts.
  • Mobile-friendly practice quizzes allow for independent assessment by students of their mastery of course material.
  • A customized online action plan includes tips and feedback on progress through the course and materials, which allows students to individualize their learning experience.
  • Learning objectives reinforce the most important material.
  • Multimedia content includes original SAGE videos that appeal to students with different learning styles.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter is included. 
Instructor Teaching Site

Password-protected Instructor Resources include the following:

SAGE edge for Instructors, supports your teaching by making it easy to integrate quality content and create a rich learning environment for students.

  • Test banks provide a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity to edit any question and/or insert your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • Sample course syllabi for semester and quarter courses provide suggested models for structuring your courses.
  • Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides offer complete flexibility for creating a multimedia presentation for your course.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter is included.
  • Multimedia content includes original SAGE videos that appeal to students with different learning styles.
  • Lecture notes summarize key concepts by chapter to help you prepare for lectures and class discussions.
  • Course cartridge for easy LMS integration is included.

“Contemporary relevancy and good case studies, easy to understand and logically organized, appeals to student interests and modern social issues”

Chris Chaney
Modesto Institute of Technology

“Offer in-depth coverage on many topics”

Marilyn Horace-Moore
Eastern Michigan University

“Stories that are sprinkled throughout to engage students and relate to them while providing them important information”

Jamie Snyder
John C. Calhoun State Community College

“Writing is clear and easy to understand.”

Yuning Wu
Wayne State University

“Excellent pedagogical features that students will find interesting”

Dr. Jennifer Riggs
Eastern New Mexico University

“The text is written in an incredibly clear and accessible manner. [The authors have] a gift for making complex ideas and issues understandable… The supporting pedagogical materials are of excellent quality, the focus on ethics and ‘real’ life positions are also huge factors that I would consider when using this book.”

Christopher Salvatore
Montclair State University

"This textbook bridges empirically based facts born from research with current news and events on issues of crime and justice to make for an accessible, informative resource for students of all levels."

Nancy G. La Vigne, PhD
Director, Justice Policy Center, Urban Institute

"I was very pleased with the content. There are a multitude of issues that impact corrections, perhpas moreso than the other branches of the criminal justice system. I was quite impressive with the extent of the coverage provided here. Issues were addressed in an appropriate manner for an introductory book."

Christopher Salvatore
Montclair State University

"The language used in this text makes it possible for this course to be used by a range of students."

Deborah Barrett
Rowan Cabarrus Community College

Introduction to Criminal Justice: A Balanced Approach is a comprehensive yet multi faceted text providing vital information on the key principles of Corrections. The text provides an excellent examination on the importance and impact of policy in the field of Corrections. Students will get thought provoking examinations of topics ranging from Inmates Rights, Re-entry, Recidivism, Mental Health Issues, and the Death Penalty.

Ashley L. Fundack
PhD Student

Sample Materials & Chapters

Ch. 14: Issues in Corrections


Preview this book

Brian K. Payne

Brian K. Payne received his doctorate in criminology from Indiana University of Pennsylvania in 1993. He is currently the vice provost for academic affairs at Old Dominion University, where he is tenured in the Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice, and the chair of the Hampton Roads Cybersecurity Education, Workforce, and Economic Development Alliance. He is a former editor of the American Journal of Criminal Justice, past president of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences and past president of the Southern Criminal Justice Association. Payne is the author or coauthor of more than 160 journal articles and seven books including... More About Author

Willard Mark Oliver

Willard M. Oliver is a professor of criminal justice at Sam Houston State University in Huntsville, Texas. He holds a doctorate and a master of arts degree in political science from West Virginia University and master of science and bachelor of science degrees from Radford University. He has taught criminal justice for over 20 years, primarily in the area of policing, crime policy, and criminal justice history. He is the author of numerous textbooks, including Community-Oriented Policing, Homeland Security, Homeland Security for Policing, and A History of Crime and Criminal Justice in America. He has published over 50 peer-reviewed journal... More About Author

Nancy E. Marion

 Nancy E. Marion is the Chair of the Criminal Justice Department, the Political Science Department, and the Department of Public Administration and Urban Studies at the University of Akron. She holds a doctorate and a master of arts degree in political science from the State University of New York, a master of science degree in criminal justice from American University, and a bachelor of science degree in administration of justice from the Pennsylvania State University. She is the author of numerous peer-reviewed journal articles and books. Her research interests center around the interplay of politics and criminal justice.... More About Author

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