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Introduction to Criminal Justice

Introduction to Criminal Justice
A Balanced Approach

Other Titles in:
Criminal Justice | Criminology

616 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Get access to an interactive eBook* when you buy the paperback! (Print paperback version only, ISBN 978-1-5063-1577-5)

Introduction to Criminal Justice: A Balanced Approach provides students with engaging, comprehensive, and up-to-date coverage of all aspects of the criminal justice system. Esteemed authors Brian K. Payne, Willard M. Oliver, and Nancy E. Marion explore criminal justice from a student-cantered perspective by presenting research-driven material in an accessible, clear, and succinct writing style.

Two unique chapters on Perspectives on Crime and Criminal Justice Research and Crime Typologies provide students with the foundational knowledge that they need to be critical thinkers and active participants within their chosen field. Students are encouraged to imagine themselves in specific criminal justice situations and decide how they would respond to the situation with a balanced and effective solution. By exploring criminal justice from a balanced perspective with an issues-oriented approach, students will understand how decision-making is critical to the criminal justice process. In particular, students will come to appreciate how their own future careers will be shaped by the decisions they make.

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*interactivity only available through Vitalsource eBook
Chapter 1: Introduction to Criminal Justice
The Criminal Justice System

Juvenile Justice System

The Justice Process

The Roles of Criminal Justice

Chapter 2: Perspectives on Crime and Criminal Justice Research
Legal Perspectives of Crime

Social Perspectives of Crime

Behavioral Perspectives of Crime

Survey Research and Criminal Justice

Archival Research and Criminal Justice

Experiments, Field Studies, and Case Studies as Criminal Justice Research Strategies

Chapter 3: An Introduction to Measuring Crime and Crime Patterns
Measuring the Extent of Crime

Strategies Used to Measure Amount of Crime

Crime Patterns

Chapter 4: An Introduction to Crime Typologies
Why Study Crime Typologies

Violent Crime

Property Crimes

Public Order Crimes

Crime within Complex Organizations

Chapter 5: An Introduction to Criminological Theory
Why Study the Causes of Crime

Explaining Crime using Criminological Theories

Crime as a Product of Choice

Crime as a Product of Biological Factors

Crime as a Product of Social Factors

Crime as a Product of Social Psychological Factors

Crime as a Product of Cognitive Processes

Chapter 6: An Introduction to Policing: History and Structure
Types of Societies and Policing

The English System of Policing

The American System of Policing

Policing in America Today

The Structure of Modern Police Departments

Chapter 7: Police Strategies
Police Strategy Studies

Police Patrol Deployment

Broken Windows Theory, Model, & Policing

Community Policing

Problem-Oriented Policing

Targeted Policing

Four Related Strategies


Homeland Security & Policing

Chapter 8: Issues in Policing
External Issues

Internal Issues

PART III: The Courts
Chapter 9: An Introduction to the Courts: History, Structure, and Actors
History of the Courts

Structure of the Courts

Federal Courts

State Courts

Actors: Courtroom workgroup


Chapter 10: The Judicial Process
Arrest/ Booking

The Charging Decision





Juvenile Court Process

Defendants’ Rights

Chapter 11: Issues in the Courts
Issues Stemming from Overcrowding

Issues Related to Court Processes

Legal Issues Related to the Courts

Issues Related to Innovations in the Courts

Chapter 12: An Introduction to Corrections: History, Structure, and Actors
Goals of Punishment

History of Punishment

The Organization of Corrections

Structure of Corrections

Actors Working in Prisons

Chapter 13: Punishing Offenders in Prisons, Jails, and the Community
The Incarceration Experience

The Structure of Probation and Parole

Types of Alternative Sanctions

Chapter 14: Issues in Corrections
General Issues for Prisoners

General Issues for Corrections Employees

Issues Related to Working with Different Types of Offenders

Issues Related to Punishment Strategies

Chapter 15: Current and Future Criminal Justice Issues
International Issues


Technology and Criminal Justice

The Aging of the Criminal Justice System

The Evolution of Criminal Justice Policies



Student Study Site

SAGE edge for Students provides a personalized approach to help students accomplish their coursework goals in an easy-to-use learning environment.

  • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts.
  • Mobile-friendly practice quizzes allow for independent assessment by students of their mastery of course material.
  • A customized online action plan includes tips and feedback on progress through the course and materials, which allows students to individualize their learning experience.
  • Learning objectives reinforce the most important material.
  • Multimedia content includes original SAGE videos that appeal to students with different learning styles.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter is included. 
Instructor Teaching Site

Password-protected Instructor Resources include the following:

SAGE edge for Instructors, supports your teaching by making it easy to integrate quality content and create a rich learning environment for students.

  • Test banks provide a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity to edit any question and/or insert your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • Sample course syllabi for semester and quarter courses provide suggested models for structuring your courses.
  • Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides offer complete flexibility for creating a multimedia presentation for your course.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter is included.
  • Multimedia content includes original SAGE videos that appeal to students with different learning styles.
  • Lecture notes summarize key concepts by chapter to help you prepare for lectures and class discussions.
  • Course cartridge for easy LMS integration is included.

“Contemporary relevancy and good case studies, easy to understand and logically organized, appeals to student interests and modern social issues”

Chris Chaney
Modesto Institute of Technology

“Offer in-depth coverage on many topics”

Marilyn Horace-Moore
Eastern Michigan University

“Stories that are sprinkled throughout to engage students and relate to them while providing them important information”

Jamie Snyder
John C. Calhoun State Community College

“Writing is clear and easy to understand.”

Yuning Wu
Wayne State University

“Excellent pedagogical features that students will find interesting”

Dr. Jennifer Riggs
Eastern New Mexico University

“The text is written in an incredibly clear and accessible manner. [The authors have] a gift for making complex ideas and issues understandable… The supporting pedagogical materials are of excellent quality, the focus on ethics and ‘real’ life positions are also huge factors that I would consider when using this book.”

Christopher Salvatore
Montclair State University

"This textbook bridges empirically based facts born from research with current news and events on issues of crime and justice to make for an accessible, informative resource for students of all levels."

Nancy G. La Vigne, PhD
Director, Justice Policy Center, Urban Institute

"I was very pleased with the content. There are a multitude of issues that impact corrections, perhpas moreso than the other branches of the criminal justice system. I was quite impressive with the extent of the coverage provided here. Issues were addressed in an appropriate manner for an introductory book."

Christopher Salvatore
Montclair State University

"The language used in this text makes it possible for this course to be used by a range of students."

Deborah Barrett
Rowan Cabarrus Community College

Introduction to Criminal Justice: A Balanced Approach is a comprehensive yet multi faceted text providing vital information on the key principles of Corrections. The text provides an excellent examination on the importance and impact of policy in the field of Corrections. Students will get thought provoking examinations of topics ranging from Inmates Rights, Re-entry, Recidivism, Mental Health Issues, and the Death Penalty.

Ashley L. Fundack
PhD Student

Sample Materials & Chapters

Ch. 14: Issues in Corrections

Brian K. Payne

Brian K. Payne received his doctorate in criminology from Indiana University of Pennsylvania in 1993. He is currently the vice provost for academic affairs at Old Dominion University, where he is tenured in the Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice, and the chair of the Hampton Roads Cybersecurity Education, Workforce, and Economic Development Alliance. He is a former editor of the American Journal of Criminal Justice, past president of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences and past president of the Southern Criminal Justice Association. Payne is the author or coauthor of more than 160 journal articles and seven books including... More About Author

Willard Mark Oliver

Willard M. Oliver is a professor of criminal justice at Sam Houston State University in Huntsville, Texas. He holds a doctorate and a master of arts degree in political science from West Virginia University and master of science and bachelor of science degrees from Radford University. He has taught criminal justice for over 20 years, primarily in the area of policing, crime policy, and criminal justice history. He is the author of numerous textbooks, including Community-Oriented Policing, Homeland Security, Homeland Security for Policing, and A History of Crime and Criminal Justice in America. He has published over 50 peer-reviewed journal... More About Author

Nancy E. Marion

Nancy Marion is currently a professor and chair of the Political Science Department at the University of Akron. Her teaching and research interests revolve around the interplay of politics and criminal justice.  She has authored over 30 peer-reviewed journal articles and over 30 books that examine how politics affects criminal justice, and in turn, how criminal justice issues can affect political events, particularly elections. She holds a BA from The Pennsylvania State University in Administration of Justice; an MA in Justice from American University; and MA and PhD in Political Science from the State University of New York at... More About Author

Also available as a South Asia Edition.