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Hate Crimes
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Hate Crimes
Causes, Controls, and Controversies

Second Edition


March 2010 | 368 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Who perpetrates hate crimes and why? How do hate groups recruit members? Why does so much controversy surround hate crime legislation? While hate crimes are becoming a popular area of academic study, many important questions about hate crimes remain unanswered.

Hate Crimes: Causes, Controls, and Controversies addresses the many facets of hate crimes, providing a comprehensive examination of this complex problem. Author Phyllis B. Gerstenfeld explores the causes of prejudice, the history and operation of hate crime legislation, the activities of organized extremist groups, the international manifestations and solutions to hate crimes, and the consequences of hate crimes upon victims and communities. Considering a broad range of issues from a variety of perspectives, this multidisciplinary text includes the latest legal developments and cutting-edge social research.

 
Preface
 
Second Edition Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
1. Introduction
Overview of This book

 
Goals of This book

 
 
2. The Whys and Hows of Hate Crime Laws
Punishing Hate Before Hate Crime Laws

 
Arguments for Having Hate Crime Laws

 
The Birth of Hate Crimes

 
Hate Crime Laws Today

 
Hate Speech

 
NARRATIVE PORTRAIT: THE ADL PERSPECTIVE ON HATE CRIMES

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Internet Exercises

 
 
3. The Hate Debate: Constitutional and Policy Problems
Hate Crime Laws and the Constitution

 
Which Groups Should Be Protected?

 
Identifying and Prosecuting Hate Crimes

 
Paradoxical Effects of Hate Crime Laws

 
NARRATIVE PORTRAIT: PROSECUTING HATE CRIMES

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Internet Exercises

 
 
4. Committing Hate: Who and Why
The Offender Profile

 
The Psychology of Prejudice

 
NARRATIVE PORTRAIT: GROWING UP RACIST, I

 
What Makes a Bigot?

 
NARRATIVE PORTRAIT: GROWING UP RACIST, II

 
Why Do People Join Organized Hate Groups?

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Internet Exercises

 
 
5. Organized Hate
What Is a Hate Group?

 
Hate Group Typologies

 
Major American Hate Groups

 
NARRATIVE PORTRAIT: AT A KLAN RALLY, I

 
Hate Group Ideologies

 
Hate Group Recruitment and Defection

 
Hate Group Activities

 
Women in Organized Hate

 
Conclusion

 
NARRATIVE PORTRAIT: AT A KLAN RALLY, II

 
Discussion Questions

 
Internet Exercises

 
 
6. Hate Crime Victims
Problems in Identifying Hate Crime Victims

 
Official Hate Crime Data

 
Advocacy Group Data

 
Hate Crimes Against African Americans

 
Anti-Semitic Hate Crimes

 
Hate Crimes Against LGBT People

 
NARRATIVE PORTRAIT: A VICTIM'S TESTIMONY

 
Other Victims

 
NARRATIVE PORTRAIT: AFTERMATH OF A MURDER

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Internet Exercises

 
 
7. Fighting Hate
The Psychology of Reducing Prejudice

 
Antihate Groups

 
Government Initiatives for Fighting Hate

 
NARRATIVE PORTRAIT: A MOTHER FIGHTS HATE

 
Other Antihate Approaches

 
Dealing With Hate Crime Offenders

 
Assessing Efforts to Fight Hate

 
Conclusion

 
NARRATIVE PORTRAIT: PORTRAIT OF AN OFFENDER IN TREATMENT

 
Discussion Questions

 
Internet Exercises

 
 
8. Global Hate: International Problems and Solutions
Distinguishing Hate Crimes From Other Events

 
The Narrow Study of Global Hate

 
The Rise of Nationalism and the Radical Right

 
Four Countries' Approaches to Hate Crimes

 
NARRATIVE PORTRAIT: ETHNIC CLEANSING IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA

 
A Global Hate Network

 
Policing Hate Across Borders

 
NARRATIVE PORTRAIT: WHEN HATE LEADS TO GENOCIDE

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Internet Exercises

 
 
9. The Future of Hate
New Research

 
Better Data Collection

 
Law Enforcement Responses

 
Legislation

 
Globalized Hate

 
Fighting Hate

 
 
Appendix A: Selected International Hate Crime Laws
 
Appendix B: Selected Resources on Hate Crimes
 
Appendix C: Film Suggestions
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Internet Exercises

 
 
References
 
Index
 
About the Author

An excellent book looking at the policies and practices being adopted to respond to hate crimes by law enforcement, and the impact this issue has on the criminal justice system.

Miss Frances Jackson
Public Services, Peterborough Regional College
November 2, 2011

Interesting and useful information

Dr Tina Patel
English, Sociology, Politics & History, Salford University
July 15, 2011

A book based on American hate crime but which has commonalities with UK hate crime and therefore is recommomended for our students. The chapters are easy to read and while they refer exclusively to American hate crime incidents they can be easily linked to UK examples.

Dr Tony Chamberlain
Public Services, Duchy College (Cornwall College Group)
July 8, 2011

Best book on the market for this topic. Very diverse and interesting.

Dr Patrick McManimon
Criminal Justice Dept, Kean University
June 27, 2011

poorly written...difficult to apply topics

Dr Dave Evans
Business Computer Tech Div, Pasadena City College
October 20, 2010

Best text for subject

Dr Alexis Miller
Political Sci Crim Just Dept, Northern Kentucky University
March 31, 2010

Sample Materials & Chapters

Ch 3. The Hate Debate

Ch 4. Committing Hate


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Phyllis B. Gerstenfeld

Phyllis B. Gerstenfeld has a BA in psychology from Reed College, an MA and a PhD in psychology from the University of Nebraska–Lincoln, and a JD from the University of Nebraska. She is a professor and chair of Criminal Justice at California State University, Stanislaus, where she has taught a class on hate crimes since 1994. In addition to hate crimes, her research interests include juvenile justice, capital punishment, and psychology and law. More About Author

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ISBN: 9781412980258
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