- What is Geography?: an introduction to the discipline, and a discussion of its organization and basic research approaches, informed by the question 'what difference does it make to think geographically?'
- Foundations of Geography: an examination of geography from Antiquity to the 1950s, with a special focus on human/environment relation.
- Geography 1950-1980: a critical review of the development of geography as a spatial science.
- Paradigms and Revolutions: an analysis of paradigm shifts in geography, introducing students to key debates in the philosophy of science.
- Positivism and its Critics: a detailed discussion of positivism, critical theory, humanistic geography, behavioural geography, and structuralism.
- New Trends and Ideas developing critical responses: structuration theory, realism, post-structuralism, post-modernism, feminism and actor-network theory.
This text explores complex ideas in an intelligible and accessible style. Illustrated throughout with research examples and explanations in text boxes, questions for discussion at the end of each chapter and a concept glossary, this is the essential student companion to the discipline.
|Exploration and the cosmographic tradition|
|A science of synthesis|
|A modeloriented approach|
|Local responses to global processes; deviations from the models in focus|
|An organizational plan of geography|
|A new synthesis?|
|Specialization and pluralism|
|Geography in the ancient world|
|Middle Ages and the Renaissance|
|The philosopher, Immanuel Kant|
|The `classical' period|
|From cosmography to an institutionalized discipline|
|The social anarchists|
|Geomorphology and physiography provide academic respect|
|Environmental determinism and possibilism|
|The French school of regional geography|
|Landscapes and regions|
|Regional studies in Britain|
|Changing job market|
|The development of applied geography|
|A discipline ripe for change|
|The growth of 'spatial science'|
|Critics of the spatial science school|
|The achievements of spatial science|
|Critics of Kuhn|
|Induction, deduction and abduction|
|Changing paradigms in geography?|
|An idiographic or nomothetic science?|
|Absolute and relative space|
|What kind of revolution?|
|A 'critical' revolution?|
|Rerolution or evolution?|
|Positivism and critical theory|
|The development of positivism|
|Principles in positivism|
|Criticisms of positivism|
|Dialectics, Hegel and Marx; breaking down binaries|
|Science as a force transforming society|
|Practical consequences for research|
|Geography and empiricism|
|The positivism of spatial science|
|Behavioural and welfare geography|
|Agency, structures and actor-network theory|
|Gender and feminist geography|
|New tools in geographical research; satellite photos and GIS|
|To unite a vernacular and an academic definition of geography|
New to the Fourth Edition:
All chapters revised and updated
A detailed explanation of key ideas in human geography's post-modernist and post-structuralist 'turns'
Student questions added to the end of each chapter
Reorganisation of the text (in response to teacher comments) to make the historical development more clear throughout the book