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Energizing India

Energizing India
Towards a Resilient and Equitable Energy System

First Edition
  • Suman Bery - Chief Economist, Shell International, The Hague, Netherlands
  • Arunabha Ghosh - PhD, CEO, Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW)
  • Ritu Mathur - PhD, Professor, Department of Energy and Environment, TERI University
  • Subrata Basu - Consultant, Finance and Strategy team, Shell, Bengaluru
  • Karthik Ganesan - Senior Research Associate, Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW), India
  • Rhodri Owen-Jones - Energy Analyst, Corporate Strategy and Planning, Shell

December 2016 | 192 pages | SAGE India

This volume explores opportunities and challenges in articulating and implementing a robust but flexible set of strategies for meeting India’s primary energy needs; making the energy system more resilient, in order to drive India’s economic growth, and more equitable, in order to fulfil the basic energy needs of all citizens in an uncertain future. A range of national scenarios is explored to examine possibilities of fuel and technology substitutions along two time horizons: in some detail until 2030 and also mapping out plausible pathways to 2050.

This volume is the first time a tripartite effort has been undertaken by an IOC (Shell) and two reputed think-tanks (CEEW and TERI) to develop a single narrative on energy choices and related issues in India. It combines Shell’s international and energy-specific know-how with CEEW and TERI’s domestic and broader sustainable development experience. Finally, it is unique in its treatment of the energy sector as a whole in India’s development (focusing on both the technology and policy dimensions), and in its engagement with the world (including diplomatic and security dimensions).


Foreword by Harry Brekelmans, Jamshyd N Godrej and Ajay Mathur
Four impending transitions
India’s energy aspirations
India’s energy choices
Coal, gas and renewables in the primary energy mix
Which transport fuels can India depend on for its growing mobility needs?
A “no-regret” strategy for infrastructure
Articulating a technology trajectory under uncertainty
An integrated energy pricing regime sensitive to the needs of India’s energy-poor
Aligning energy pricing with policy objectives
Relying on overseas assets or global energy markets to deal with volatility in global energy prices
An integrated policy environment
On an energy-intensive industrialization pathway
Climbing the energy ladder
Increased role for renewables
Importing fossil fuels: essential for an industrializing India
Transportation for a growing population
Energy for an urbanizing India
Reducing energy poverty with cleaner fuels
Preparing for a decarbonizing world
Energy consumption and the infrastructure required
Infrastructure and lock-in
Regulating India’s future energy infrastructure
Regulating energy infrastructure through contracts
Putting together the pieces
Natural gas
Domestic manufacturing and research and development
Soft infrastructure
Building human capabilities
Key technologies required for India’s energy system
Coal reserves and production
Oil and gas reserves and production
Conversion technologies
Transmission and distribution
Demand technologies
Why is efficient pricing important?
India a market in transition—the need for efficient energy markets
Efficiency pricing to integrate domestic and international energy supply
Coal pricing in India
Gas pricing
Electricity pricing
Raising energy prices (as only one means) to ensure investment
Managing the transition to higher prices
Reforming energy subsidies
Moving to renewables
Energy conservation and innovative pricing
Upstream hydrocarbon taxation
Seeking energy security, not energy independence
Understanding energy security
Evolving definitions of energy security—more than quantities and prices
Energy security for India
Seeking assured supply
Public, private or both?
Lagging far behind China
An effective strategy?
Seeking safe passage
Ownership of tankers
Cooperating over security threats?
Seeking secure storage
Adequate storage?
Is additional storage the only way?
What institutional best practices?
Seeking international cooperation
Little capacity to be involved in multiple forums
Choosing functional institutions
The need for stable and consistent policies
The licensing regime for exploring hydrocarbons
Rationing domestic national gas
Coal mining
The need for an integrated policy environment
Linking supply to demand
Ensuring energy access
Generating thermal power
Strengthening institutional links
Moving to independent regulation

This book will start a public debate towards developing long-term sustainable policies to strengthen the Indian energy sector.

Suresh Prabhu
Minister of Railways

“This book will start a public debate towards developing long-term sustainable policies to strengthen the Indian energy sector.”

Suresh Prabhu,
Minister of Railways

Suman Bery

Suman Bery is Chief Economist, Shell International, based in The Hague, Netherlands. He assumed this position on 1 February 2012.Mr Bery served as Director-General (Chief Executive) of the National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER), New Delhi, from January 2001 to March 2011. NCAER is one of India’s leading independent policy research institutions. He then served as Country Director-India Central, the International Growth Centre (IGC). The IGC is a research initiative of UK Aid in partnership with the London School of Economics and the University of Oxford. In this capacity he was responsible for setting up the IGC’s New Delhi... More About Author

Arunabha Ghosh

Arunabha Ghosh, PhD, has been CEO of the Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW) since its founding in August 2010. CEEW has been consistently ranked (third year running) as South Asia’s leading policy research institution across several categories. With work experience in 37 countries and having previously worked at Princeton, Oxford, UNDP (New York) and WTO (Geneva), co-author of four books and dozens of research papers and reports, Arunabha advises governments, industry, civil society and international organizations around the world. He is a World Economic Forum Young Global Leader, Asia Society’s Asia 21 Young Leader, and... More About Author

Ritu Mathur

Ritu Mathur, PhD, has been leading the Energy Policy Modelling and Scenario Building activities at TERI over the last two decades and is currently also associated with TERI University as Professor in the Department of Energy and Environment.An economist by training and with a PhD in Energy Science from Kyoto University, Japan, her work largely focuses on addressing policy and regulatory aspects related to the energy sector, examining the potentials and challenges to cleaner energy choices while addressing energy security and development-related considerations of developing countries, cost–benefit analysis and evaluation of synergies and... More About Author

Subrata Basu

Subrata Basu is Consultant in Finance and Strategy team of Shell based in Bengaluru. He has been working in various energy sector companies in India and with Shell for the last 5 years. His areas of interest include energy sector policies, new technology development in the energy sector, energy market strategies for organizations, etc. He has previously worked with organizations such as Larsen & Tubro and PwC in various operational and strategic roles. He has contributed to international and national journals and conferences. In Shell, his current role includes international policy review, internal business and investment planning... More About Author

Karthik Ganesan

Karthik Ganesan is a Senior Research Associate at the Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW), India. As a member of the team at CEEW his research focus includes the development of long-term energy scenarios for India (based on an in-house cost-optimization model) and energy efficiency improvements in the industrial sector in India. Linked to his work in industrial efficiency is his role as the principal investigator in an effort to identify critical mineral resources required for India’s manufacturing sector. He also leads a civil society effort to assess greenhouse gas emissions from the industrial sector to understand the... More About Author

Rhodri Owen-Jones

Rhodri Owen-Jones is an Energy Analyst in Corporate Strategy and Planning, having joined Shell in 2008. In his current position, Rhodri is heavily involved in the quantification and modelling of the Shell New Lens Scenarios, as well as communicating the resulting work to a wider global audience. His work also includes modelling global long-term energy supply and demand, analysing and advising senior leadership on short-term oil and gas market developments as well as managing a joint research project on future Indian energy pathways. He is also Business Advisor to the Executive Vice President of Strategy in the RDS Group. Rhodri has... More About Author

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ISBN: 9789385985232