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Energizing India
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Energizing India
Towards a Resilient and Equitable Energy System

First Edition
  • Suman Bery - Chief Economist, Shell International, The Hague, Netherlands
  • Arunabha Ghosh - PhD, CEO, Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW)
  • Ritu Mathur - PhD, Professor, Department of Energy and Environment, TERI University
  • Subrata Basu - Consultant, Finance and Strategy team, Shell, Bengaluru
  • Karthik Ganesan - Senior Research Associate, Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW), India
  • Rhodri Owen-Jones - Energy Analyst, Corporate Strategy and Planning, Shell


December 2016 | 192 pages | SAGE India

This volume explores opportunities and challenges in articulating and implementing a robust but flexible set of strategies for meeting India’s primary energy needs; making the energy system more resilient, in order to drive India’s economic growth, and more equitable, in order to fulfil the basic energy needs of all citizens in an uncertain future. A range of national scenarios is explored to examine possibilities of fuel and technology substitutions along two time horizons: in some detail until 2030 and also mapping out plausible pathways to 2050.

This volume is the first time a tripartite effort has been undertaken by an IOC (Shell) and two reputed think-tanks (CEEW and TERI) to develop a single narrative on energy choices and related issues in India. It combines Shell’s international and energy-specific know-how with CEEW and TERI’s domestic and broader sustainable development experience. Finally, it is unique in its treatment of the energy sector as a whole in India’s development (focusing on both the technology and policy dimensions), and in its engagement with the world (including diplomatic and security dimensions).

 

 
Foreword by Harry Brekelmans, Jamshyd N Godrej and Ajay Mathur
 
Preface
 
Acknowledgements
 
Overview
 
Four impending transitions
 
India’s energy aspirations
 
India’s energy choices
 
Coal, gas and renewables in the primary energy mix
 
Which transport fuels can India depend on for its growing mobility needs?
 
A “no-regret” strategy for infrastructure
 
Articulating a technology trajectory under uncertainty
 
An integrated energy pricing regime sensitive to the needs of India’s energy-poor
 
Aligning energy pricing with policy objectives
 
Relying on overseas assets or global energy markets to deal with volatility in global energy prices
 
An integrated policy environment
 
INDIA’S ENERGY FUTURE
 
On an energy-intensive industrialization pathway
 
Climbing the energy ladder
 
Increased role for renewables
 
Importing fossil fuels: essential for an industrializing India
 
Transportation for a growing population
 
Energy for an urbanizing India
 
Reducing energy poverty with cleaner fuels
 
Preparing for a decarbonizing world
 
Conclusions
 
INFRASTRUCTURE FOR AN INTEGRATED ENERGY SYSTEM
 
Energy consumption and the infrastructure required
 
Infrastructure and lock-in
 
Regulating India’s future energy infrastructure
 
Laws
 
Regulating energy infrastructure through contracts
 
Putting together the pieces
 
Coal
 
Natural gas
 
Renewables
 
Domestic manufacturing and research and development
 
Soft infrastructure
 
Building human capabilities
 
Financing
 
Conclusions
 
TECHNOLOGY FOR A PRODUCTIVE ENERGY SYSTEM
 
Key technologies required for India’s energy system
 
Coal reserves and production
 
Oil and gas reserves and production
 
Conversion technologies
 
Transmission and distribution
 
Demand technologies
 
Conclusions
 
PRICING FOR AN EFFICIENT ENERGY SYSTEM
 
Why is efficient pricing important?
 
India a market in transition—the need for efficient energy markets
 
Efficiency pricing to integrate domestic and international energy supply
 
Coal pricing in India
 
Gas pricing
 
Electricity pricing
 
Raising energy prices (as only one means) to ensure investment
 
Managing the transition to higher prices
 
Reforming energy subsidies
 
Moving to renewables
 
Energy conservation and innovative pricing
 
Taxation
 
Upstream hydrocarbon taxation
 
INDIA IN GLOBAL ENERGY MARKETS
 
Seeking energy security, not energy independence
 
Understanding energy security
 
Evolving definitions of energy security—more than quantities and prices
 
Energy security for India
 
Seeking assured supply
 
Public, private or both?
 
Lagging far behind China
 
An effective strategy?
 
Seeking safe passage
 
Ownership of tankers
 
Cooperating over security threats?
 
Seeking secure storage
 
Adequate storage?
 
Is additional storage the only way?
 
What institutional best practices?
 
Seeking international cooperation
 
Little capacity to be involved in multiple forums
 
Choosing functional institutions
 
Conclusions
 
POLITICS AND POLICIES FOR A RESILIENT AND EQUITABLE ENERGY SYSTEM
 
The need for stable and consistent policies
 
The licensing regime for exploring hydrocarbons
 
Rationing domestic national gas
 
Coal mining
 
The need for an integrated policy environment
 
Linking supply to demand
 
Ensuring energy access
 
Generating thermal power
 
Strengthening institutional links
 
Moving to independent regulation
 
Conclusion

This book will start a public debate towards developing long-term sustainable policies to strengthen the Indian energy sector.

Suresh Prabhu
Minister of Railways

“This book will start a public debate towards developing long-term sustainable policies to strengthen the Indian energy sector.”

Suresh Prabhu,
Minister of Railways

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Suman Bery

Suman Bery is Chief Economist, Shell International, based in The Hague, Netherlands. He assumed this position on 1 February 2012.Mr Bery served as Director-General (Chief Executive) of the National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER), New Delhi, from January 2001 to March 2011. NCAER is one of India’s leading independent policy research institutions. He then served as Country Director-India Central, the International Growth Centre (IGC). The IGC is a research initiative of UK Aid in partnership with the London School of Economics and the University of Oxford. In this capacity he was responsible for setting up the IGC’s New Delhi... More About Author

Arunabha Ghosh

Arunabha Ghosh, PhD, has been CEO of the Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW) since its founding in August 2010. CEEW has been consistently ranked (third year running) as South Asia’s leading policy research institution across several categories. With work experience in 37 countries and having previously worked at Princeton, Oxford, UNDP (New York) and WTO (Geneva), co-author of four books and dozens of research papers and reports, Arunabha advises governments, industry, civil society and international organizations around the world. He is a World Economic Forum Young Global Leader, Asia Society’s Asia 21 Young Leader, and... More About Author

Ritu Mathur

Ritu Mathur, PhD, has been leading the Energy Policy Modelling and Scenario Building activities at TERI over the last two decades and is currently also associated with TERI University as Professor in the Department of Energy and Environment.An economist by training and with a PhD in Energy Science from Kyoto University, Japan, her work largely focuses on addressing policy and regulatory aspects related to the energy sector, examining the potentials and challenges to cleaner energy choices while addressing energy security and development-related considerations of developing countries, cost–benefit analysis and evaluation of synergies and... More About Author

Subrata Basu

Subrata Basu is Consultant in Finance and Strategy team of Shell based in Bengaluru. He has been working in various energy sector companies in India and with Shell for the last 5 years. His areas of interest include energy sector policies, new technology development in the energy sector, energy market strategies for organizations, etc. He has previously worked with organizations such as Larsen & Tubro and PwC in various operational and strategic roles. He has contributed to international and national journals and conferences. In Shell, his current role includes international policy review, internal business and investment planning... More About Author

Karthik Ganesan

Karthik Ganesan is a Senior Research Associate at the Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW), India. As a member of the team at CEEW his research focus includes the development of long-term energy scenarios for India (based on an in-house cost-optimization model) and energy efficiency improvements in the industrial sector in India. Linked to his work in industrial efficiency is his role as the principal investigator in an effort to identify critical mineral resources required for India’s manufacturing sector. He also leads a civil society effort to assess greenhouse gas emissions from the industrial sector to understand the... More About Author

Rhodri Owen-Jones

Rhodri Owen-Jones is an Energy Analyst in Corporate Strategy and Planning, having joined Shell in 2008. In his current position, Rhodri is heavily involved in the quantification and modelling of the Shell New Lens Scenarios, as well as communicating the resulting work to a wider global audience. His work also includes modelling global long-term energy supply and demand, analysing and advising senior leadership on short-term oil and gas market developments as well as managing a joint research project on future Indian energy pathways. He is also Business Advisor to the Executive Vice President of Strategy in the RDS Group. Rhodri has... More About Author

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ISBN: 9789385985232
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