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Earthquake Spectra

Earthquake Spectra


eISSN: 19448201 | ISSN: 87552930 | Current volume: 36 | Current issue: 1S Frequency: Quarterly
Earthquake Spectra is a leading peer-reviewed journal with the purpose of improving the practice of earthquake hazards mitigation, preparedness, and recovery. Established in 1984, the journal is owned by the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI) and is dedicated to providing the publication of record for the development of earthquake engineering practice, earthquake codes and regulations, earthquake public policy, and earthquake investigation reports.

Earthquake Spectra, the professional peer-reviewed journal of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI), serves as the publication of record for the development of earthquake engineering practice, earthquake codes and regulations, earthquake public policy, and earthquake investigation reports. The journal is published quarterly in both printed and online editions in February, May, August, and November, with additional special edition issues.

EERI established Earthquake Spectra with the purpose of improving the practice of earthquake hazards mitigation, preparedness, and recovery — serving the informational needs of the diverse professionals engaged in earthquake risk reduction: civil, geotechnical, mechanical, and structural engineers; geologists, seismologists, and other earth scientists; architects and city planners; public officials; social scientists; and researchers.

EERI is a non-profit membership organization that connects multidisciplinary professionals dedicated to reducing earthquake risk. EERI members receive full access to Earthquake Spectra, including the benefit of submitting manuscripts without author submission fees. Visit www.eeri.org to learn more about membership benefits, as well to explore the Institute’s many other products and activities.

Earthquake Spectra is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Editor-in-Chief
David Wald U.S. Geological Survey, USA
Editor
Jack W. Baker Stanford University, USA
Ombudsman
Farzad Naeim Farzad Naeim Inc., USA
Publications Coordinator
Vida Samardžic Earthquake Engineering Research Isntitute, USA
Associate Editors
Dominic Assimaki California Institute of Technology, USA
Ivan Au University of Liverpool, UK
Paolo Bazzurro University of Pavia, Italy
Katrin Beyer École Polytechnique Féderale de Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland
Brendon Bradley University of Canterbury, New Zealand
Henry Burton University of California Los Angeles, USA
Carlo Cauzzi ETH Zurich, Switzerland
Louise Comfort University of Pittsburgh, USA
Rachel Davidson University of Delaware, USA
John Douglas University of Strathclyde, UK
Ronald T. Eguchi ImageCat, Inc., USA
Kenneth Elwood University of Auckland, New Zealand
Katsu Goda Western University, Canada
Rakesh Goel California Polytechnic State University, USA
Tara Hutchinson University of California, San Diego, USA
Kishor Jaiswal U.S. Geological Survey, USA
Mervyn J. Kowalsky North Carolina State University, USA
Steven L. Kramer University of Washington, USA
Abbie Liel University of Colorado Boulder, USA
Dimitrios Lignos École Polytechnique Féderale de Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland
Gilberto Mosqueda University of California, San Diego, USA
Michael J. O’Rourke Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA
Mark Petersen U.S. Geological Survey,USA
Santiago Pujol Purdue University, USA
Ellen M Rathje University of Texas, Austin, USA
Elizabeth Reddy Colorado School of Mines, USA
Adrian Rodriguez-Marek Virginia Polytechnic Institute, USA
M. Saiid Saiidi University of Nevada, Reno, USA
Pui-Shum (Benson) Shing University of California, San Diego, USA
Vitor Silva University of Aveiro, Portugal
Peter J Stafford Imperial College, UK
Haluk Sucuoglu Middle East Technical University, Turkey
Ertugrul Taciroglu University of California, Los Angeles, USA
Toru Takeuchi Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan
Harry Yeh Oregon State University, USA
Executive Director
Heidi Tremayne Earthquake Engineering Research Isntitute, USA
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    (Version 2020/08/07)

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/earthquakespectra to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned. Remember you can log in to the submission site at any time to check on the progress of your paper through the peer-review process. 

    1. What do we publish?
      1.1 Aims & Scope
      1.2 Article types
      1.3 Writing your paper
      1.3.1 Make Your article discoverable
    2. Editorial policies
      2.1 Peer review policy
      2.2 Authorship
      2.3 Acknowledgements
      2.3.1 Writing Assistance
      2.4 Funding and Conflicts of Interest
      2.5 Research Data
    3. Publishing policies
      3.1 Publication ethics
      3.1.1 Plagiarism
      3.1.2 Prior Publication
      3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
      3.3 Open Access and Author Archiving
    4. Preparing your manuscript for Submission
      4.1 Formatting
      4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
      4.3 Supplementary material
      4.4 Reference style
      4.5 English language editing services
    5. Submitting your manuscript
      5.1 Cover Letter
      5.2 ORCID
      5.3 Information required for completing your submission
      5.4 Permissions
    6. Acceptance and Publication
      6.1 Submission, page overage, and color print fees
      6.1.1 Submission Fee
      6.1.2 Page Count Overage Fees
      6.1.3 Color Print Fees
      6.2 Page Count Overage Fee calculation sample 
      6.3 SAGE Production
      6.4 Online First publication
      6.5 Preprints
      6.6 Access to your published article
      6.7 Promoting your article
    7. Appealing the Publication Decision
    8. Further information
      8.1 Contact
      8.2 Shipping and claims
      8.2.1 Shipping
      8.2.2 claims
      8.3 Permissions
       

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope

    Before submitting your manuscript to Earthquake Spectra, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.

    Earthquake Spectra is a leading peer-reviewed journal with the purpose of improving the practice of earthquake hazards mitigation, preparedness, and recovery. Established in 1984, the journal is owned by the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI) and is dedicated to providing the publication of record for the development of earthquake engineering practice, earthquake codes and regulations, earthquake public policy, and earthquake investigation reports.

    Earthquake Spectra, the professional peer-reviewed journal of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI), serves as the publication of record for the development of earthquake engineering practice, earthquake codes and regulations, earthquake public policy, and earthquake investigation reports. The journal is published quarterly in both printed and online editions in February, May, August, and November, with additional special edition issues.

    EERI established Earthquake Spectra with the purpose of improving the practice of earthquake hazards mitigation, preparedness, and recovery — serving the informational needs of the diverse professionals engaged in earthquake risk reduction: civil, geotechnical, mechanical, and structural engineers; geologists, seismologists, and other earth scientists; architects and city planners; public officials; social scientists; and researchers.

    EERI is a non-profit membership organization that connects multidisciplinary professionals dedicated to reducing earthquake risk. EERI members receive full access to Earthquake Spectra, including the benefit of submitting manuscripts without author submission fees. Visit www.eeri.org to learn more about membership benefits, as well as to explore the Institute’s many other products and activities.
     

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    1.2 Article Types

    Manuscripts published in Earthquake Spectra are contributed and solicited Technical Papers, Opinion Papers, Data Papers, Earthquake Engineering Practice Papers, Discussions, and Response to Discussions. Each type of manuscript is subject to rigorous peer review.

    Research Papers comprise the bulk of submitted and published manuscripts; these are full-length papers presenting original research results. 

    Opinion Papers provide a forum for timely presentation and discussion of questions, problems, or topics based on technically sound observation, experience, or judgment for which proof or supporting research may not be available. 

    Data Papers are concisely written articles that describe data/datasets that are of interest to the earthquake engineering community. Earthquake Data papers serve the earthquake community by:

    • Publicizing important datasets,
    • Describing critical details regarding a dataset and its generation, and
    • Providing a venue to publish a peer-reviewed article documenting and publicizing the archived data set, which serves as a permanent contribution to the profession.

     The described dataset may be associated with laboratory or field experiments, may represent a collection of data from multiple sources, or may represent other data types relevant to earthquake engineering (e.g., social science data, numerical simulation data).  The Data Paper should describe the significance of the data and its potential for re-use by the earthquake community. It must describe the experimental set up, data collection, and data processing in a detailed manner such that potential users of the data can understand it without the need to contact the authors.  Interpretation of the data is beyond the scope of a Data Paper.

    The described dataset must be publicly available in a data repository and must have an assigned Digital Object Identifier (DOI). A link to the dataset via the DOI must be included within the reference list of the paper. The choice of the data repository for publication is up to the authors, but one relevant repository is DesignSafe (https://www.designsafe-ci.org/) of the Natural Hazards Engineering Research Infrastructure (NHERI) supported by the National Science Foundation. Through DesignSafe, authors can store, curate, archive, and formally publish data on the Data Depot and receive a persistent DOI.  Other examples of general data repositories include Zenodo, Dryad, Figshare, Open Science Framework, Harvard Dataverse, and Hydroshare.

    Earthquake Engineering Practice Papers present original findings that are immediately useful to practicing engineers. Possible topics include but are not limited to: 

    • Engineering and construction case studies
    • Simplified techniques and design tips
    • State-of-the-practice reports
    • Novel and practical applications of performance-based engineering methods 4
    • Comparative or critical reviews of various seismic code provisions
    • Issues and tips related to application of commonly used engineering software
    • Proper and improper enginerring details and assumption
    • Comparative study of various seismic analysis techniques and the impact of selected methods on the final product
    • Committee and organization reports and summaries that may substantially affect engineering practice
    • Legal and ethical issues affecting engineering practice Earthquake Engineering Practice

    Authors must select one of the above types and specify the type in their Cover Letter accompanying the paper. Other manuscripts that are occasionally published in Earthquake Spectra include book reviews and the EERI Distinguished Lecture.

    Discussions and Response to Discussions provide commentary on previously published papers in Earthquake Spectra. Authors of discussed papers are given a preprint of any Discussion paper and are provided with an opportunity to respond. 

    The target page limit for Technical Papers, Opinion, Earthquake Engineering Practice Papers, and Data Papers is 18 journal pages, and this includes the text, references, and any figures or tables. For papers longer than 19 journal pages page overage charges will be applied. For papers longer than 30 journal pages, authors must include a statement in the Cover Letter explaining the need for the added length. 
     

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    1.3 Writing your paper

    The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice on how to get published, plus links to further resources.

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    1.3.1 Make your article discoverable

    For information and guidance on how to make your article more discoverable, visit the SAGE Author Gateway page on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online

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    2. Editorial policies 

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights to the work, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyrighted work not owned by you, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere. 

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Earthquake Spectra will be reviewed. 

    Please see our guidelines on prior publication and note that Earthquake Spectra may accept submissions of papers that have been posted on preprint servers; please alert the Editorial Office by listing details in the Cover Letter and including the DOI for the preprint in the designated field in the manuscript submission system. 

    Authors should not post an updated version of their paper on the preprint server while it is being peer-reviewed for possible publication in the journal. If your paper is accepted, you must include a link on any existing preprint to the final version of your paper..

    2.1 Peer review policy

    The Earthquake Spectra Editor-in-Chief assigns each manuscript to an Associate Editor, usually a member of the Editorial Board, who in turn identifies three reviewers for the manuscript. Manuscripts are reviewed for their compatibility with the acceptance criteria described above, technical quality, clarity of expression, and grammar. When the reviews are received, the Associate Editor evaluates the reviews and submits a publication recommendation to the Editor. The Editor evaluates the recommendation and reviews, and then informs the manuscript’s corresponding author of the publication decision and the reviewers’ comments. Manuscripts will receive one of the following decisions: Accept, no revisions; Revise for Editor only; Revise for re-review; Reject.

    Manuscripts requiring revision must be revised and resubmitted to the Editor with a reconciliation document that summarizes the response to each review comment. Authors bear the sole responsibility for adequately responding to suggested revisions, for ensuring the accuracy of the final manuscript, and for ensuring high-quality writing standards. The Editor may return manuscripts requiring substantial revision to the Associate Editor and reviewers for consideration.

    Earthquake Spectra operates a conventional single-blind reviewing policy in which the reviewer’s name is always concealed from the submitting author.

    Earthquake Spectra is committed to delivering high quality, fast peer-review for your paper, and as such has partnered with Publons. Publons is a third party service that seeks to track, verify and give credit for peer review. Reviewers for Earthquake Spectra can opt into Publons in order to claim their reviews or have them automatically verified and added to their reviewer profile. Reviewers claiming credit for their review will be associated with the relevant journal, but the article name, reviewer’s decision and the content of their review is not published on the site. For more information visit the Publons website.   

    The Editor or members of the Editorial Board may occasionally submit their own manuscripts for possible publication in the journal. In these cases, the peer review process will be managed by alternative members of the Board and the submitting Editor/Board member will have no involvement in the decision-making process.

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    2.2 Authorship

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors. 
    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

    I - made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data,
    II - drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
    III - approved the version to be published, 
    IV - each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship. 

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.

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    2.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support. 
    Any acknowledgments should appear first at the end of your article, following any Data and Resources section, and prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.

    2.3.1 Third party submissions

    Where an individual who is not listed as an author submits a manuscript on behalf of the author(s), a statement must be included in the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript and in the accompanying cover letter. The statements must:

    •    Disclose this type of editorial assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input 
    •    Identify any entities that paid for this assistance 
    •    Confirm that the listed authors have authorized the submission of their manuscript via third party and approved any statements or declarations, e.g. conflicting interests, funding, etc.

    Where appropriate, SAGE reserves the right to deny consideration to manuscripts submitted by a third party rather than by the authors themselves.

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    2.3.2 Writing assistance

    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company, and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose the use of language polishing services.

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    2.4 Funding and Conflicts of Interest

    Earthquake Spectra requires all authors to acknowledge their funding and any conflicts of interest in a consistent fashion in the Acknowledgements section.  

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    2.5 Research Data

    SAGE is committed to facilitating openness, transparency, and reproducibility of research. Where relevant, Earthquake Spectra encourages authors to share their research data in a suitable public repository,  such as Design Safe, and to add a data accessibility statement in their manuscript file. The use and source of any proprietary data used must be acknowledged. Authors should also follow data citation principles and document sources of data in a Data and Resources section that follows the Conclusions. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway, which includes information about SAGE’s partnership with the data repository Figshare. 

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    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record and encourages authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

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    3.1.1 Plagiarism

    Earthquake Spectra and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles will be routinely checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgment, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

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    3.1.2 Prior publication

    If the material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. For example, theses or conference proceedings papers. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    If any content of your submission is already online or published, the nature and extent of the overlap must be specified in the authors Cover Letter (see 5.1).

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    3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive license agreement which means that the author retains the copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and license to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case, copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway.

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    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    Authors of papers accepted for publication in Earthquake Spectra may select the option of publishing the paper on an open-access basis in the online edition of the Journal in exchange for a $3000 fee, such as through SAGE’s ‘SAGE Choice’ program. SAGE will be responsible for securing an agreement with the contributor documenting the terms of such publication and for collecting the related publication fee (‘Article Processing Charge’), which shall be collected as a pre-condition of publication. Please note that this fee is in addition to Page Overage Fees which are charged by Earthquake Engineering Research Institute.

    For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

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    4. Preparing your manuscript for submission

    Earthquake Spectra doesn't follow the default Manuscript Submission Guidelines for SAGE as visible on the Author Gateway.  Clarifications and items of particular importance to Earthquake Spectra are included below.

    4.1 Formatting

    The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. (La)Tex templates are available on Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway, but please follow the instructions from Summary of Format Guidelines with examples.

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    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    Earthquake Spectra standards require that all figures are easily readable in print and online. For that purpose, please make sure that each figure should take about half a page in size. For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures, and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines. For faster processing and publishing please include your figures both embedded into your text file and as individual uploads. Please ensure that all individual figure files are submitted in high quality as separate files in initial submission and use low resolution for Main Document.

    Figures supplied in color will appear in color online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in color in the printed version. For specifically requested color reproduction in print please see section 6.

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    4.3 Supplementary material

    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images, etc) alongside the full-text of the article. Please note that the supplemental materials will not be copy-edited. For more information please refer Section 2.5 (Research  Data) above or to SAGE’s guidelines on submitting supplemental files as appropriate.

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    4.4 Reference style

    Earthquake Spectra adheres to the SAGE Harvard reference style. View the SAGE Harvard guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    If you use EndNote to manage references, you can download the SAGE Harvard EndNote output file. 

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    4.5 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information. 

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    5. Submitting your Manuscript

    Earthquake Spectra is hosted on SAGE Track, a web-based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/earthquakespectra to login and submit your article online.  IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.  For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

    5.1 Cover Letter

    Your submission must include a Cover Letter stating:

    I -  that the content is original, or in what form and to what degree it has been previously published (some latitude is afforded to theses, proceedings, or reports that are not widely distributed as long as any such overlap is clearly stated,  
    II - any issues that the Editor should be made aware of, including potential conflicts of interest, previous submissions of a similar or the same manuscript to another journal, or other concerns,  
    III -  and the type of manuscript you are submitting, if not a technical paper.

    IV-  justification for papers longer than 30 journal pages. 

     

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    5.2 ORCID

    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized. 

    The collection of ORCID IDs from corresponding authors is now a recommended part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID ID you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign in to your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID ID will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID ID is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID ID please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

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    5.3 Information required for completing your submission

    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author and assign the order number to each author as it is in the manuscript. These details must match what appears in your manuscript. The affiliation listed in the manuscript should be the institution where the research was conducted. If an author has moved to a new institution since completing the research, the new affiliation can be included in a manuscript note at the end of the paper. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

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    5.4 Permissions

    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

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    6. Acceptance and Publication 

    6.1 Submission, page overage, and color print fees

    Earthquake Spectra charges the following fees for accepted manuscripts. Papers will not be passed into the production stage until all fees are paid in full. Earthquake Spectra publications coordinator will be issuing submission fee invoices as soon as possible after the acceptance of the paper. All payments will be processed by EERI.

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    6.1.1 Submission Fee

    If the First Author is not an EERI member, the Submission Fee is $350. There is no submission fee for current EERI members who have paid their annual dues. To join EERI, visit www.eeri.org/join.  

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    6.1.2 Page Count Overage Fees

    The overage charge is based upon the estimated number of final formatted journal pages, as calculated by the Earthquake Spectra Editorial staff, not the authors.  A conversion calculation uses the length and quantity of the author-submitted manuscript files for the accepted paper to estimate the number of formatted Earthquake Spectra pages once published.  

    If the approved manuscript has figures/tables embedded into the document, the file length is multiplied by 0.675 to yield estimated the number of formatted journal pages.  If the approved manuscript does not contain figures or tables, the length of the document is multiplied by 0.675 and an estimated number of formatted pages are added to that number based on 0.5 pages per figure or table, to yield a total number of formatted journal pages. 

    The estimated number of formatted journal pages are rounded up to the nearest whole page.  A sample of this calculation is in the section below for reference. Authors are encouraged to use the current Earthquake Spectra manuscript formatting summary which will ensure the most accurate page estimation for fee pricing purposes. 

    Earthquake Spectra charges the following fees:
    ●   If the estimated number of formatted journal pages is 19 pages or fewer, no page count overage fees will be charged.
    ●   If the estimated number of print ready formatted journal pages is between 20-24 pages there will be a flat page count overage fee of $300.
    ●    If the estimated number of formatted journal pages is between 25-30 pages there will be a flat page count overage fee of $800.
    ●    If the estimated number of formatted journal pages is 31 pages or more, the paper will require justification and Editor’s approval (as described above).  Additionally, it will be charged a flat rate of $800 plus $150 for each page over 30.

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    6.1.3 Color Print Fees

    Earthquake Spectra charges $50 for each figure to be printed in color, if the First Author is not an EERI member. If the First Author is an EERI member the color charge per figure will be $25. 

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    6.2 Page Count Overage Fee calculation sample

    Sample Calculations for a submitted and approved manuscript in Word with Embedded figures/tables: 
    36 page word manuscript  x 0.675 = TOTAL pages =25 ⇒ FEE CHARGED is $800
    33 page word manuscript  x 0.675 = TOTAL pages =23 ⇒ FEE CHARGED is $300
    30 page word manuscript  x 0.675 = TOTAL pages =21 ⇒ FEE CHARGED is $300
    23 page word manuscript  x 0.675 = TOTAL pages =16 ⇒ NO FEE CHARGED
     

    ​​​​​​Sample Calculation for an approved manuscript that does not contain embedded figures/tables into the submitted 23-page Word document (this word document contains only text) and submits 12 individual images, one for each figure or table that will be compiled into the final formatted version during the production process: 

    23 page text-only word manuscript  x 0.675 = 16
     + 
    12 figures/tables x 0.5 = 6 
    TOTAL pages= 22 pages ⇒ FEE CHARGED is $300

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    6.3 SAGE Production

    A SAGE Production Editor will be assigned to each paper once it is accepted and begins the production process that includes various steps such as copyediting, typesetting, layout, web-posting, compilation into the final issue, and printing. 

    Your SAGE Production Editor, who is different from the Earthquake Spectra Publications Coordinator,  will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be made available to the corresponding author via our editing portal SAGE Edit or by email, and corrections should be made and sent to SAGE Production promptly.

    Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorizing the change.
     

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    6.4 OnlineFirst publication

     

    Online First allows final articles (accepted and copyedited articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the SAGE Journals OnlineFirst help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

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    6.5 Preprints

    Due to the efficiencies and speed of the Online First publication model with SAGE, Earthquake Spectra no longer publishes an online preprint version of approved manuscripts in their submitted and unformatted state.

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    6.6 Access to your published article

    SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article, not printed copies.

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    6.7 Promoting your article

    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice.  

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    7. Appealing the Publication Decision

    Editors have very broad discretion in determining whether an article is an appropriate fit for their journal. Many manuscripts are declined with a very general statement of the rejection decision. These decisions are not eligible for formal appeal unless the author believes the decision to reject the manuscript was based on an error in the review of the article, in which case the author may appeal the decision by providing the Editor with a detailed written description of the error they believe occurred.
     
    The Earthquake Spectra Editorial Board includes an Ombudsperson whose role it is to referee when authors are concerned about the editorial process. The Ombudsperson will be brought in as deemed appropriate by the Editor or Managing Editor.  
     
    If an author believes the decision regarding their manuscript was affected by a publication ethics breach, the author may contact the publisher with a detailed written description of their concern, and information supporting the concern, at publication_ethics@sagepub.com 
     
    This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics.

    This Journal recommends that authors follow the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).

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    8. Further Information

    8.1 Contact

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Earthquake Spectra editorial office as follows: 
     
    Earthquake Spectra Editorial Office
    Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI)
    spectra@eeri.org 

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    8.2 Shipping and claims

    8.2.1 Shipping

    Books are sent by second class mail and should be delivered between 3 and 21 working days from the date of dispatch, depending upon your location.

    • 2-5 Days           United Kingdom
    • 5-8 Days           Central Europe
    • 7-15 Days         Eastern Europe / Middle East / Northern Africa
    • 15-21 Days       Southern Africa / Asia

    8.2.2 Claims

    Please note the claim period is 6 months from each Issue.

    If you are a SAGE subscriber and your hard copy of Earthquake Spectra has not arrived in the expected time frame as above please email orders@sagepub.co.uk

    If you are an EERI member and your hard copy of Earthquake Spectra has not arrived in the expected time frame as above please email spectra@eeri.org 

     

    8.3 Permissions
    To gain permission for an article published after 1st January 2020, please follow the ‘Request Permission’ hyperlink on the individual article. If the article was published before 1st January 2020, please contact: PermissionsUK@sagepub.com. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

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