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Doing Justice, Doing Gender
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Doing Justice, Doing Gender
Women in Legal and Criminal Justice Occupations

Second Edition


October 2006 | 296 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
'Martin and Jurik provide a clear body of evidence illuminating the gendered nature of criminal justice occupations. Of the multitude of feminist works on this topic, this is one of the best analyses available.'ùCRIMINAL JUSTICE REVIEWDoing Justice, Doing Gender: Women in Legal and Criminal Justice Occupations is a highly readable, sociologically grounded analysis of women working in traditionally male dominant justice occupations of law, policing, and corrections. This Second Edition represents not only a thorough update of research on women in these fields, but a careful reconsideration of changes in justice organizations and occupations and their impact on womenÆs justice work roles over the past 40 years. New to the Second Edition:áá Introduces a wider range of workplace diversity and experiences: An expanded sociological theoretical framework grasps the interplay of gender, race, ethnicity, and sexual orientation in understanding workplace identities and inequities. Provides a better understanding of the centrality of gender issues to understanding the legal and criminal justice system in general: This edition further connects womenÆs work experiences to social trends and consequent changes in legal system and in criminal justice agencies. Offers a more international perspective: More material is included on women lawyers, police, and correctional officers in countries outside the U.S. Intended Audience:áá This is an excellent supplemental text for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses such as Gender &BAD:amp; Work; Women and Work; Sociology of Work and Occupations; Women and the Criminal Justice System; and Gender Justice in the departments of Sociology, Criminal Justice, WomenÆs Studies, and Social Work.
 
List of Tables
 
Acknowledgments
 
1. Introduction: Changes in Criminal Justice, Occupations, and Women in the Workplace
The CJS: Mission, Processes, and Workforce

 
Historical Context of Women in Justice Occupations

 
Legal Changes

 
Systemic Reforms and Expanded Opportunities for Women

 
Women and Today's Justice Occupations

 
Contents of the Second Edition of This Book

 
A Note on Perspective and Terminology

 
Endnotes

 
 
2. Explanations for Gender Inequality in the Workplace
Categorical Approaches to Gender Inequality at Work

 
Challenging Gender Dichotomies: Gender as Process

 
Our Approach: The Social Construction of Gender in the Workplace

 
Doing Gender in Work Organizations

 
Summary

 
Endnotes

 
 
3. The Nature of Police Work and Women's Entry Into Law Enforcement
An Historical Overview: From Matron to Chief

 
The Increasing Representation of Women in Police Work

 
The Nature of Policing: Scope of Work and Occupational Culture

 
The Police Culture and Men's Opposition to Women Officers

 
Barriers to Women Officers: Interaction, Ideology, and Images

 
Summary

 
Endnotes

 
 
4. Women Officers Encountering the Gendered Police Organization
Gendered Organizational Logic: Policies and Practices

 
Doing Gender on the Street: Dilemmas of Police-Citizen Encounters

 
Women's Response: Adaptations, Costs, and Survival Strategies

 
Summary

 
Endnotes

 
 
5. Women Entering the Legal Profession: Change and Resistance
Historical Overview: Barriers to Women in Law Before 1970

 
Changing Laws and Job Queues: Opening Legal Practice to Women

 
Lawyers' Jobs, Specialties, and the Division of Legal Labor

 
Gendered Legal Occupational Culture and Barriers to Women

 
Summary

 
Endnotes

 
 
6. The Organizational Logic of the Gendered Legal World and Women Lawyers' Response
Gender Bias in Law School and Its Impact on the Learning Environment

 
Gender Bias in the Firm, Office, and Agency

 
The Impact of Gender Bias on Women Attorneys in Court and Beyond

 
Organizational Logic and Limiting Opportunity Structures

 
Women's Responses to Gender Bias: Adaptation and Innovation

 
Summary

 
Endnotes

 
 
7. Women in Corrections: Advancement and Resistance
History of Women in Corrections: 1860s to 1960s

 
Social Change and Changing Queues for Women COs in the 1970s

 
Women's Movement Into CO Jobs in Men's Prisons: 1970s to Present

 
Characteristics of Women COs in Men's Prisons

 
CO Jobs as a Resource for Doing Gender

 
Sites of Struggle: Gendered Interactions, Gendered Identities

 
Summary

 
 
8. Gendered Organizational Logic and Women CO Response
Gendered, Racialized, Sexualized, and Embodied Prison Organizations

 
Social Context and the Shifting Organizational Logic of Corrections

 
Prison Organizational Logic and Women's Careers

 
Women's Performance: Adaptation and Innovation

 
Summary

 
 
9. Doing Justice, Doing Gender Today and Tomorrow: Occupations, Organizations, and Change
Our Theoretical Approach: A Recap

 
Comparison of Opportunities, Barriers, and Women's Responses

 
Do Women Make a Difference?

 
Building Feminist Theory and Policy

 
 
References
 
List of Cases Cited
 
Index
 
About the Authors

"Martin and Jurik provide a clear body of evidence illuminating the gendered nature of criminal justice occupations.  Of the multitude of feminist works on this topic, this is one of the best analyses available."

CRIMINAL JUSTICE REVIEW

Sue Carter Collins
Georgia State University

I am not going to use this text for the Spring 2015 semester; however, I may still use it for the Fall 2015 semester.

Mrs Amanda Thomas
Law Police Science Dept, John Jay Clg Of Criminal Just
January 20, 2015

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 1

chapter 3

Chapter 5


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Susan Ehrlich Martin

Susan Ehrlich Martin recently retired from government after 15 years as a program director at the National Institute on Drug Abuse and the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Prior to that, she directed several research studies at the Police Foundation and the National Research Council. Her previous and continuing research interests focus on women's problems as workers, victims, and substance abusers. Her other books include Breaking and Entering: Police Women on Patrol (University of California Press, 1980) and On the Move: The Status of Women in Policing (Police Foundation, 1990). More About Author

Nancy Jurik

Nancy Jurik is a sociologist and professor in the School of Justice & Social Inquiry at Arizona State University.  She has published research articles in the areas of gender and work, professionalization, changing workplace organizations, self-employment, and economic development programs. She has also published Bootstrap Dreams: U.S. Microenterprise Development in an Era of Welfare Reform (Cornell University Press, 2005). More About Author

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