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Discovering Statistics Using IBM SPSS Statistics

Discovering Statistics Using IBM SPSS Statistics

Fourth Edition
Additional resources:

February 2013 | 952 pages | SAGE Publications Ltd

Lecturers/instructors - request a free digital inspection copy here

With a little help from his weird band of characters the Fourth Edition of the award-winning book continues, with its unique blend of humour and collection of bizarre examples, to bring statistics - from first principles to advanced concepts - well and truly to life using IBM SPSS Statistics.

Lecturers: with WebAssign® you can manage and monitor your students' progress quickly and easily online or give them more opportunities to practise! 
Ideal for short courses, choose to use WebAssign® alongside the Fourth Edition of Andy Field's textbook to quickly set up courses and schedule assignments (using the  2159 questions available) and track individual performance so you can spot in an instant where more instruction or practice is needed. If not using for fomal assessment, WebAssign® still lets you set questions for your students to practise over and over again. They get instant feedback and also links to the relevant chapter or section in the integral ebook to help them work out the correct solution.

For more information on how to integrate WebAssign® into a forthcoming course or to arrange a class test please contact your local SAGE representative for more details. (Students please note: access to WebAssign® is dependent not only on the purchase of a student access code (ISBN: 9781446273043) but also a username, institution code and password supplied by your course leader/instructor).

SAGE MobileStudy - study where and when you like
Scan any QR code within the book to access revision material on a smartphone or tablet such as Cramming Sam's Study tips, flashcard glossaries, interactive multiple choice questionnaires and more. Click here to take a look (if you're accessing the site from a desktop you'll be taken to the Companion Website instead; look out for the MobileStudy icon to show you which pages are also available on the MobileStudy site).

See how Andy's book is changing the landscape for textbooks through the use of technology!

Support materials for a wide range of disciplines
Education and Sport Sciences lecturer support materials with enhanced ones for Psychology, Business and Management and the Health Sciences on the enhanced Companion Website make the book even more relevant to a wider range of subjects across the social sciences and where statistics is taught to a cross-disciplinary audience.

Other major new updates include:

  • Now fully compatible with recent IBM SPSS Statistics releases.
  • Two new characters! Statistical cult leader Oditi provides students with access to video clips via his Lantern to help further understanding of statistical/SPSS concepts, while Confusius helps students to make better sense of statistical terms.
  • The enhanced Companion Website offers plenty of lecturer and student material to use in conjunction with the textbook. These include PowerPoints and subject-specific testbanks for lecturers as well as answers to the Smart Alex tasks at the end of the each chapter; datafiles for testing problems in SPSS; flashcards of key concepts; self-assessment multiple-choice questions; and online videos of key statistical and SPSS procedures discussed in the textbook for students.

Video Links

Available with Perusall—an eBook that makes it easier to prepare for class
Perusall is an award-winning eBook platform featuring social annotation tools that allow students and instructors to collaboratively mark up and discuss their SAGE textbook. Backed by research and supported by technological innovations developed at Harvard University, this process of learning through collaborative annotation keeps your students engaged and makes teaching easier and more effective. Learn more.

Why Is My Evil Lecturer Forcing Me to Learn Statistics?
What Will This Chapter Tell Me?
What The Hell Am I Doing Here? I Don't Belong Here
Initial Observation: Finding Something That Needs Explaining
Generating Theories And Testing Them
Collect Data to Test Your Theory
Analyzing Data
Reporting Data
Everything You Never Wanted to Know about Statistics
What Will This Chapter Tell Me?
Building Statistical Models
Populations And Samples
Statistical Models
Going Beyond The Data
Using Statistical Models To Test Research Questions
Modern Approaches toTheory Testing
Reporting Statistical Models
The IBM SPSS Statistics Environment
What Will This Chapter Tell Me?
Versions Of IBM SPSS Statistics
Windows versus MacOS
Getting Started
The Data Editor
Importing Data
The SPSS Viewer
Exporting SPSS Output
The Syntax Editor
Saving Files
Retrieving A File
Exploring Data with Graphs
What Will This Chapter Tell Me?
The Art Of Presenting Data
The SPSS Chart Builder
Boxplots (Box-Whisker Diagrams)
Graphing Means: Bar Charts And Error Bars
Line Charts
Graphing Relationships: The Scatterplot
Editing Graphs
The Best of Bias
What Will This Chapter Tell Me?
What is Bias?
Spotting Bias
Reducing Bias
Non-parametric Models
What Will This Chapter Tell Me?
When to Use Non-parametric Tests
General Procedure on Non-parametric Tests in SPSS
Comparing Teo Independent Conditions: The Wilcox Rank-sum Test and Mann-Whitney Test
Comparing Two Related Conditions: the Wilcoxon Signed-rank Test
Differences Between Several Independent Groups: The Kruskal-Wallis Test
Differences Between Several Related Groups: Friedman's ANOVA
What Will This Chapter Tell Me?
Modelling Relationships
Data Entry For Correlation Analysis Using SPSS
Bivariate Correlation
Partial Correlation
Comparing Correlations
Calculating The Effect Size
How To Report Correlation Coefficents
What Will This Chapter Tell Me?
An Introduction To Regression
Bias in Regression Models?
Regression Using SPSS: One Predictor
Multiple Regression
Regression With Several Predictors Using SPSS
Interpreting Multiple Regression
Comparing Two Means
What Will This Chapter Tell Me?
Looking at Differences
The t-test
Assumptions of the t-test
The Independent t-test Using SPSS
Paired-samples t-test Using SPSS
Between Groups or Repeated Measures
What is I Violate the Test Assumptions
Moderation, Mediation and More Regression
What Will This Chapter Tell Me?
Installing Custom Dialog Boxes in SPSS
Moderation: Interactions in Regression
Categorical Predictors in Regression
Comparing Several Means: ANOVA (GLM 1)
What Will This Chapter Tell Me?
The Theory Behind Anova
Assumptions of Anova
Planned Contrasts
Post hoc Procedures
Running One-way Anova in SPSS
Output From One-way Anova
Calculating the Effect Size
Reporting Results From One-way Independent Anova
Analysis of Covariance, ANCOVA (GLM 2)
What Will This Chapter Tell Me?
Assumptions And Issues In ANCOVA
Conducting ANCOVA in SPSS
Interpreting the Output From ANCOVA
Testing The Assumption Of Homogeneity Of Regression Slopes
Calculating The Effect Size
Reporting Results
Factorial ANOVA (GLM 3)
What Will This Chapter Tell Me?
Theory Of Factorial ANOVA (Independent Designs)
Assumptions of Factorial ANOVA
Factorial ANOVA using SPSS
Output From Factorial ANOVA
Interpreting Interaction Graphs
Calculating Effect Sizes
Reporting The Results Of Two-Way ANOVA
Repeated-Measures Designs (GLM 4)
What Will This Chapter Tell Me?
Introduction To Repeated Measures Designs
Theory Of One-Way Repeated-Measures ANOVA
Assumptions in Repeated-Measures ANOVA
One-Way Repeated Measures ANOVA Using SPSS
Output For One-Way Repeated-Measures ANOVA
Effect Sizes For Repeated-Measures ANOVA
Reporting One-Way Repeated-Measures ANOVA
Factorial Repeated-Measures Designs
Output For Factorial Repeated-Measures ANOVA
Effect Sizes For Factorial Repeated-Measures ANOVA
Reporting The Results From Factorial Repeated-Measures ANOVA
Mixed Design ANOVA (GLM 5)
What Will This Chapter Tell Me?
Mixed Designs
Assumptions in Mixed Designs
What Do Men And Women Look For In A Partner?
Output For Mixed Factorial ANOVA
Calculating Effect Sizes
Reporting The Results Of Mixed ANOVA
Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA)
What Will This Chapter Tell Me?
When To Use MANOVA
Theory Of MANOVA
Practical Issues When Conducting MANOVA
Output From MANOVA
Reporting Results From MANOVA
Following Up MANOVA With Discriminant Analysis
Output From The Discriminant Analysis
Reporting Results From from Discriminant Analysis
The Final Interpretation
Exploratory Factor Analysis
What Will This Chapter Tell Me?
When To Use Factor Analysis
Factors and Components
Discovering Factors
Research Example
Running The Analysis
Interpreting Output From SPSS
How To Report Factor Analysis
Reliability Analysis
How To Report Reliability Analysis
Categorical Data
What Will This Chapter Tell Me?
Analysing Categorical Data
Theory Of Analysing Categorical Data
Assumptions When Analysing Categorical Data
Doing Chi-Square in SPSS
Log-Linear Analysis Using SPSS
Effect Sizes In Loglinear Analysis
Reporting The Results Of Loglinear Analysis
Logistic Regression
What Will This Chapter Tell Me?
Background to Logistic Regression
What are the Principles Behind Logistic Regression?
Sources of Bias and Common Problems
Binary Logistic Regression: An Example That Will Make You Feel Eel
Interpreting Logistic Regression
How to Report Logistic Regression
Testing Assumptions: Another Example
Predicting Several Categories: Multinominal Logistic Regression
Multilevel Linear Models
What Will This Chapter Tell Me?
Hierarchical Data
Theory Of Multilevel Linear Models
The Multilevel Model
Some Practical Issues
Multilevel Modelling Using SPSS
Growth Models
How To Report A Multilevel Model
A Message From The Octopus of Inescapable Despair
Nice Emails
Everybody Thinks I'm A Statistician
Craziness on a Grand Scale


Companion Website

The enhanced companion website features, for lecturers:

  • Powerpoints
  • Subject-specific testbanks

And for students:

  • Answers to Smart Alex tasks
  • Datafiles
  • Flashcards
  • Self-assessment multiple-choice questions
  • Online videos of key statistical and SPSS procedures
Please note: if you're accessing the site from a desktop you'll be taken to the Companion Website instead; look out for the MobileStudy icon to show you which pages are also available on the MobileStudy site

This book cover the adequate range of techniques in a sufficient level of detail and allows variation in the depth with which the students review the materials.

Dr Joost Dessing
School of Psychology, Queen's University Belfast
December 6, 2016

This book makes it easier for students and researchers to understand the many applications of statistics in social science. I found that the content of the book was explained in a straightforward, simple, accessible manner, with some rather amusing 'real-life' examples to illustrate the points being made by the author. Furthermore, the author explains in greater detail what the statistics is, why we use it, what the estimation is and all of this is done by providing a step-by-step approach.

Overall, this book is definitely an essential book that should be adopted by Universities as the contents map perfectly onto essential statistical knowledge most social sciences students need to learn in their first years.

Dr Halley Pontes
Psychology, Nottingham Trent University
December 6, 2016

An excellent and comprehensive overview of statistics and how to use SPSS.

I would highly recommend to any students using quantitative methods. From beginner to more advanced, there is something here for everyone.

Mr David Nelson
School of Health & Social Care, Lincoln University
November 24, 2016

Really great book for students at all levels. I recommend it for my class in experimental psychology (Emiriepraktikum) and students working on their B Sc or M Sc thesis in our group. Unfortunately, our department switched to R lately, so I am afraid that I need to go for a different version.

Professor Joerg D. Jescheniak
Psychology , University of Leipzig
November 23, 2016

Probably this will be replaced with the R version of the textbook, as per the limitations of SPSS. The textbook itself - a masterpiece!

Dr Bruno Schivinski
Nottingham Business School, Nottingham Trent University
November 11, 2016

One of the best statistics book, I`ve read. Andy Filed will help us to discover the broader picture of statistical methods. It also calls attention to statistical terms that mean the same thing. My students like it.

Dr Daniel Herrmann
Accounting , Institut für Erziehungswissenschaft
November 2, 2016

This book is perfect for introducing students to SPSS and is written accessibly which means it can be used for students new to the topic as well as covering more advanced topics. It's the perfect text to support statistics teaching on this module.

Dr Janine Coates
School of Sport & Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University
October 24, 2016

This was a bit too complex for the level of ability of our students on this specific module.

Mrs Susan Smith
School of Business, Mgmt & Economics, Sussex University
October 14, 2016

This book is remarkable for it’s the first statistics (using SPSS) book with a personal note. The author has the ability to write comprehensively. Appropriate to refer to.

Ms Irasianty Frost
Business Administration , Hochschule Fresenius University of Applied Sciences
October 13, 2016

This book introduces students comprehensively to designing and reporting experiments and if you are familiar with scientific research, you can also use it as a reference book. The logic is easy to follow and easy to understand.
Unfortunately there are statements in Chapter 5 Inferential Statistics that puzzle me:
The authors explain that they follow Fisher’s Test of significance. But Fisher considers only one hypothesis to be tested, called the null hypothesis. There’s no alternative hypothesis (experimental hypothesis, Field & Hole, p. 145). Neyman and Pearson (NP) introduce the alternative hypothesis beside the null.
And according to Fisher the cutoff point of 5 per cent (the level of significance) is not the probability of the Type I error (Field & Hole, p. 151). This is again NP’s theory. Fisher considers neither Type I nor Type II error. Fisher explains in his paper “Statistical Methods and Scientific Induction” (1955), why he could not accept NP’s concept of test theory. Finally he states in another paper “The Arrangement of Field Experiments” (1926) that a significant result means “Either there is something in the treatment, or a coincidence has occurred …” There are always two possibilities.

Ms Irasianty Frost
Business Administration , Hochschule Fresenius University of Applied Sciences
October 13, 2016

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 1: Why is my evil lecturer forcing me to learn statistics?

Preview this book

Andy Field

Andy Field is Professor of Child Psychopathology at the University of Sussex. He has published over 80 research papers, 29 book chapters, and 17 books mostly on child emotional development and statistics. He is the founding editor of the Journal of Experimental Psychopathology and has been an associate editor and editorial board member for the British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, Cognition and Emotion, Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review and Research Synthesis Methods. His ability to make statistics accessible and fun has been recognized with local and national teaching awards (University of Sussex... More About Author

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