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Designing and Managing Programs
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Designing and Managing Programs
An Effectiveness-Based Approach

Fifth Edition
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January 2016 | 288 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
The Fifth Edition of the classic Designing and Managing Programs for human services helps readers grasp the meaning and significance of measuring performance and evaluating outcomes. The authors, all leaders in the field, incorporate the principles of effectiveness-based planning as they address the steps of designing, implementing, and evaluating a human services program at the local agency level. Meaningful examples at every stage of the process—from problem analysis and needs assessment to evaluating effectiveness and calculating costs—enhance reader understanding of how concepts are implemented in the real world.
 
Part I: Assessing Current Practices
 
Chapter 1: Contemporary Issues in Human Service Program Planning and Administration
The Era of Accountability

 
The Logic Model

 
Community Focus

 
The Issue of Effectiveness

 
Assessing an Existing Program

 
What Is Effectiveness-Based Program Planning?

 
Using Effectiveness Principles to Understand Existing Programs

 
Implementation Considerations

 
 
Part II: Problem Analysis/Needs Assessment
 
Chapter 2: The Contribution of Theory to Program Planning
The Use of Theory in Program Planning

 
Theory in Practice

 
Planning Theory

 
Types of Planning

 
Theory in Program Planning

 
 
Chapter 3: Understanding Social Problems
Addressing Social Problems

 
Stating Problems as Solutions

 
The Need for a New Approach

 
Identifying a Social Condition

 
Defining Problems

 
Frameworks for Production Analysis

 
 
Chapter 4: Needs Assessment: Theoretical Considerations
The Concept of Need

 
Theoretical understandings of Need

 
Needs Assessment and the Planning Process

 
Factors Influencing the Definition of Need

 
Different Perspectives on Need

 
Factors Influencing the Definition of Need

 
Different Perspectives on Need

 
Need Categories and the Planning Process

 
Determining Who Is in Need

 
Two Major Problems: Reliability and Availability of Data

 
 
Chapter 5: Needs Assessment: Approaches to Measurement
Methodologies Used in Measuring Need

 
Extrapolating from Existing Studies: Normative Need

 
Using Resource Inventories: Normative Need

 
Using Service Statistics: Expressed Need

 
Conducting a Social Survey: Perceived Need

 
Holding a Public Forum: Perceived Need

 
Focus Groups

 
Selecting the Best Method

 
Approaches Useful for Locating Concentrations of High-Risk Groups

 
 
Part III: Planning, Designing, and Tracking the Intervention
 
Chapter 6: Selecting the Appropriate Intervention Strategy
The Program Hypothesis

 
Types of Program Hypotheses

 
The Process of Developing a Program Hypothesis

 
Program Hypotheses and the Idea of Consequences

 
From Program Hypothesis to Service

 
Benefits of the Program Hypothesis

 
 
Chapter 7: Setting Goals and Objectives
From Program Hypothesis to Goals and Objectives

 
The Function of a Mission Statement

 
Goals and Objectives: A Framework for Action

 
Agency Example: Safe Haven

 
The Formulation of Goals

 
The Formulation of Objectives

 
Requirements for All Objectives

 
Outcome Objectives

 
Process Objectives and Activities

 
Integrating Outcome Objectives, Process Objectives, and Activities

 
 
Chapter 8: Designing Effective Programs
The Significance of Program Design

 
Program Design and Diversity

 
Defining the Elements of a Program

 
The Relationship between Objectives and System Components

 
Specifying the Program Hypothesis

 
 
Chapter 9: Designing Effectiveness-Based Information Systems
Documentation Practices in Human Services

 
Designing a Data Collection System for a Program

 
 
Part IV: Calculating the Value and Cost of the Intervention
 
Chapter 10: Performance Measurement, Monitoring, and Program Evaluation
The Link between Performance Measurement, Monitoring, and Evaluation and Management Information Systems

 
Feedback and Self-Evaluating Systems

 
Performance Measurment

 
Monitoring

 
Program Evaluations

 
Program Data Requirements

 
Performance Measurement, Monitoring, Program Evaluation, and Program Data

 
The Utility of Performance Measurement, Monitoring, and Program Evaluation

 
 
Chapter 11: Impact Program Evaluation and Hypothesis Testing
Differentiating Impact Program Evaluation from Performance Measurement

 
Impact Program Evaluation

 
Impact Program Evaluation and Hypothesis Testing

 
Research Design for Impact Program Evaluation

 
Nonequivalent Comparison Group Design

 
 
Chapter 12: Budgeting for Financial Control, Management, and Planning
The Differences between Budgeting and Accounting

 
The Principal Purposes and Budgeting

 
Budgeting and the Systems Framework

 
Major Models of the Budgetary Process

 
Major Budgeting Systems

 
Dealing with Revenue Increases and Decreases

 
Budgeting in Human Service Agencies and Programs Today

 
 
Chapter 13: Developing Line-Item, Functional, and Program Budgeting Systems
Developing Line-Item Budgeting Systems

 
The Link between Line-Item, Functional, and Program Budgeting Systems

 
Fucntional Budgeting Systems

 
Program Budgeting Systems

 
A Comprehensive Budgeting System

 

Supplements

Instructor Teaching Site

Password-protected Instructor Resources include the following:

  • A Microsoft® Word® test bank is available containing multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter. The test bank provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • Editable, chapter-specific Microsoft® PowerPoint® slides offer you complete flexibility in easily creating a multimedia presentation for your course.
  • Suggested assignments designed by Dr. Kettner encourage a good deal of thoughtful, careful planning. Each exercise builds on the next and includes guidance to complete the exercise. The student's final objective is to create a program plan which demonstrates consistency and integrity beginning with problem analysis through evaluation design, and it should include feedback from you, the professor, as given throughout the semester.

"The most comprehensive text on effective program development on the market. The authors do an excellent job at covering the important tasks and processes necessary in building results-based programs."

Stephanie L. Carter
University of Southern California

“This book provides a detailed and cumulative set of instructions and guidelines that every human service manager should know.”  

Daniel Hubler
Weber State University

“[This book’s] practical and straightforward approach guides students through the fundamentals of program planning and evaluation from an effectiveness-based perspective. The strengths of this well-organized text are its pragmatic approach and applied focus. The real-life examples and practical information make this text a very valuable resource for both students and practitioners.” 

Louise M. Murray
University of North Carolina at Charlotte

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 6

Chapter 8


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Peter Martin Kettner

Peter M. Kettner is Professor Emeritus at the Arizona State University School of Social Work. He is the author of six books, 50 articles, monographs, and book chapters on the topics of purchase-of-service contracting, privatization, macro practice in social work, human services planning, and social work administration. Over his 30 year career in academia he served as a consultant to five different state human service agencies and dozens of local nonprofit agencies on their purchase of service contracting practices and in the design and implementation of effectiveness-based planning systems. In retirement he has continued his writing and... More About Author

Robert M. Moroney

Robert M. Moroney is Professor of Social Policy and Planning at the School of Social Work at Arizona State University. He is the author of ten books and over 60 articles and book chapters on various aspects of policy, planning, and program evaluation. He currently serves as a board member of the Rosalyn Carter Institute for Human Development. He does extensive consultation with numerous national, state, and local human service organizations. More About Author

Lawrence L. Martin

Lawrence L. Martin is Professor of Public Affairs, Social Work and Public Administration at the University of Central Florida in Orlando. He was previously on the faculty of the Columbia University School of Social Work in New York City where he directed the program in social work administration. He is the author of 20 books and major monographs and over 100 articles and book chapters. More About Author

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ISBN: 9781483388304
$85.00