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Designing and Conducting Research in Education

Designing and Conducting Research in Education

October 2007 | 432 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
The research process in this book begins with identification of the research question and proceeds through each step including planning data collection, actual collection and analysis of the data, and writing the report.

This text proceeds through multiple methodologies including experimental and non-experimental, quantitative and qualitative. At every step the emphasis is on planning and executing the study.

Key features:

o Simulations and feedback that may be used in class sessions for both individual and small group participation

o Pedagogy to help students plan and conduct a research project in an actual classroom

o Examples that demonstrate and explain what constitutes good and poor research questions

o Case studies and 'real life' examples related to education

o A Student Web site that provides students with the opportunity to interact with contemporary articles.

This book provides an introduction to research that emphasizes the fundamental concepts of planning and design. It is designed to be a core text for the very first course on research methods.


Part I: Overview of Research
Chapter 1: The Foundations of Research
Chapter Objectives

Perspectives on Educational Research

Defining Ways of Conducting Research

Foundations of Research

Research Types and Methods in Brief

The Research Process


About Simulations

Simulation 1.1

Chapter 2: The Research Process
Chapter Objectives

Finding a Topic to Research

Steps in the Scientific Method


Simulation 2.1

Chapter 3: Ethical Issues in Conducting Research
Chapter Objectives

Ensuring the Protection of Human Participants

Ethical Considerations in Quantitative and Qualitative Research

Monitoring Ethics in Research: Institutional Review Boards

Ethics and Professionalism


Simulation 3.1

Chapter 4: Participant Selection and Assignment
Chapter Objectives

Participant Selection

Participant Assignment


Simulation 4.1

Chapter 5: Measures and Instruments
Chapter Objectives

Selection and Definition of Criterion Measures

Instruments or Tasks


Simulation 5.1

Part II: Research Methods and Designs
Chapter 6: Quantitative Research Methodologies

Chapter Objectives

Defining Quantitative Research

Basic Experimental Design Formats

Traditional Group Experimental Designs

After the Design: Analysis and Interpretation


Simulation 6.1

Chapter 7: Designing Non-Experimental Research
Chapter Objectives

Defining Experimental and Non-Experimental Research

Survey Research

Observation Studies


Simulation 7.1

Chapter 8: Introduction to Qualitative Research and Mixed-Methods Design
Chapter Objectives

An Overview of Qualitative Research

Mixed Methods


Simulation 8.1

Chapter 9: Research Design Pitfalls
Chapter Objectives

Types of Design Validity

Threats to Experimental Design Validity

Standards of Rigor


Simulation 9.1

Part III: Data Analysis and Results Interpretation
Chapter 10: Statistics Choices
Statistics: What and Why

The Decision Tree: Moving from the Question to the Analysis

The Importance of Data Type in Selecting Statistics


Simulation 10.1

Simulation 10.2

Chapter 11: Data Tabulation
Chapter Objectives

Aggregating Data


Graphing Data


Simulation 11.1

Chapter 12: Descriptive Statistics
Chapter Objectives

Categories of Descriptive Statistics


Simulation 12.1

Simulation 12.2

Chapter 13: Inferential Statistics
Chapter Objectives

General Background of Inferential Statistics

Difference Questions: Which Statistic and When

Relationship Questions: Which Statistic and When


Simulation 13.1

Simulation 13.2

Chapter 14: Analyzing Qualitative Data
Chapter Objectives

Preliminary Analysis

Post Data-Gathering Analysis

Inductive and Deductive Analyses

Phenomenological Analytical Techniques

Reporting Qualitative Research


Simulation 14.1

Chapter 15: Interpreting Results
Research as an Integrated Process

Interpretation of Results

Acquiring Interpretation Skills for Research


Simulation 15.1

Appendix A: Table of Random Numbers

“These authors have done a masterful job in unpacking the fundamental issues in research and disciplined inquiry. They consistently help their readers to understand that in research, as in life, it essentially boils down to validity and reliability.” 

                                                                                    —Wayne H. Slater, University of Maryland

“The authors achieve an authentic voice in their text. They explain concepts clearly and concisely, while providing appropriate examples to support their assertions. Finally, the authors engage the novice researcher (or consumer of research) with engaging ideas and prose . . . they consistently unpack complex, abstract concepts in a clear, lucid fashion.” 

                                                                                    —Wayne H. Slater, University of Maryland

Wayne H. Slater
Univresity of Maryland

“The book is perfect for introductory students and does not swim in its own self-importance. The language is top notch, the examples are helpful, and the graphic features (tables, figures) are uncomplicated and contain important information in an easy-to-understand format.”

—John A. Huss, Northern Kentucky University

John A. Huss
Northern Kentucky University

"The simulations and activities provide valuable engaging experiences for a range of “school leaders.” They are well thought through and provide reflection on issues ranging from confidentiality to professional ethics."

—James E. Barr, Nicholls State University

James E. Barr
Nicholls State University

“The Student Workbook and Simulated Problems is a valuable component that clearly differentiates this research textbook from others. I highly recommend this workbook as a valuable component to any research course, regardless of level. The book’s treatment of time-series designs is also valuable.”

—Alfred P. Rovai, Regent University

Alfred P. Rovai
Regent University

clear explanations of concepts that are unfamiliar to my students, great examples, well organized

Dr Laura Massa
Assessment, Loyola Marymount University
September 30, 2011

Clifford J. Drew

Michael L. Hardman

John L. Hosp

Also available as a South Asia Edition.

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ISBN: 9781412960748

SAGE Research Methods is a research methods tool created to help researchers, faculty and students with their research projects. SAGE Research Methods links over 175,000 pages of SAGE’s renowned book, journal and reference content with truly advanced search and discovery tools. Researchers can explore methods concepts to help them design research projects, understand particular methods or identify a new method, conduct their research, and write up their findings. Since SAGE Research Methods focuses on methodology rather than disciplines, it can be used across the social sciences, health sciences, and more.