Since the 1980s, the rapid worldwide pace of democratization has stimulated a renewed interest in just how we define and measure democracy. But what criteria are used to assess a country's democracy? How far is it subject to measurement? What kind of measurement and with what degree of precision? Can the same criteria or indexes be applied to developing democracies as to established ones? And are the standards used by Western scholars ethnocentric or universal? Leading political theorists, political scientists, and experts in comparative government from across Europe answer these and other questions in Defining and Measuring Democracy. This volume also offers an integrated analysis of the key debates and issues from how to define democracy to the issue of cultural diversity. Every chapter offers new insights and approaches, making Defining and Measuring Democracy essential reading for students and scholars in the field.
Democratic Theory and Indices of Democratization
Key Principles and Indices for a Democratic Audit
Geraint Parry and George Moyser
More Participation, More Democracy?
The Duration of Democracy
Is the Degree of Electoral Democracy Measurable?
Primary Control and Auxiliary Precautions
Patrick Dunleavy and Helen Margetts
The Experiential Approach to Auditing Democracy
Nikolai Biryukov and Victor Sergeyev
The Idea of Democracy in the West and in the East
Cultural Diveristy and Liberal Democracy