You are here

Creating Standards-Based Integrated Curriculum
Share

Creating Standards-Based Integrated Curriculum
Aligning Curriculum, Content, Assessment, and Instruction

Second Edition
Edited by:


February 2007 | 240 pages | Corwin
"The content is powerful. Seeing examples from all grade levels is important so that each reader, regardless of teaching level, can see that it can be done in his or her situation."

—Sue DeLay, Curriculum Resource Teacher, Oak Creek Franklin School District, WI

"Contains real-life examples of integration, including examples of the author's own experience in the classroom, making the work much more appealing and credible for teachers."

—Mary Ann Kahl, Assistant Professor of Educational Leadership, National-Louis University

"This is the first book I have read that lays out a big picture that I can buy into and explains how to look at accountability in a positive way."

—Jane Adair, Resource Specialist, Long Beach Polytechnic High School, CA

Help your learners connect big questions to big understandings!

In today's accountability-driven environment, educators strive to develop an integrated, relevant, and measurable curriculum while also presenting engaging subject matter that inspires student learning. In this completely revised edition of the classic text, Susan M. Drake provides a new approach to standards-based curriculum, instruction, and assessment that helps educators identify what students must know, do, and be. This invaluable resource also offers:

A framework allowing for multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary, and transdisciplinary approaches to curriculum integration;

Sample models of integrated curriculum in action;

Practical suggestions to simplify curriculum alignment and integration;

Insights based on real classroom experience to connect the framework to the real world;

End-of-chapter discussion questions and suggested activities;

Discover how you can create an integrated, standards-based curriculum that inspires your students, and then watch them thrive.

 
List of Tables and Figures
 
Preface
 
About the Author
 
Acknowledgments
 
1. Accountability and Two-Dimensional Thinking
What is Accountability?

 
What is a Standards-Based Approach?

 
Challenges with Standards

 
Two-Dimensional Thinking

 
The "Know-Do-Be" Umbrella

 
Backward Design

 
Backward Mapping and Interdisciplinary Work

 
Unpacking the Standards

 
Curriculum Mapping

 
Horizontal Mapping

 
Vertical Mapping

 
Making Connections Through Mapping

 
Mapping for Potential Integration

 
Discussion Questions

 
Suggested Activities

 
 
2. What Is Interdisciplinary Curriculum?
Looking Back at the Late 80s and 90s

 
Degrees of Integration

 
Fusion

 
Multidisciplinary

 
Interdisciplinary

 
Transdisciplinary

 
A Summary of the Different Approaches to Integration

 
Discussion Questions

 
Suggested Activities

 
 
3. What Do We Want Students to KNOW, DO, and BE?
Using the Wide-Angle Lens to Find the KNOW/DO/BE: Seeing the Big Picture

 
What is Worth Knowing?

 
What is Worth Doing?

 
How Do We Want Our Students to Be?

 
The Scan & Cluster Using the Zoom Lens to Identify the KDB

 
Finding the KNOW

 
Finding the DO

 
Discovering the BE

 
Discussion Questions

 
Suggested Activities

 
 
4. How Do Teachers Know When Students Have Met Expectations?
Interdisciplinary Assessment

 
What Is It?

 
Assessment Of, For and As Learning

 
What Are Interdisciplinary Assessment Tools?

 
Who is Responsible for Teaching the Cross-Curricular Skills?

 
Who Assesses What?

 
A Sample of a Big Assessment Task

 
Planning Big Assessment Tasks

 
Step 1: What do I need to know before I can create a Big Assessment Task?

 
Step 2: What kind of Big Assessment Task will show the KDB?

 
Step 3: What are the criteria to distinguish between levels of performance?

 
How Some Teachers Planned the Big Assessment Task

 
Step1. What do I need to know before I can create the Big Assessment Task?

 
Step 2: What kind of evidence do we need to show the KDB?

 
Step 3: What assessment tools can we use to measure the evidence and provide specific criteria to distinguish levels of performance?

 
Discussion Questions

 
Suggested Activities

 
 
5. How Do I Create Learning Experiences That Lead to the KDB?
Creating Big Questions to Align the KDB and Big Assessment Tasks

 
Big Questions and Unit Questions

 
Creating Big Questions from Across the Curriculum

 
A Formula for Big Questions

 
Connecting Big Questions to Big Understandings

 
Developing Big Questions from Big Understandings

 
A Personal Insight in Designing Instructional Strategies

 
Creating a Big Assessment Task

 
Two Principles for Designing Daily Activities/Assessments

 
Principle 1: Using Two-Dimensional Thinking

 
Principle 2: Learning Principles as an Assessment Guide

 
Connecting to the KDB in Daily Activities/Assessments

 
The KNOW

 
The DO

 
The BE

 
Big Assessment Task

 
How Lydia Developed the Daily Activities and Assessments

 
Teacher Thinking and the Red Hill Unit

 
Discussion Questions

 
Suggested Activities

 
 
6. A Sample Interdisciplinary Curriculum Based on Standards
Presteps

 
Step 1: Choose an Age-Appropriate and Relevant Topic Theme

 
Step 2: Select Appropriate Broad-Based Standards

 
Step 3: Create an Exploratory Web

 
Step 4: Create a KDB Umbrella

 
Step 5: Create a Big Assessment Task where students can demonstrate that they have achieved the KDB

 
Step 6: Create Big Questions

 
Step 7: Create Mini-Units to Address the Big Questions

 
Step 8: Create the ongoing activities/assessments based on the standards. Select assessment tools. Check that these are connected to the KDB and lead to Big Assessment Task

 
Discussion Questions

 
Suggested Activities

 
 
7. Exploring Other Interdisciplinary/Integrated Models
The Curry/Samara Model®

 
Integrating Technology Into the Curriculum with a Webquest

 
The Narrative Curriculum

 
Creating an Interdisciplinary Course with Interdisciplinary Guidelines

 
Saeid’s Story

 
Brain Science: A Sample Interdisciplinary Studies Course

 
A Sample Unit

 
Unit 1: Mind’s Perception

 
Broad-Based Interdisciplinary Standards

 
Activities and Evaluations

 
Resources

 
Discussion Questions

 
Suggested Activities

 
 
8. A Journey From Beginning to End: Designing and Implementing the Curriculum Process Model™ with contributions by Tessie Torres-Dickson
The Curriculum Process Model™

 
Some Insights

 
Tessie Torres-Dickson’s Acknowledgments

 
Discussion Questions

 
Suggested Activities

 
 
Epilogue
 
References
 
Index

"As I read the book, I thought 'thank goodness.' This is the first book I have read that lays out a big picture that I can buy into and explains how to look at accountability in a positive way."

Jane Adair, Resource Specialist
Long Beach Polytechnic High School, CA

"I have taught integrated curriculum at the undergraduate and graduate level over the past six years and have helped administrate a school that developed its whole curriculum around integration. This book would have been very useful in both situations. I look forward to using it in my current teaching."

Gary Babiuk, Assistant Professor of Education
University of Minnesota

"Contains real-life examples of integration and includes examples from the author's own experience in the classroom, making the work much more appealing and credible for teachers. The author has practiced her own theories and talks about them in humble terms, meaning she does not hide the failures."

Mary Ann Kahl, Assistant Professor of Educational Leadership
National-Louis University

"The content is powerful. Seeing examples from all grades levels is important so that readers, regardless of teaching level, can see that it can be done in their situation."

Sue DeLay, Curriculum Resource Teacher
Oak Creek Franklin School District, WI
Key features
  • Provides a new approach to standards-based curriculum, instruction, and assessment
  • Utilizes a framework that allows for multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary, and transdisciplinary approaches to curriculum integration
  • Covers planning assessment tasks, designing instructional strategies, developing daily activities, and connecting big questions to big understandings
  • Includes end-of-chapter discussion questions and suggested activities to piece together a complete standards-based curriculum

During the process of updating this book, Susan Drake actually created a completely transformed and different work from the first edition. One cannot approach interdisciplinary work in a standards-based environment simply by adding standards to the late-1980s and early-1990s models (which had not previously dealt with standards). To simply match standards to activities looked good but did not really get at creating a curriculum that was deeply anchored in standards, nor did it align interdisciplinary work with assessment and instruction. Because the accountability process demanded such a different approach to curricular design, Drake found herself writing what seemed to be virtually a new book entirely.

Very little from the 1998 edition has been carried forward into this new edition. Drake did, however, describe again the three approaches to integration as a framework for understanding the range of possibilities for integration: multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary, and transdisciplinary. Also, two models offered in the 1998 book reappear here in their standards-based reincarnation—the Curry/Samara Model® and the Narrative Curriculum.

Preview this book

Susan M. Drake

Susan M. Drake is a professor in the Graduate and Undergraduate Department of Brock University, St. Catharines, ON. She earned a PhD in curriculum from the University of Toronto. She has taught at all levels of education. She taught physical education and Health and English for 18 years at the high school level. She worked on school improvement teams at the elementary level and spent one year as an elementary teacher. As well, she was a partner in a private adult education company that provided organizational development, consulting and adult learning courses. Today, Susan teaches curriculum/assessment courses for Masters of Education and... More About Author

Purchasing options

Please select a format:

ISBN: 9781412915069
$36.95 
ISBN: 9781412915052
$82.95