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Community Corrections
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Community Corrections



February 2009 | 552 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Aimed at undergraduate courses in criminal justice that offer modules in community corrections, probation and parol, this text covers the necessary topics in community corrections but with a more practical approach than other texts. Subjects covered include: the history of probation and parole; arguments for and against the treatment of offenders; the point and purpose of community corrections; and jail facilities and detention centers.

The book offers a unique perspective given the author's expertise with both special needs populations and in the comparative fields. It is supported by an online study site and instructor's resource materials.

Note: All Chapters include Focus Topics, Key Terms, "What Would You Do" Exercise, Applied Exercise, and Cross-National Exercise

 
 
CHAPTER 1: DEFINITIONS, HISTORY, AND DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNITY CORRECTIONS
Early Alternative Sanctions: Sanctuary

 
Early Alternative Sanctions: Benefit of Clergy

 
Early Alternative Sanctions: Judicial Reprieve

 
Early Alternative Sanctions: Recognizance

 
The Beginning of Parole

 
The Beginning of Probation

 
Philosophical Basis of Community Corrections - Both Probation and Parole

 
Suggested Theoretical Approach to Reintegration and Offender Treatment

 
Probation and Parole from 1960 On

 
An Overview and State-by-State Comparison of Community Supervision Models

 
 
CHAPTER 2: COMMUNITY CORRECTIONS: PUBLIC SAFETY IS JOB ONE
Key Criminological and Psychological Theoretical Perspectives That Can Be Applied to Community Supervision

 
The Application of Theory to Specific Issues in Community Supervision

 
The Application of Theory to Improve Public Safety

 
Routine Activities Theory: A Model Theory for Improving Public Safety

 
Excessive Caseloads and Their Impact on Community Protection

 
The Use of the Community Itself to Improve Safety - Volunteers and Neighborhood Programs

 
Improving Public Safety: Examples of How Individual Volunteers Can Make A Difference

 
 
CHAPTER 3: ASSESSMENT AND RISK PREDICTION
The Pre-Sentence Investigation Report (PSI)

 
The Basics of Risk-Assessment

 
False Positives and False Negatives

 
Static and Dynamic Risk Factors

 
The Appropriate Use of Subjective and Objective Assessments

 
Recidivism Prediction

 
The Link Between Theory and Risk Prediction

 
Better Diagnosis: The Need for Improved Assessment

 
Agency-Created Assessment Instruments

 
Classification

 
 
CHAPTER 4: THE ROLE OF THE PRACTITIONER
Tasks and Nature of Work for Probation Officers

 
Pay and Demographics of Probation Officers

 
Role Confusion, Stress, and Burnout Related to the Job of Probation Officers

 
Education, Training, and Qualifications for Probation Officers

 
Tasks and Nature of Work for Probation Officers

 
When Probation and Parole are Combined into One Department

 
Firearms and the Community Supervision Officer

 
Nature of Work for Treatment Professionals

 
Record Keeping, Case Notes, and Administrative Duties with the Courts

 
Types of Treatment Providers in the Community Corrections System

 
Challenges to the Work of A Correctional Treatment Provider

 
 
CHAPTER 5: LEGAL LIABILITIES AND RISK MANAGEMENT
State Levels of Liability

 
Forms of Immunity and Types of Defenses

 
Indemnification, Representation, and Types of Damages

 
Legal Issues of Disclosure with the Pre-Sentence Investigation Reports

 
Liability of Parole Board Members for Violation of Substantive or Procedural Rights

 
Parole Board Liability for Released Offenders that Recidivate - Typically No Liability

 
The Use of Objective Instruments as a Safeguard from Liability

 
Probationer and Parolee Case Law Regarding Due Process During Revocation

 
Legal Issues with Court Shaming and the Use of Polygraph Examinations

 
 
CHAPTER 6: SPECIFIC ASPECTS RELATED TO PROBATION
Models of Probation Administration

 
Objectives and Advantages of Probation

 
Public Probation and Private Probation Agencies

 
The Sentencing Hearing and the PSI Revisited

 
The Court and the Role of the Judge: Setting Conditions for Supervision

 
Purpose of Probation, Evaluation, and Compliance with Conditions of Probation

 
Alternative Probation Methods

 
Probation Revocation Procedures

 
 
CHAPTER 7: SPECIFIC ASPECTS RELATED TO PAROLE
Models of Parole Administration

 
Federal Parole: A Remnant of the Past

 
The Financial Aspects of Parole

 
The Granting of Parole

 
Subjective and Objective Indicators in Parole Determinations

 
Pre-Release Planning and Institutional Parole Officers

 
Supervision From Beginning to End of Sentence

 
Conditions of Parole

 
Evaluation of Compliance and Modifications to Parole

 
Parole Revocation Proceedings

 
Victims and Restorative Justice

 
 
CHAPTER 8: NEEDS-BASED CASE MANAGEMENT AND CASE PLANNING
The History and Evolution of Case Management

 
Client Needs Assessment

 
Reliability and Validity of Needs Assessment Scales

 
The Assessment System Should Use Highly Reliable Information, instruments and Techniques

 
Methods Used Which Are Specifically Valid for and Relevant to the Assessments and Decisions

 
Assessment Approaches Must Provide for the Potential for Change Across Time and Settings

 
Mental Illness and Classification - the DSM-IV-TR

 
Caseload Assignment Models

 
The Specialized Needs Caseload Model

 
Standards of Classification

 
Case Management Classification - Presentation of a Model System Assessment

 
The Supervision Plan

 
Use of Technology

 
Client Contracting and Supervision Planning

 
Addressing Offender Needs Holistically

 
Treatment Screening and Screening Tools

 
Treatment Planning

 
Progress Notes, Record Keeping, and Connecting the Case Plan with Supervision

 
 
CHAPTER 9: THE VIABILITY OF TREATMENT PERSPECTIVES
The Martinson Report - Revisited

 
The Need for Community-Based Treatment and the Pitfalls of Treatment Programs in Institutional Settings

 
Community Supervision Staff and Treatment Staff: Effective Alliances

 
Different Types of Treatment Modalities/Orientations in Therapy

 
Different Types of Treatment Programs

 
Different Types of Treatment Professionals

 
Community Partnerships and Agency Alliances

 
Treatment Staff, Referrals, and Increased Human Supervision

 
Progress in Treatment Programs and the Likelihood for Recidivism

 
Educating the Community About Treatment Benefits and Integrating Citizen and Agency Involvement

 
 
CHAPTER 10: COMMUNITY-BASED RESIDENTIAL TREATMENT FACILITIES
Initial Offender Processing in the Jail Setting

 
The Use of Jail Diversion Programs to Alleviate Jail Crowding

 
Historical Developments in Halfway Houses

 
Various Community Residential Treatment Centers

 
Rural and Urban Residential Centers

 
Work Release and Study Release Programs

 
Cost-Effectiveness and Actual Program Effectiveness

 
Complex Offender Cases in Residential Facilities

 
Typical Staff in Residential Treatment Facilities

 
 
CHAPTER 11: INTERMEDIATE SANCTIONS
Fines

 
Community Service

 
Intensive Supervision

 
Electronic Monitoring

 
Global Positioning Systems

 
Home Detention

 
Day Reporting Centers

 
Shock Incarceration/Split Sentencing

 
Methods of Ensuring Compliance - Detecting Drug Use Among Offenders

 
Testing Technologies - Immunoassay and Chromatography

 
Testing Methods - Instrument Testing and Point-of-Contact Tests

 
Methods of Ensuring Compliance - Sex Offender Notification Programs and Community Partnerships

 
Intermediate Sanctions in Different States

 
 
CHAPTER 12: JUVENILE OFFENDERS
The Early History of Juvenile Probation

 
The Nature of Juvenile Probation

 
The Juvenile Court System

 
Juvenile Records

 
Adjudication Processes and Difference for Adult Courts

 
The Role of Child Protection

 
Family Services and Family Interventions

 
Risk Factors and Protective Factors for Juveniles

 
Juvenile Intensive Probation Supervision

 
Residential Treatment Programs

 
Treatment Programs and Types of Therapy

 
The Juvenile Gang Offender

 
Restorative Justice Techniques, Family Conferences, and Teen Courts

 
 
CHAPTER 13: SPECIALIZED AND PROBLEMATIC OFFENDER TYPOLOGIES
Adult Sex Offenders

 
Sex Offender Typologies: Victim Chosen is Adult

 
Sex Offender Typologies: Child as Victim

 
Adult Sex Offenders in the Community

 
Substance Abusers

 
The Therapeutic Community

 
The Use of Drug Courts

 
Substance Abusers on Community Supervision

 
Self-Help Groups

 
Mentally Ill Offenders

 
Common Types of Mental Disorders in the Criminal Justice System

 
Anxiety and Stress-Related Disorders

 
Antisocial Personality Disorder, Psychopathy, and Other Mentally Disordered Offenders Who Have Heightened Risks of Violence

 
 
CHAPTER 14: DIVERSITY ISSUES AND CULTURAL COMPETENCE IN A CHANGING ERA
Why is Diversity an Important Consideration?

 
The Notion of Cultural Competence

 
African American, Latino American, and Asian American Offenders in Metropolitan Areas

 
Minority Caseloads, Minority Gang Affiliations, Training for Community Supervision Staff

 
Female Offenders

 
Applied Theory: Feminist Criminology and the Female Offender

 
 
CHAPTER 15: PROGRAM EVALUATION AND FUTURE TRENDS IN COMMUNITY CORRECTIONS
Evaluation Research

 
Staffing Community Corrections Programs

 
Community Harm with Ineffective Programs

 
The Future of Community Corrections

 
The Media and Community Corrections

 

"Unlike other books on the market this book seems to pick up nicely where Intro to Corrections left off.  Also, I like the blend of practice with theory."

Kevin Courtright
Edinboro University of Pennyslvania

Great book and it's easy the follow. The way the book is laid out, my students are really interested in reading the information. Great book!

Mrs Monekka Munroe
Sociology Crim Justice Dept, Florida A & M Univ
August 17, 2014

Good fit for this course. Affordability for the student.

Mr Douglas Shuler
Criminal Justice, Paris Junior College
February 23, 2010

Robert D. Hanser

Robert D. Hanser is a full professor and chair of the criminal justice program at the University of Louisiana at Monroe. Rob has also administered a regional training academy in northeastern Louisiana (North Delta Regional Training Academy) that provides training to correctional officers, jailers, and law enforcement throughout a 12-parish region in Louisiana. Rob was also the first male President for the Board of Directors of the Louisiana Coalition Against Domestic Violence (LCADV), which demonstrates an understanding of victim needs and services as well as offender rehabilitation. Rob is the program director of the Blue Walters... More About Author

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ISBN: 9781412959957
$90.00