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Community-based Natural Resource Management

Community-based Natural Resource Management
Issues and Cases in South Asia

First Edition
  • Ajit Menon - Madras Institute of Development Studies, Chennai, India
  • Praveen Singh - School of Human Ecology, Ambedkar University, Delhi
  • Esha Shah - University of Sussex, UK
  • Sharachachandra Lele - Cised
  • Suhas Paranjape - Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies in Environment and Development, Bangalore
  • Kj Joy - Society for Promoting Peoples Participation in Ecosystem Management, Pune

August 2007 | 378 pages | SAGE India
Non-governmental organisations today, as part of civil society, have come to play a prominent role in South Asia in the context of community-based natural resource management (CBNRM). This book examines the theory and practice of NGO-driven CBNRM within the framework of emerging critiques of dominant discourses of development, the micro-politics of decentralisation and the projection of community development. The book breaks new ground by contextualising these critiques using six detailed cases of CBNRM initiatives.

The authors delve into the extent to which CBNRM offers a vision for the future and question what role, if any, could NGOs paly in this. They seek to understand the insights into CBNRM that intervening agencies generate through their work, by examining the outcomes of the interventions and the strategies used to achieve them.

The book concludes that though these CBNRM efforts have made significant contributions to livelihood enhancement, the results gained are limited in the equitable access to benefits, sustainability of resource use, and in terms of democratic decentralisation.
Ajit Menon, Praveen Singh, K.J. Joy and Suhas Paranjape
Hivre Bazar: A 'Model' Watershed Experiment?
Suhas Paranjape and Esha Shah
Utthan's Work in Nathugadh, Gujarat
Esha Shah and Praveen Singh
Community-Based Natural Resource Management in Gopalpura, Rajasthan
Ajit Menon and K.J. Joy
Community-based Natural Resource Management in Bhutan: The Case of the Lingmuteychhu Watershed
Sharachchandra Lele and Praveen Singh
Community-Based Natural Resource Management in the Central Himalayas: The Work of the Doodha Toli Lok Vikas Sansthan
Sustainable Livelihoods in Riverine Charlands: The Case of Gona Chetona
Praveen Singh and Suhas Paranjape

The book attempts to analyse the potential as well as limitations of NGO-driven CBNRM endeavours across agro-climatic regions of South Asia with emphasis on four intrinsically linked normative concerns, namely sustainability, livelihood enhancement, equity and democratic decentralization…consists of well-written chapters based on rigorous synthesis of CBNRM case studies, which will serve as good references for students, researchers and practitioners in the years to come.

Current Science

The book is based on thorough research and gives valuable insights into the NGOs-led CBNRM besides listing some innovative experiments by these agencies. It not only gives a critical theoretical perspective within a comparative framework of the diverse forms of works undertaken by these NGOs but also presents a perspective on the future role and aspirations of these NGOs.

The Tribune

The authors attempt at comprehending the outcomes in terms of livelihood enhancement, sustainability, equity and democratization.

The Book Review

Ajit Menon

Ajit Menon is Associate Professor at the Madras Institute of Development Studies. He was formerly a Fellow at the Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies in Environment and Development (CISED), Bangalore. His research interests include the political economy of natural resource management, environmental politics and decentralized governance in India. More About Author

Praveen Singh

Praveen Singh is Visiting Fellow at CISED. A historian, his area of interest is the history of flood control and agro-ecological change in the Indian floodplains during the colonial and post-independence period. More About Author

Esha Shah

Esha Shah is Research Fellow with the Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex. She was formerly a Fellow at CISED. She has authored a book Social Designs: Tank Irrigation Technology and Agrarian Transformation in Karnataka. Esha is an environmental engineer turned social scientist whose main research interest involves anthropology and history of science and technology. Her recent research activities include politics of knowledge generation, risk and uncertainty of new and emerging technologies in developing societies, and history of the green revolution. More About Author

Sharachchandra Lele

Sharachchandra Lélé is Coordinator and Senior Fellow at CISED which he co-founded. He has held senior positions at the Pacific Institute of SIDES and Tata Energy Research Institute, and was a Bullard Fellow at Harvard University. He is also a founder-member of the Indian Society for Ecological Economics and has served on its Executive Committee. His work spans conceptual issues in sustainable development and sustainability, and institutional, economic, ecological and technological issues in forest, energy and water resource management. More About Author

Suhas Paranjape

Suhas Paranjape is Visiting Fellow at CISED and Senior Fellow with the Society for Promoting Participative Ecosystem Management (SOPPECOM), Pune. He is also founding member of the Lok Vidnyan Sanghatana. His interests cover the area of water, energy and biomass resources. He has co-authored a number of books in these areas: Sustainable Technology: Making the Sardar Sarovar Project Viable; Banking on Biomass: A New Strategy for Sustainable Prosperity Based on Renewable Energy and Dispersed Industrialisation; Watershed Based Development: A Source Book and the forthcoming Water Conflicts in India: A Million Revolts in the Making. More About Author

Kj Joy

K J Joy is Senior Fellow with SOPPECOM. An activist-researcher, Joy has been a Fullbright Scholar at University of California, Berkeley, and a Visiting Fellow at CISED. His research interests centre around people’s institutions for natural resource management. He has coauthored a number of books on water, watershed and energy issues, including Sustainable Technology: Making the Sardar Sarovar Project Viable; Banking on Biomass: A New Strategy for Sustainable Prosperity Based on Renewable Energy and Dispersed Industrialisation; Watershed Based Development: A Source Book and the forthcoming Water Conflicts in India: A Million Revolts in the... More About Author

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ISBN: 9780761935742

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