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Cognitive Psychology In and Out of the Laboratory
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Cognitive Psychology In and Out of the Laboratory

Sixth Edition
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Other Titles in:
Cognitive Psychology

520 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Cognitive Psychology In and Out of the Laboratory presents balanced, up-to-date coverage of cognitive psychology and shows readers that research conducted in the lab truly does impact the real world. Using her signature, accessible writing style, author Kathleen M. Galotti masterfully connects cognitive psychology to students' everyday lives through current, relevant examples. The Sixth Edition has been updated to reflect the rapidly changing field of cognitive psychology with new references, streamlined content that gives more attention to key topics like memory, and material on advances in research that enhance our understanding of how people acquire and use information. 
 
Preface
 
About the Author
 
CHAPTER 1 • COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY: History, Methods, and Paradigms
Setting the Stage

 
Influences on the Study of Cognition

 
Research Methods in Cognitive Psychology

 
Paradigms of Cognitive Psychology

 
 
CHAPTER 2 • THE BRAIN: An Overview of Structure and Function
Setting the Stage

 
Structure of the Brain

 
Localization of Function

 
Lateralization of Function

 
Brain-Imaging Techniques

 
Other Brain-Recording Techniques

 
Training the Brain

 
 
CHAPTER 3 • PERCEPTION: Recognizing Patterns and Objects
Setting the Stage

 
Gestalt Approaches to Perception

 
Bottom-Up Processes

 
Top-Down Processes

 
Face Perception

 
Direct Perception

 
Disruptions of Perception: Visual Agnosias

 
 
CHAPTER 4 • ATTENTION: Deploying Cognitive Resources
Setting the Stage

 
Selective Attention

 
Divided Attention

 
Automaticity and the Effects of Practice

 
Controlling Attention

 
Neural Underpinnings of Attention

 
Divided Attention Outside the Laboratory: Cell Phone Use While Driving

 
 
CHAPTER 5 • WORKING MEMORY: Forming and Using New Memory Traces
Setting the Stage

 
Traditional Approaches to the Study of Memory

 
Working Memory

 
Executive Functioning

 
Neurological Studies of Memory Processes

 
 
CHAPTER 6 • RETRIEVING MEMORIES FROM LONG-TERM STORAGE
Setting the Stage

 
Aspects of Long-Term Memory

 
Subdivisions of Long-Term Memory

 
The Levels-of-Processing View

 
Amnesia

 
 
CHAPTER 7 • THE RECONSTRUCTIVE NATURE OF MEMORY
Setting the Stage

 
Narrative Memory

 
Autobiographical Memory

 
The Recovered/False Memory Debate

 
Memory Consolidation and Reconsolidation

 
 
CHAPTER 8 • KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION: Storing and Organizing Information in Long-Term Memory
Setting the Stage

 
Organizing Knowledge

 
Forming Concepts and Categorizing New Instances

 
 
CHAPTER 9 • VISUAL IMAGERY AND SPATIAL COGNITION
Setting the Stage

 
Codes in Long-Term Memory

 
Empirical Investigations of Imagery

 
The Nature of Mental Imagery

 
Neuropsychological Findings

 
Spatial Cognition

 
 
CHAPTER 10 • LANGUAGE
Setting the Stage

 
Defining Language

 
The Structure of Language

 
Language Comprehension and Production

 
Language and Cognition

 
Neuropsychological Views and Evidence

 
Bilingualism

 
 
CHAPTER 11 • THINKING AND PROBLEM SOLVING
Setting the Stage

 
Defining Terms

 
Classic Problems and General Methods of Solution

 
Blocks to Problem Solving

 
The Problem Space Hypothesis

 
Expert Systems

 
Finding Creative Solutions

 
Critical Thinking

 
 
CHAPTER 12 • REASONING AND DECISION MAKING
Setting the Stage

 
Reasoning

 
Decision Making

 
Cognitive Illusions in Decision Making

 
Utility Models of Decision Making

 
Descriptive Models of Decision Making

 
Neuropsychological Evidence on Reasoning and Decision Making

 
 
CHAPTER 13 • COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT THROUGH ADOLESCENCE
Setting the Stage

 
Stage and Nonstage Theories of Cognitive Development

 
Piagetian Theory

 
Non-Piagetian Approaches to Cognitive Development

 
Some Post-Piagetian Answers to the Question “What Develops?”

 
 
CHAPTER 14 • INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES IN COGNITION
Setting the Stage

 
Individual Differences in Cognition

 
Gender Differences in Cognition

 
 
CHAPTER 15 • COGNITION IN CROSS-CULTURAL PERSPECTIVE
Setting the Stage

 
Defining “Culture”

 
Examples of Studies of Cross-Cultural Cognition

 
Effects of Schooling and Literacy

 
Situated Cognition in Everyday Settings

 
 
Glossary
 
References
 
Author Index
 
Subject Index

Supplements

Student Study Site

SAGE edge for Students provides a personalized approach to help students accomplish their coursework goals in an easy-to-use learning environment.

  • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts
  • Mobile-friendly practice quizzes allow for independent assessment by students of their mastery of course material
  • Learning objectives reinforce the most important material
  • Web exercises and meaningful web links facilitate student use of Internet resources, further exploration of topics, and responses to critical thinking questions
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter 
  • Multimedia includes videos that appeal to students with different learning styles
Instructor Teaching Site

SAGE edge for Instructors supports teaching by making it easy to integrate quality content and create a rich learning environment for students.

  • Test banks provide a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity to edit any question and/or insert personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding
  • Sample course syllabi for semester and quarter courses provide suggested models for structuring one’s course
  • Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides offer complete flexibility for creating a multimedia presentation for the course
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text SAGE journal articles have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter to encourage students to think critically
  • Multimedia includes videos that appeal to students with different learning styles
  • Lecture notes summarize key concepts by chapter to ease preparation for lectures and class discussions

 

“Galotti has gathered the most important topics in modern cognitive psychology and approaches them with a conversational writing style—supplemented with examples and figures—bringing abstract concepts to life.”

Darrell Rudmann
Shawnee State University

“I strongly agree with Galotti’s sentiment. Cognitive psychology is so much more than the rigorous experimental research that dominates most textbooks in the field. While it is important to facilitate an appreciation for experimental design and behavioral testing methodologies, I feel it is equally important to highlight the application of research in cognitive psychology to our everyday, real-world problems.”

Dunja L. Trunk
Bloomfield College

"I feel that Dr. Galotti did a very good job on providing real-life examples and making them accessible to the readers.”

Xiaowei Zhao
Emmanuel College at Boston

“Galotti’s Chapter Summaries are very strong; the important, big-picture concepts and themes presented in the chapter are condensed down to approximately one page. For a student, this makes for a very useful tool, assuming they have in fact read the chapter in the first place.”

James Scepansky
Cedar Crest College

“Galotti’s textbook provides comprehensive coverage of cognitive psychology…The text would give a wonderful foundation for advanced students who plan to attend graduate programs in cognitive psychology/cognitive science.”

Hildur Halliday Schilling
Fitchburg State University

Kathleen M. Galotti

Kathleen M. Galotti holds a B.A. in psychology and economics from Wellesley College, as well as an M.A. and a Ph.D. in psychology and an M.S.E. in computer and information sciences from the University of Pennsylvania. At Carleton College she holds the title Professor and Director of Cognitive Science, an interdisciplinary program, which she helped establish in 1989. She also is a former department chair of Psychology. She teaches courses in cognitive and developmental psychology and cognitive science, and has also taught courses in statistics and introductory psychology. Dr. Galotti is the author or coauthor of dozens of peer-reviewed... More About Author