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Teaching Young Children With ADHD

Teaching Young Children With ADHD
Successful Strategies and Practical Interventions for PreK-3

Edited by:

Other Titles in:
ADD/ADHD | Special Education

208 pages | Corwin
Though many books exist to help teachers of school-age children with ADHD, not much has been written with the early childhood educator in mind. This unique book is specifically written for preschool and early elementary educators. Its focus is not to discuss guidelines for diagnosing ADHD in young children, but to provide PreKû3 teachers with a better understanding of the disorder, how to recognize it, and how it impacts both social-emotional and educational development. Children who exhibit ADHD behaviors need early educational support to minimize learning challenges and classroom disruption. The authors present a variety of strategies for classroom adaptations (both environmental and instructional), as well as practical interventions to develop appropriate social skills, manage classroom behavior, help children with ADHD master the particularly challenging task of writing, and communicate effectively with parents. One chapter reviews what teachers should know about medications and how they affect behavior in the classroom. An extensive Resource section at the end of the book offers detailed profiles of children in preschool and primary grades diagnosed with ADHD. Though this book has been written to help children who struggle with attentional issues, teachers will find the strategies applicable for all children in their classrooms.
Foreword by Meredith Cathcart
About the Authors
1. Yes, ADHD Is a Real Disorder!
Myth or Fact?

Diagnostic Criteria

Manifestations of ADHD

Prevalence of ADHD

Recognizing and Understanding ADHD in Young Children

What Causes ADHD?

Creating an Optimal Learning Environment


2. Recognizing ADHD: Primary Symptoms and Common Impairments



Other Behaviors Often Seen in Children With ADHD

Impairments in Executive Functioning

Temperament and ADHD


3. Developing and Reinforcing Appropriate Social Skills
Preschool and Elementary School as the Training Ground

What Are Social Skills and Why Are They So Important?

Social-Skills Development

Strategies That Support Social Skill Development

Five Problem-Solving Areas That Challenge Children With ADHD

Suggestions for Reinforcing Appropriate Social Behaviors

Challenging Settings for Children With ADHD


4. Help, This Kid Is Driving Me Crazy!!: Proactive Classroom Management and Positive Behavior Supports
Developing a Personal Philosophy of Behavior Management

Analyzing Behavior

Putting the Strategies to Practice


5. How Do I Teach This Kid? Classroom Strategies to Support All Learners
Classroom Success Is Possible

Treating Children With ADHD Fairly

Defining the Objective of the Lesson

The Differentiated Classroom

Making Appropriate Accommodations

Beyond Accommodations and Interventions: The Special Education Referral

Learning Disabilities

Other Health Impaired


6. Why Is Writing So Hard? Specific Strategies to Develop Writing Skills
Why Writing Is So Hard

Teaching Early Writing

Analyzing Writing Tasks

Scaffolds for Writing Success

The Dreaded Book Report!

The Even More Dreaded Written Report


7. What Teachers Should Know About Medication
What Medications Are Most Commonly Used to Treat ADHD?

What Changes Can I Expect to See With My Students on Stimulants?

Do Stimulants Cure ADHD? How Do These Medicines Work?

How Long Does a Child With ADHD Need to Be on Medication Before It Works?

How Will I Know If My Student Is Over-Medicated?

If the Medicine Works, Does That Confirm That the Diagnosis of ADHD Is Correct?

What Are the Possible Side Effects of Stimulants That My Student Might Experience?

What Information From Teachers Is Helpful to Doctors?

Are Stimulants Addictive?

Can Stimulants Lead to Problems With Abuse of Other Drugs?

Are There Particular Kids Who Would Be Expected to Do Poorly on Stimulants?

Are There Children Who Need to be on Medication Only at School?

Are there Problems With Adverse Drug Interactions if a Child Is on a Stimulant?

I've Heard That Kids Can Become Psychotic on Stimulants. Is It True?

Can Stimulants Be Used by Children Younger Than Age 5?

My Students Used to Do Well on Ritalin, but Now It Doesn't Seem to Work. What's Going On?

Are There Any Good Natural Remedies Available for Treating ADHD?

One of My Students Is on Prozac. Is This Commonly Used in Young Children With ADHD?

Do Medications Help Learning Disabilities?

One of My Students Is Very Defiant and Oppositional. Will Medications Help With This?


8. Communicating Effectively With Parents
Parents: The Most Important Resource

Respect and Acknowledge the Challenges Parents Face

Criticism Is the Least Effective Form for Change

ADHD as an "Excuse"

Helping Parents Separate Enabling From Supportive Decisions

When It Seems a Child Might Have ADHD

When Parents Don't Disclose That Their Child Is Taking Medication

Regular Communication Is Critical


9. Taking Care of Yourself
Recognizing the Signs of Stress

Suggested Ways to Lower Stress

Resource A: Recognizing ADHD in Preschool and Primary Grades: Real Profiles
Resource B: Other Disorders Sometimes Associated With ADHD
Resource C: Childhood Disorders and Conditions That Can Mimic ADHD in Young Children
Resource D: Recommended Books for Teachers
Resource E: Useful Web Sites

"Well written, easy to read, and comprehensive in scope. The advice, strategies, and vignettes are all excellent."

Sandra F. Rief
Author of How to Reach & Teach Children With ADD/ADHD and The ADHD Book of Lists

"This is the most complete and definitive book on the topic. A must-read for every educator and administrator."

Carol S. Reynolds, Principal
Frostproof Elementary School, FL

"From interventions and ideas for helping kids with ADHD learn to tips for understanding medications, this pairs profiles of kids with ADHD with tested solutions teachers can use throughout the analysis, intervention, and educational process."

California Bookwatch, June 2008
Midwest Book Review

Sample Materials & Chapters


Chapter 1

Richard A. Lougy

Richard A. Lougy has been living and working for the last 30 years in Sacramento, California, where he began his career as a middle school teacher. During that time, he also served as an elementary school counselor and later as a school psychologist. Before retiring in 2007, he oversaw mental health services for Head Start and Early Head Start programs in a large metropolitan school district in Northern California. He currently runs a private practice specializing in ADHD and related disorders, as well as being a mental health consultant for Early Head Start programs and Before and After School Care Programs for a large school district.... More About Author

Silvia L. DeRuvo

Silvia L. DeRuvo is a special education resources development specialist with WestEd, a nonprofit agency that works with schools, districts, state agencies, and national policy makers in the areas of educational research, products, and programs. Her work focuses primarily on working with schools and teachers on effective research-based instructional practices that support the needs of students with disabilities within core content integrated classrooms. Prior to her work at WestEd, DeRuvo has been an elementary special educator for nearly 20 years, and a teacher trainer at California State University, Sacramento. Her experience in the... More About Author

David Rosenthal, MD

David Rosenthal, MD, is an adult, adolescent, and child psychiatrist in private practice in Boulder, Colorado. He is an adjunct professor in the Graduate School of Social Work at the University of Denver, where he teaches courses on psychopharmacology. Rosenthal practiced psychiatry in various settings in California for many years and treated thousands of patients with ADHD, anxiety, and mood disorders before coauthoring two books on ADHD: ADHD: A Survival Guide for Parents and Teachers (Hope Press/2007) and Teaching Young Children With ADHD: Successful Strategies and Practical Interventions for PreK-3 (Corwin Press/2007). He also has... More About Author

Also available as a South Asia Edition.