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The School Counselor’s Guide to ADHD

The School Counselor’s Guide to ADHD
What to Know and Do to Help Your Students

Edited by:

Other Titles in:
ADD/ADHD | School Counseling

July 2009 | 184 pages | Corwin
'This book should be on every school counselor's desk. One would need to have read dozens of books every year for the past 10 years to have even minimal access to the information and wisdom imparted here'—Gloria Avolio DePaul, School Counselor, Hillsborough County School District, Tampa, FL

To help establish an optimal learning environment and support students with ADHD and their families, educators need up-to-date knowledge, in-depth advice, and practical tools that can be immediately and easily implemented.

The School Counselor's Guide to ADHD covers not only principal causes, symptoms, and interventions for ADHD, but also current, detailed information on executive brain function. This comprehensive resource includes a wide range of inclusive practices that help define the multiple roles and responsibilities of school counsellors, such as:

- Providing effective student interventions to ensure individual success

- Collaborating with teachers to deliver instruction, manage behaviour, and facilitate classroom accommodations

- Communicating with parents about student progress and challenges

- Understanding common ADHD medications and their effects on children

Strengthen your work with students and key stakeholders with this resource and ensure that students with ADHD have the support they need to thrive.

About the Authors
1. What Is Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)?
Is ADHD a Mythical Disorder?

Theory Versus Scientific Fact

ADHD Is a Complex Set of Behaviors

Diagnostic Criteria

Manifestations of ADHD

Prevalence of ADHD

What Causes ADHD?

Primary Symptoms and Common Impairments

Predominantly Inattentive Type of ADHD


2. The Role of Executive Function
Why Spend So Much Time on Executive Function?

What Is Executive Function?

Role of Executive Function as Related to ADHD

Snapshot Overview of Executive Function Processes

Deficit in Behavioral Inhibition: Russell Barkley

Components of Executive Function

Executive Functions Work Together in Various Combinations: Thomas Brown


3. Treating Children With ADHD Fairly
Fair and Equal Are Not the Same

The School Counselor's Role

The School Counselor's Role as a Consultant

The School Counselor's Role in Helping Teachers Better Understand

Explaining Risk Factors on School Performance

Encountering Teachers Who Seem Very Resistant to Accommodations

The School Counselor's Role in Helping Parents Better Understand

The School Counselor's Role in Helping Parents Talk to Their Child About ADHD

The Parent-Child Relationship With Regard to the School

The Empathetic Educator

The Hidden Disability Does Not Keep the Child From Succeeding

Road Map for Assuring Fairness


4. Classroom Strategies: A Recipe for Student Success by Silvia L. DeRuvo
The School Counselor's Role in Inciting Change

Recognizing the Academic Challenges

Related Academic Performance Areas Challenging for Children With ADHD

Recognizing Learning Styles

Multimodality Teaching Strategies

Time Management and Organizational Skills


5. Managing ADHD Behaviors in the School Setting
Let's Begin

Positive Schoolwide Intervention

Positive Individual Interventions

The Teacher May Have to Make Some Changes Too


6. What Teachers Should Know About Medication by David Rosenthal, MD
Should My Child Be on Medication?

Common Medications to Treat ADHD

Changes in Students on Stimulants

Do Stimulants Cure ADHD? How Do These Medicines Work?

How Long Does It Take for the Medication to Work?

Signs of Being Overmedicated

If the Medicine Works, Does That Confirm That the Diagnosis of ADHD Is Correct?

Side Effects From Stimulants

Information That Should Be Communicated to the Doctor

Can Stimulants Cause Problems With Growth?

Are Stimulants Addictive?

Can Stimulants Lead to Problems With Abuse of Other Drugs?

Are There Particular Children Who Would Be Expected to Do Poorly on Stimulants?

Are There Children Who Only need to Be on Medication at School?

Drug Interactions With Stimulant Medication

Can Children Become Psychotic on Stimulants?

Can Stimulants Be Used in Children Under Age Five?

My Student Used to Do Well on Ritalin, but Now It Doesn't Work. What Is Going On?

Natural Remedies to Treat ADHD

Prozac as a Treatment for ADHD

Do Medications Help Learning Disabilities?

One of My Students is Very Defiant and Oppositional. Will Medications Help With This?


7. Communicating Effectively With Parents
Parents: The Most Important Resource

Respect and Acknowledge the Challenges Parents Face

Helping Parents Distinguish Enabling From Supportive Decisions

Regular Communication Is Critical

Attending Teacher-Parent Meetings


Resource A: Useful Web Sites for Parents and Teachers

Resource B: Recommended Books for Teachers

Resource C: Recommended Books for Parents

Resource D: Recommended Books for Children

Resource E: Childhood Disorders and Conditions That Can Mimic ADHD


“This is a text school counselors have been waiting for! It provides a strong review of the manifestations of ADHD and concrete examples of ways to strengthen our work with students and stakeholders impacted by ADHD. I will recommend it to my school counseling students.”

Kylie P. Dotson-Blake, Assistant Professor of Counselor and Adult Education
East Carolina University

"This book should be on every school counselor’s desk. It provides a concise compilation of the most recent facts, theories, opinions, variables, best practices, and remaining questions about addressing the issue of ADHD in the school setting. One would need to have read dozens of other books, every year, for the past 10 years to have even minimal access to the information and wisdom imparted in this book."

Gloria Avolio DePaul, School Counselor
Hillsborough County School District, Tampa, FL

“The book includes practical ideas for school counselors to implement in working with students who have ADHD. This is the type of information that school counselors want most: practical ideas that can be immediately implemented in their own work. I found the book helpful in my own understanding of ADHD.”

J. Scott Glass, Associate Professor
East Carolina University

Richard A. Lougy

Richard A. Lougy has been living and working for the last 30 years in Sacramento, California, where he began his career as a middle school teacher. During that time, he also served as an elementary school counselor and later as a school psychologist. Before retiring in 2007, he oversaw mental health services for Head Start and Early Head Start programs in a large metropolitan school district in Northern California. He currently runs a private practice specializing in ADHD and related disorders, as well as being a mental health consultant for Early Head Start programs and Before and After School Care Programs for a large school district.... More About Author

Silvia L. DeRuvo

Silvia L. DeRuvo is a special education resources development specialist with WestEd, a nonprofit agency that works with schools, districts, state agencies, and national policy makers in the areas of educational research, products, and programs. Her work focuses primarily on working with schools and teachers on effective research-based instructional practices that support the needs of students with disabilities within core content integrated classrooms. Prior to her work at WestEd, DeRuvo has been an elementary special educator for nearly 20 years, and a teacher trainer at California State University, Sacramento. Her experience in the... More About Author

David Rosenthal, MD

David Rosenthal, MD, is an adult, adolescent, and child psychiatrist in private practice in Boulder, Colorado. He is an adjunct professor in the Graduate School of Social Work at the University of Denver, where he teaches courses on psychopharmacology. Rosenthal practiced psychiatry in various settings in California for many years and treated thousands of patients with ADHD, anxiety, and mood disorders before coauthoring two books on ADHD: ADHD: A Survival Guide for Parents and Teachers (Hope Press/2007) and Teaching Young Children With ADHD: Successful Strategies and Practical Interventions for PreK-3 (Corwin Press/2007). He also has... More About Author

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