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The Paradox of India’s North–South Divide

The Paradox of India’s North–South Divide
Lessons from the States and Regions

First Edition
  • Samuel Paul - Former Director, Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, and Founder, Public Affairs Centre, Bangalore
  • Kala Seetharam Sridhar - Professor and Head, Centre for Research in Urban Affairs, Institute for Social and Economic Change (ISEC), Bangalore
Critical Acclaim

April 2015 | 252 pages | SAGE India

This book addresses such issues and examines how divergence in governance and political processes has influenced their growth trajectories.

This book examines the socio-economic and political scenario of India’s southern states vis-à-vis their northern counterparts. Exploring the paradox behind the underlying North–South divide in India, it reveals that the gap was much smaller at the outset, with the North having had a head start in certain areas. It goes on to establish that although the South was somewhat better placed in terms of initial conditions, it was the post-liberalization era that saw it realizing this potential and surging forward.

List of Tables
List of Figures
Studies of Regional Disparities: A Review
Has the South Performed Better than the North?
What Explains the North–South Divide?
Southern Region versus Northern Region
Conclusions and Policy Implications

India’s development involves some striking regional contrasts, including a broad North–South divide. This study is a valuable contribution to our understanding of this divide and how it can be bridged.

Jean Dreze
Eminent Development Economist

This book goes beyond the received literature on why the southern states of India have developed faster than the northern states of UP, Bihar, MP and Rajasthan, and searches for underlying causes with great care and clarity.

Indira Rajaraman
Former Member, Thirteenth Finance Commission

This book highlights the major differences between India’s North and South in terms of all socio-economic parameters. In particular, it demonstrates a significant reason: differences in the quality of public governance.

S.L. Rao
Former Director General, National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER), New Delhi

The introductory chapter covered many issues pertaining to regional disparities….The volume is useful one for the researchers, academicians, policy makers and others. Such analytical study is seldom found in the recent years. The authors should be appreciated for bringing out such a worthy volume.

Journal of Rural Development, July-September 2015

“A valuable contribution to our understanding of the North-South divide and how it can be bridged” - 

Jean Dreze,
Eminent Development Economist

The book by Paul and Sridhar adopts a different track by comparing the experience of select ‘Southern’ (Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala) and ‘Northern’ (Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan) states and exploring the reasons behind the growth divergence between them… In all, the present volume contributes significantly to the existing literature and should be an important point of reference for policymakers and researchers alike.

Journal of Development Policy and Practice,
Volume 1(Issue 1), January 2016

Samuel Paul

Samuel Paul is the Former Director and Professor of Economics at the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, and the Founder of the Public Affairs Centre, Bangalore, a non-profit organization known for its promotion of public accountability and good governance. He has taught at the Kennedy School at Harvard University and at the Woodrow Wilson School at Princeton University. He also served several international organizations such as the World Bank in Washington, where he was an advisor, and the United Nations where he was a special advisor to the United Nations Commission on Transnational Corporations. He ... More About Author

Kala Seetharam Sridhar

Kala Seetharam Sridhar is Professor and Head, Centre for Research in Urban Affairs, Institute for Social and Economic Change (ISEC), Bangalore. She has written several books on urban issues, and contributed to several journals and articles in various books. She is the recipientof several national awards such as the VKRV Rao award for her contributions to social sciences, and international awards by the Global Development Network (GDN) for her research. She was India countryexpert for ADB’s project on green urbanization in Asia, and is involved in ADB’s project on urbanization in India and China. She was senior... More About Author

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ISBN: 9789351501411