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Bio-innovation and Poverty Alleviation
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Bio-innovation and Poverty Alleviation
Case Studies from Asia

Edited by:


October 2014 | 396 pages | SAGE India

The proposed volume attempts to understand how forms of bio-innovation might be linked to the problem of poverty and its reduction through an inquiry into a number of empirical cases of present-day bio-innovations in Asia. Conditions and circumstances in countries like Cambodia, China, India, Korea, Nepal, Philippines, and Thailand are quite different and provide a mosaic of varied experiences in bio-innovation that include shrimp farming, GMO cotton, bio gas, organic farming, and vaccines.

Offering important insights into various forms of bio-innovation efforts and their effects on poverty alleviation, this volume is divided into three major themes that organize the main sections of the book—benefits for the poor: actual, direct, and prospective benefits for the poor; absence of positive impacts and institutional constraints; pro-poor drivers and embedding in anti-poverty alleviation.

The central questions addressed here are:
 Ways and circumstances in which certain forms of bio-innovations affect the poor and enable poverty alleviation. 
 Critical factors and conditions for improving the positive impact of bio-innovations on poverty alleviation.
 Poverty alleviation goals should be the point of departure in rationalizing, identifying and designing appropriate and relevant bio-innovation programs.

Edsel E Sajor, Bernadette Resurrección and Sudip K Rakshit
Introduction
 
I: ACTUAL, DIRECT AND PROSPECTIVE BENEFITS FOR THE POOR
Marlon B Sepe, Joel N Sagadal, Rudy D Lange, and Jobert C Porras
Biosand Water Filter and Poor Households in the Philippines
Wei Geng and Yaoqi Zhang
Bio-innovation in Edible Mushroom Industry and Poverty Alleviation in China
Geeta Bhatrai Bastakoti, Sunila Rai, and Gam Bahadur Gurung
Commercialization of Aquaculture in Nepal: Understanding Its Gender Implications
Juthathip Chalermphol, Wallratat Intaruccomporn, and Geeta Bhatrai Bastakoti
Improved Vegetable Production in Northern Thailand: Is the Innovation Pro-poor and Gender Sensitive?
Louis Lebel, Songphonsak Rattanawilailak, Phimphakan Lebel, Alisa Arfue, Patcharawalai Sriyasak, and Rajesh Daniel
‘Lazy Garden’ Innovation as a Resilience-building Strategy
 
II: ABSENCE OF POSITIVE IMPACTS AND INSTITUTIONAL CONSTRAINTS
Le Thi Van Hue and Chi Hoang Lan Dinh
Shrimp Probiotics, Social Differentiation, and Shrimp Farmers in Vietnam
Simon Shackley and Sarah Carter
Biochar Stoves: An Innovation Studies Perspective
Cecilia Oh
Vaccine R&D in Thailand: Meeting Public Health Needs through Collective IPR Management
Tuong Vi Pham, Han Tuyet Mai, and Tran Chi Trung
Biogas Program and Its Impact on the Poor in Vietnam
Linda M Peñalba, Merlyne M Paunlagui, and Rowena D T Baconguis
Harnessing Poverty Alleviation Potential of Biofertilizer in the Philippines
 
III: PRO-POOR DRIVERS AND EMBEDDING IN ANTI-POVERTY ALLEVIATION
Jeff Rutherford
Knowing Earth and Sky: The Transmission of Knowledge in Natural Farming in Chiang Mai Province
Eunjeong Ma
Changing Trends of Bio-Innovation in Pharmaceutical Industry: Inclusion and Exclusion of Poor
Qiaoqiao Zhang and Wan Min
Bt Cotton in China: Implications for the Rural Poor and Poverty Alleviation
Sunita Sangar
Biofertilizer-based Bio-innovation: Relevance to Poverty Welfare
 
Index

Vivid and factual…an important read not only for social scientists, but most importantly for policy makers and science and technology experts who need to look at societal benefit at large, keeping in mind the social and cultural factors before any innovation.

Social Action, July-September 2015

The book offers important insights into various forms of bio-innovation efforts and their effects on poverty alleviation…. A highly readable book. Each case is immensely informative…the language and flow are cogent and convincing.

Journal of Rural Development, April- June 2015

The editors have done an excellent job of putting together papers on various types of bio-innovations from across Asia…the book is a must read for those involved in research into and practice of pro-poor interventions in rural areas of the developing world.

Millennial Asia,
Volume 7 (Issue 1), April 2016

The present volume contrib­utes significantly to the existing literature and should be an important point of reference for policymakers and researchers alike.

South Asia Economic Journal,
Vol 17(Issue 1), March 2016

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Edsel E. Sajor

Edsel E Sajor is Associate Professor, School of Environment, Resources and Development, Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand. More About Author

Bernadette P. Resurreccion

Bernadette P Resurrección is Senior Research Fellow, Stockholm Environment Institute, Thailand. More About Author

Sudip K. Rakshit

Sudip K Rakshit is Professor, Canada Research Chair and Interim Director Biorefining Research Institute, Canada. More About Author

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ISBN: 9788132119722
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