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Behavior Change in the Human Services
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Behavior Change in the Human Services
Behavioral and Cognitive Principles and Applications

Fifth Edition


400 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Behavior Change in the Human Services, Fifth Edition continues to provide a systematic introduction and overview of behavioral and cognitive principles and their applications to a wide range of problems and situations encountered in the human service professions. Designed for students and practitioners, the book uses a unique problem-solving framework to demonstrate how behavior change principles can be applied to practice situations.

Behavior Change in the Human Services, Fifth Edition features a detailed and sequential organization that encourages readers to move progressively through material of increasing complexity and to conduct self-assessments of their knowledge. The Fifth Edition includes eight clinical case studies and many new and engaging examples that address issues such as substance abuse, child behavior problems, assertiveness, marital discord, and developing appropriate social behaviors. The expanded chapter on intervention techniques incorporates empirically tested behavioral and cognitive strategies for addressing clinical problems such as phobias, anxiety disorders, depression, and other behavioral disorders. Current developments and trends in the field are discussed, including the movement toward evidence-based practice.

This comprehensive yet accessible text also features figures, charts, and forms to demonstrate data collection and analysis. Any student pursuing a career in the helping professions, including social work, psychology, counseling, special education, nursing, and psychiatry, will find this book valuable.

 
PREFACE
 
TO THE STUDENT: HOW TO USE THIS BOOK
Course Materials

 
Case Examples

 
The Chapters

 
The Course Posttest

 
Scoring

 
Recommendations for Instructor Use of This Book

 
 
INTRODUCTION
Origins of the Behavioral and Cognitive-Behavioral Approaches

 
Comparing the Behavioral and Cognitive Approaches

 
Characteristics of Behavior Change Approaches

 
Cultural Diversity

 
 
Chapter 1. SPECIFYING BEHAVIOR
Objectives

 
Overt and Covert Behaviors

 
Clarifying Vague Terms and Fuzzy Language

 
Target Behavior

 
Measuring Response Strength

 
Behavioral Assessment Approach

 
Summary

 
Suggested Activities

 
References and Resources

 
 
Chapter 2. POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT
Objectives

 
Reinforcing Stimuli

 
Examples of Positive Reinforcement

 
Reinforcers and Rewards

 
Factors That Influence Reinforcer Effectiveness

 
How to Identify Potential Reinforcers

 
Reinforcer Sampling

 
How to Evaluate the Effect of a Stimulus as a Positive Reinforcer

 
Reinforcement of Behavior: Social, Tangible, and Self-Administered

 
Summary

 
Suggested Activities

 
References and Resources

 
 
Chapter 3. EXTINCTION
Objectives

 
Decreasing Response Strength

 
Single-Subject Evaluation Designs

 
Applying Extinction to Decrease Undesired Behaviors

 
Ethical Considerations

 
Effects of Extinction

 
Consistency and Control of Reinforcement

 
Positive Reinforcement of Appropriate Behaviors

 
Spontaneous Recovery

 
Summary

 
Suggested Activities

 
References and Resources

 
 
Chapter 4. POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT CONTINGENCIES
Objectives

 
Behavioral Contingencies and Positive Reinforcement

 
Contingency Contracting

 
Accidental Reinforcement Contingencies

 
Self-Control Reinforcement Contingencies

 
The Premack Principle

 
Continuous and Intermittent Reinforcement

 
Summary

 
Suggested Activities

 
References and Resources

 
 
Chaper 5. SHAPING AND RESPONSE DIFFERENTIATION
Objectives

 
Differential Reinforcement

 
Response Class

 
The DRO Procedure

 
Shaping With Successive Approximations

 
Summary

 
Suggested Activities

 
References and Resources

 
 
Chapter 6. STIMULUS CONTROL: DISCRIMINATION AND GENERALIZATION
Objectives

 
Antecedents

 
The Discrimination Training Procedure

 
Stimulus Control

 
Rule-Governed Behavior

 
Stimulus Fading

 
Summary

 
Suggested Activities

 
References and Resources

 
 
Chapter 7. CONDITIONED REINFORCEMENT AND CHAINING
Objectives

 
Conditioned Reinforcement

 
Simple and Generalized Conditioned Reinforcers

 
Establishing a Conditioned Reinforcer

 
Reinforcement History

 
Establishing Relationships With Clients

 
Fading Out Unconditioned Reinforcers

 
Token Economy

 
Stimulus-Response Chains

 
Response Priming

 
Backward Chaining

 
Summary

 
Suggested Activities

 
 
Chapter 8. MODELING AND IMITATION
Objectives

 
The Role of Imitation in the Acquisition of Behaviors

 
The Use of Modeling in the Acquisition of New Behaviors

 
Modeling Versus Shaping

 
The Modeling Plus Positive Reinforcement Procedure

 
Application of Modeling in Practice

 
Assertiveness Training

 
Summary

 
Suggested Activities

 
References and Resources

 
 
Chapter 9. PUNISHMENT
Objectives

 
Punishment Defined

 
Aversive Stimuli and Punishers

 
Positive Punishment

 
Negative Punishment

 
Extinction and Negative Punishment

 
Time-Out

 
Maximizing the Effectiveness of Punishment

 
Disadvantages of Punishment

 
Alternatives to Punishment

 
Overcorrection

 
Punishment and Self-Control

 
The Future of Punishment

 
Summary

 
Suggested Activities

 
References and Resources

 
 
Chapter 10. NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT
Objectives

 
Negative Reinforcers, Punishers, and Aversive Stimuli

 
Escape Behavior

 
Escape and Punishment

 
Avoidance Behavior

 
Phobias and Negative Reinforcement

 
Superstitious Behavior and Negative Reinforcement

 
Negative Reinforcement and Interpersonal Relationships

 
Summary

 
Suggested Activities

 
References and Resources

 
 
Chapter 11. RESPONDENT CONDITIONING
Objectives

 
Respondent Behavior

 
Respondent Conditioning

 
Emotional Behavior

 
Respondent Conditioning of Phobias

 
Escape, Avoidance, and Respondent Conditioning

 
Operant and Respondent Control of Behaviors

 
Summary

 
Suggested Activities

 
References and Resources

 
 
Chapter 12. GENERALIZATION AND MAINTENANCE OF BEHAVIOR CHANGE
Objectives

 
Generalization and Maintenance of Behavior Change

 
Obstacles to Generalization and Maintenance of Behavior Change

 
Strategies for Promoting Generalization and Maintenance of Behavior Change

 
Summary

 
Suggested Activities

 
References and Resources

 
 
Chapter 13. BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT
Objectives

 
Introduction to Behavioral Assessment

 
Elements of Behavioral Assessment

 
Sources of Assessment Information

 
Collecting Assessment Information

 
Behavioral Assessment and Application of RAC-S

 
Summary

 
Suggested Activities

 
References and Resources

 
 
Chapter 14. GOAL SETTING, INTERVENTION PLANNING, AND EVALUATION
Objectives

 
Formulation Behavior Change Goals

 
Intervention Planning

 
Intake, Behavioral Assessment, Goal Setting, Intervention

 
Treatment Contracts

 
Classification of Behavior Change Techniques

 
Ethical Considerations

 
Developing the Intervention Plan

 
Implementing the Behavior Change Program for Toothbrushing

 
Evaluating the Effectiveness of the Behavior Change Program

 
Behaviorally Oriented Record Keeping

 
Client Satisfaction

 
Social Validity

 
Summary

 
Suggested Activities

 
References and Resources

 
 
Chapter 15. INTERVENTION TECHNIQUES
Objectives

 
Exposure Techniques

 
Cognitive-Behavioral Techniques

 
Intervention Packages

 
Evidence-Based Interventions

 
Practice Guidelines

 
Conclusion

 
Summary

 
Suggested Activities

 
 
Appendix 1: Case Examples
 
Appendix 2: Chapter Pretest Questions
 
Appendix 3: Chapter Pretest Answers
 
Appendix 4: Chapter Posttest Questions
 
Appendix 5: Chapter Posttest Answers
 
Appendix 6: Course Posttest Questions
 
Appendix 7: Course Posttest Answers
 
Appendix 8: Notational Symbols and Diagrams
 
GLOSSARY
 
NAME INDEX
 
SUBJECT INDEX
 
ABOUT THE AUTHORS

The book suits well for the course, as it focuses on how principles of learning and conditioning can be applied in professional settings.

Mr Fara Tabrizi
Psychology , Mid Sweden University Institution of Humanities
July 1, 2016

A really good book to learn about behavior learning

Ms Maria Elvén
School of health, care and social welfare, Mälardalen University, Division of physiotherapy
August 15, 2014

We are going to use this book on our yearly course.

Professor Anne Soderlund
Dep of Physiotherapy, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare
January 28, 2012

Martin Sundel

Sandra Stone Sundel

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