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Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development

Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development


eISSN: 20740131 | ISSN: 10185291 | Current volume: 30 | Current issue: 1-2 Frequency: Bi-annually

Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development (APJORD), a bi-annual academic journal, is a flagship publication of CIRDAP. It is devoted to the issues and discussions on rural development, primarily in the Asia-Pacific region.

The journal provides a platform for the academicians, policymakers, NGOs, research scholars and other stakeholders interested in Integrated Rural Development (IRD) to exchange and share ideas, opinions, field observations and empirical findings on various facets of rural development.

APJORD focuses on Integrated Rural Development keeping in view the six programme priorities of CIRDAP. These are: (a) sustainable development and efficient use of natural resources (e.g. land administration and management, waste management and natural resource management); (b) livelihoods (e.g. poverty reduction, economic productivity through technological innovation, upgrading and diversification and related policies, skill development, entrepreneurship, access to financial services and sustainable tourism); (c) access to basic services (e.g. food and nutrition security, safe and affordable drinking water and sanitation, health and education, affordable reliable and modern renewable energy, access to information, decent housing, and rural transportation access); (d) climate change (e.g. strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate change, and mitigation of adverse impact); (e) governance (e.g. strengthening local governance and CBO/CSOs, and gender inclusive governance) and (f) management of rural areas in transition.

With this interdisciplinary journal, CIRDAP fulfils its mandate as a service institution to its member countries for promoting sustainable integrated rural development through dissemination of knowledge and promotion of policy dialogue.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development is a peer-reviewed journal that provides a platform for publication of articles in all areas of rural development. The aim of this journal is to provide a platform for policymakers and academicians to promote, share, and discuss various new issues and developments in different areas of rural development. The journal publishes conceptual, empirical and review papers in the form of research articles, reports of ongoing research, analyses of current and topical practice, policy issues relating to rural development field notes, and book reviews. APJORD is a peer-reviewed journal and adheres to a rigorous double-blind reviewing policy in which the identity of both the reviewer and author are always concealed from both parties.

Subject areas include any thematic areas related to sustainable integrated rural development aligned with Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The thematic areas are including but not limited to the following:

• Sustainable use of natural resources
• Management of rural areas in transition
• Land and water resources management
• Agro processing and rural market
• Rural livelihoods and poverty reduction
• Education and skill development
• Entrepreneurship and financial inclusion
• Climate change
• Local governance
• Food and nutrition
• Health and hygiene
• ICT and geospatial technology for rural development
• Renewable energy for rural consumption
• Rural transportation
• Sustainable rural tourism

Chairperson
Cherdsak Virapat Director General, Centre on Integrated Rural Development for Asia and the Pacific (CIRDAP), Bangladesh
Editor
Mohammed Helal Uddin Professor, Department of Economics, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh
Editorial Board
Tahrunessa Abdullah Development Consutlant, Ramon Magsaysay Awardee for Community Leadership, Bangladesh
Qazi Kholiquzzaman Ahmad Chairman, Palli Karma-Sahayak Foundation (PKSF); Member of the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize Winning, UN IPCC Team, Bangladesh
Momtaz Uddin Ahmed Professor, Department of Economics, University of Dhaka; Former Member, Planning Commission, Bangladesh
Salehuddin Ahmed IRD Expert, Centre on Integrated Rural Development for Asia and the Pacific (CIRDAP); Professor, BRAC University; Former Governor, Bangladesh Bank, Bangladesh
Mohammed Farashuddin Founder President and Vice-Chancellor, East West University; Former Governor, Bangladesh Bank, Bangladesh
Jayant K Routray Professor and Academic Senate Chair, Regional and Rural Development Planning, Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand
Editorial Coordinator
Hurain Jannat Communications Officer, Centre on Integrated Rural Development for Asia and the Pacific, Bangladesh
Editorial Advisory Board
Edna A Aguilar Research and Extension, University of the Philippines, Los Baños (UPLB) College, The Philippines
A T Ariyaratne Founder and President, Sarvodaya Headquarters, Sri Lanka
Ganesh Chand Vice Chancellor, Fiji National University, Fiji
S Mahendra Dev Director (Vice Chancellor), Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, India
Agus Dwiyanto National Institute of Public Administration, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia
Md Rafiqul Hoque Vice Chancellor, Bangladesh Agriculture University, Bangladesh
Khalid Johari Head of Unit, Unit for Rural Education Research, School of Education and Social Development, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia
Nowshad Khan Dean F/O Sciences/Chairman, Department of Agricultural Sciences, Allama Iqbal Open University, Pakistan
Myo Kywe Rector, Yezin Agricultural University (YAU), Myanmar
Motiei Langrodi Professor and Academic Member, Center of Excellence for Rural Studies and Planning, University of Tehran, Iran
Somkit Lertpaithoon Rector, Thammasat University, Thailand
Hira Bahadur Maharjan Vice-Chancellor, Tribhuvan University, Nepal
Worsak Kano-Nukulchai President, Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Thailand
Hoang Manh Quan Director, Centre for Rural Development, Vietnam
Wakil Ahmad Sarhadi Dean of Agriculture Faculty, Kabul University, Afghanistan
Sithong Thongmanyvong Director, Research Division, Faculty of Forestry, National University of Laos, Lao PDR
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  • Manuscript Submission Guidelines: Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development

    This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics

    Manuscripts and all editorial correspondence for Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development should be submitted at https://peerreview.sagepub.com/jrd

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development will be reviewed.

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this Journal.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere. Please see our guidelines on prior publication

    If you have any questions about publishing with SAGE, please visit the SAGE Journal Solutions Portal

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope
    1.2 Article types
    1.3 Writing your paper

    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy
    2.2 Authorship
    2.3 Acknowledgements
    2.4 Funding
    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
    2.6 Research data

    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics
    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement
    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    4. Preparing your manuscript

    4.1 Formatting
    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
    4.3 Supplemental material
    4.4 Reference style
    4.5 English language editing services

    5. Submitting your manuscript

    5.1 ORCID
    5.2 Information required for completing your submission
    5.3 Permissions

    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 SAGE Production
    6.2 Online First publication
    6.3 Access to your published article
    6.4 Promoting your article

    7. Further information

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope

    Before submitting your manuscript to Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.

    1.2 Article types

    There could be following types of manuscripts in the journal:

    • Research Articles
    • Reports
    • Analyses
    • Field Notes
    • Book Reviews

    Manuscripts should normally not exceed 6,000 words and should be submitted in duplicate with the cover page bearing only the title of the article, author/s’ names, designations, official addresses, phone/fax numbers, and email addresses. Also, the Book Review and Notes from the Field should not be longer than 3,000 words.  In case there are two or more authors, then the corresponding author’s name and address details should be clearly specified on the first page of the article.

    1.3 Writing your paper

    The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice on how to get published, plus links to further resources.

    1.3.1 Make your article discoverable
    For information and guidance on how to make your article more discoverable, visit our Gateway page on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online

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    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy

    Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development adheres to a rigorous double-blind reviewing policy in which the identity of both the reviewer and author are always concealed from both parties.

    2.2 Authorship

    All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is usually listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis.

    2.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    2.3.1 Writing assistance
    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    2.4 Funding

    Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development encourages authors to include a declaration of any conflicting interests and recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway

    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’. For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here

    2.6 Research data

    At SAGE we are committed to facilitating openness, transparency and reproducibility of research. Where relevant, Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development encourages authors to share their research data in a suitable public repository subject to ethical considerations and where data is included, to add a data accessibility statement in their manuscript file. Authors should also follow data citation principles. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway, which includes information about SAGE’s partnership with the data repository Figshare.

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    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway

    3.1.1 Plagiarism
    Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development
    and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the Journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.1.2 Prior publication
    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement

    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway

    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

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    4. Preparing your manuscript for submission

    4.1 Formatting

    The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. A LaTex template is available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    The manuscript should be structured as follows:

    • The cover page should carry the title of the article, the author(s)’ name(s), institutional affiliation(s), address(es) (postal, email and web), and phone and fax numbers. In case there are two or more authors, then corresponding author’s name and address details must be clearly specified on the first page itself; all correspondence, including those of the proof of the article would be sent to her/him.
    • All articles must be accompanied by an abstract of 150–200 words and 4–6 keywords.
    • The main body of the text may be divided into sections with appropriate headings and subheadings. Please note that the headings and subheadings should be typed on a separate line. Do not number, indent or use bold or italic typeface for headings and subheadings.
    • The author identifying information should not appear on any other page of the manuscript, except for the first (cover) page.
    • Headings: Limit the levels of heading within an article to two, or at most three. Avoid lengthy headings and do not number them. The printed style will distinguish their weighting adequately without recourse to an explicit structure such as 1.1.1.
    • Notes should be numbered serially and presented at the end of the article. Notes must contain more than a mere reference.
    • The language and spellings used should be British (UK), with ‘s’ variant, e.g., globalisation instead of globalization, labour instead of labor.
    • Single quotes should be used throughout. Double quote marks are to be used within single quotes. Spellings of words in quotations should not be changed. Quotations of 45 words or more should be separated from the text.
    • Use of italics and diacriticals should be minimized but consistent. For non-English and uncommon words and phrases, use italics throughout the text. Meaning of non-English words should be given in parenthesis just after the word when it is used for the first time.
    • Ibid should not be used.
    • Please pay attention to consistency in the hyphenation of words. Do not alternate, for example, between ‘psycho-social’ and ‘psychosocial’, ‘decision making’ and ‘decision-making’. (A distinction is, however, often made between noun and attributive adjective: for example: ‘the middle class’ but ‘middle-class ethics’.)
    • Use capitals sparingly and double-check the logical application of any distinctions you wish to make between specific and general use.
    • Abbreviations are spelled out at first occurrence. Very common ones (US, GDP, BBC) need not be spelled out.
    • Spell out numbers from one to nine, 10 and above to remain in figures. However, for exact measurements use only figures (3 km; 9 per cent). Use thousands and millions, not lakhs and crores.
    • Use ‘per cent’ instead of ‘%’ in the text. In tables, graphs, etc., % can be used.
    • Give specific dates in the form 22 November 1980. Decades should be referred to as ‘20th century’, ‘the 1990s’.
    • Tables and figures to be indicated by numbers separately (see Table 1), not by placement (see Table below). Present each table and figure on a separate sheet of paper, gathering them together at the end of the article.

    Book Reviews: The title of these must contain the name of the author and the book being reviewed, the place of publication and the publisher details (name and location), year of publication, number of pages, price and binding (hardbound/paperback) set as follows:

    Mark David Chong and Abraham P. Francis (Eds.), Demystifying Criminal Justice Social Work in India. New Delhi: SAGE Publications, 2017, xlix + 297 pp., ₹ 950 (hardback). ISBN: 978-93-860-6247-5.

    Reviewer’s name must be provided at the end of the book review along with the e-mail address and the affiliation.

    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    • All photographs and scanned images should have a resolution of minimum 300 dpi/1500 pixels and their format should be TIFF or JPEG.
    • Due permissions should be taken for copyright protected photographs/images. Even for photographs/images available in the public domain, it should be clearly ascertained whether or not their reproduction requires permission for purposes of publishing (which is a profit-making endeavour).
    • All photographs/scanned images should be provided separately in a folder along with the main article.

    Please Note: All figures and tables should be cited in the text and should have the source (a specific URL, a reference or, if it is author’s own work, ‘The Author’) mentioned irrespective of whether or not they require permissions.

    4.3 Supplemental material

    This Journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplemental files

    4.4 Reference style

    Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development adheres to the APA 7th edition reference style. View the APA guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    Please Note: For each in-text citation there must be a corresponding reference in the reference list and for each reference there must be a corresponding in-text citation.

    4.5 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the Journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

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    5. Submitting your manuscript

    Manuscripts and all editorial correspondence for Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development should be submitted at https://peerreview.sagepub.com/jrd

    5.1 ORCID

    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

    The collection of ORCID IDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this Journal. If you already have an ORCID ID you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID ID will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID ID is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID ID please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

    5.2 Information required for completing your submission

    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. The affiliation listed in the manuscript should be the institution where the research was conducted. If an author has moved to a new institution since completing the research, the new affiliation can be included in a manuscript note at the end of the paper. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    5.3 Permissions

    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway

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    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 SAGE Production

    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be made available to the corresponding author via email, and corrections should be made directly or notified to us promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorising the change.

    6.2 Online First publication

    Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the SAGE Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

    6.3 Access to your published article

    SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.4 Promoting your article

    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice.

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    7 Further information

    Manuscripts and all editorial correspondence for Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development should be submitted at https://peerreview.sagepub.com/jrd

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