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An EasyGuide to Research Design & SPSS
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An EasyGuide to Research Design & SPSS



© 2015 | 296 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
An EasyGuide to Experimental Design and SPSS is a handbook that provides clear and concise guidance for research methods students faced with the many decisions involved in developing the most appropriate strategy to test a hypothesis. By presenting an integrated approach to the choice of design and statistical analysis this handbook helps students connect the choice of experimental design with the choice of an appropriate statistical test for data analyses. The EasyGuide also presents the exact steps to analyze data in SPSS, including ample screenshots. The authors provide a how-to for interpreting the output from SPSS analyses, and they help students format the relevant SPSS output into an APA-style results section.
 
Section 1: Overview Basic Design Decisions
 
Chapter 1: Marriage – ‘Til Death Do Us Part
We Want to Help  
Basic Steps of Research  
 
Chapter 2: The Two Faces of Correlation
Correlation as a Research Design  
Correlations as a Statistic  
 
Chapter 3: Why Your Type fo Data Really Does Matter: Nominal, Ordinal, Interval, or Ratio
Nominal Data  
Ordinal Data  
Interval Data  
Ratio Data  
 
Chapter 4: To KISS (Keep It Simply Student) or to Complicate Matters: Nominal Data
How Many Variables Should I Include?  
How Many Participants Should I Include  
How Many Independent Variables ( IVs) Should I Include  
Including More Than One Independnt Variables (IV)  
Choosing the Number of Levels of Each Variable  
Choosing Your Dependent Variables (DVs)  
Avoiding the Un-Measurable Dependent Variables (DVs)  
How Many Dependent Variables (DVs) To Include  
 
Section II: Your Basic SPSS Tool Box
 
Chapter 5: Why SPSS and Not Other Software, Your Calculator, Fingers, or Toes
The Structure of SPSS  
 
Chapter 6: SPSS Data Hygiene: Columns, and Labels, and Values….Oh My.
When to Create Your Data File: Yes Even Before Data Collection  
Setting Up Your Data File  
Naming and Labeling Your Variables  
How to Keep Track and Remember the Details of Your Data File  
Creating New Variables in Your Data File: Transformations  
Conducting Analyses With Only Parts of Your Collected Data  
 
Chapter 7: Tell Me About It: Descriptive Statistics
Describing Nominal Data  
Describing Ordinal Data  
Describing Interval of Ratio Data  
Describing Data with Two Samples  
 
Section III: Designs, Statistics, Interpretaion, and Write-Up in APA Style
 
Chapter 8: Celebrate Your Independence!: Between-Groups Designs
One IV, Two Levels  
Between Groups with 2 Levels of an IV  
Independent-Samples T-Test with a Pseudo-IV  
Between Groups with More than 2 Levels of an IV  
 
Chapter 9: Everybody Plays!: Repeated-Measures Designs
One Independent Variable (IV) with Two-Levels  
Expanding the Number of Levels for Your Independent Variable  
Adding Another Factor: Within-Subjects Factorial Designs  
 
Chapter 10: Complicating Matters: Advanced Research Designs
Mixed Designs: One Between Variable and One Repeated-Measures  
A Multivariate Design: Measuring It All Including More Than One Dependent Variable In Your Design  
ANCOVA  
 
Chapter 11: How do I know if That Relationship is Real? Correlations
Correlational Design: Two Variables  
Interpreting Pearson’s r  
Analyzing Your Data  
Prediction with Two Variables: Simple Linear Regression  
Prediction with Several Variables: Multiple Linear Regression  
 
Chapter 12: Statistics Charades: Two Variables, Two Categories…..is it a Chi Square?
I Only Have One Question  
One-way Chi Square With More Than Two Levels  
Now I Only Have Two Questions  
 
Section IV: Summary
 
Chapter 13: Mapping Your Decisions: You Can Get There From Here
Making Basic Decisions About Your Design  
Data with Distinct Groups  
Interval or Ratio Data with Many Levels  
 
Chapter 14: Sample Results Sections for Each Type of Design
Independent-Samples T-Test (True IV)  
Independent-Samples T-Test (Pseudo-IV)  
One-Way, Between-Groups ANOVA (True IV)  
Paired-Samples T-Test  
One-Way, Within-Groups (Repeated-Measures) ANOVA  
Two-Way, Within-Groups (Repeated-Measures) ANOVA  
Pearson’s r Correlation  
Pearson’s r Correlation and Regression  
One-Way ?2  
Two-Way ?2  
 
Chapter 15: Did I do that? Taking Advice From the Experts
Questions About Research Design  
Questions About Analyzing Your Data  
Questions About Interpreting Your Data and Presenting Your Results  
When Interpreting Your Data  

...Competition for books like this is fierce and the core elements of the book under review are very good: the language is expressive and always engaging, the examples are excellent and the integration of statistics and design is an essential one.

Deaglan Page, School of Psychology, Queens University Belfast, Northern Ireland
Psychology Learning and Teaching

This is a good resource for beginner researchers who need to get more background on research designs, basic statistics and how to use SPSS. An interesting contribution is the chapter on the APA results sections where the writing up of the results are explained in detail.

Dr Ensa Johnson
Centre for Augmentative and Alternative Communication, University of Pretoria
November 16, 2016

Easy to read and understand, good illustrations making it easy for students to follow the steps through

Miss Desirée Jost
Dept of Economics and Business Studies, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen
June 8, 2015

Not adopted but will be included in additional readings for course.

Mrs Marie Valentin
My dept is not listed business, Palo Alto College
January 23, 2015

Some of the images in book unclear making it difficult to engage with the text

Mrs SARAH ESEGBONA-ADEIGBE
FHSC, London South Bank University
October 13, 2014

Step by step direction with extreemly useful screen shots to reassure the novice.

Ms Cath Wright
occupational therapy, University of Teesside
September 29, 2014

As a supplement for the class members who will be using SPSS for their research projects.

Dr Anita Bowles
Psychology Dept, San Jose State University
August 23, 2014

I have chosen to use this book as a resource for students, but not as the required text.

Dr Salvatore Terrasi
Counselor Education , Lesley University
July 15, 2014

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 8

Chapter 13


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Beth M. Schwartz

Beth Schwartz received her PhD in Cognitive Psychology from the State University of New York at Buffalo and is currently the Vice President of Academic Affairs and Provost at Heidelberg University. Prior to that, she was on the faculty and in administrative roles at Randolph College (founded as Randolph-Macon Woman's College). She has been recognized for her excellence in teaching both at Randolph with the Gillie A. Larew Excellence in Teaching award, as well as through AP-LS with the Outstanding Teaching and Mentoring Award. Her recent publications include articles in the Journal of Higher Education, and in Ethics & Behavior. Dr.... More About Author

Janie Hamn Wilson

Janie Wilson received her PhD in Experimental Psychology from the University of South Carolina in 1994. Since that time, she has been teaching and conducting research at Georgia Southern University. In the classroom, Dr. Wilson specializes in teaching and learning in statistics and research methods. Research interests include rapport in teaching based on empirical data on the first day of class, electronic communications, interactions with students in a traditional classroom, syllabus design, and the development and validation of the Professor-Student Rapport Scale. Recent publications include two brief texts with SAGE: An EasyGuide to... More About Author

Dennis M. Goff

Dennis M. Goff received his PhD in Experimental Psychology from Virginia Tech in 1985. He has been teaching and conducting research at Randolph College (formerly Randolph-Macon Woman’s College) since 1986. He specializes in teaching and learning in statistics and developmental psychology with a burgeoning interest in evolutionary psychology. In the past 27 years, he has mentored hundreds of senior psychology majors as they completed their independently designed research projects. In recent years, all of those seniors have presented their work at regional conferences, and a few have earned recognition for best undergraduate research... More About Author

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ISBN: 9781452288826
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