You are here

An EasyGuide to Research Design & SPSS
Share

An EasyGuide to Research Design & SPSS



296 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
An EasyGuide to Experimental Design and SPSS is a handbook that provides clear and concise guidance for research methods students faced with the many decisions involved in developing the most appropriate strategy to test a hypothesis. By presenting an integrated approach to the choice of design and statistical analysis this handbook helps students connect the choice of experimental design with the choice of an appropriate statistical test for data analyses. The EasyGuide also presents the exact steps to analyze data in SPSS, including ample screenshots. The authors provide a how-to for interpreting the output from SPSS analyses, and they help students format the relevant SPSS output into an APA-style results section.
 
Section 1: Overview Basic Design Decisions
 
Chapter 1: Marriage – ‘Til Death Do Us Part
We Want to Help

 
Basic Steps of Research

 
 
Chapter 2: The Two Faces of Correlation
Correlation as a Research Design

 
Correlations as a Statistic

 
 
Chapter 3: Why Your Type fo Data Really Does Matter: Nominal, Ordinal, Interval, or Ratio
Nominal Data

 
Ordinal Data

 
Interval Data

 
Ratio Data

 
 
Chapter 4: To KISS (Keep It Simply Student) or to Complicate Matters: Nominal Data
How Many Variables Should I Include?

 
How Many Participants Should I Include

 
How Many Independent Variables ( IVs) Should I Include

 
Including More Than One Independnt Variables (IV)

 
Choosing the Number of Levels of Each Variable

 
Choosing Your Dependent Variables (DVs)

 
Avoiding the Un-Measurable Dependent Variables (DVs)

 
How Many Dependent Variables (DVs) To Include

 
 
Section II: Your Basic SPSS Tool Box
 
Chapter 5: Why SPSS and Not Other Software, Your Calculator, Fingers, or Toes
The Structure of SPSS

 
 
Chapter 6: SPSS Data Hygiene: Columns, and Labels, and Values….Oh My.
When to Create Your Data File: Yes Even Before Data Collection

 
Setting Up Your Data File

 
Naming and Labeling Your Variables

 
How to Keep Track and Remember the Details of Your Data File

 
Creating New Variables in Your Data File: Transformations

 
Conducting Analyses With Only Parts of Your Collected Data

 
 
Chapter 7: Tell Me About It: Descriptive Statistics
Describing Nominal Data

 
Describing Ordinal Data

 
Describing Interval of Ratio Data

 
Describing Data with Two Samples

 
 
Section III: Designs, Statistics, Interpretaion, and Write-Up in APA Style
 
Chapter 8: Celebrate Your Independence!: Between-Groups Designs
One IV, Two Levels

 
Between Groups with 2 Levels of an IV

 
Independent-Samples T-Test with a Pseudo-IV

 
Between Groups with More than 2 Levels of an IV

 
 
Chapter 9: Everybody Plays!: Repeated-Measures Designs
One Independent Variable (IV) with Two-Levels

 
Expanding the Number of Levels for Your Independent Variable

 
Adding Another Factor: Within-Subjects Factorial Designs

 
 
Chapter 10: Complicating Matters: Advanced Research Designs
Mixed Designs: One Between Variable and One Repeated-Measures

 
A Multivariate Design: Measuring It All Including More Than One Dependent Variable In Your Design

 
ANCOVA

 
 
Chapter 11: How do I know if That Relationship is Real? Correlations
Correlational Design: Two Variables

 
Interpreting Pearson’s r

 
Analyzing Your Data

 
Prediction with Two Variables: Simple Linear Regression

 
Prediction with Several Variables: Multiple Linear Regression

 
 
Chapter 12: Statistics Charades: Two Variables, Two Categories…..is it a Chi Square?
I Only Have One Question

 
One-way Chi Square With More Than Two Levels

 
Now I Only Have Two Questions

 
 
Section IV: Summary
 
Chapter 13: Mapping Your Decisions: You Can Get There From Here
Making Basic Decisions About Your Design

 
Data with Distinct Groups

 
Interval or Ratio Data with Many Levels

 
 
Chapter 14: Sample Results Sections for Each Type of Design
Independent-Samples T-Test (True IV)

 
Independent-Samples T-Test (Pseudo-IV)

 
One-Way, Between-Groups ANOVA (True IV)

 
Paired-Samples T-Test

 
One-Way, Within-Groups (Repeated-Measures) ANOVA

 
Two-Way, Within-Groups (Repeated-Measures) ANOVA

 
Pearson’s r Correlation

 
Pearson’s r Correlation and Regression

 
One-Way ?2

 
Two-Way ?2

 
 
Chapter 15: Did I do that? Taking Advice From the Experts
Questions About Research Design

 
Questions About Analyzing Your Data

 
Questions About Interpreting Your Data and Presenting Your Results

 
When Interpreting Your Data

 

...Competition for books like this is fierce and the core elements of the book under review are very good: the language is expressive and always engaging, the examples are excellent and the integration of statistics and design is an essential one.

Deaglan Page, School of Psychology, Queens University Belfast, Northern Ireland
Psychology Learning and Teaching

This is a good resource for beginner researchers who need to get more background on research designs, basic statistics and how to use SPSS. An interesting contribution is the chapter on the APA results sections where the writing up of the results are explained in detail.

Dr Ensa Johnson
Centre for Augmentative and Alternative Communication, University of Pretoria
November 16, 2016

Easy to read and understand, good illustrations making it easy for students to follow the steps through

Miss Desirée Jost
Dept of Economics and Business Studies, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen
June 8, 2015

Not adopted but will be included in additional readings for course.

Mrs Marie Valentin
My dept is not listed business, Palo Alto College
January 23, 2015

Some of the images in book unclear making it difficult to engage with the text

Mrs SARAH ESEGBONA-ADEIGBE
FHSC, London South Bank University
October 13, 2014

Step by step direction with extreemly useful screen shots to reassure the novice.

Ms Cath Wright
occupational therapy, University of Teesside
September 29, 2014

As a supplement for the class members who will be using SPSS for their research projects.

Dr Anita Bowles
Psychology Dept, San Jose State University
August 23, 2014

I have chosen to use this book as a resource for students, but not as the required text.

Dr Salvatore Terrasi
Counselor Education , Lesley University
July 15, 2014

Preview this book

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 8

Chapter 13


Beth M. Schwartz

Beth M. Schwartz is the Provost and Professor of Psychology at Endicott College. Previously she served as Vice President for Academic Affairs and Provost and Professor of Psychology at Heidelberg University, in Tiffin, Ohio. Dr. Schwartz started her career on the faculty at Randolph College (founded as Randolph-Macon Woman's College) in Lynchburg, VA, where she served for 24 years. At Randolph she was the William E. and Catherine Ehrman Thoresen ‘23 Professor of Psychology and Assistant Dean of the College. She received a BA at Colby College (Maine) and a PhD in cognitive psychology at the State University of New York at... More About Author

Janie Hamn Wilson

Janie Wilson received her PhD in Experimental Psychology from the University of South Carolina in 1994. Since that time, she has been teaching and conducting research at Georgia Southern University. In the classroom, Dr. Wilson specializes in teaching and learning in statistics and research methods. Research interests include rapport in teaching based on empirical data on the first day of class, electronic communications, interactions with students in a traditional classroom, syllabus design, and the development and validation of the Professor-Student Rapport Scale. Recent publications include two brief texts with SAGE: An EasyGuide to... More About Author

Dennis M. Goff

Dennis M. Goff received his PhD in Experimental Psychology from Virginia Tech in 1985. He has been teaching and conducting research at Randolph College (formerly Randolph-Macon Woman’s College) since 1986. He specializes in teaching and learning in statistics and developmental psychology with a burgeoning interest in evolutionary psychology. In the past 27 years, he has mentored hundreds of senior psychology majors as they completed their independently designed research projects. In recent years, all of those seniors have presented their work at regional conferences, and a few have earned recognition for best undergraduate research... More About Author

Purchasing options

Please select a format:

ISBN: 9781452288826
$40.00 

SAGE Knowledge is the ultimate social sciences digital library for students, researchers, and faculty. Hosting more than 4,400 titles, it includes an expansive range of SAGE eBook and eReference content, including scholarly monographs, reference works, handbooks, series, professional development titles, and more.

The platform allows researchers to cross-search and seamlessly access a wide breadth of must-have SAGE book and reference content from one source.