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A Brief Introduction to Corrections
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A Brief Introduction to Corrections

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Corrections/Penology

January 2020 | 392 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
A Brief Introduction to Corrections is a condensed version of the best-selling Introduction to Corrections by Robert D. Hanser. This new text provides students with an overview of corrections that is both practitioner-driven and grounded in modern research. Experienced correctional practitioner and scholar Robert D. Hanser shows readers how the corrections system actually works, from classification to security and treatment to demonstrating how and why correctional practices are implemented.

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Preface
 
Interactive eBook
 
Digital Resources
 
Acknowledgments
 
CHAPTER 1: Early History of Punishment and the Development of Prisons in the United States
Defining Corrections: A Variety of Possibilities

 
The Notion of Punishment and Corrections Throughout History

 
The Enlightenment and Correctional Reform

 
Punishment During Early American History: 1700s–1800s

 
The Age of the Reformatory in America

 
Prisons in America: 1900s to the End of World War II

 
Modern-Day Systems: Federal and State Inmate Characteristics

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Applied Exercise 1.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 2: Ideological and Theoretical Underpinnings to Sentencing and Correctional Policy
Introduction

 
Philosophical Underpinnings

 
Types of Sanctions

 
Arguments For and Against the Death Penalty

 
Brutalization Hypothesis

 
Sentencing Models

 
Criminological Theories and Corrections

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Key Case

 
Applied Exercise 2.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 3: Correctional Law and Legal Liabilities
Introduction

 
The Hands-Off Doctrine

 
The Emergence of Inmate Rights

 
Corrections and the Constitution

 
Constitutionality of the Death Penalty

 
A Restrained Hands-On Perspective and Court Deference to Prisons

 
State and Federal Legal Liabilities

 
Compliance With Judicial Orders

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Key Cases

 
Applied Exercise 3.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 4: Jail and Detention Facilities
Introduction

 
Jails in the Past

 
The Modern Jail

 
Jails as Short-Term Institutions

 
Jails as Long-Term Facilities

 
Health Care in Jails

 
Jail Training Standards

 
Specialized Types of Jail Sentences

 
Special Issues in Jails

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Applied Exercise 4.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 5: Probation and Intermediate Sanctions
Introduction

 
A Brief History of Probation

 
Contemporary Probation: When the Jail Is Full

 
Characteristics of Probationers

 
Probation Officers

 
Probation Revocation

 
Types of Intermediate Sanctions

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Applied Exercise 5.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 6: Facility Design and Classification in Jails and Prisons
Introduction

 
Prison Facility Designs Throughout History

 
The Rise of the Supermax

 
Prison Designs

 
Internal Security

 
Technology Systems in Prisons

 
Rationale for Classification

 
The Goals of Classification Systems

 
Special Housing Assignments

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Key Cases

 
Applied Exercise 6.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 7: Prison Subculture and Prison Gang Influence
Introduction

 
Theories of Prison Subculture

 
The Inmate Subculture of Modern Times

 
The Impact of the Inmate Subculture on Corrections Staff

 
Prisonization

 
The Guard Subculture

 
The Impact of Gangs Upon Prison Subculture

 
Major Prison Gangs in the United States

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Applied Exercise 7.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 8: Female Offenders in Correctional Systems
Introduction

 
Female Offenders Behind Bars: A Detailed Look at Percentages and Rates

 
History of Women Behind Bars

 
Issues Related to the Modern-Day Female Offender Population

 
Considerations for Female Offenders

 
Conditions of Care for Female Offenders

 
Female Offenders and Treatment Implications

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Applied Exercise 8.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 9: Specialized Inmate Populations and Juvenile Correctional Systems
Introduction

 
Administrative Considerations

 
Prison Subculture and Special Needs Offenders

 
Mentally Ill Offenders

 
Sex Offenders

 
Safety, Security, and Assistance for LGBTI Inmates

 
Elderly Offenders

 
Juveniles and the Correctional System

 
Screening and Classification of Juvenile Offenders

 
Detention Versus Incarceration

 
Incarceration of Juveniles

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Key Cases

 
Applied Exercise 9.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 10: Correctional Administration and Prison Programming
Introduction

 
Federal Bureau of Prisons Administration

 
Correctional System Administration

 
The Corrections Workforce

 
Prison Programming

 
Medical Care

 
Educational Programs

 
Prison Work Programs

 
Drug Treatment Programs

 
Recreational Programs

 
Religious Programs

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Applied Exercise 10.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 11: Parole and Reintegration
Introduction

 
Parole and Parolee Characteristics

 
The Beginning History of Parole

 
Parole at the State Level

 
Parole as the Correctional Release Valve for Prisons

 
The Role of Institutional Parole Officers

 
Common Conditions of Parole

 
Reentry Initiatives

 
Violations of Parole, Parole Warrants, and Parole Revocation Proceedings

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Key Case

 
Applied Exercise 11.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 12: Program Evaluation, Evidence-Based Practices, and Future Trends in Corrections
Introduction

 
Evaluation Research

 
Focus Topic 12.1: Commonly Used Measures of Reentry Program Performance

 
Evidence-Based Practice

 
The Future of Corrections

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Applied Exercise 12.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
Glossary
 
References
 
Index
 
About the Author

Supplements

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Robert D. Hanser

Robert D. Hanser is a full professor and chair of the criminal justice program at the University of Louisiana at Monroe. Rob has also administered a regional training academy in northeastern Louisiana (North Delta Regional Training Academy) that provides training to correctional officers, jailers, and law enforcement throughout a 12-parish region in Louisiana. Rob was also the first male President for the Board of Directors of the Louisiana Coalition Against Domestic Violence (LCADV), which demonstrates an understanding of victim needs and services as well as offender rehabilitation. Rob is the program director of the Blue Walters... More About Author

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