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‘Bottom-up’ Approaches in Governance and Adaptation for Sustainable Development

‘Bottom-up’ Approaches in Governance and Adaptation for Sustainable Development
Case Studies from India and Bangladesh

First Edition
Edited by:
  • Pradip Swarnakar - Associate Professor of Sociology, ABV-Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management, Gwalior, India
  • Stephen Zavestoski - Professor of Sociology and Environmental Studies, University of San Francisco, USA
  • Binay Kumar Pattnaik - Professor of Sociology, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, India

July 2017 | 368 pages | SAGE India

This book analyzes how governance and climate change adaptation - both integral to sustainable development - operate outside the bureaucratic apparatus of the state. It examines ‘top-down’ and ‘bottom-up’ approaches to sustainable development and looks at a possible ‘middle-out’ approach to resolving the challenges to sustainable development.

The book also includes case studies from India and Bangladesh, which show that community-level factors such as social and cultural capital are key to the success of sustainable development efforts.

Preface and Acknowledgments
Stephen Zavestoski and Pradip Swarnakar
Introduction: Governance for Sustainable Development in the Anthropocene
Section 1: Governance I: Questioning the Top-down Approach of Sustainable Development
Jyotiprasad Chatterjee
Forest, Adivasis, and the Forest Rights Act (2006): Interrogating Top-down Environmental Governance
Jayanthi A Pushkaran
Science and Politics of Wildlife Enumeration: Questioning the ‘Tiger Count’ in India
Kanekanti Chandrashekar Smitha and Manasi Seshaiah
Urban Land Governance Reforms and Sustainable Development: A Study of Urban Property Ownership Records (UPOR) in Karnataka
Nidhi Yadav and Naresh Chandra Sahu
Challenges of Sustainable Biodiversity Management: National Chambal Sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh
Mohammad Abu Taiyeb Chowdhury
Freshwater Wetlands in Bangladesh: The Need for Alternative Governance
Section 2: Governance II: Experiments with ‘Bottom-up’ Approaches
Satabdi Datta
Dynamics and Pay-offs in Community-based Water Resource Management: A Case Study from Indian Sunderbans
Arpita Das and Partha Jyoti Das
Local Solutions to Local Disasters: Governance in Flood Management in Assam
James Rajanayagam
The Role of Rural Local Bodies in Sustainable Development
Kartikeya Singh
Deployment of Solar Home Lighting Systems in Rural India
Rohini Fadte
From Participation to Empowerment: Community-based Ecotourism in Goa
Section 3: Climate Change Adaptation: A ‘Bottom-up’ Challenge to ‘Top-down’ Sustainable Development
Farhat Naz, Marie-Charlotte Buisson, and Archisman Mitra
Downscaling Climate Change: Perceptions and Adaptive Behaviors of Rural Farmers in West Bengal
Sakshi Saini and Savita Aggarwal
Adaptive Capacity of Marginalized Urban Women to Climate Change: National Capital Territory of Delhi
Rachna Arora, Ashish Chaturvedi, Manjeet Saluja, Nikita Mundra, and Arushi Sen
Community-based Climate Change Adaptation in Coastal India: A ‘Bottom-up’ Approach Using 3P Model
Md. Masud-All-Kamal
Local Knowledge, Social Capital, and Governance of Climate Change Adaptation in Bangladesh
Section 4: Synergizing 'Top-down' and 'Bottom-up
Stephen Zavestoski and Pradip Swarnakar
Neither ‘Top-down’ nor ‘Bottom-up’: A ‘Middle-out’ Alternative to Sustainable Development

This important volume is a welcome addition to Western-dominated literature pushing top-down approaches to sustainable development. It gives voice to scholars and practitioners in countries like India and Bangladesh who report on promising bottom-up approaches that are suited to a diverse range of local settings.

Riley E Dunlap,
Regents Professor of Sociology, Oklahoma State University, USA

This fine collection of work by insightful scholars adds greatly to our understanding of the challenges of sustainable development. The theme of shifting from top-down strategies to bottom-up runs through the chapters, providing a well-integrated book from a diversity of contributors

Richard York,
Director and Professor of Environmental Studies, University of Oregon, USA

Pradip Swarnakar

Pradip Swarnakar is Associate Professor of Sociology at the ABV-Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management Gwalior, India. Dr Swarnakar’s research areas include environmental sociology, climate change, social networks, and sustainability transition. He has completed projects funded by the Indian Council of Social Science Research and the National Science Foundation. He was a visiting scholar at the Department of Sociology, the University of San Francisco, USA; the Department of Social Research, the University of Helsinki, Finland; and the Department of Urban and Environmental Sociology, the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental... More About Author

Stephen Zavestoski

Stephen Zavestoski is Professor of Sociology and Environmental Studies at the University of San Francisco, USA. Dr Zavestoski’s research areas include environmental sociology, social movements, sociology of health and illness, and urban sustainability. He is co-editor of Social Movements in Health (2005) and Contested Illnesses: Citizens, Science, and Health Social Movements (2012). Dr Zavestoski’s current work explores strategies to address both sustainability and public health through urban and transportation planning. This work has culminated in Incomplete Streets: Processes, Practices and Possibilities (2014), co-edited with Julian... More About Author

Binay Kumar Pattnaik

Binay Kumar Pattnaik is Professor of Sociology at the Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, India, and former Director of the Institute for Social and Economic Change, Bangalore, India. He has contributed handsomely to the areas of sociology of science and technology, social movements, and development studies. More particularly, he has contributed to the studies on technology transfer and R&D in the Indian industry, scientific productivity, effects of globalization and liberalization on science and technology regimes in developing countries, science technology and social stratification, etc. His recent contributions include papers in... More About Author

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ISBN: 9789386446046