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Unsafe in the Ivory Tower
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Unsafe in the Ivory Tower
The Sexual Victimization of College Women


Other Titles in:
Sex Crimes | Victimology | Violent Crime

November 2009 | 248 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
This text presents two interrelated perspectives of sexual victimization on college campuses. First, it discusses the nature and dimensions of a salient social problem: the sexual victimization of college women. Second, it discusses how scholars have participated in this movement to understand the origins, nature, extent, and ways to prevent the sexual victimization, especially on college campuses. Essentially, the aim of this text is to be a conduit through which students will learn much about the nature of victimization and much about the way in which criminologists, victimologists, and social scientists conduct research that informs theory and policy debates.

 
1. The Discovery of Sexual Victimization
Beyond Real Rape

 
Sexual Victimization in Context

 
The Hidden Figure of Rape

 
Specially Designed Victimization Surveys

 
Koss’s Sexual Experiences Survey

 
One in Four: Publicizing the Rape Epidemic

 
Two Critiques

 
What’s Ahead

 
 
2. Beyond the Culture Wars: The Measurement of Sexual Victimization
The National Crime Victimization Survey

 
How the NCVS Measures Victimization

 
The First Step in Measuring Sexual Victimization: The NCVS Screen Questions

 
The Second Step in Measuring Sexual Victimization: The NCVS Incident Report

 
Measuring Sexual Victimization: The Next Generation

 
The National Women’s Study

 
The National Violence Against Women Survey

 
The National College Women’s Sexual Victimization Study

 
Revisiting the Koss-Gilbert Debate

 
Comparing Two Studies

 
Conclusion

 
 
3. The Risk of Rape: Unsafe in the Ivory Tower?
Coming to College as a Rape Victim

 
Rape During the College Years: Koss Revisited

 
The National College Women’s Sexual Victimization Study

 
Is College a Risk Factor?

 
Forms of Rape

 
The Role of Drugs and Alcohol

 
Conclusion

 
 
4. Beyond Rape: The Pervasiveness of Sexual Victimization
Moving Beyond the Study of Rape

 
Categorizing Sexual Victimization

 
Sexual Coercion

 
Unwanted Sexual Contact

 
Non-Contact Sexual Abuse

 
Conclusion

 
 
5. It Happened Again: Sexual Revictimization
Crime Revictimization

 
Sexual Revictimization

 
Sexual Revictimization Among College Women: The NCWSV Study

 
Why Does Sexual Revictimization Occur?

 
Findings from the NCWSV Study

 
Conclusion

 
 
6. Victim Secrets: Acknowledging and Reporting Sexual Victimization
Acknowledging Victimization

 
What Do Unacknowledged Victims Call It?

 
Consequences of Acknowledgement

 
Factors Related to Acknowledgement

 
Reporting Sexual Victimization to the Police

 
The Importance of Reporting

 
Why Don’t College Women Report Sexual Victimization?

 
Factors That Influence Reporting

 
Reporting to Other People: Telling Friends

 
Conclusion

 
 
7. Being Pursued: The Stalking of Female Students
Opportunities for Stalking

 
Research on the Extent of Stalking

 
Measuring Stalking in the NCWSV Study

 
The Extent of Stalking

 
The Nature of Stalking

 
Who Is At Risk of Being Stalked?

 
How Do Victims React?

 
Conclusion

 
 
8. Creating Safe Havens: Preventing Sexual Victimization
Two Themes

 
Three Approaches for Preventing Victimization

 
Opportunity-Reduction Approach: Situational Crime Prevention

 
Preventing Stalking

 
Conclusion

 

"Unsafe in the Ivory Tower is a major contribution at multiple levels. It advances the body of knowledge and strengthens the empirical rigor in a vital area of research. The book will also serve as a critical policy resource for colleges and universities who are tasked with providing environments for safe living and learning by our nation’s young women. Its finest contribution, however, will be evidenced in the lives of women across this country whose experience of higher education may be safer and unstained by exposure to sexual violence."

Carol E. Jordan
Center for Research on Violence Against Women

"Based on rigorous survey research that meets the highest scientific standards, this timely book challenges the notion that colleges are "ivory towers" or peaceful sanctuaries from the "real world." Fisher, Daigle, and Cullen make it completely clear that a substantial number of women on college campuses experience serious harms that would fit most states' definitions of felony rape or sexual assault. This book is mandatory reading for anyone seeking a rich, empirically informed understanding of one of society's most compelling social problems."

Walter S. DeKeseredy
University of Ontario Institute of Technology

"Thought provoking....Some of the most comprehensive, evidence-based research on campus violence against women, with a refreshing look at potential strategies. With eye-opening, hard scientific data, this book answers most of the quintessential questions and will no doubt play a pivotal role in future research and prevention."

Amy I. Cass
California State University, Fullerton

Unsafe in the Ivory Tower is truly a comprehensive overview and analysis of sexual victimization. It is theoretically grounded and provides an extensive and critical review of sexual victimization research, both within and beyond the ivory tower.

Amy Brown
University of Louisiana at Lafayette

Unsafe in the Ivory Tower is truly a comprehensive overview and analysis of sexual victimization. It is theoretically grounded and provides an extensive and critical review of sexual victimization research, both within and beyond the ivory tower.

Amy L. Brown
University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Lafayette, LA, USA

"While there is not a lack of books and articles available that discuss sexual victimization, this
particular text provides a valuable contribution to the literature as it focuses on an often ignored victim of this offense."

Catherine D. Marcum
Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA, USA

"While there is not a lack of books and articles available that discuss sexual victimization, this
particular text provides a valuable contribution to the literature as it focuses on an often ignored victim of this offense."

Catherine D. Marcum
Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA, USA

Too specific a topic for an entire course, but a helpful companion reader.

Dr Susan Long
Psychology Dept, Lake Forest College
March 19, 2013

Bonnie S. Fisher

Bonnie S. Fisher is a Professor in the Division of Criminal Justice and Research Fellow in the Center for Criminal Justice Research at the University of Cincinnati. Professor Fisher received her Ph.D. (1988) in Political Science from Northwestern University. She is a nationally recognized expert in the areas of sexual, violent and stalking victimization of college women, including repeat victimization, self-protection effectiveness, and fear of crime, and how post-secondary schools’ respond to reports of sexual victimization. She has authored more than 150 publications in national and international peer-reviewed criminology, criminal... More About Author

Leah Elizabeth Daigle

Leah E. Daigle is Professor of Criminal Justice and Criminology in the Andrew Young School of Policy Studies at Georgia State University. She received her PhD in criminal justice from the University of Cincinnati. Her most recent research has centered on the correlates and consequences of victimization and recurring victimization. Her other research interests include the development and continuation of offending and victimization across the life course. She is author of Victimology: A Text/Reader (2nd ed.), and coauthor of Criminals in the Making: Criminality Across the Life Course (2nd ed.) and Unsafe in the Ivory Tower: The Sexual... More About Author

Francis T. Cullen

Francis T. Cullen is Distinguished Research Professor Emeritus and Senior Research Associate in the School of Criminal Justice at the University of Cincinnati, where he also holds a joint appointment in sociology. He received a Ph.D. (1979) in sociology and education from Columbia University. Professor Cullen has published over 300 works in the areas of criminological theory, corrections, white-collar crime, public opinion, and the measurement of sexual victimization. He is author of Rethinking Crime and Deviance Theory: The Emergence of a Structuring Tradition and is coauthor of Reaffirming Rehabilitation, Corporate Crime Under Attack:... More About Author

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